Acknowledgements 5 Glossary 6 List of Tables 8 List of Figures 9 List of Boxes 10 Pakistan Fact Sheet 11 Executive Summary 12

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Appendix C: Biodiversity Related Research

Institutions in Pakistan

Agricultural Biodiversity Research Institutes in Pakistan

  1. Agricultural Research Institute, Sariab, Quetta

  2. Agricultural Research Institute, Tandojam

  3. Agricultural Research Institute, Tarnab, Peshawar

  4. University of Agriculture, Faisalabad

  5. Agriculture University, Peshawar

  6. Agriculture University, Tandojam

  7. Animal Sciences Institute, NARC, -Islamabad

  8. University for Arid Agriculture , Rawalpindi

  9. Arid Zone Research Institute, Quetta (with four substations)

  10. Ayub Agricultural Research Institute, Faisalabad

  11. Bahauddin Zakria University, Multan

  12. Cereal Crop Research Institute, Pirsabak, Nowshera

  13. Cotton Research Institute, Multan

  14. Cotton Research Institute, Sakrand

  15. Crop Sciences Institute, NARC, -Islamabad

  16. Fodder Research Institute, Sargodha

  17. Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar

  18. Islamia University, Bahawalpur

  19. Livestock Research Institute, Bahadar Nagar

  20. Maize, Sorghum and Millet Institute, Sahiwal

  21. Nuclear Institute of Agriculture and Biology, Faisalabad

  22. Nuclear Institute for Agricultural, Tandojam

  23. Pakistan Museum of National History, Islamabad

  24. Plant Genetic Resources Institute, NARC, Islamabad

  25. Rice Research Institute, Dokari

  26. Rice Research Institute, Kala Shah Kaku

  27. University of the Peshawar

  28. University of the Punjab, Lahore

Medicinal Plants Research in Pakistan

Chemistry and Pharmacology Departments of Various Universities.

International Centre for Chemical Sciences, HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi.

Pakistan Council of Scientific and Industrial Research (PCSIR) Laboratories, Peshawar, Pakistan.
Taxonomy, Collection, Herbarium
Botany Departments of Various Universities.

Hamdard University, Karachi (to a very limited extent research).

Herbarium, University of Karachi, Karachi.

National Agricultural Research Centre (NARC) (Plant Genetic Research Centre and National Herbarium), Islamabad.

Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar

Pakistan Museum of Natural History, Islamabad

Hamdard University, Karachi.

HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi.

National Institute of Health, Islamabad.

Pharmacology and Pharmacognosy Departments of the University of the Punjab, Karachi university, Gomal university and Peshawar university .

The Aga Khan Medical University, Karachi.

University of Agriculture, Faisalabad (veterinary)

Standardisation, Quality Control and Safety Assurance of Plant-Based Drugs
Hamdard University, Karachi.

Pharmacy Faculty, University of Karachi, Karachi.

HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi, Karachi.
Medicinal Plants Cultivation
Experimental Farms of the Pakistan Agricultural Research Council.

Hamdard University, Madinatal Hikmah Campus, Karachi.

Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar.

Some Small Farms in Private Sector.

Propagation, Tissue-Culture
National Agriculture Research Centre, Islamabad

Department of Botany, University of Peshawar

HEJ Research Institute of Chemistry, University of Karachi

NIBGE, Faisalabad

PCSIR, Karachi
Ethanobotany, Database, Pharmacoepia
Baital Hikmah Research Institute, Hamdard University, Karachi

Department of Botany, Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad

Department of Botany, University of Balochistan, Quetta

Department of Botany, University of Peshawar

Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar

Pakistan Museum of Natural History, Islamabad

Appendix D: List of Indicators

Environmental Indicators

Issue OF Concern

Driving Force Indicators

State Indicators

Response Indicators

Air Quality

Reduction in the emissions of SOx and NOx abatement equipment of stationary sources

Water Availability

Household Consumption of water/ Capita in urban areas

Households with access to portable water

Water quality

Industrial/ Municipal Discharges into freshwater bodies

Toxic Chemicals and Hazardous waste

Use of fertilisers- Use of agricultural pesticides – Generation of hazardous waste-Emissions of organic compound

Urban Environmental Issues

Rate of Growth of Urban Population


Rural/Urban migration


Transport fuel consumption per capita- Traffic density

Percentage of urban population exposed to concentration of SO2 particulate, Ozone, CO and Lead

Regulation on emission and noise levels


Solid waste generated per capita(m3/year)

Municipal Waste Disposal( t/capita)

Energy Resources

Annual energy consumption per capita

Expenditures on energy efficiency and alternative energy


Deforestation rate


Short run sustained yield/ actual harvest

Protected Area as % of total land Area


Land Use Change (km2)

Area of Land Reclaimed

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