Act No. 194 of 1992 as amended This compilation was prepared on 25 February 2000



Yüklə 1.34 Mb.
səhifə1/8
tarix21.08.2017
ölçüsü1.34 Mb.
  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8
Act No. 194 of 1992 as amended

This compilation was prepared on 25 February 2000

taking into account amendments up to Act No. 146 of 1999

The text of any of those amendments not in force

on that date is appended in the Notes section

[Note: This Act is to be repealed by No. 92 of 1999]

Prepared by the Office of Legislative Drafting,

Attorney-General's Department, Canberra

Long Title
ENDANGERED SPECIES PROTECTION ACT 1992

An Act providing for the conservation and management of species



Part 1; Preliminary

- SECT 1


Short title [see Note 1]

This Act may be cited as the Endangered Species Protection

Act 1992.

- SECT 2


Commencement [see Note 1]

(1)


This Act commences on a day to be fixed by Proclamation.

(2)


If this Act does not commence under subsection (1) within

the period of 9 months commencing on the day on which this

Act receives the Royal Assent, it commences on the first

day after the end of that period.

- SECT 3

Objects of Act

(1)

The objects of this Act are to:



(a)

promote the recovery of species and ecological

communities that are endangered or vulnerable; and

(b)


prevent other species and ecological communities from

becoming endangered; and

(c)

reduce conflict in land management through readily



understood mechanisms relating to the conservation of

species and ecological communities that are

endangered or vulnerable; and

(d)


provide for public involvement in, and promote public

understanding of, the conservation of such species

and ecological communities; and

(e)


encourage co-operative management for the

conservation of such species and ecological

communities.

(2)


In order to achieve these objects, this Act:

(a)


provides for listing of native species, ecological

communities and threatening processes (see Part 2);

and

(b)


provides for certain protective measures to be

adopted, in particular:

(i)

preparing and implementing recovery plans and



threat abatement plans (see Part 3); and

(ii)


entering into conservation agreements (see Part

4); and


(iii)

making interim conservation orders, permanent

conservation orders and impact assessment

conservation orders (see Part 5); and

(c)

imposes obligations on persons (particularly



Commonwealth agencies) arising from species,

ecological communities or threatening processes being

listed, or protective measures being adopted (see

Part 6); and

(d)

confers powers for the administration and enforcement



of this Act (see Part 7); and

(e)


establishes the Endangered Species Advisory Committee

and the Endangered Species Scientific Subcommittee

(see Part 8).

- SECT 4


Definitions

(1)


In this Act, unless the contrary intention appears:

Advisory Committee means the Endangered Species Advisory

Committee established under section 137.

ANPWS means the Australian National Parks and Wildlife

Service established by section 33 of the National Parks

and Wildlife Conservation Act 1975.

Australia includes the external Territories.

Australian fishing zone has the same meaning as in the

Fisheries Management Act 1991.

business day means a day that is not:

(a)

a Saturday or a Sunday; or



(b)

a public holiday or bank holiday in the place

concerned.

Chairperson, except in section 161, means the Chairperson of

the Advisory Committee.

coastal sea has the meaning given in subsection 15B(4)

of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

Commonwealth agency means:

(a)

a Minister; or



(b)

a Department; or

(c)

a body (whether incorporated or unincorporated)



established for a public purpose by a law of the

Commonwealth; or

(d)

a body established or appointed by the



Governor-General or by a Minister otherwise than by

or under a law of the Commonwealth; or

(e)

a company in which the whole of the shares or stock,



or shares or stock carrying more than one-half of the

voting power, is or are owned by or on behalf of the

Commonwealth; or

(f)


a body corporate that is a subsidiary of:

(i)


a body referred to in paragraph (c), (d) or (e);

or

(ii)



a body corporate that, because of a previous

application or previous applications of this

paragraph, is taken to be a Commonwealth agency

for the purposes of this definition; or

(g)

a person holding, or performing the duties of, an



office established by or under, or an appointment

made under, a law of the Commonwealth, other than:

(i)

a person who, by virtue of holding that office,



is the Secretary of a Department; or

(h)


a person holding, or performing the duties of, an

appointment made by the Governor-General, or by a

Minister, otherwise than under a law of the

Commonwealth;

but does not include:

(i)


a court or a tribunal; or

(j)


the Australian Capital Territory, the Northern

Territory or the Administration of Norfolk Island; or

(ja)

a person holding an office established by or under



any of the following Acts, or holding an appointment

made under any of them:

(i)

the Northern Territory (Self-Government) Act



1978;

(ii)


the Norfolk Island Act 1979;

(iii)


the Australian Capital Territory

(Self-Government) Act 1988; or

(k)

any of the following:



(i)

an Aboriginal Land Trust, or an Aboriginal Land

Council, established under the Aboriginal Land

Rights (Northern Territory) Act 1976;

(ii)

an Aboriginal corporation within the meaning of



the Aboriginal Councils and Associations Act

1976;


(iii)

the Wreck Bay Aboriginal Community Council

established under the Aboriginal Land Grant

(Jervis Bay Territory) Act 1986.

Commonwealth area has the meaning given in section 5.

conservation agreement means an agreement entered into

under section 51.

continental shelf of Australia has the same meaning as

in the Seas and Submerged Lands Act 1973.

daily newspaper means a newspaper that is ordinarily

published on each day that is a business day in the place

where the newspaper is published, whether or not the

newspaper is ordinarily published on other days.

Department means an Agency (within the meaning of the

Public Service Act 1999).

Director means the Director of National Parks and

Wildlife.

ecological community means an assemblage of native

species that:

(a)


inhabits a particular area in nature; and

(b)


meets the additional criteria specified in the

regulations (if any) made for the purposes of this

definition.

endangered has the meaning given in section 6.

governmental approval means an approval, permission,

authorisation, licence, recommendation or other similar

decision that is or may be given or made by a Commonwealth

agency.


Federal Court means the Federal Court of Australia.

habitat means an area:

(a)

in which an organism, or a group of organisms, lives;



or

(b)


in which an organism, or a group of organisms, has

lived and into which the organism or group has the

potential to be reintroduced.

impact assessment conservation order means an impact assessment

conservation order made under section 79.

interest, in relation to a Commonwealth area, has the

meaning given in section 9.

interim conservation order means an interim conservation

order made under section 57.

key threatening process means a threatening process

specified in Schedule 3.

list means a list set out in Schedule 1, 2 or 3 and

includes such a list containing no items.

listed ecological community means an ecological

community specified in Schedule 2.

listed native species means a species specified in

Schedule 1.

native species means a species:

(a)

that is indigenous to Australia; or



(b)

that is indigenous to the Australian coastal sea or

to the seabed or subsoil beneath that sea; or

(c)


that is indigenous to the continental shelf of

Australia; or

(d)

that is indigenous to the Australian fishing zone; or



(e)

members of which periodically or occasionally visit:

(i)

Australia; or



(ii)

the Australian coastal sea; or

(iii)

the Australian fishing zone; or



(f)

that was present in Australia before 1400.

non-native species means a species that is not a native

species.


permanent conservation order means a permanent

conservation order made under section 68.

permit means a permit issued under section 89.

person includes:

(a)

a body politic or corporate as well as an individual;



and

(b)


a Commonwealth agency, whether or not the

Commonwealth agency has the capacity to sue and be

sued in its own name.

plan means a recovery plan or a threat abatement plan.

presumed extinct has the meaning given in section 8.

principles of ecologically sustainable development

means, if the regulations specify principles for the

purpose of this definition, the principles so specified.

recovery plan means a plan of a kind referred to in

section 31 that has been:

(a)

prepared under Division 2 of Part 3; or



(b)

adopted by the Minister under section 46.

Scientific Subcommittee means the Endangered Species Scientific

Subcommittee established by section 158.

Secretary means an Agency Head (within the meaning of

the Public Service Act 1999).

species means a group of biological entities that:

(a)


interbreed to produce fertile offspring; or

(b)


possess common characteristics derived from a common

gene pool;

and includes:

(c)


a sub-species; and

(d)


a distinct population of such biological entities,

being a distinct population that the Minister

determines in writing to be a species for the

purposes of this definition.

Note: Determinations under paragraph (d) are disallowable

instruments (see section 10).

staff member, in relation to the ANPWS, means a person who is

one of the persons who constitute the ANPWS within the

meaning of section 34 of the National Parks and Wildlife

Conservation Act 1975.

State agency means:

(a)


a Minister of a State; or

(b)


a Department of a State; or

(c)


a body (whether incorporated or unincorporated)

established for a public purpose by a law of a State;

or

(d)


a body established or appointed by the Governor of a

State, or by a Minister of a State, otherwise than by

or under a law of the State; or

(e)


a company in which the whole of the shares or stock,

or shares or stock carrying more than one-half of the

voting power, is or are owned by or on behalf of a

State; or

(f)

a body corporate that is a subsidiary of:



(i)

a body referred to in paragraph (c), (d) or (e);

or

(ii)


a body corporate that, because of a previous

application or previous applications of this

paragraph, is taken to be a State agency for the

purposes of this definition; or

(g)

a person holding, or performing the duties of, an



office established by or under, or an appointment

made under, a law of a State, other than a person

who, by virtue of holding that office, is the

Secretary (by whatever name called) of a Department

of a State; or

(h)


a person holding, or performing the duties of, an

appointment made by the Governor of a State, or by a

Minister of a State, otherwise than under a law of

the State;

but does not include a court or a tribunal.

subsidiary has the meaning given in subsection (2).

sub-species means a geographically separate population

of a species, being a population that is characterised by

morphological or biological differences from other

populations of that species.

this Act includes the regulations.

threat abatement plan means a plan of a kind referred to

in section 33 that has been:

(a)


prepared under Division 2 of Part 3; or

(b)


adopted by the Minister under section 46.

threatening process means a process that threatens, or may

threaten, the survival, abundance or evolutionary

development of a native species or ecological community.

vulnerable has the meaning given in section 7.

Note: Section 118 contains further definitions of words and

expressions used in Division 2 of Part 7.

(2)


The question whether a body corporate is a subsidiary of

an authority or body is to be determined in the same way

as the question whether a body corporate is a subsidiary

of another body corporate is determined for the purposes

of the Corporations Law.

(3)


A reference in this Act to an offence against, or a

contravention of, this Act includes a reference to an

offence against, or a contravention of, section 6, 7 or

7A, or subsection 86(1), of the Crimes Act 1914 that

relates to this Act.

(4)


A reference in this Act to a conviction of a person of an

offence includes a reference to making an order under

section 19B of the Crimes Act 1914 in relation to the

person in respect of the offence.

- SECT 5

Commonwealth areas

(1)

For the purposes of this Act, any of the following areas,



and any parts of the following areas, are Commonwealth

areas:


(a)

subject to subsection (2), an area of land owned, or

held under lease, (including land owned or held under

lease in Norfolk Island) by the Commonwealth or a

Commonwealth agency;

(b)


an area of land in:

(i)


an external Territory (other than Norfolk

Island); or

(ii)

the Jervis Bay Territory;



(c)

subject to subsection (3), the coastal sea;

(d)

the seabed of, and the waters above, the continental



shelf of Australia;

(e)


the Australian fishing zone;

(f)


any other area of land or sea that is declared to be

a park or a reserve under section 7 of the National

Parks and Wildlife Conservation Act 1975.

(2)


Despite paragraph (1)(a), an area of land that is

Territory Land within the meaning of the Australian

Capital Territory (Planning and Land Management) Act 1988

is not taken to be a Commonwealth area merely because of

the application of that paragraph, unless it is held under

lease by the Commonwealth or a Commonwealth agency.

(3)

Despite paragraph (1)(c), the following areas, and any



parts of the following areas, are not Commonwealth areas

by virtue of that paragraph:

(a)

any area of the seabed, and any of the space



(including space occupied by water) above that

seabed, vested in a State under section 4 of the

Coastal Waters (State Title) Act 1980;

(b)


any area of the seabed, and any of the space

(including space occupied by water) above that

seabed, vested in the Northern Territory under

section 4 of the Coastal Waters (Northern Territory

Title) Act 1980.

- SECT 6


Endangered species and ecological communities

(1)


For the purposes of this Act, a species is endangered if:

(a)


it is likely to become extinct unless the

circumstances and factors threatening its abundance,

survival or evolutionary development cease to

operate; or

(b)

its numbers have been reduced to such a critical



level, or its habitats have been so drastically

reduced, that it is in immediate danger of

extinction; or

(c)


it might already be extinct, but is not presumed

extinct.


(2)

In addition to subsection (1), a species may be regarded

as endangered for the purposes of this Act if the Minister

is satisfied that:

(a)

it so closely resembles in appearance, at any stage



of its biological development, a species of a kind

referred to in subsection (1) that it is difficult to

differentiate between the 2 species; and

(b)


this difficulty poses an additional threat to the

last-mentioned species; and

(c)

it would substantially promote the objects of this



Act if the first-mentioned species were regarded as

endangered.

(3)

For the purposes of this Act, an ecological community is



endangered if:

(a)


it is likely to become extinct in nature unless the

circumstances and factors threatening its extent,

survival or evolutionary development cease to

operate; or

(b)

it might already be extinct.



- SECT 7

Vulnerable species

(1)

For the purposes of this Act, a species is vulnerable at a



particular time if, within the next 25 years, the species

is likely to become endangered unless the circumstances

and factors threatening its abundance, survival or

evolutionary development cease to operate.

(2)

In addition to subsection (1), a species may be regarded



as vulnerable for the purposes of this Act if the Minister

is satisfied that:

(a)

it so closely resembles in appearance, at any stage



of its biological development, a species of a kind

referred to in subsection (1) that it is difficult to

differentiate between the 2 species; and

(b)


this difficulty poses an additional threat to the

last-mentioned species; and

(c)

it would substantially promote the objects of this



Act if the first-mentioned species were regarded as

vulnerable.

- SECT 8

Species that are presumed extinct

A species is presumed extinct at a particular time if:

(a)


it has not been definitely located in nature during

the preceding 50 years; or

(b)

it has not been definitely located in nature during



the preceding 10 years despite thorough searching

during that period.

- SECT 9

Interests in Commonwealth areas

Unless the contrary intention appears, a person is taken, for the

purposes of this Act, to have an interest in a

Commonwealth area if the person, whether alone or with

others:


(a)

owns; or


(b)

occupies or is in possession of; or

(c)

has the management or control of; or



(d)

has, as a result of holding a licence, permit or

authorisation (by whatever name called), a right to

carry on a commercial activity in;

the Commonwealth area.

- SECT 10

Disallowance of certain intruments

A determination made by the Minister for the purposes of

paragraph (d) of the definition of species in subsection

4(1) is a disallowable instrument for the purposes of

section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901.

- SECT 11

Certain Territories regarded as States

For the purposes of this Act (except section 13), the Australian

Capital Territory, the Northern Territory and Norfolk

Island are to be regarded as States and are not to be

regarded as Territories.

- SECT 12

Act to bind Crown

(1)


This Act binds the Crown in all its capacities.

(2)


This Act does not render the Crown liable to be prosecuted

for an offence.

- SECT 13

External Territories

This Act extends to each external Territory.

Part 2; Listing

- SECT 14

Outline of this Part

(1)


This Part provides for listing the native species,

ecological communities and threatening processes with

which this Act is concerned.

(2)


Division 1 provides for Schedules 1 to 3 to set out lists

of native species, ecological communities and key

threatening processes.

(3)


Division 2 describes the procedure by which the Minister

may amend the lists.

(4)

Division 3 describes how the lists are to be made public.



Division 1;Lists of species etc.

- SECT 15

Lists of native species

(1)


Part 1 of Schedule 1 contains a list of native species

that are endangered.

(2)

Part 2 of Schedule 1 contains a list of native species



that are vulnerable.

(3)


Part 3 of Schedule 1 contains a list of native species

that are presumed extinct.

Note: Section 87 imposes obligations relating to listed native

species.


- SECT 16

Lists of ecological communities

Schedule 2 contains a list of ecological communities that are

endangered.

- SECT 17

List of key threatening processes

Schedule 3 contains a list of threatening processes that are key

threatening processes.

Division 2;The listing process

- SECT 18

Minister may amend lists

(1)


Subject to this Division, the Minister may, by instrument

in writing published in the Gazette, and in a daily

newspaper circulating in each State, amend any of the

lists by:

(a)

including items in the list; or



(b)

deleting items from the list.

(2)

Such instruments are disallowable instruments for the



purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act

1901.


(3)

Despite section 48 of the Acts Interpretation Act 1901

as it applies in relation to such instruments because of

section 46A of that Act, amendments of a list that delete

items from the list take effect on the first day on which

they are no longer liable to be disallowed, or to be taken

to have been disallowed, under section 48 of that Act as

it so applies.

- SECT 19

Reasons for amendments of lists

(1)

An instrument must state that application may be made, in



writing, to the Director for a statement of the reasons

why one or more items specified in the application were

included in, or deleted from, one or more lists by the

instrument.

(2)

The Director must provide, at reasonable cost, such a



statement of reasons to the person who makes such an

application, or the person on whose behalf the application

is made.

- SECT 20

Native species etc. that are endangered

(1)


The Minister must not add:

(a)


a native species to Part 1 of Schedule 1; or

(b)


an ecological community to Part 1 of Schedule 2;

unless the Minister is satisfied that the species or community is

endangered.

(2)


The Minister must not delete:

(a)


a native species from Part 1 of Schedule 1; or

(b)


an ecological community from Part 1 of Schedule 2;

unless the Minister is satisfied that the species or community is no

longer endangered.

Note: Endangered is defined in section 6.

- SECT 21

Native species that are vulnerable

(1)

The Minister must not add a native species to Part 2 of



Schedule 1 unless the Minsiter is satisfied that the

species is vulnerable.

(2)

The Minister must not delete a native species from Part 2



of Schedule 1 unless the Minister is satisfied that the

species is no longer vulnerable.

Note: Vulnerable is defined in section 7.

- SECT 22

Native species that are presumed extinct

(1)


The Minister must not add a native species to Part 3 of

Schedule 1 unless the Minister is satisfied that the

species is presumed extinct.

(2)


The Minister must not delete a native species from Part 3

of Schedule 1 unless the Minister is satisfied that the

species is no longer presumed extinct.

Note: Presumed extinct is defined in section 8.

- SECT 23

Key threatening processes

(1)

The Minister must not add a threatening process to



Schedule 3 unless the Minister is satisfied that it is

eligible to be treated as a key threatening process.

(2)

The Minister must not delete a threatening process from



Schedule 3 unless the Minister is satisfied that it is no

longer eligible to be treated as a key threatening

process.

(3)


For the purposes of this section, a threatening process is

eligible to be treated as a key threatening process if:

(a)

it:


(i)

adversely affects 2 or more listed native

species or 2 or more listed ecological

communities; or

(ii)

could cause native species or ecological



communities that are not endangered to become

endangered; and

(b)

the preparation and implementation of a nationally



co-ordinated threat abatement plan is a feasible,

effective and efficient way to abate the process.

(4)

Before deciding whether a theatening process is eligible



to be treated as a key threatening process, the Minister

must take reasonable steps to consult, with Commonwealth

agencies that would be affected by or interested in

abatement of the process, on the feasibility,

effectiveness or efficiency of preparing and implementing

a nationally co-ordinated threat abatement plan to abate

the process.

- SECT 24

Minister must consider advice from Scientific

Subcommittee

(1)

Subject to section 26, the Minister must not add an item



to, or delete an item from, a list without having

considered advice from the Scientific Subcommittee on the

addition or deletion of the item.

(2)


The Minister must:

(a)


decide whether to add an item to, or delete an item

from, a list; and

(b)

if the Minister decides to add or delete the



item;cause the necessary instrument to be

published in the Gazette;

within 90 days after receiving the Scientific Subcommittee's advice on

the addition or deletion of the item.

(3)

A member of the Scientific Subcommittee has a duty not to



disclose to any other person the advice, or any

information relating to the advice, before the end of that

period of 90 days unless the disclosure:

(a)


is for the official purposes of the Scientific

Subcommittee; or

(b)

if an instrument is published in the Gazette



relating to an addition or deletion to which the

advice relates;occurred after the publication.

- SECT 25

Public may nominate native species etc.

(1)

Any person may nominate an item to be listed in Schedules



1 to 3.

(2)


A nomination must be made to the Director and must include

any information prescribed by regulation.

(3)

The Director must forward all nominations to the



Scientific Subcommittee.

- SECT 26

Rediscovery of native species that were presumed extinct

(1)


If the Director advises the Minister that a native species

that is specified in Part 3 of Schedule 1 has been

definitely located in nature since it was last listed as

presumed extinct, the Minister may, under section 18:

(a)

amend Part 3 of Schedule 1 by deleting the species



from that Part; and

(b)


if the Minister is satisfied that the species:

(i)


is endangered; or

(ii)


is vulnerable;

amend the appropriate list by adding the species to it;

without considering advice from the Scientific Subcommittee.

(2)


Subsection (1) does not prevent the Minister from making

such amendments after having considered advice from the

Scientific Subcommittee.

- SECT 27

Minister only to consider nature conservation matters

(1)


In deciding whether to add an item to, or delete an item

from, a list in Schedule 1, the Minister must not consider

any matters that do not relate to the survival of the

native species concerned.

(2)

In deciding whether to add an item to, or delete an item



from, Schedule 2, the Minister must not consider any

matters that do not relate to the survival of the

ecological community concerned.

- SECT 28

Species posing a serious threat to human health

(1)


If the Minister is satisfied that a native species poses a

serious threat to human health, the Minister may, by

instrument published in the Gazette, determine that the

species is not appropriate for listing under this Part.

(2)

While the determination is in force, the species is not to



be added to any list.

(3)


A determination is a disallowable instrument for the

purposes of section 46A of the Acts Interpretation Act

1901.

Division 3; Publication of



- SECT 29

Director to make lists available to the public

The Director must take all reasonable steps to ensure that

up-to-date consolidated versions of each of the lists are

available for purchase, for a reasonable price, at:

(a)


each of the offices of the ANPWS; and

(b)


one or more other places in each State.

  1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8


Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azkurs.org 2016
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə