6. 3 indigenous flora list



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6.3 INDIGENOUS FLORA LIST



Trees (Small 5- 8m, Medium 8-13m, Tall >13 m).
Acacia dealbata Small-Large. Bright yellow flowers, July-Nov.

Silver wattle


Acacia implexa Small-Medium. Pale cream-yellow flowers, Lightwood December-March.
Acacia mearnsii Medium. Cream flowers, Oct.-December.

Black wattle


Acacia melanoxylon Small-Large. Pale cream flowers, Sep.-Nov.

Blackwood


Allocasuarina littoralis Medium. Flower spikes rusty brown.

Black she-oak


Allocasuarina verticillata Medium. Flower spikes yellow/brown.

Drooping she-oak


Banksia marginata Small-Medium. Yellow flowers, Oct.-March.

Silver banksia


Eucalyptus camaldulensis Tall. Smooth grey-white bark. Cream flowers.

River Red Gum


Eucalyptus ovata Tall. Bark rough, shed in ribbons. Flowers Swamp Gum March-November.
Eucalyptus pauciflora Medium-Tall. Bark smooth white, grey.

Snow Gum
Eucalyptus pryoriana Medium-Tall. Rough bark shed upper branches.

Rough-barked Manna Gum Flowers all year.
Eucalyptus radiata Tall. Fine rough bark, upper branches. Flowers Narrow-leafed Peppermint October- January.
Exocarpus cupressiformis Small. Green flowers. July-November.

Cherry Ballart


Large Shrubs (3-5 m)
Acacia oxycedrus Bright yellow flowers, July-October.

Spike Wattle


Acacia paradoxa Covered in thorns. Flowers golden-yellow,

Hedge Wattle August-November.


Bursaria spinosa Small dark green leaves. Cream flowers, Nov-Sweet Bursaria Feb.
Helichrysum dendroideum White flowers, November-February.

Tree Everlasting


Helichrysum scorpoides Yellow flower heads.

Button everlasting


Kunzea ericoides White flowers, November-February.

Burgan
Leptospermum continentale White flowers, October-March.

Prickly Tea-tree
Melaleuca ericifolia Bark papery. Creamy flowers, late Spring.

Swamp Paper Bark


Melaleuca squarrosa Bark papery. Flowers creamy-yellow, Oct.-Feb.

Scented Paper Bark


Medium Shrubs (1-3 m)
Allocasuarina paludosa Brown nuts/fruit.

Scrub She-oak


Cassinia arcuata White flowers, bud often pink. Nov.-Feb.

Drooping Cassinia


Cassinia longifolia Whitish flowers, December-March.

Shiny Cassinia


Goodenia ovata Flowers bright yellow, Spring-Summer.

Hop Goodenia


Olearia ramulosa White flowers, September-May.

Twiggy Daisy Bush


Leptospermum myrsinoides White or pink flowers, Sep.-Nov.

Heath Tea-tree


Platylobium formosum Yellow-red flowers, Sep.-Nov.

Handsome Flat Pea



Ricinocarpus pinifolius Abundant white flowers, Sept.-Nov.

Wedding Bush


Solanum laciniatum Mauve-blue flowers. Fruit green-yellow.

Kangaroo Apple


Small Shrubs/Herbs/Creepers (1m and less).
Acaena anserinifolia Brown mat creeper.

Bidgee-widgee


Amyema pendulum Red/yellow flowers.

Drooping Mistletoe


Aotus ericoides Yellow/red flowers, 0.6 m.

Common Aotus


Atriplex semibaccata Purple/grey flowers, 0.5 m-1.5 m.

Berry Saltbush


Bossiaea cinerea Yellow/red/brown flowers, 1.0 m.

Showy Bossiaea


Bossiaea prostrata Yellow/brown flowers, trailing.

Creeping Bossiaea


Burchardia umbellata Flowers white or with rosy tints, < 0.7 m high.

Milkmaids


Caesia parviflora Pale lavender blue flowers.

Pale Grass Lilly


Cassytha labella White flowers, climber.

Slender Dodder


Chamaescilla corymbosa Bright blue flowers, 0.10 m.

Blue Stars


Chenopodium glaucum Mauve/purple flowers, 0.1 m.

Glaucous Goosefoot


Clematis microphyila Climber, cream flowers.

Small-leaved Clematis


Comesperma calymega Blue flowers, 0.3 m.

Blue-spike Milk-wort



Comesperma volubile Twiner with blue flowers.

Love Creeper


Convolvulus erubescens Pint prostrate

Pink Bindweed


Correa reflexa Yellow/green or red/yellow flowers.

Common Correa


Crassula helmsii Green flowers

Swamp Crassula


Crassula sieberana Green, reddish flowers.

Sieber Crassula


Dianella revoluta Bright blue flowers, yellow anthers < 1 m.

Black-anther Flax-lily


Dichondra repens Green mat creeper.

Kidney Weed


Dichopogon strictus Mauve flowers, dark anthers 0.3 m-0.4 m.

Chocolate Lily


Dillwynia cinerascens Golden/brown flowers, 0.6 m.

Dillwynia


Dillwynia glaberrima Yellow/crimson flowers, 0.1 m.

Smooth Parrot-pea


Dillwynia sericea Red or yellow flowers, 0.7 m-1.0 m.

Showy Parrot-pea


Drosera macrantha Small rosetted plant. 0.1-0.2 m

Sundew
Drosera peltata Pink flowers, 0.1 m-0.2 m.

Pale Sundew
Drosera peltata var. auriculata White/pink flowers, 0.15 m-0.3 m.

Tall Sundew


Drosera whittakeri 0.02 m-0.03 m, white flowers.

Scented Sundew


Einadia nutans Green/orange flowers.

Nodding Saltbush


Epacris impressa White/pink flowers, 0.6 m-1.0 m.

Common Heath


Erodium crinitum Blue flowers, 0.3 m.

Blue Herons Bill


Eryngium vesiculasum Creeping. Pale blue flowers.

Prickfoot


Geranium retrorsum Climber with blue/purple flowers, 0.3 m.

Grassland Cranes Bill


Geranium solanderi Blue/purple flowers, spreading, 0.3 m.

Austral Cranes Bill


Glycine volubile Twiner with blue flowers.

Love creeper


Gompholobium huegelii Yellow flowers, 0.3 m.

Common Wedge Pea


Gonocarpus tetragynus Red/green flowers, 0.15 m-0.3 m.

Common Raspwort


Gonocarpus mivanthus Spreading, reddish flowers.

Creeping Raspwort


Goodenia geniculata Small yellow flowers.

Bent Goodenia


Gratiola peruviana Pale pink creeper.

Brooklime


Haloragis heterophylla Herb. Hairy stems, red anthers.

Varied Raspwort


Hibbertia procumbens 0.1 m-0.4 m., yellow flowers.

Spreading Guinea Flower


Hibbertia sericea 0.1 m-0.4 m., yellow flowers.

Silky Guinea Flower


Hydrocotyle hirta Pale yellow herb.

Hairy Pennywort


Hydrocotyle laxifbra Greenish herb.

Stinking Pennywort


Hypericum japonicum Orange flowers.

Maned St. Johns Wort


Hypericum gramineum Spreading plant with orange flowers.

Small St. Johns Wort


Kennedia prostrata Red, yellow flowers, throat creeper.

Running Postman


Lagenifera stipitata Lavender flowers, 0.05 m.

Common Lagenifera


Leptorhynchos tenuifolius Yellow flowers, 0.15 m-0.3 m.

Wiry Buttons


Leucopogon virgatus White flowers, 1.0 m-2.0 m.

Common Beard Heath


Lobelia alata Bluish flowers, spreading.

Angled Lobelia


Montia australasica White flowers, creeping.

White Purslane


Monotoca scopana Creamy flowers, 0.6 m.

Prickly Broom Heath


Muellerina eucalyptoides Red/yellow flowers.

Creeping Mistletoe


Opercularia varia White, yellowish flowers, < 0.3 m.

Variable Stinkweed


Patersonia occidentalis Deep violet/bluish flowers, 0.1 m-0.2 m.

Long Purple Flag


Pimelea humilis White flowers, 0.15 m-0.2 m.

Common Rice Flower


Plantago varia Brownish flowers, 0.05 m-0.15 m.

Variable Plantain


Platylobium obtusangulum Yellow and red flowers, 0.3 m.

Common Flat Pea


Poranthera microphylla White flowers, 0.1 m.

Small Poranthera


Portulaca oleracea Yellow flowers.

Common Purslane


Pratia pendunculata Blue/white flowers.

Maned Pratia


Prunella vulgaris Dark purple flowers, 0.07 m-0.15 m.

Self-heal


Pultenaea scabra Yellow and red flowers, 0.5 m-1.5 m.

Rough Bush Pea


Rubus parvifolius Purplish/pink flowers, 1.0 m.

Small-leaved


Rumex brownii Up to 1 m. Flowers in clusters along stems.

Slender Dock


Senecio biseratus Yellow flowers, 0.9 m.

Jagged Fireweed


Senecio glomeratus Yellow flowers, 0.5 m.

Annual Fireweed


Senecio hispidulus Yellow flowers, 0.2 m-0.8 m.

Rough Fireweed


Senecio quadridentatus Yellow/blackish flowers, 0.5 m-1.5 m.

Cotton Fireweed


Senecio minimus Yellow flowers, 0.1 m.

Shrubby Fireweed


Stackhousia monogyna White/creamy flowers, 0.1 m-0.3 m.

Creamy Stackhousia


Stellaria pungens White flowers, trailing.

Prickly Starwort


Stylidium graminifolium Pink to magenta flowers, 0.2 m-0.5 m.

Grass Trigger


Thysanotus patersonii Twiner on other plants, <0.8 m.

Twining Fringe


Thysanotus tuberosus Violet flowers, 0.3 m.

Common Fringe


Trachymene anisocarpa Yellow/white flowers, 0.3 m-2.0 m.

Parsnip Trachymene


Trycoryne elation Yellow flowers, 0.3 m.

Yellow Rush-lily


Veronica calycina Blue flowers, suckering.

Hairy Speedwell


Veronica gracilis Light blue flowers, 0.15 m-0.3 m.

Slender Speedwell


Veronica plebia Blue flowers, 0.10 m-0.2 m.

Trailing Speedwell


Viola hederacea White/violet flowers, 0.05 m-0.15 m.

Ivy-leaf Violet


Orchids
Acianthus exsertus Pink/greenish flowers, 0.1 m-0.2 m.

Mosquito Orchid


Acianthus reniformis Green, red, pinkish flowers, 0.1 m-0.15 m.

Gnat Orchid


Corybas dilatatus Reddish purple flowers.

Veined Helmet Orchid


Caladenia catenata Pink flowers, 0.1 m.

Pink Fingers


Dipodium punctatum White or red dotted pink flowers, 0.4 m-1.2 m.

Hyacinth Orchid


Diuris longifolia Brown/claret/yellow flowers, 0.45 m.

Wallflower Orchid


Diuris maculata Yellow flowers with brown dots. 0.20 m-0.25 m.

Leopard Orchid


Diuris punctata Purple flowers, 0.3 m.

Purple Diuris


Diuris sulphurea Yellow flowers, 0.4 m.

Tiger Orchid



Eriochilus cucullatus White/pink flowers, 0.08 m-0.15 m.

Parsons Bands


Lyperanthus nigricans Red and white flowers, 0.25 m.

Red Beaks


Microtis unifolia Green flowers, 0.15 m-0.3 m.

Common Onion Orchid


Prasophyllum despectans Brown to purple flowers, 0.25 m.

Sharp Midge Orchid


Pterostylis concinna Green/brown flowers, 0.08 m-0.15 m.

Trim Greenhood


Pterostylis nutans Green flowers, 0.1 m - 0.2 m.

Nodding Greenhood


Pterostylis pendunculata Green/maroon flowers, 0.3 m.

Maroonhood


Grasses/Sedges/Ferns
Baumea juncea <1 m. Sedge with round, brown flower heads.

Bare Twig Rush


Carex appressa Gold/brown flowers, 1.0 m.

Tall Sedge


Carex inversa Slender tufted perennial sedge. 0.6 m.

Sedge Yellowish/green flowers.


Danthonia caespitosa Golden/cream flowers, 0.15 m-0.35 m.

Common Wallaby Grass


Danthonia geniculata Creamy brown flowers, 0.15 m-0.3 m.

Kneed Wallaby Grass


Danthonia pallida White topped flowers with red anther, 0.10m-Silver Top Wallaby Grass 0.3m.
Danthonia racemosa Creamy white flowers, 0.15 m-0.30 m.

Wallaby Grass


Danthonia setacea Bristly white/brown flowers, 0.10 m-0.3 m.

Bristly Wallaby Grass



Distichlis distichophylla Sprawling prickly leaves.

Australian Salt Grass


Gahnia radula Blackish flowers, 1.0 m-1.8 m.

Thatch Saw-sedge


Gahnia sieberiana Blackish flowers, 3.0 m-1.5 m.

Red Fruit Saw-sedge


Hemanthria unicata Purplish flowers, < 0.4 m.

Mat-grass


Juncus hobschoenus Pale greenish flowers, <1.0 m.

Joint Leaf Rush


Juncus kraussii Medium-dark brown flowers, < 1.0 m.

Sea-rush
Juncus pallidus Brown flowers.

Pale Rush
Juncus planifolius Dark flowers, 0.2 m4.3 m.

Broad Leaf Rush


Juncus subsecundus Pale, light orange flowers, < 2.0 m.

Finger Rush


Lepidosperma concavuum Sword-like leaves. Brown flower heads. < 1 m.

Sand-hill Sword-sedge


Lepidosperma longitudinale 0.7 m-1.7 m.

Pith Sword-sedge


Lepidosperma laterale 1.0 m.

Variable Sword-sedge


Leptocarpus brownii White flowers

Coarse Twine Rush


Lomandra filiformis Yellow flowers, 0.15 m-0.25 m.

Wattle Matrush


Lomandra longifolia Yellow, brownish flowers.

Spiny Headed Mat-rush


Microlaena stipoides Creamy flowers, < 1.5 m.

Weeping Grass


Poa poiformis Creamy white flowers, < 0.5 m.

Blue Tussock Grass


Poa sieberana Creamy flowers, < 0.5 m.

Tussock Grass


Pteridium esculentum Green flowers 0.5 m-2.0 m.

Austral Bracken


Lindsaea linearis Yellow/green flowers, 0.1 m-0.2 m.

Screw Fern


Stipa rudis White flowers, < 2.0 m.

Spear Grass


Stipa semibarbata Tall (>1 m). Long seeds. Slender grass.

Fibrous Spear Grass


Stipa variabilus Purple base, creamy flowers, < 2.0 m.

Variable Spear Grass


Themeda triandra Brown/reddish flowers, 0.3 m-1.0 m.

Kangaroo Grass


Xanthorrhoea minor Creamy white spikes, 1.0 m-2.0 m.

Small Grass Tree


Aquatic Species
Amphibromus neesii Golden brown flowers

Common Swamp Wallaby Grass


Azolla filicubides Green to deep red flowers. Free floating.

Pacific Azolla


Centrolepis aristata 0.03 m-0.1 m.

Pointed Centrolepis


Centrolepis strigosa 0.03 m-0.1 m. Hairy and feathery.

Hairy Centrolepis


Eleocharis acuta Brown flowers, < 1.0 m.

Common Spike-rush


Eleocharis sphaceiata Green flowers with white stamens. 2.0 m.

Tall Spike-rush



Glyceria sp. Pale green flowers. 0.5 m-1.0 m.

Sweet Grass


Goodenia humilis Mat, yellow flowers.

Swamp Goodenia


Lemna minor Green, floating, small.

Common Duckweed


Phragmites australis White fluffy flowers. <3.0 m.

Common Reed


Potomogeton tricarinatus Floating. Yellow-green flowers.

Floating Pondweed


Rununculus rivularis Yellow flowers, mat-like.

Small River Buttercup


Selliera radicans Creeping, grey purplish flowers.

Swamp Weed


Schoenus apogon Up to 0.3 m., brown/black flowers.

Common Bog Rush


Triglochin procera Green leaves. 0.5 m-2.0 m long. Semi-erect.

Water Ribbons


Triglochin striata Green/brown flowers, 0.3 m-0.15 m.

Streaked Arrow Grass


Typha domingensis Creamy, light brown flowers. < 4.0 m.

Bulrush
Crassula helmsii Green flowers.



Swamp Crassula


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