Echo east africa tree species list



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ECHO EAST AFRICA TREE SPECIES LIST


Botanical/Latin Name

English Name*

Kiswahili**

Acacia auriculiformis

Ear-leaf acacia

mkesia

Acacia elatior

River acacia

mgunga

Acacia etbaica

Savannah thorn

mgunga

Acacia mearnsii

Black wattle

muwati, mwati

Senegalia mellifera

Black thorn

kikwata

Acacia nilotica subsp nilotica

Gum Arabic tree, Egyptian thorn

mgunga

Senegalia polyacantha ssp. polyacantha

White thorn

mgunga, mkengewa

Senegalia senegal

Gum Arabic

kikwata, mgunga

Acacia seyal

Red Acacia

mgunga

Acacia sieberiana

Paperback thorn

mgunga, mgunga kuu

Acacia tortilis

Umbrella thorn

mgunga, mugumba, munga

Acacia xanthophloea

Fever tree

mgunga

Adansonia digitata

Baobab

mbuyu

Afzelia quanzensis

Pod mahogany

mambakofi, mbambakofi, mbarika, mbembakofi, mkomge, mkongo, mkumbakusi

Albizia adianthifolia

Flat crown tree

mchani-mabo, mcahni-mbawe

Albizia coriaria

N/A

mugavu

Albizia gummifera

Peacock flower

mchani mbao, mkenge, mshai

Albizia lebbeck

Woman's tongue tree

mkingu, mkungu

Albizia versicolor

Poison-pod albizia

mchani-ndovu, mkenge, mnduruasi

Albizia zygia

West Africa albizia

nongo

Anacardium occidentale

Cashew

mbibo, mkanju, mkorosho

Annona cherimola

Cherimoya, Cherimola

mtomoko, mtopetope

Annona muricata

Soursop

mstafeli

Annona senegalensis

African custard-apple

mchekwa, mkonokono, mtomoko, mtomoko-mwitu

Annona squamosa

Sugar apple

mtomoko, mtopetope

Antiaris toxicaria

Upas, bark-cloth tree

mkunde

Artocarpus altilis

Breadfruit

mshelisheli

Artocarpus heterophyllus

Jackfruit

mfenesi

Averrhoa carambola

Starfruit, carambola

mbirimbi wa kizungu

Azadirachta indica

Neem

mkilifi, mwarubaini, mwarubaini kamili

Thespesia garckeana

Snot apple, tree hibiscus

mtobo

Balanites aegyptiaca

Desert Date

mjunju, mwambangoma

Barringtonia racemosa

Powder-puff tree

mtomondo

Bauhinia tomentosa

Yellow bauhinia

macaroni, msaponi

Berchemia discolor

Bird plum, wild almond

mnago

Bixa orellana

Achiote, Lipstick Tree

mzingefuri

Borassus aethiopum

African fan palm

mchapa, mtappa, mvomo

Brachylaena huillensis

Silver oak

mkalambaki, mkarambati, muhugu, muhuhu, mvumo

Bridelia micrantha

Bridelia

mkarakala, mkarati, mtutu, mwiza

Cadaba farinosa

Cadaba

kibilazi-mwitu, mvunja-vumo

Cajanus cajan

Pigeon Pea

mbaazi

Calliandra calothyrsus

Calliandra

mkaliandra

Calophyllum inophyllum

Alexandrian laurel, ball tree

mtomondo, mtondoo

Calotropis procera

Sodom apple

mpamba mwitu

Capparis tomentosa

Woolly caper bush

mbada paka

Carica papaya

Papaya

papai

Carissa edulis

Simple spine carissa

mtanda-mboo

Cassia abbreviata

Long-pod cassia

mbaraka, mkakatika

Casuarina cunninghamiana

Creek oak, river oak, beefwood

mvinje

Casuarina equisetifolia

Horsetail tree, sea pine

moinga, mvinje

Casuarina junghuhniana

Forest oak, she oak

mvinje

Cedrela odorata

Spanish cedar, Mexican cedar

mwerezi

Citrus sinensis

Sweet orange

mchungwa

Cocos nucifera

Coconut

mnazi

Coffea arabica

Coffee

kahawa

Combretum molle

Velvet-leaved combretum

mlama, msana

Commiphora africana

Poison grub

mbambara, mponda, mturituri, mtwitwi

Commiphora edulis

rough-leaved corkwood

mchongoma, mwemaya-nguzo

Cordia africana

East African cordia

makobokobo, mringamringa, mringaringa, mukumari

Crossopteryx febrifuga

Crystal bark

mzwale

Croton megalocarpus

Croton

msenefu

Cupressus lusitanica

Cypress, Mexican cypress

msanduku

Cyphomandra betacea

Tree tomato

ngogwe

Dalbergia melanoxylon

African blackwood

kikwaju, mpingo, poyi

Delonix elata

White gul mohur, tiger bean

mseele

Delonix regia

Flamboyant tree

mjohoro, mkakaya

Dichrostachys cinerea

Bell mimosa, Sicklebush

mkingiri, mkulagembe, mkulajembe, msigino, mvunja shoka

Diospyros mespiliformis

African ebony

mgiriti, mjoho mpweke

Dobera glabra

N/A

mkupa

Dodonaea angustifolia

Sand olive

mkaa-pwani

Durio zibethinus

Durian

mduriani

Elaeis guineensis

African oil palm

mchikichi, miwesi, mjenga

Erythrina abyssinica

Red hot poker, kaffir bloom

mbamba ngoma, mjafari, muhuti, mwamba ngoma

Eucalyptus camaldulensis

Red River Gum

mkaratusi

Eucalyptus citriodora

Lemon gum

mkaratusi

Eucalyptus globulus ssp. globulus

Blue gum

mkaratusi

Eucalyptus robusta

swamp mahogany

mkaratusi

Eucalyptus saligna

Sydney blue gum

mkaratusi, mtimbao, muringamu

Eucalyptus tereticornis

Forest river gum

mkaratusi

Euclea divinorum

Diamond-leaved euclea

mdaa

Euphorbia tirucalli

Finger euphorbia

mtupa mwitu, mwasi, utupa

Faidherbia albida

Apple-ring acacia

mgunga, mkababu

Ficus sycomorus

Sycamore fig

chivuzi, mkuyu, mukuyu

Ficus thonningii

Strangler fig

mrumbapori

Flacourtia indica

Governor's plum, ramontchi

mchongoma, mgo, mkingii, mkingila, mkingili

Grevillea robusta

Silk oak

mgrivea, mukima

Grewia bicolor

False brandy bush

mfukufuku, mkone

Hagenia abyssinica

Hagenia

mdobore, mlozilozi

Harungana madagascariensis

Dragon's blood tree, haronga

kumamaji, mbura, mdamu mdamu, mgondogondo, ngoningoni

Hevea brasiliensis

Rubber tree

mpira

Hyphaene thebaica

Doum palm

mkoma

Jatropha curcas

Jatropha

mbono

Juniperus procera

East African pencil cedar

mwangati

Khaya nyasica

Red mahogany

mkangazi

Kigelia africana

Sausage tree

mvungavunga, mvungunya, mvungwa, mwegea, mwicha

Lawsonia inermis

Henna, Zanzibar bark

mheni, mhina, mkokoa, mkokoa muhina, muina

Leucaena leucocephala

Leucaena

lusina

Maesopsis eminii

Umbrella tree

msizi, ndunga

Mangifera indica

Mango

maembe, muembe, mwembe, embe

Manihot glaziovii

Tree cassava

mpira

Markhamia lutea

Nile tulip

mgambo, mtalawanda

Melia azedarach

Chinaberry, Bead tree

mmelia, mwarubaini nusu

Milicia excelsa

African teak, Iroko

minarui, murumba, mutumba, mvule, mvuli

Moringa oleifera

Moringa, Drumstick tree

mlonge, mronge, mrongo, mzunze

Morus alba

White mulberry

mforsadi, mfurusadi

Morus nigra

Black mulberry

mforsadi

Nephelium lappaceum

Rambutan

mshokishoki

Ocotea usambarensis

Camphor

mkulo

Olea capensis

East African olive

mushargi

Pachystela msolo

N/A

mchanvya, mochocho, msambia, msavia

Parinari curatellifolia

Fever tree

mbura

Parkia biglobosa

Locust bean tree

mkunde, mnienze

Parkinsonia aculeata

Jerusalem thorn

mkeketa

Persea americana

Avocado

mparachichi, embemafuta

Phoenix dactylifera

Date palm

mtende

Phoenix reclinata

Wild date palm

mkindu

Piliostigma thonningii

Camel's Foot Tree

mchekeche, mchikichi

Pinus caribaea

Caribbean pine, Pitch Pine

msindano

Pithecelobium dulce

Madras Thorn, Manila Tamarind

maramata, mkwaju wa kihindi

Prosopis juliflora

Mesquite

kikwajukwaju

Prunus africana

Red stinkwood

kiburabura, mokomahoya, mueni

Psidium guajava

Guava

mpera

Pterocarpus angolensis

African Teak, Bloodwood

mninga

Punica granatum

Pomegranate

komamanga, kudhumani

Rauvolfia caffra

Quinine tree

mkufi, msesewe, mwembemwitu

Rhus natalensis

Sumac

mkono chuma, mti shangwe, mvunje kondo

Ricinodendron heudelotii

Ground-nut tree, Wood-oil nut

muawa

Saba comorensis

Bungo fruit

mbungo, mpira

Salvadora persica

Toothbrush tree

msuake, mswaki, musuake

Schinus molle

Pepper tree

mpilipili

Sclerocarya birrea ssp. caffra

Marula

mgongo, mng'ongo, morula

Securidaca longipedunculata

Violet tree

muteya, mzigi

Senna siamea

Yellow cassia, Iron wood

mjohoro

Senna spectabilis

Cassia

mhoba

Sesbania bispinosa

Prickly sesban

mrindazia, msalia-nyuma

Sesbania macrantha

N/A

mlindaziwa

Spathodea campanulata

African tulip tree

kibobakasi, kifabakazi

Stereospermum kunthianum

Pink jacaranda

mtafuna panya, mti-sumu

Strychnos cocculoides

Monkey orange

mpera-mwitu, mtonga

Strychnos innocua

Dull-leaved strychnos

mgulungungulu, mkwakwa, mtonga

Strychnos spinosa

Elephant orange

mpapa, mtonga

Syzygium aromaticum

Clove tree

karafu

Syzygium cordatum

Water-berry tree

mzambarau wa mwitu

Syzygium cuminii

Jambolan, java plum

msambarau, mzambarau

Syzygium guineense

Water-berry tree

msambaran, mzambarai, mzambarani, mzambarau, mzambarau mwitu, mzuari

Tamarindus indica

Tamarind

mkwaju, msisi

Tarchonanthus camphoratus

Camphor bush

mkalambati

Tectona grandis

Teak

msaji, mtiki

Telfairia pedata

Oysternut

kweme, mkweme

Tephrosia vogelii

Fish bean

kibaazi, kibazi, mtupa, utupa wa kibaazi, utupa wa kingindo, utupa wa mrima

Terminalia brownii

N/A

mbarao, mwalambe

Terminalia catappa

Tropical almond, Indian almond

mkungu

Terminalia ivorensis

Black afara

mwalambe

Terminalia prunioides

Purple-pod cluster-leaf

mwalambe, mwangati, mwangati-punda

Terminalia superba

Limba, Superb terminalia

mwalambe

Thespesia populnea

Portia tree

mtakawe

Tipuana tipu

Tipu, pride of Bolivia

mtipia

Treculia africana

African breadfruit

mwaya

Trema orientalis

Pigeon wood

mgendagenda, mpesi, msasa, mzunguzungu

Trichilia emetica

Cape mahogany

mafura, mkungwina, mtimai, mnwamaji, mtimaji, musikili, muwamaji

Uapaca kirkiana

Wild loquat

mkusu, nkusu

Vangueria infausta

Wild medlar

mtiegu, muiru, mviru, viru

Vangueria madagascariensis

Common wild medlar

muiru, mviru

Vitex doniana

Black plum

mfuu, mfulu, mfundu, mfuru

Vitex keniensis

Meru oak

mfuu

Vitex payos

Chocolate berry

mfudu, mfufu, mfuu

Warburgia salutaris

Pepper-bark tree

msokonoi

Warburgia stuhlmannii

N/A

mkaa, mkarambaki

Ximenia americana

Yellow plum, sea plum

mpingi, mtumbui tumbui, mtundakula, timbui timbui

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

Knob wood

mjafari

Ziziphus mauritiana

Jujube

mkunazi

Ziziphus mucronata

Buffalo thorn

mkunazi

Acacia auriculiformis

Ear-leaf acacia

mkesia

The following list of botanical/Latin names and the subsequent Kiswahili equivalents were sourced from the International Centre of Research in Agroforestry (ICRAF).

*Most English names were sourced from Useful Trees and Shrubs for Tanzania published by SIDA’s Regional Soil Conservation Unit, RSCU, 1994.



**Names in Kiswahili depend on the region and people group.

List compiled by ECHO East Africa, May 2014 www.echonet.org www.echocommunity.org


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