Acknowledgements 5 Glossary 6 List of Tables 8 List of Figures 9 List of Boxes 10 Pakistan Fact Sheet 11 Executive Summary 12



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Acknowledgements

The First National Report on the Implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity has finally been completed with the help of a number of resource persons and LEAD family members. LEAD-Pakistan thanks all involved in every stage of the process for their time, valuable comments and suggestions. The report can be termed a success because experts from all over Pakistan contributed, came together on one platform and attended the workshop held to review the draft from September 21-22 1999. This report has incorporated new research in the form of case studies and has facilitated the initiation of new research.


LEAD-Pakistan would like to thank Syed Mahmood Nasir the principal author and co-ordinator of the report. We would also like to appreciate the contributions from Dr. Faiz-ul-Bari, Dr. Rubina Rafiq, Dr. Anwar Nasim, Dr. S.M. Saifullah, Dr. Nasim Akhter, Dr. Zahoor Ahmad, Dr. Abdul Aleem Chaudhry, Dr. Rashid Anwar and Mr. Kalimullah Shirazi.
We are grateful to the following for their contributions to the report: Dr. Aslam Malik, Dr. Surraya Khatoon, Dr. Nazir Bhatti, Mr. Umeed Khalid, Dr. A. Ikram Mohiuddin, Mr. Azhar Qureshi, Dr. Mohammad Shoib Saleem, Dr. M. Iqbal Choudhary, Dr. Malik Mohammad Khan, Mr. Riaz ul Hassan, Mr. Javed Kauser, Mr. Rana Shabbir, and Dr. Rafiq Bhatti.
Thank you to the experts who contributed case studies: Mr. Tahir Rasheed, Mr. Naeem Ashraf Raja, Dr. Fehmida Firdous, Ms. Mehjabeen Abidi, Syed Mahmood Nasir, Mr. Javed Kauser, Mr. Vaqar Zakaria, Ms. Fauzia Bilqis Malik, Mr. Ghulam Ali Awan, Mr. Nasir Ali Panhwar.
LEAD-Pakistan is also grateful to the following for their valuable comments and suggestions for the improvement and comprehensiveness of the report: Brigadier Mukhtar Ahmed, Dr. S. Azhar Hasan, Dr. H.U. Hasnain, Dr. Muhammad Anwar, Syed Ali Ghalib, Dr, Muhammad Afzal, Dr. M.N. Bhatti, Dr. Muhammad Aslam Malik, Ms. Helga Ahmed, Mr. Iftikhar Ahmed, Dr. M. Irfan Khan, and Dr. Amin-ul-Haq Khan.
Thank you to the LEAD team comprised of: Dr. Abid Aman Burki, Syed Mahmood Nasir, Ms. Sarah Javeed, Ms. Mahparah Raza, Mr. Mosharraf Zaidi, Mr. Salman Hasan, and Ms. Saima Zaman. We would also like to thank Ms. Omayma Khan for her review of the report.
Finally, we are especially thankful to the Ministry for their co-operation in this regard, especially Mahboob Elahi, Dr Maqsood Anwar and Kalimullah Shirazi, for their review, valuable comments and co-operation.

Ali Tauqeer Sheikh



National Program Director

LEAD-Pakistan


Glossary





AEARC

Atomic Energy Agriculture Research Centre

AFIP:

Armed Forces Institute of Pathology

AFP

Adventure Foundation, Pakistan

AUM

Animal Unit Month

BAP

Biodiversity Action Plan

CBD

Convention on Biological Diversity

CEMB:

Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology University of the Punjab

CCD

Convention to Combat Desertification and Drought

CGIAR

Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research

CIDA

Canadian International development Agency

CIS

Commonwealth of Independent States

CHM

Clearing House Mechanism

CITES

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

CMS

Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals

COP

Conference of Parties

CRI

Cotton Research Institute, Multan

DANIDA

Danish International Development Assistance

EEZ

Exclusive Economic Zone

FCCC

Framework Convention on Climate Change

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

GATT

General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs

GEF

Global Environment Facility

GMO

Genetically Modified Organism

GoP

Government of Pakistan

GTZ

German Agency for Technical Co-operation

HEJ

Hussain Ebrahim Jamal Research Institute of Chemistry, Karachi

HFIP

Houbara Foundation International Pakistan

IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

IARC

International Agricultural Research Council

IBPGRI

International Biotechnology and Plant Genetic Resources Institute

IPM

Integrated Pest Management

IPR

Intellectual Property Rights

IUCN

The World Conservation Union

LEAD

Leadership for Environment and Development

LES

Livestock Experiment Station

MAF

Million Acre Feet

MELGRD

Ministry of Environment, Local Government, and Rural Development

MNVD

Main Nara Valley Drain

NARC

National Agricultural Research Centre

NCCW

National Council for the Conservation of Wildlife

NCS

National Conservation Strategy

NIAB:

Nuclear Institute of Agriculture and Biology

NIBGE

National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering

NIH

National Institute of Health

NORAD

The Norwegian Agency for Development Co-operation

NWMC

National Wetland Management Committee

NWFP

North Western Frontier Province

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

PAAS

Pakistan Association of Advancement of Science

PAEC

Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission

PARC

Pakistan Agricultural Research Council

PCDP

Palas Conservation Development Project

PCSIR

Pakistan Council for Scientific and Industrial Research

PFI

Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar

PFRI

Punjab Forestry Research Institute, Gatwala Faisalabad

PGRI

Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Islamabad

PIC

Prior Informed Consent

PINSTECH

Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, Islamabad

PMNH

Pakistan Museum of Natural History

PSF

Pakistan science Foundation

QAU

Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad

RBOD

Right Bank Out fall Drain

SBSTTA

Subsidiary Body on Scientific Technical and Technological Advice

SPVC

Sindh Poultry Vaccine Centre, Karachi

TDA

Thall Development Authority

TRIPS

Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights

UNEP

United Nations Environment Programme

UNIDO

United Nations Industrial Development Organisation

UPOV

International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants

VRI

Veterinary Research Institute, Lahore

WFP

World Food Programme

WHC

World Heritage Convention

WWF

World Wide Fund for Nature



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