Agenda Item 7(b) CRD 30
JOINT FAO/WHO FOOD STANDARDS PROGRAMME
CODEX COMMITTEE ON PESTICIDE RESIDUES
Shanghai, P.R. China, 23 – 28 April 2012
Draft Revision of the Codex Classification of Foods and Animal Feeds at step 7: Fruit Commodity Groups: Edible Flowers and Tropical and Sub-tropical Fruits Edible and Inedible Peel (CX/PR 12/44/09)
1. Brazil appreciates the work done by EWG on the Codex Classification of Foods and Animal Feeds led by the Netherlands and the United States of America. Brazil would like to highlight its views as follows.
2. The commodity Pitanga (Eugenia uniflora - FT 0311) were placed in the Group Assorted tropical and sub-tropical fruits - edible peel – medium to large (005B). Brazil would like to suggest transferring this commodity to the Group Assorted tropical and sub-tropical fruit – edible peel – Small (005A).
3. Pitanga (Eugenia uniflora), also called Surinam Cherry, is a member of the Myrtaceae family. The fruit is green when young, turning to orange then to a bright red or dark purple-black. The fruit is thin skinned, 7 to 8 ribs, 1,5 inch diameter with 1 to 3 seeds, as follow the figures below:
Figure 1: Pitanga fruits Figure2: Pitanga fruits on hand
4. Cacao (Theobroma cacao) belongs to the family Malvaceae, the subfamily Sterculioidea. The fruit, called a cacao pod, is ovoid, 15–30 cm (5.9–12 in) long and 8–10 cm (3.1–3.9 in) wide, ripening yellow to orange, and weighs about 500 g (1.1 lb) when ripe. The pod contains 20 to 60 seeds, usually called "beans", embedded in a white pulp. The seeds are the main ingredient of chocolate, while the pulp is used in some countries to prepare a refreshing juice.
5. The commodity Cacao beans (Theobroma cacao – SB 0715) is classified in the Group Seed for beverages and sweets (024). This group is related to the seeds for beverages and sweets derived from tropical and sub-tropical trees and shrubs. After processing the seeds are used in the production of beverages and sweets.
6. However, the pulp itself of Cacao (Theobroma cacao) is consumed in natura or mixed with water to be consumed as a fresh fruit juice. Brazil would like to suggest adding the commodity Cacao (Theobroma cacao) to the Group Assorted tropical and sub-tropical fruits – inedible smooth peel – large (006 B).
Figure 1: Cacao fruit Figure 2: Cacao pulp
Figure 3: Frozen Cacao pulp Figure 4: Cacao juice