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1992 Constitution of Uzbekistan (as amended) (English translation)

Adopted at eleventh Session of twentieth Supreme Council of the
Republic of Uzbekistan on December 8, 1992
The present Constitution was amended in accordance with the
Law of RU No. 989-XII dtd 28.12.1993
The people of Uzbekistan,
solemnly declaring their adherence to human rights and
principles of state soverignty,
aware of their ultimate responsibility to the present and the
future generations,
relying on historical experience in the development of Uzbek
affirming their commitment to the ideals of democracy and
social justice,
recognizing priority of the generally accepted norms of the
international law,
aspiring to a worthy life for the citizens of the Republic,
setting forth the task of creating a humane and democratic rule
of law,
aiming to ensure civil peace and national accord,
represented by their plenipotentiary deputies adopt the present
Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Part one. Fundamental principles
Chapter 1. State sovereignty
Article 1. Uzbekistan is a sovereign democratic republic. Both
names of the state - the Republic of Uzbekistan and Uzbekistan - shall
be equivalent.
Article 2. The state shall express the will of the people and
serve their interests. State bodies and officials shall be accountable
to the society and the citizens.
Article 3. The Republic of Uzbekistan shall determine its
national-state and administrative-territorial structure, its structure
of state authority and administration, and shall pursue independent
home and foreign policies.
The state frontier and the territory of Uzbekistan shall be
inviolable and indivisible.
Article 4. The state language of the Republic of Uzbekistan
shall be Uzbek.
The Republic of Uzbekistan shall ensure a respectful attitude
toward the languages, customs and traditions of all nationalities and
ethnic groups living on its territory, and create the conditions
necessary for their development.
Article 5. The Republic of Uzbekistan shall have its state
symbols - the flag, the emblem, and the anthem - sanctioned by the law.
Article 6. The capital of the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be
the city of Tashkent.

Chapter 2. Democracy
Article 7. The people are the sole source of state power.
State power in the Republic of Uzbekistan shall be exercised
in the interests of the people and solely by the bodies empowered
therefore by the Constitution of the Republic of Uzbekistan and the
laws passed on its basis. Any seizure of powers belonging to
state authority, suspension or termination of activity of the bodies
of state authority contrary to the procedure prescribed by the
Constitution, as well as the formation of any new or parallel
bodies of state authority shall be regarded as unconstitutional and
punishable by law.
Article 8. All citizens of the Republic of Uzbekistan,
regardless of their nationality, constitute the people of Uzbekistan.
Article 9. Major matters of public and state life shall be
submitted for a nation-wide discussion and put to a direct vote of the
people (a referendum). The procedure for holding referendums shall be
specified by law.
Article 10. The Oliy Majlis (Supreme Assembly) and President of
the Republic, elected by the people, shall have the exclusive right to
act on behalf of the people.
No section of society, political party, public association,
movement or individual shall have the right to act on behalf of the
people of Uzbekistan.
Article 11. The principle of the separation of powern between
the legislative, executive and judicial authorities shall underlie the
system of state authority in the Republic of Uzbekistan.
Article 12. In the Republic of Uzbekistan, public life shall
develop on the basis of a diversity of political institutions'
ideologies and opinions.
No ideology shall be granted the status of state ideology.
Article 13. Democracy in the Republic of Uzbekistan shall rest
on the principles common to all mankind, according to which the
ultimate value is the human being, his life, freedom, honour, dignity
and other inalienable rights.
Democratic rights and freedoms shall be protected by the
Constitution and the laws.
Article 14. The state shall function on the principles of
social justice and legality in the interests of the people and society.
Chapter 3. Supremacy of the constitution and the Law
Article 15. The Constitution and the laws of the Republic of
Uzbekistan shall have absolute supremacy in the Republic of Uzbekistan.
The state, its bodies, officials, public associations and
citizens shall act in accordance with the Constitution and the laws.
Article 16. None of the provisions of the present Constitution
shall be interpreted in a way detrimental to the rights and interests
of the Republic of Uzbekistan.
None of the laws or normative legal acts shall run counter to
the norms and principles established by the Constitution.
Chapter 4. Foreign policy
Article 17. The Republic of Uzbekistan shall have full rights
in international relations. Its foreign policy shall be based on the
principles of sovereign equality of the states, non-use of force or

threat of its use, inviolability of frontiers, peaceful settlement of
disputes, non-interference in the internal affairs of other states,
and other universally recognized norms of international law.
The Republic may form alliances, join or withdraw from unions
and other inter-state organizations proceeding from the ultimate
interests of the state and the people, their well-being and security.

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