Acknowledgements 5 Glossary 6 List of Tables 8 List of Figures 9 List of Boxes 10 Pakistan Fact Sheet 11 Executive Summary 12



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Appendix F: Breeds of Livestock of Pakistan



Breeds of Livestock, Horses
BREED RANGE



Buffalo

Kundi Sindh

Nili-Ravi Punjab
Cattle

Bhagnari Eastern Balochistan

Cholistani Southern Punjab

Dajal Balochistan

Dhanni Punjab

Lohani Punjab

Hissar Sindh

Kankrej Sindh

Red Sindhi Sindh and southern Balochistan

Rojhan Punjab

Sahiwal Punjab

Tharparkar Sindh



Yak

Yak (Bos grunniens) Northern Areas


Goats

Baltistani Northern Areas

Barbari Sindh

Beetal Punjab

Beiari Azad Kashmir

Buchi Azad Kashmir

Chappar Sindh

Damani NWFP

Dera Din Panah Punjab

Gaddi NWFP

Jattal Punjab

Kaghani NWFP

Kajli Punjab-Sindh

Kamori Sindh

Khurasani Balochistan

Lehri Sindh

Nachi Southern Punjab

Pak Angora -

Salt Range Northern Punjab

Shurri NWFP

Sindh Desi Sindh
Sheep

Bagh-dale -

Balkhi NWFP

Baltistani Northern Areas

Baluchi South-western Punjab

Bibrik Balochistan

Cholistan Punjab

Damani NWFP

Dumbi Sindh and Balochistan

Gojal Sindh and Balochistan

Hallenjoo Sindh

Harnai Balochistan

Hashnagri NWFP

Hissar dale -

Jhala wani Sindh

Kacchi Sindh

Kaghani NWFP

Kail Azad Kashmir

Kajli Punjab

Khetrani Balochistan

Khiljloo Balochistan

Kohal Ghizer Balochistan

Kooka Sindh

Lam Kanni Punjab

Latti Punjab

Lohi Punjab

Michni Punjab-NWFP

Pahari Punjab

Pakwasi -

Pak Karakul -

Poonchi Azad Kashmir

Rakhsani Balochistan

Sarawani Balochistan

Sipli Punjab

Thalli Punjab

Tirhai NWFP

Waziri NWFP

Kali NWFP and Balochistan


Description of Breeds of Sheep

Kail

Kail sheep are from the Neelum and Lipa Valleys in the Azad Kashmir area. They are medium-sized animals. The mostly white sheep are called Pachhi, while some have black or brown heads with black or brown circles around the eyes and ears. These are called Surmiali. Their ears are medium-sized with a growth of curly hair on them in some animals. Kail sheep have a convex face, Roman nose, and open nostrils. The males are horned, with broad shoulders and well-developed quarters. The tail is 15-20 cm long. The live weight of adult males is 41 kg, and that of adult females is 32 kg. Wool yield per head is 2.25-kg annum. Kails are used for both meat and wool.



Kali

Kali sheep are from the Mikkyal area of Kotli district in Azad Kashmir. These sheep are medium-sized and have a compact body, straight back, and broad shoulders. Their ears are 10-15 cm long and legs are medium and stout. Males are generally horned. The tail is thin, about 15-20 cm long, and covered with wool. Males weigh 35 kg, and females weigh 30 kg. Wool yield per head is 1.5-kg annum. Kali sheep are raised for mutton and wool.



Poonchi

Poonchi sheep are from Abbaspur, Aliabad, Kelar, Kahuta and the surrounding areas of Poonch District in Azad Kashmir. Poonchi sheep are compact and medium-sized. They are mostly completely white, but small percentages have black or brown head and legs, or patches of black or brown on the body. Head and ears are medium-sized. Males are horned. The tail measures 15-20 cm. Adult males and females weigh 37 and 30 kg respectively. Wool yield per head is 2-kg annum. These sheep are raised for mutton and wool.



Damani

Damani sheep are from the Dera Ismail Khan district and part of Bannu district in the NWFP. Damani sheep are compact, medium-sized sheep. The body coat is white, and the head is fawn, brown or black and the legs are usually white, but can be camel-coloured. The ears are small and stubby. A small percentage of animals have a bottle like appendage hanging down below the neck, locally called larki. The belly is somewhat pendulous, and the udder is well developed with long teats. The tail is small. Adult males and females weigh 33 and 26 kg respectively. Wool yield per head is 1.5-kg annum. In addition to mutton, Damani sheep are also a source of milk. Their milk production is 120 litres per lactation in nearly 100 days.



Kaghani

This breed has been named after the Kaghan Valley and its home tract includes Abbottabad, Mansehra and parts of Mardan and Peshawar districts in the NWFP. Kaghani sheep generally winter in the plains, moving as far east as Jhelum district in the Punjab, but as spring approaches they go back up to the alpine ranges of the Kaghan valley. These sheep are small to medium in size. They can either be completely white or have red, tan, grey or black heads and ears. The head is small, nose slightly convex and ears medium, with a broad base and pointed tips. The neck is short, belly tucked up, with legs often covered with wool. Males are horned. The live weight of adult males and females is 28 and 22 kg respectively. Wool is dense and curly; yield per head is 1.5-kg annum. A number of Kaghani sheep have some degree of Rambouillet blood, resulting in better quality wool.



Sipli

This breed is from the irrigated area of Bahawalnagar district and the adjoining area of Bahawalpur district in Punjab. They are medium-sized animals with a white body, and head, face, and ears of white or light brown. The head is medium-sized, the nose flat, and the ears about 15 cm long. The tail is long. The live weight of an adult male and female is 40 and 34 kg respectively. Wool yield per head is 5.6-kg annum. Sipli sheep are raised mainly for wool.



Thalli

This breed is from the Thal desert, which is considered its home tract. However, Thalli sheep are now found extensively in Mianwali, Muzaffargarh, Multan and parts of Jhang and Sargodha district in Punjab. Thalli sheep have two strains: one with a small head and long ears, and the other with a large head and short ears. Those with short ears have comparatively larger bodies. In contrast, the strain with long ears has smaller but stout legs. Despite this variation, both strains fall within the range of medium-sized animals. The body is generally white with a black or brown head. Occasionally animals are black with a white spot. Legs below the knees/hocks are spotted black. They have a slight Roman nose and small tail. Adult males and females weigh 32 and 27 kg respectively. Wool yield per head is 1.5-kg annum. The mean daily milk yield is 0.7 litres during a 100-day lactation period. Thalli sheep are considered sturdy animals and are raised for mutton and wool.



Kachhi

Kachhi sheep are found in Tharparkar, Sanghar, the Mirpurkhas district and the adjoining areas of the Rann of Kutch and Sindh. They are medium-sized animals that have a white body and tan or black face. The neck and legs are also tan or black. Ears are either small or tubular. An adventitious ear at the upper edge of the normal ear is common. They have a prominent Roman nose. Both males and females are polled. Fleshy appendages are sometimes seen hanging under the throat. The tail is short.



Goats

Baltistani

This breed is found in the Baltistan district of the Northern Areas. The body colour is black with white patches of varying sizes. The small head is black with short horns in both males and females. They resemble teddy goats but are taller in stature. Adult males and females weigh 29 and 25 kg respectively. Milk yield is almost 100 litres per lactation. These goats are raised for mutton, milk, hair and manure.



Beiari

Beiari goats are from Kotli district and adjoining parts of the Mirpur district of Azad Kashmir. This breed is reported to have originated as a result of a cross between the Beetal and Sindhi goats. These shorthaired goats are all white or grey, or have white or grey patches. The body is compact. Ears are long and drooping. The horns grow upwards and backwards. Adult males and females weigh 25 and 20 kg respectively. The udder is well developed, and milk yield is 135 litres in 150 days. About 30 percent of births are twins. This breed is raised for meat and milk.



Buchi

These goats are found in parts of Kotli, Muzaffarabad, and Poonch districts of Azad Kashmir. Buchi goats are black or grey. They have a massive head with a Roman nose, and very small ears. Both males and females have horns. The udder is medium-sized. Milk production is 90 litres in a 150-day lactation. Adult males and females weigh 30 and 22 kg respectively. These goats have 12-15 cm long hair and the yield is 800 g per head each year. Buchi bucks are kept for crossbreeding with the Labri breed (long ears) to produce Shurri goats (with medium ears), since long ears can get entangled with thorny bushes or injured from frost in winter.



Desi

The home tract of this goat is in parts of Mirpur, Potohar and Kotli districts in Azad Kashmir. Desi goats are slim black goats covered with 8-10 cm long hair. Their head is massive, ears are medium and hair is present on the chin. Horns are spiralled in males and smooth in females. Twin births are rare. Adult males and females weigh 23 and 19 kg respectively. Milk yield is 80 litres in 150 days. Hair yield is 600 g per head annually. These goats are raised for meat and hair.



Jarakheil

These goats are from the Chilas Valley in Diamir district in the Northern Areas and parts adjacent to Hazara district and Azad Kashmir. They are usually black with white patches, but in rare cases, brown goats with white patches are also seen. They have a well-developed body with long hair and large drooping ears with white patches and large horns. The udder and teats remain hidden in their long hair. Adult males and females weigh 52 and 45 kg respectively. Milk yield is 135 litres per 100-day lactation. These goats are raised for mutton, hair, milk and manure.



Beetal

Beetal goats are found in almost all the irrigated areas of the Punjab, including the districts Jhelum, Gujrat, Mandi Bahauddin, Sialkot, Gujranwala, Lahore, Sheikhupura, Faisalabad, Sargodha, Jhang, Multan, Sahiwal and Okara. Their colour is golden brown or red, spotted with white or black patches. The body is compact and well developed. The head is massive and broad, nose Roman, and ears long, broad, and pendulous. Spiralled horns are long in males and shorter in females. They have long stout legs and a short tail. The udder is well developed and the teats are long. Adult males and females weigh 46 and 37 kg respectively. Milk yield is 290 litres per lactation of 130 days. More than 50 percent of births are twin or triplets. Having smooth coats, they are not generally clipped. Beetal males are raised especially as sacrificial animals for slaughter on Eid-ul-Azha.



Dera Din Panah

District Muzaffargarh and Multan in Punjab province are the home tracts of this breed. They are named after a town of the same name in Muzaffargarh district. These goats are black and hairy with a large well-developed body, large head with a Roman nose, hair on the chin and long broad ears. Cartilaginous appendages on the sides of the neck are found in some animals. Horns are thick and long with two to three spiralled curves. The tail is medium and covered with short rough hair. The udder and teats are well developed and milk yield is 245 litres in a 135-day lactation. Adult males and females weigh 45 and 40 kg respectively. Hair yield is 1200 g per head annually. Twin births are common. These goats are raised for meat, milk and hair production.



Hairy Goat

This goat comes from the Dera Ghazi Khan district in Punjab. These goats are white, small to medium-sized, and hairy. Adult males and females weigh 29 and 24 kg respectively. Milk yield is 60 litres in a 90-day lactation period. Hair yield is 3000 g per head annually. These goats are raised for meat and hair.



Kalji (Pahari)

Kalji goats are from the Dera Ghazi Khan district of Punjab and the Loralai district of Balochistan. They are usually black, but sometimes white, brown, or grey. Their muscular body is covered with long hair. The head is small, ears erect and pointed, and horns thin. White or brown hairstreaks run from the base of the horns to the muzzle. The udder is medium and milk yield is 120 litres in 120 days. Hair yield is 800 g per head annually. Adult males and females weigh 30 and 25 kg respectively. Twins are rare. Kalji goats are raised for meat, milk and hair.



Burgi (Bagitoori)

This breed is found in parts of Hyderabad, Badin and Mirpurkhas. Burgi goats are white-coloured, hairy animals. They have a medium head with spirally twisted horns rising in an upright position and floppy medium ears. Adult males and females weigh 30 and 25 kg respectively. Hair yield is 600 g per head annum. These goats are raised for meat and hair.



Chappar (Kohistani or Jabli)

This breed originates from the southwestern mountain ranges of Sindh and the adjoining hilly parts of Balochistan, hence the name Chappar, Kohistani or Jabli. Chappar goats are all black, white, or spotted with black and white, and they are hairy. The head is small with an evident forelock, with ears that are small to medium. Both males and females are horned with blunt ends. The tail is nearly 18 cm long. Adult males and females weigh 26 and 22 kg respectively. Milk yield is 90 litres in a 120-day lactation. Hair yield is 600 g per head annually. Chappar goats are raised for meat and hair production.



Jattan (Dhattan)

This breed is named after the camel raising tribe of Jats in Sindh. Jattan goats are found in the irrigated areas of Mirpurkhas district bordering the Thar Desert. Their colour can be fawn, red or black. This is a large-sized breed with long legs. The medium drooping ears are white and splashed with fawn, red or black. Males have a black ring around the base of the neck. Males and females are both horned. The udder is well developed. Milk yield is 225 litres in a 130-day lactation period. Adult males and females weigh 50 and 42 kg respectively. Jattan goats are raised mainly for milk.


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