Codex committee on pesticide residues



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Agenda item 7b CRD 44

April 2012

JOINT FAO/WHO FOOD STANDARDS PROGRAMME
CODEX COMMITTEE ON PESTICIDE RESIDUES
44th Session

Shanghai, P.R. China, 23-28 April 2012
COMMENTS from MALAYSIA
DRAFT REVISION OF THE CODEX CLASSIFICATION OF FOODS AND ANIMAL FEEDS AT STEP 7: FRUIT COMMODITY GROUPS: EDIBLE FLOWERS AND TROPICAL AND SUB-TROPICAL FRUITS EDIBLE AND INEDIBLE PEEL
GENERAL COMMENTS

Malaysia appreciates the opportunity given to provide comments on this draft and contribute to the development of draft revision of the Codex Classification of Foods and Animal Feeds : Fruits Commodity Groups : Edible Flowers and Tropical and Sub-Tropical Fruits Edible and Inedible Peel.


SPECIFIC COMMENTS

In Appendix 1

  1. Assorted Tropical And Sub-Tropical Fruits – Edible Peel (Group 005)

Malaysia proposes to changes of subgroup for sentul and plus inclusion of Malacca apple (Syzygium malaccense) to the group, as below:
1. Sentul (Sandoricum koetjape (Burm.F) Merr. Code No. FT 0364

We propose Sentul (Sandoricum koetjape (Burm.F) Merr.) FI 0364 to be included in Group 006B “Assorted tropical and sub-tropical fruits – inedible peel – Small Fruits, Smooth Peel subgroup” instead of “Group 005B “Assorted tropical and sub-tropical fruits – edible peel – Medium to Large Fruits" as the peel are not consumable.

2. Malacca apple (Syzygium malaccense)

Malaysia propose to include Malacca apple (Syzygium malaccense) to the Group 005B “Assorted tropical and sub-tropical fruits – edible peel – Medium to Large Fruits “

3. Rationale for including of Malacca apple (Syzygium malaccense) is given below :

?Jambu bol

Genus:

Syzygium



Spesies:

S. malaccense


Syzygium malaccense, commonly known as Malay Apple, is a species of flowering tree that is native to Malaysia,[1] Indonesia (Sumatra and Java)[1] and Southern Vietnam. It has been introduced throughout the tropics, including many Caribbean countries such as Jamaica, Suriname, Dominican Republic, and Trinidad and Tobago. It is also known as jambu bol (Indonesian, meaning "ball guava"), Malay Rose Apple, Otaheite Cashew and Pommerac (derived from pomme Malac, meaning "Malaysian Apple" in French). Highly ambiguous terms, such as "rose apple", "water apple", "mountain apple", "pomarrosa" or "plum rose" are sometimes used for this plant or its fruit; they can refer to almost any species of Syzygium grown for its fruit.
b) Assorted tropical and sub-tropical fruits – inedible peel (Group 006)

Malaysia would like to propose changes of subgroup for Langsat (Lansium domesticum Correa), inclusion of additional common name for Lansium domesticum Correa and inclusion of Plum Mango/Gandaria/Kundang/Kemior (Bouea macrophylla) .

1. Langsat (Lansium domesticum correa) Code No.FI 2488

Malaysia propose Langsat (Lansium domesticum Correa) to be included in Group 006B “Assorted tropical and sub-tropical fruits – inedible peel – Small Fruits, Smooth Peel subgroup” instead of “Group 005B “Assorted tropical and sub-tropical fruits – inedible smooth peel – to Large Fruits " as the size of Langsat is small (same size with Rambai).

2. Lansium domesticum Correa Code No.FI 2488

Malaysia propose “duku”, “dokong”, “duku langsat” to be added as a common

name of Lansium domesticum Correa : instead of only “langsat”.

3. Plum Mango/Gandaria/Kundang/Kemior (Bouea macrophylla)

Malaysia propose to include Plum Mango/Gandaria/Kundang/Kemior (Bouea macrophylla) to the Group 006B “Assorted tropical and sub-tropical fruits – inedible peel – Medium to Large Fruits, Smooth Peel subgroup “


  1. Rationale for inclusion of Plum Mango/Gandaria/Kundang/Kemior (Bouea macrophylla) to the Group 006B “Assorted tropical and sub-tropical fruits – inedible peel – Medium to Large Fruits, Smooth Peel subgroup" is given below :

Buah kundang is native to Malaysia. It is a very rare fruit which is also called mango plus or mini-sized mango. It can be found in the northern states of Perak and Perlis in the country. The Kundang tree is a large tree, to 60 feet (18 m) tall, with a straight trunk and a dense crown. The leaves are opposite, lanceolate to elliptic, from 5-12 inches (13-30.5 cm) long and 2-3 inches (5-7.6 cm) wide, and resemble mango leaves. The small, cream colored flowers are grouped in axillary panicles. The fruits are ovoid, from 3-4 inches (7.6-10 cm) long, yellow to orange, with edible skin and juicy, sweet or sour, orange to red flesh surrounding a single seed. The seed has bright purple cotyledons and is edible.



The sweet and juicy fruits are often eaten raw. The ripe fruits can also be produced into 'halwa' or candy/jam or dried as snacks, while the young fruits can be pickled or added to a fruit salad. The young fruit can also act as a substitute of the Garcinia atroviridis or Tamarindus indica (asam) in preparing traditional Malay curries and 'sambal belacan' (sweet-sour chilli paste). The nutritional content of the fruits includes Vitamin A, C and dietary fiber.”



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