Conservation Management Zones of Australia Esperance Coastal Shrublands and Mallee


Vegetation profiles and management recommendations



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Vegetation profiles and management recommendations


Vegetation extent information and species lists contained in the vegetation profiles are based on analysis from the National Vegetation Information System (NVIS), including analysis of Major Vegetation Subgroups and NVIS Level V descriptions. Please see http://www.environment.gov.au/node/18930 for more information.

The management recommendations have been drawn from EPBC Act Recovery Plans, EPBC Act Ecological Communities Listing Advice and other sources. The recommendations are indicative only. Systematic reviews of management literature, consultation processes and improved Natural Resource Management program monitoring and evaluation will support development of a comprehensive set of management recommendations over time.


Mallee with a dense shrubby understorey vegetation profile

45.49% Remaining

Commonly found species within this community


Eucalyptus redunca; Eucalyptus eremophila; Eucalyptus incrassata; Eucalyptus tetragona; Eucalyptus uncinata; Melaleuca uncinata; Melaleuca thymoides; Melaleuca subtrigon; Banksia media; Banksia baueri; Hakea cinerea; Lambertia inermis; Acacia bidentata; Daviesia juncea.

this column graph compares the pre-1750 extent of mallee with a dense shrubby understorey within the zone with the present day extent. pre-1750 extent is 67.1 percent. present day extent is 30.5 percent.

Management recommendations


Protection

Sustainable
Agricultural
Practice

Rehabilitation

Fire
Management

Wildlife
Management

Weed
Management

Feral
Animal
Management

Disease
Management

Retain and replant indigenous native vegetation to protect against dryland salinity.

Close or fence artificial sources of water in conservation


reserves as these may attract
feral animals.

Protect and, where appropriate, fence important wildlife habitat including for Malleefowl.

Encourage uptake of conservation agreements and covenants on
private land.


Exclude stock from remnants to enable regeneration of native vegetation.

Create windbreaks with mallee species to reduce the impacts of soil erosion.

Reduce tillage in zones around remnants.

Avoid creating new access tracks and roads through


remnants.

Undertake active restoration if there are few mature overstorey species, or no evidence of
regeneration.

Ensure seed and tubestock is locally sourced and attempt to


replicate the structure and diversity of local, high quality remnants on similar soils
and aspect.

Manage wildlife corridors between remnant patches and create


buffer zones
around
remnants with
local species.

Reduce the occurrence of large fires, and promote strategic
mosaic burns.

Ensure mosaic burns are targeted at different age classes of vegetation, to ensure age diversity between and within remnant patches.

Avoid clearing roadsides for firebreaks.

Discourage


broad-scale burning for agricultural purposes in areas that harbour
Malleefowl.

Manage native grazing animals.

Minimise the amount of grain spilt during transport through Malleefowl habitat, as foraging close to roadsides leaves them susceptible


to collisions
with vehicles.

Erect signs where needed to


warn drivers that Malleefowl
may be on
the road

Actively manage weeds when undertaking restoration activities to ensure weeds do not compete for soil moisture with vulnerable native replantings.

A 1-metre radius weed free buffer should be maintained around native woody plant replantings.

Apply herbicides to actively growing weeds and avoid spray drift.

Do not leave areas of bare ground to avoid wind and water erosion of soils. Retain some weed cover and stagger removal and replacement with native grasses.



Manage exotic herbivore species including goats, sheep and rabbits especially near habitat for wildlife such as
Malleefowl.

Control foxes and rabbits simultaneously to avoid foxes switching to predation on native species, or increases in rabbit


populations.

Shooting is a suitable control for goats, wallabies, goats, deer, hares and foxes. Baiting is appropriate for rabbits, hares


and foxes.





Other shrublands vegetation profile

65.05% Remaining

Commonly found species within this community


Acacia assimilis; Hakea prostrata; Acacia drummondii; Adenanthos cuneatus; Eucalyptus eremophila; Allocasuarina acutivalvis; Agonis flexuosa; Lambertia inermis; Banksia speciosa; Darwinia vestita; Jacksonia horrida; Conospermum caeruleum; Dasypogon bromelifolius; Leschenaulria tubiflora; Caladenia deformis; Caustis dioica; Dampiera dura; Melaleuca scabra; Melaleuca lateriflora; Melaleuca uncinata; Grevillea huegelii; Grevillea pectinata; Boronia inconspicua; Acacia rostellifera; Acacia saligna.

this column graph compares the pre-1750 extent of other shrublands within the zone with the present day extent. pre-1750 extent is 6.4 percent. present day extent is 4.2 percent.

Management recommendations


Protection

Sustainable
Agricultural
Practice

Rehabilitation

Fire
Management

Wildlife
Management

Weed
Management

Feral
Animal
Management

Disease
Management

Encourage uptake of conservation agreements and covenants on private land.

Retain and replant indigenous native vegetation to protect against dryland salinity.

Create buffer zones and fence around remnants where possible. Limit vehicle access.

Protect from infrastructure or development activities involving substrate


or vegetation
disturbance.

Exclude livestock where possible.

Manage total grazing pressure.



Plant local indigenous flora in all structural vegetation layers.

Increase connectivity between remnants.

Ensure that any revegetation does not impact on local hydrology or threatened species.


Exclude fire from
montane heath
and thickets.

Manage fires in buffer zones, including


managing
fuel loads.




Control weeds including bridal creeper, Australian golden WAttle and Victorian tea-tree.

Discourage planting of invasive species in farm shelterbelts or adjacent sites.

Avoid adverse impacts from chemicals or other mechanisms to manage weeds.


Control foxes and rabbits simultaneously to avoid foxes switching to predation on native species,
or increases
in rabbit
populations.

Implement hygiene practices and manage public access to prevent the spread of Phytophthora
dieback
and weeds.

Undertake


Phosphite spraying in priority areas to control dieback.


Eucalyptus woodlands with a shrubby understorey

53.04% Remaining

Commonly found species within this community


Eucalyptus occidentalis; Eucalyptus marginata; Eucalyptus salmonophloia; Eucalyptus wandoo; Corymbia calophylla; Allocasuarina huegeliana; Acacia acuminata; Allocasuarina humilis; Gahnia ancistrophylla; Grevillea huegelii; Olearia muelleri; Banksia coccinea; Beaufortia heterophylla; Adenanthos apiculatus; Andersonia simplex; Astroloma serratifolium; Caladenia flava.

this column graph compares the pre-1750 extent of eucalyptus woodlands with a shrubby understorey within the zone with the present day extent. pre-1750 extent is 6.2 percent. present day extent is 3.3 percent.

Management recommendations


Protection

Sustainable
Agricultural
Practice

Rehabilitation

Fire
Management

Wildlife
Management

Weed
Management

Feral
Animal
Management

Disease
Management

Encourage uptake of conservation agreements and covenants on private land.

Protect from


firewood
harvesting and bush rock removal.

Retain and replant indigenous native vegetation to protect against dryland salinity.



Fence and, where possible, exclude
stock from
remnants.

Minimise spray


drift from adjacent
agricultural
lands.

Fence paddock trees and exclude stock.


If no saplings appear after fencing and stock exclusion, then replant with tubestock from
locally
sourced seed.

Use shade cloth to construct artificial paddock


shade and prevent
stock camping
under trees.

Minimise ground and surface water


extraction.

Fence and exclude stock to support natural regeneration.

Eucalypt regeneration is unlikely if sites have been previously grazed or lack understorey species. Natural regeneration is more likely in sites which retain lichens and mosses, as they are good indicators of soil health.

Undertake revegetation where no natural regeneration is possible. Ensure seed and tubestock is locally sourced and attempt to replicate the structure and diversity of local, high quality remnants on similar soils and aspect.

Link existing remnants through wide corridors, or through replanting paddock trees.



Reduce the incidence and extent of wildfire by undertaking mosaic burning,
maintaining
diversity of
vegetation
age classes
in unburnt
patches.

Fire is an important ecological process to stimulate regeneration. Please consult your local Natural Resource Management region for advice


on site appropriate
fire regimes.

If fallen timber has been removed from remnants, replace with coarse woody debris (such as untreated railway sleepers) as fallen timber provides key
habitat for wildlife.

Maintain and protect mature trees. It can take 150-180 years for tree hollows to develop and hollows provide critical shelter for mammals and birds.

If few or no mature hollow bearing trees are present within remnants, then place nesting boxes for mammals and birds within remnant sites. Monitor these regularly for invasive birds and feral
honey bees.

Ensure fencing is wildlife friendly –


no electric fencing,
and no barbed wire.

Monitor and manage weeds in remnants and surrounding
agricultural
lands.

Monitor and actively manage


weed
species in
rehabilitation
sites.

Moraea fugax,


M. collina and
M. flaccida,
Hesperantha spp. and Sparaxis spp bulb species are particularly
problematic
in WAndoo
woodland
remnants.

Undertake fox and rabbit baiting, and feral cat trapping.

Ensure foxes and rabbits are managed simultaneously to avoid foxes switching predation to native species or increases in rabbit


populations.





Open mallee woodlands and sparse mallee shrublands with an open shrubby understorey vegetation profile

52.82% Remaining

Commonly found species within this community


Eucalyptus staeri; Eucalyptus angulosa; Eucalyptus cooperiana; Eucalyptus conglobata; Eucalyptus leptocalyx; Nuytsia floribunda; Adenanthos cuneatus; Lambertia inermis; Hakea corymbosa; Melaleuca pentagona; Banksia media; Banksia speciosa; Xanthorrhoea preissii; Allocasuarina humilis; Isopogon axillaris; Melaleuca nesophila; Acacia gonophylla; Adenanthos dobsonii; Agonis spathulata.

a column graph comparing the pre-1750 extent of open mallee woodlands and sparse mallee shrublands with an open shrubby understorey within the zone with the present day extent. pre-1750 extent is 5 percent. present day extent is 2.6 percent.

Management recommendations


Protection

Sustainable
Agricultural
Practice

Rehabilitation

Fire
Management

Wildlife
Management

Weed
Management

Feral
Animal
Management

Disease
Management

Retain and replant indigenous native vegetation to protect against dryland salinity.

Close or fence artificial water points in conservation reserves as these may attract feral predators.

Protect and, where appropriate, fence important wildlife habitat including for Malleefowl.

Encourage uptake of conservation agreements and covenants on private land.



Exclude stock from remnants to enable recruitment and regeneration of over and under-storey
species.

Create windbreaks with mallee species to reduce the impacts of


soil erosion.

Reduce tillage in zones around remnants.

Avoid creating new access tracks and roads through remnants.


Fence and exclude stock to support natural regeneration.

Eucalypt regeneration is unlikely if sites have been previously grazed or lack understorey species. Natural regeneration is more likely in sites which retain lichens and mosses, as they are good indicators of soil health.

Undertake revegetation where no natural regeneration is possible. Ensure seed and tubestock is locally sourced and attempt to replicate the structure and diversity of local, high quality remnants on similar soils and aspect.

Link existing remnants through wide corridors, but even paddock trees can provide valuable landscape linkages.



Reduce the occurrence of large fires, and promote strategic
mosaic burning
techniques.

Ensure mosaic burns are targeted at different age classes of vegetation, to ensure age diversity between and within remnant patches.

Avoid clearing roadsides for firebreaks.

Discourage


broad-scale burning for agricultural purposes in areas that harbour Malleefowl.

Manage native grazing animals.

Minimise the amount of grain spilt during transport through Malleefowl habitat, as foraging close to roadsides leaves them susceptible


to collisions
with vehicles.

Erect signs where needed to warn drivers that Malleefowl


may be on
the road.

Actively manage weeds when undertaking restoration activities to ensure weeds do not compete for soil moisture with vulnerable native
replantings.

A 1-metre radius weed free buffer should be maintained around native woody plant


replantings.

Apply herbicides to actively growing weeds and avoid


spray drift.

Do not leave areas of bare ground to avoid wind and water erosion of soils. Retain some weed cover and stagger removal and replacement with


native grasses.

Manage exotic herbivore species including goats, sheep and rabbits especially near habitat for wildlife such
as Malleefowl.

Undertake simultaneous fox and rabbit management to prevent foxes switching to predation on native species, or increases in rabbit


populations.





Mallee with hummock grass vegetation profile

50.3% Remaining

Commonly found species within this community


Eucalyptus uncinata; Eucalyptus eremophila; Eucalyptus lehmannii; Eucalyptus decipiens; Eucalyptus redunca; Eucalyptus goniantha; Banksia media; Phymatocarpus maxwellii.

a column graph comparing the pre-1750 extent of mallee with hummock grass within the zone with the present day extent. pre-1750 extent is 4.5 percent. present day extent is 2.3 percent.

Management recommendations


Protection

Sustainable
Agricultural
Practice

Rehabilitation

Fire
Management

Wildlife
Management

Weed
Management

Feral
Animal
Management

Disease
Management

Retain and replant indigenous native vegetation to protect against
dryland salinity.

Close or fence artificial sources of water in conservation


reserves as these may attract
feral animals.

Protect and, where appropriate, fence important wildlife habitat


including for
Malleefowl.

Encourage uptake of conservation agreements and covenants on


private land.

Exclude stock from remnants to enable recruitment and regeneration of over and under-storey species.

Create windbreaks with mallee species to reduce the


impacts of soil erosion.

Undertake active restoration if there are few mature overstorey species, or no evidence of regeneration.

Ensure seed and tubestock is locally sourced and attempt to replicate the structure and diversity of local, high quality remnants on similar soils and aspect.

Manage wildlife corridors between remnant patches and create buffer zones around remnants with local species.


Reduce the occurrence of large fires, and promote strategic
mosaic burns.

Ensure mosaic burns are targeted at different age classes of vegetation, to ensure age diversity between and within remnant patches.

Avoid clearing roadsides for firebreaks.

Discourage


broad-scale burning for agricultural purposes in areas that harbour Malleefowl.
Discourage
broad-scale burning for agricultural purposes in Malleefowl habitat.

Manage native grazing animals.

Minimise the amount of grain spilt during transport through Malleefowl habitat, as foraging close to roadsides leaves them susceptible


to collisions
with vehicles.

Erect signs where needed to warn drivers that Malleefowl


may be on
the road.

Actively manage weeds when undertaking restoration activities to ensure weeds do not compete for soil moisture with vulnerable native replantings.

Do not leave areas of bare ground to avoid wind and water erosion of soils. Retain some weed cover and stagger removal and replacement with native grasses.



Manage exotic herbivore species including foxes, goats, sheep and rabbits especially near habitat for wildlife such
as Malleefowl.

Undertake simultaneous fox and rabbit management to prevent foxes switching to predation on native species, or increases in rabbit


populations.









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