Coping with Climate Change in the Pacific Island Region’



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Document Outline

  • Table of Contents
  • List of Maps
  • List of Photographs
  • List of Appendices
  • Organisational Profiles & Authors
    • Institute of Applied Sciences (University of the South Pacific)
    • South Pacific Regional Herbarium
    • Environment Unit
    • Fiji Museum
    • NatureFiji-MareqetiViti
    • Conservation International (Fiji)
  • Acknowledgements
  • Executive Summary
  • Maps
  • Photographs
  • CHAPTER 1:    Introduction
    • The Fiji REDD+
    • Survey Overview
    • Study Area
  • CHAPTER 2:    Flora, Vegetation & Ecology
    • 2.1 Summary
    • 2.2 Introduction
    • 2.3 Methodology
      • Habitat analysis
      • Flora Survey
      • Vegetation community structure
      • Habitat characterization
    • 2.4 Results and discussion
      • 2.4.1 Diversity of non-vascular plants (bryophytes) and lichens
      • 2.4.2 Diversity of vascular plants
      • 2.4.3 Focal Species
      • 2.4.4 Vegetation community structure
        • Vegetation type 1: Lowland rainforest
        • Vegetation Type 2: Upland Rainforest
          • Ridge top forest type
          • Slope forest type
        • Vegetation Type 3: Cloud Forest
        • Vegetation Type 4: Dry Forest
          • River flat forest type
          • Ridge top forest type
          • Slope forest type
        • Vegetation Type 5: Talasiga Vegetation
          • Grassland/talasiga habitat type
          • Woody shrubland habitat type
          • River bank/riparian habitat type
    • 2.5 Conclusions and recommendations
  • CHAPTER 3:    Herpetofauna
    • 3.1 Summary
    • 3.2 Introduction
    • 3.3 Methodology
      • Field Assessment
      • Habitat Assessment
      • Diurnal and Nocturnal Herpetofauna Surveys
    • 3.4 Results
      • 3.4.1 Nasa catchment
      • 3.4.2 Waikarakarawa and Mavuvu Catchments
    • 3.5 Discussion
      • 3.5.1 Indicator species
    • 3.6 Recommendations
  • CHAPTER 4:    Avifauna
    • 4.1 Summary
    • 4.2 Introduction
    • 4.3 Methodology
    • 4.4 Results and discussion
    • 4.5 Recommendations
  • CHAPTER 5:     Terrestrial Insects
    • 5.1 Summary
    • 5.2 Introduction
    • 5.3 Methodology
      • Site selection and habitat considerations
      • Survey methods and sites
        • Nocturnal surveys
        • Leaf Litter surveys
        • Pitfall Traps
        • Active sampling- Lepidoptera (butterflies) and Odonates (damselflies)
        • 1km Transect Count Method
        • Opportunistic Encounters
    • 5.4 Results and discussion
      • Insect Diversity
      • Focal Species
        • Hypolimnas inopinata (Order Lepidoptera)
        • Nysirus (syn. Cotylosoma) spinulosus and Cotylosoma dipneusticum (Order Phasmida)
        • Raiateana knowlesi (Order Hemiptera: Family Cicadidae)
    • 5.5 Discussion and recommendations
      • Recommendations
  • CHAPTER 6:    Freshwater Fishes
    • 6.1 Summary
    • 6.2 Introduction
    • 6.3 Methodology
      • Physiochemical parameters
      • In-stream fish sampling
      • Preservation
    • 6.4 Results and discussion
      • Species richness and abundance
      • Upper reaches of the Nasa stream
      • Mid to lower reaches of the Emalu area within and outside the boundary
      • Water Quality
    • 6.5 Conclusion and recommendations
  • CHAPTER 7:    Freshwater Macroinvertebrates
    • 7.1 Summary
    • 7.2 Introduction
    • 7.3 Methodology
      • Survey Stations
      • Water physiochemistry
      • Habitat characteristics and aquatic flora
      • Macroinvertebrate sampling
      • Data analysis
    • 7.4 Results
      • Water physiochemistry
      • Habitat Characteristics
      • Periphyton
      • Macroinvertebrate density
      • Conservation status and distribution of taxa
      • Focal species / taxa of interest
    • 7.5 Discussion
  • CHAPTER 8:    Invasive Species
    • 8.1 Summary
    • 8.2 Introduction
    • 8.3 Methodology
      • Rodent Survey
      • Other Mammals
      • Invasive Plants
    • 8.4 Results
      • Rodent Trapping
      • Other Animals
      • Invasive Plants
    • 8.5 Discussion
    • 8.6 Recommendations
  • CHAPTER 9:    Archaeological Survey
    • 9.1 Summary
    • 9.2 Introduction
    • 9.3 Methodology
    • 9.4 Results
      • 9.4.1 Sites of interest
        • M28-0008
        • M28-0016
        • M28-0055
        • M28-0059 – Nanaga
        • M28-0065
        • M28-0066
        • M28-0068
      • 9.4.2 Monitoring sites
    • 9.5 Conclusion
    • 9.6 Conservation recommendations
  • APPENDICES
    • Appendix 1. Species checklist of the non-vascular flora and lichens
    • Appendix 2. Annotated checklist of the vascular flora of Emalu.
    • Appendix 3. Summary statistics of vegetation community structure assessment plots
    • Appendix 4. Description of forest and non-forest habitat types
    • Appendix 5.  Herpetofauna suvey sites locations and sampling methods
    • Appendix 6. Conservation status of herpetofauna species known from Viti Levu
    • Appendix 7. Avifauna species checklist, distribution and abundance
    • Appendix 8.  Location of point count stations, habitat and birds recorded
    • Appendix 9.  Focal avifauna species recorded within Emalu
    • Appendix 10. Species checklist of insects and arachnids in the Tovatova catchment
    • Appendix 11. Species checklist of insects and arachnids in the Waikarakarawa catchment
    • Appendix 12. Species checklist of insects and arachnids in the Mavuvu catchment
    • Appendix 13. Species checklist of freshwater fish in the upper Sigatoka River tributaries
    • Appendix 14.  Water quality parametres at freshwater fish sampling stations
    • Appendix 15. Location and descriptions of macroinvertebrate sampling stations
    • Appendix 16. Physiochemical parameters of macroinvertebrate sampling stations
    • Appendix 17. Habitat and riparian characteristics of macroinvertebrate sampling stations
    • Appendix 18. Abundance of freshwater macroinvertebrates collected with Surber sampling
    • Appendix 19. Abundance of freshwater macroinvertebrates collected opportunistically
    • Appendix 20. Checklist of invasive and potentially invasive animals
    • Appendix 21. Locations of rodent transects in Tovatova catchment
    • Appendix 22. Record of pigs (Sus scrofa) caught
    • Appendix 23. Checklist of invasive and potentially invasive plants
    • Appendix 24. Summary descriptions and locations of cultural heritage sites
  • REFERENCES
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