Bataan national park



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Natural Resources

The significance of BNP as a protected area is underscored by the fact that it is the site of the remaining old growth forests in the Zambales Biogeographic Zone. Some characteristic species not found elsewhere, such as the mountain roses and fire orchids, are still present within the BNP.


Some notable flora and fauna found in BNP are dipterocarp tree species like apitong, tanguile, and white lauan, as well as the endemic and threatened Green racquet-tail, Green-faced parrot-finch, Philippine warty pig, and Philippine brown deer.


  1. Flora

The park is covered with dipterocarp forest (residual and reproduction brush), mossy forest and thirty (30) percent of the total area of the park is open/cultivated and planted to agricultural crops and fruits bearing trees; other portion is covered with brushes or grasses.


The following are the vegetation composition of the Bataan National Park:



Common Name

Scientific Name

Hagonoy

Wedelia biflora

Ooke

Mikania scandens

Sambong

Blumea balsamifera

Malapaho

Mangifera altissima

Pahutan

Mangifera monandra

Mangga

Mangifera indica

Dao

Dracontomelon dao

Cashew

Anacardium occidentale

Balinghasai

Buchanania arborescens

Ligas

Semecarpus cuneiformis

Amugis

Koordersiodendron pinnatum

Lamie

Dracontomelon edule

Dulit

Canarium hirsutum

Pagsahingin

Canarium asperum

Piling-piling

Canarium luzonicum

Apitong

Dipterocarpus grandiflorus

Tangile

Shorea polysperma

White Lauan

Pentacme contorta

Dalingdingan

Hopea foxworthyi

Palosapis

Anisoptera thurifera

Balete

Ficus balete

Tangisang bayawak

Ficus variegata

Himbabao

Allaranthus luzonicus

Hagimit

Ficus minahassae

Hauli

Ficus septica

Tubig

Ficus nota

Agus-us

Paratropis philippinensis

Tangisang lagaya

Ficus latsoni

Bubulung

Ficus caulocarpa

Salisia

Ficus benjamina

Anubing

Artocarpus ovatus

Sablot

Litsea glutanisa

Kalingag

Cinnamonum mercadoi

Puso-puso

Neolitsea vidalii

Sablot

Litsea glutinosa

Kalingag

Cinnamonum mercadoi

Puso-puso

Neolitsea vidalii

Rain Tree

Samanea saman

Ipil-ipil

Laucaena leucocephala

Kakawate

Gliricidia sepium

Narra

Pterocarpus indicus

Mangium

Acacia auriculaeformis

Auri

Acacia mangium

Fire Tree

Delonix regia

Cupang

Parkia roxburghii

Bani

Pongamia pinnata

Tanglin

Adenanthera intermedia

Akleng parang

Albizia procera

Borotongol

Allophylus grossendatus

Alahan

Guiea koeleutria

Rambutan

Nephelium lappaceum

Kapulasan

Nephelium mutabile

Licheas

Litchi chinensis

Banato

Mallotus philippinensis

Binunga

Macaranga tanarius

Marantik

Glochidion spp.

Malabonga

Alseodaphne malabonga

Malabag-ang

Glochidiion album

Alim

Mallotus multiglandolusa

Takip-asin

Macaranga glandifolia

Matang-hipon

Breynia rhamnoides

Bignai

Antidesma bunius

Balanti

Homolanthus papulneus

Binayuyo

Antidesma ghassembella

Tuai

Bischofia javanica

Salingogon

Cratoxylon formosum

Bitanghol

Calophyllum lancifolium

Paguringon

Cratoxylon celebicum

Binucao

Garcinia binucao

Kaliuas

Kayea paniculata

Kamagong

Diospyros philippinensis

Bolong-eta

Diospyros pilocanthera

Daram

Wendlandia luzonicum

Nino

Morinda bracteata

Bangkal

Nauclea orientalis

Kapi-kapi

Randia uncaria

Tagotoi

Palaqium foxworthy

Molave

Vitex parviflora

Barikai

Linociera racemosa

Tambalau

Knema glomerata

Sakat

Terminalia vitens

Malaruhat

Cleistocalyx operculatus

Kaburo

Phoebe stercculioides

Tamayuan

Strombosia philippinensis

Makaasim

Syzgium nitidum

Ugpoi

Phanera integrifolia

Hingiw

Ichnocapus volubiles

Alasan

Arytera litoralis

Nito

Lygodium circinatum

Tagpo

Ardisia squamulosa

Kaliantan

Leea philippinensis

Liusin

Parinari corymbosia

Malabayabas

Tristania decorticata

Lamog

Planchonia spectabilis

Katagpo

Psychotria spp.

Palis

Callicarpa erioclona

Bikal

Schizostachyum diffusum

Kamagaa

Connarus semidecandrus

Kalantas

Toona Kalantas

Palosanto

Triplaris cumingiana

Maniknik

Palaqium tenuipetiolatum

Dita

Astonia scholaris

Anabiong

Trema otientalis

Ilang-ilang

Canaga odorata

Mamalis

Pittosporum pentandrum

Sapinit

Lantana camara

Malassantol

Sandoricum vidalii

Danglin

Rewia multiflora



  1. Fauna

Birds and mammals found inside the park includes:




Common Name

Local Name

Large-billed crow

Uwak

Black-naped oriole

Kuliaoan

Brahminy kite

Lawin

Green pigeon

Bato-bato

Spotted buttin quail

Pugo

Banded rail

Tikling

Jungle fowl

Labuyo

White-collared kingfisher

Kasay-kasay

Philippine hanging parakeet

Kulasisi

Common caual

Sabukot

Pygmy woodpecker

Karpentero

Yellow-vented bulbul

Pulangga

Chestnut-headed bee-eater

Parik-parik

Wild pig

Baboy damo

Deer

Usa

Monkey

Matsing/unggoy

Brown shrike

Tarat

Philippine bulbul

Luklak

Chestnut mannikin

Maya

Crested myna

Martinez

Pygmy swiftlet

Layang-layang

Hornbill

Kalaw

Owl

Kuwago

Bleeding heart pigeon




Cattle egret

Tagak

Wild duck

Pato

Green imperial pigeon

Balud

Wild cat

Musang

Lamiran

Musang

Monitor lizard

Bayawak



  1. Water Resources

The watersheds of the BNP are the main sources of ground and surface water that supply the domestic, industrial, and agricultural needs of upland and downstream communities around the PA. Lowland agricultural lands found along the eastern (Manila Bay Side) and western coasts (South China Sea side) of Bataan draw its irrigation water from the surface water that originated from BNP. Similarly, the communities of Bataan tap water from springs, rivers, and wells for domestic supply. The fresh surface and sub-surface that flow down from the elevated areas of BNP also contribute significantly to the preservation of the brackish water environment found along the coastal margins of Bataan. This preservation is vital to the survival of aquaculture, which is one of Bataan’s most important industries. Table 3 shows the major watersheds of BNP.

Table 3.Major watersheds of Bataan National Park.


Major Watershed

Area(inha)

Morong River Watershed

6,602.53

Almacen Watershed

8,080.30

Talisay

2,157.31

Bagac

1,538.05

Kabayo

782.98

Sutuin

1,468.71

Bayandati

2,346.70

Total Watershed Area

22,976.58

BNP’s natural features also offer potential ecotourism opportunities geared towards adventurers and nature lovers. The natural attractions in the PA include the Mt. Natib peak, Kairukan Falls, Marukdok Falls, Pasukulan Falls, Pilis Falls, Matikis Gulf, and several thermal springs found within the Old Caldera.





  1. Resource Use Practices Profile

A study conducted by the CPPAP Project Implementing Unit (PIU) in 1998 revealed that a lot of species of plants and animals inside the BNP are being used in various ways. The following are conclusions derived from this study:



  • The number of species used by the Aetas is significantly greater than those used by the migrants.

  • The Aetas recognize a greater number of medicinal plants species compared to the migrants. However, the use of medicinal plants waned due to the availability of other forms of medicine;

  • Gathering of bamboos and honey are the most important income-generating use of the forest by the Aetas;

  • Quantity of catch registered a decline due to decrease in number of species hunted and increase in number of hunters;

  • The most frequently hunted species are the Philippine Brown Deer (Cervus mariannus), Philippine Warty Pig (Sus philippinensis), Fruit Bats (Acerodon jubatus and Pteropus spp.), and Long-tailed macaque (Macaca fascicularis) for mammals; Red Jungle Fowl (Gallus gallus), Hanging Parakeet (Loriculus philippinensis), Button quails (Turnix spp.), Doves (Psittacidae), and Hornbills (Buceros hydrocorax and Penelopides manilae) for birds, and Monitor Lizard (Varanus salvator) for herpes.

  • Apart from traditional methods, the use of highly sophisticated gadgets such as rifle guns, blasting and improvised nets have increased;

  • Fish, crabs, and snails are caught from the rivers and creeks for food or to be sold;

  • The most commonly used medicinal plants are sambong (Sphaeranthus africanus), lunas-bundok (no scientific name), and pakayumkum (Selaginella sp.);

  • Important source of timber is mainly dipterocarps but the species commonly used for charcoal production include: Malabayabas (Tristania decorticate), Bolong-ita(Diospyrospilos anthera), and Kakawate (Glericidia sepium).



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