Appendix 6 List of threatened and unusual plant and animal species Auckland City District Plan Hauraki Gulf Islands Section Proposed 2006 Page 1 Appendix 6



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Appendix 6 - List of threatened and unusual plant and animal species

Auckland City District Plan - Hauraki Gulf Islands Section - Proposed 2006

Page 1

Appendix 6 



List of threatened and unusual plant and animal 

species

Contents


Page

1.0


Introduction ...........................................................................................3

2.0


Threatened and unusual plant species ...........................................4

3.0


Threatened and unusual animal species ........................................8

Appendix 6 - List of threatened and unusual plant and animal species

Auckland City District Plan - Hauraki Gulf Islands Section - Proposed 2006

Page 2

Appendix 6 - List of threatened and unusual plant and animal species

Auckland City District Plan - Hauraki Gulf Islands Section - Proposed 2006

Page 3

1.0

Introduction

This appendix contains lists of threatened plant and animal species thought to be on the islands as

at June 2006.  The lists also include plant and animals species that are not threatened, but which

are of particular importance or interest.  Species that are only found on islands that are entirely

Department of Conservation estate have not been included.

Species have been classified by their risk of extinction in order of most threatened to least

threatened as follows:

1 - nationally critical

2 - nationally endangered

3 - nationally vulnerable

4 - serious decline

5 - gradual decline

6 - range restricted (ie restricted to a small geographic area)

7 - sparse (very small, widely scattered populations). 

Data deficient means that so little is known of the species that its risk cannot be assessed.

The habitats of the plant and animal species listed in this appendix are protected by 

clause 10c.5.1.2

of the Plan.

References

For plants, the threat status listed is in the context of the Auckland region, as given by R Stanley,

P de Lange, and E Cameron in their 2005 article entitled 'Auckland regional threatened and

uncommon vascular plants list' (

Auckland Botanical Society Journal

 60: 152-157).  The threat

status of the animals and of the two plant species that are threatened nationally but not within

the Auckland region is the most recent national ranking from the Department of Conservation.

These rankings are listed in a 2006 publication by R Hitchmough and L Bull entitled 'New Zealand

threat classification system lists' (

DOC Threatened Species Occasional Publication in press

).   Both

publications used the classifications defined by Molloy 

et al


 in their 2002 publication 'Classifying

species according to threat of extinction. A system for New Zealand' (

DOC Threatened Species

Occasional Publication

 

22

).



Appendix 6 - List of threatened and unusual plant and animal species

Auckland City District Plan - Hauraki Gulf Islands Section - Proposed 2006

Page 4

2.0

Threatened and unusual plant species 

Scientific name

Common name

Threat status

Trees and shrubs

Brachyglottis kirkii 

var. 

kirkii


Kirk's tree daisy, kohurangi

serious decline

Colensoa physaloides

Koru


regionally critical

Coprosma tenuicaulis

Thin-stemmed or swamp coprosma

data deficient

Griselinia littoralis

Kapuka, papauma, broadleaf

range restricted

Kunzea sinclairii

Great Barrier kanuka

range restricted

Libocedrus plumosa

Kawaka, New Zealand cedar

sparse

Melicytus novae-zelandiae



Coastal mahoe

not threatened, mostly limited to 

rat-free islands

Mida salicifolia

Willow-leaved maire, maire taiki

nationally declining

Myoporum laetum

Ngaio


gradual decline

Nestegis montana

Narrow-leaved maire, orooro

sparse


Olearia allomii

Great Barrier tree daisy

range restricted

Pennantia corymbosa

Kaikomako

sparse


Pimelea tomentosa

Native daphne

regionally endangered

Pisonia brunoniana

Parapara, bird-catcher tree

regionally endangered

Pittosporum huttonianum

range restricted

Pittosporum virgatum

range restricted

Pomaderris hamiltonii

Pale-flowered kumerahou

sparse

Pomaderris rugosa



sparse

Pouteria costata

Tawapou

gradual decline



Raukaua anomalus

range restricted

Streblus banksii

Large-leaved milk tree, turepo

regionally critical

Syzygium maire

Maire tawake, swamp maire

gradual decline

Climbing and scrambling plants

Fuchsia procumbens

Creeping fuchsia

range restricted

Metrosideros carminea

Carmine rata, akakura

sparse

Sicyos 


aff

. australis 

(a)

Mawhai, native cucumber



regionally endangered

Mistletoes

Ileostylus micranthus

Green mistletoe

regionally critical

Korthalsella salicornioides

Dwarf mistletoe

sparse


Appendix 6 - List of threatened and unusual plant and animal species

Auckland City District Plan - Hauraki Gulf Islands Section - Proposed 2006

Page 5

Peraxilla tetrapetala

Red mistletoe, pikirangi

range restricted

Ferns, tree ferns and fern allies

Anogramma leptophylla

Jersey fern, annual fern

regionally critical

Asplenium hookerianum

Hooker's or perching spleenwort

sparse

Blechnum norfolkianum



sparse

Blechnum triangularifolium

Green Bay kiokio

sparse


Dicksonia fibrosa

Wheki-ponga, golden tree fern

sparse

Doodia mollis



Mokimoki

sparse


Grammitis 

aff


. rawlingsii

Strap fern

data deficient

Grammitis billardierei

Strap fern, paretao

range restricted

Hymenophyllum bivalve

Filmy fern

data deficient

Hymenophyllum cupressiforme

sparse

Marattia salicina



King fern, para

gradual decline

Ophioglossum petiolatum

Stalked adder's tongue

regionally critical

Pellaea calidirupium

range restricted

Pellaea falcata

regionally critical

Pteris comans

Coastal brake or netted brake

sparse


Tmesipteris sigmatifolia

sparse


Orchids

Danhatchia australis

Yoania

sparse


Plumatochilos tasmanicum

Greenhood orchid

regionally critical

Rushes and sedges

Bolboschoenus caldwellii

Purua grass

regionally critical

Cyperus ustulatus

Giant umbrella sedge, 

upokotangata

regionally critical

Desmoschoenus spiralis

Pingao, chain rush

serious decline

Eleocharis neozelandica

Sand spike sedge

regionally critical

Fimbristylis velata

regionally critical

Uncinia clavata

Fish-hooks

range restricted

Grasses

Amphibromus fluitans



Water brome

regionally critical

Austrofestuca littoralis

Sand tussock, hinarepe

regionally critical

Scientific name

Common name

Threat status



Appendix 6 - List of threatened and unusual plant and animal species

Auckland City District Plan - Hauraki Gulf Islands Section - Proposed 2006

Page 6

Bromus arenarius

sparse

Cortaderia toetoe



Toetoe

data deficient

Dichelachne inaequiglumis

Short-hair plume grass

data deficient

Oplismenus hirtellus 

subsp



hirtellus



data deficient

Poa imbecilla

Weak poa

range restricted

Herbaceous plants

Astelia 


aff

. nervosa

Kahakaha

regionally critical

Australina pusilla

regionally critical

Centipeda minima 

var


. minima

Sneezeweed

regionally critical

Collospermum microspermum

range restricted

Dactylanthus taylorii

Woodrose, pua o te reinga, 

waewae atua

regionally critical

Daucus glochidiatus

New Zealand carrot, pinaki

regionally critical

Dichondra 

aff


. brevifolia

Dichondra

range restricted

Einadia triandra

Pigweed

sparse


Epilobium komarovianum

Creeping willowherb

data deficient

Euphorbia glauca

Shore spurge, waiuatua

regionally critical

Geranium retrorsum 

s.s.


Matuakumara, turnip-rooted 

geranium


gradual decline

Geranium solanderi 

s.s.

Matuakumara, turnip-rooted 



geranium

gradual decline

Lepidium desvauxii

Bushy peppercress, narrow-leaved 

cress

data deficient



Lepidium oleraceum

Cook's scurvy grass, nau

regionally endangered

Linum monogynum 

var



monogynum



Rauhuia, linen flax

sparse


Mimulus repens

Native musk

regionally endangered

Plantago raoulii

Kopakopa, tukorehu 

regionally critical

Ranunculus acaulis

Sand buttercup or shore buttercup

regionally endangered

Rorippa divaricata

New Zealand watercress

regionally critical

Scleranthus biflorus

Kohukohu, twin-flower knawel

regionally endangered

Senecio biserratus

Fireweed

serious decline

Senecio marotiri

Fireweed


range restricted

Senecio quadridentatus

Pahohoraka, cotton fireweed

sparse


Scientific name

Common name

Threat status


Appendix 6 - List of threatened and unusual plant and animal species

Auckland City District Plan - Hauraki Gulf Islands Section - Proposed 2006

Page 7

Senecio repangae 

subsp



pokohinuensis



range restricted

Senecio repangae 

subsp

. repangae



regionally critical

Senecio scaberulus

Fireweed

regionally critical

Tetragonia tetragonioides

New Zealand spinach, kohihi

regionally critical

Wahlenbergia littoricola 

subsp



vernicosa



sparse

Aquatic plants

Potamogeton ochreatus

Blunt pondweed

sparse

Bryophytes



Plagiochila kermacedensis

Liverwort

nationally critical

Tortella mooreae

Moss

range restricted



Scientific name

Common name

Threat status


Appendix 6 - List of threatened and unusual plant and animal species

Auckland City District Plan - Hauraki Gulf Islands Section - Proposed 2006

Page 8

3.0

Threatened and unusual animal species 

Scientific name

Common name

Threat status

Invertebrates

Arachnocampa luminosa 

Glow worm

not threatened

Mecodema atrox

Ground beetle

sparse

Peripatus 



spp

.

Velvet worm, ngaokeoke



Placostylus hongii

Flax snail, pupuharakeke

range restricted

Rhytida dunniae

Native land snail

Freshwater fish

Anguilla dieffenbachii

Long-finned eel, tuna

gradual decline

Galaxias argenteus

Giant kokopu

gradual decline

Galaxias postvectis

Shortjaw kokopu

sparse

Geotria australis



Lamprey, pihirau

sparse


Frogs and reptiles

Cyclodina alani 

Robust skink

range restricted

Cyclodina 'mokohinau’

Mokohinau skink

range restricted

Cyclodina ornata

Ornate skink

gradual decline

Hoplodactylus duvaucelii

Duvaucel's gecko

sparse

Hoplodactylus pacificus



Pacific gecko

gradual decline

Naultinus e. elegans

Auckland green gecko

gradual decline

Oligosoma homalonotum 

Chevron skink

nationally endangered

Oligosoma moco

Moko skink

sparse

Oligosoma striatum 



Striped skink

data deficient

Oligosoma suteri

Egg-laying skink

range restricted

Leiopelma hochstetteri

Hochstetter's frog

sparse


Birds

Anas chlorotis

Brown teal, pateke

nationally endangered

Botaurus poiciloptilus

Australasian bittern, matuku

nationally endangered

Bowdleria punctata vealeae

North Island fernbird, matata

sparse


Charadrius bicinctus bicintus

Banded dotterel, tuturiwhatu

gradual decline

Charadrius obscurus aquilonius

Northern New Zealand dotterel

tuturiwhatu pukunui

nationally vulnerable


Appendix 6 - List of threatened and unusual plant and animal species

Auckland City District Plan - Hauraki Gulf Islands Section - Proposed 2006

Page 9

Cyanoramphus novaezelandiae

red-crowned parakeet, kakariki

not threatened (but only found on 

offshore islands)

Egretta sacra sacra

Reef heron, matuku moana

nationally vulnerable

Eudynamys tatiensis

Long-tailed cuckoo, koekoea

gradual decline

Eudyptula minor iredalei 

(nest 

sites)


Northern little blue penguin, 

korora


gradual decline

Gallirallus philippensis assimilis

Banded rail, mohu-pereru

sparse


Haematopus unicolor 

(nest and 

flock sites)

Variable oystercatcher, torea, 

toreapango

not threatened

Hemiphaga novaeseelandiae 

(nest 


sites and significant seasonal food 

sources)


Kereru, New Zealand pigeon

gradual decline

Larus novaehollandiae scopulinus 

(nest sites)

Red-billed gull, tarapunga

gradual decline

Nestor meridionalis septentrionalis 

(nest sites and significant seasonal 

food sources)

North Island kaka

nationally endangered

Pealeornis maorianus

 (nest sites)

New Zealand storm petrel

[presumed] extinct [rediscovered]

Phalacrocorax carbo 

novaehollandiae 

(nest sites)

Black shag, kawau

sparse


Phalacrocorax melanoleucos 

brevirostris 

(nest sites)

Little shag, kawaupaka

not threatened

Phalacrocorax sulcirostris 

(nest 

sites)


Little black shag

range restricted

Phalacrocorax varius varius 

(nest 


sites)

Pied shag, karuhiruhi

not threatened

Porzana pusilla

Marsh crake, koitareke

sparse


Porzana tabuensis plumbea

Spotless crake, puweto

sparse

Procellaria parkinsoni 



(nest sites)

Black petrel, taiko

range restricted

Pterodroma cookii 

(nest sites)

Cook's petrel, titi

gradual decline

Sterna caspia 

(nest and flock sites)

Caspian tern, taranui

nationally vulnerable

Sterna striata striata 

(nest sites)

White-fronted tern, tara

gradual decline

Stictocarbo punctatus 

(nest sites)

Spotted shag, parekareka

not threatened

Bats


Chalinolobus tuberculata 

Long-tailed bat, pekapeka

nationally vulnerable

Mystacina tuberculata aupourica

Northern short-tailed bat

pekapeka


nationally endangered

Scientific name

Common name

Threat status



Document Outline

  • Contents Page
  • 1.0 Introduction 3
  • 2.0 Threatened and unusual plant species 4
  • 3.0 Threatened and unusual animal species 8
  • References


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