Ecological Site Description Ecological Site Characteristics Site Identification



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Composite representation of State 4, Plant Community 5, Weedy Humid Mid-Grassland.

 

 Scientific name



%Canopy cover by height class (ft)

Total Cover


Local

common name


NRCS

common name

Origin

Type


NRCS

Code

0.1 -

2

2.1 -

4.5

4.6 -

13

13.1 -

40

40.1 -

80

80.1 -

120

Grasslike

70

40













90

 

 

 

 

 

Native Forbs






















 

 

 

 

 

Exotic Forbs

5

1













5

 

 

 

 

 

Native Vines/Epiphytes






















 

 

 

 

 

Exotic Vines

tr
















tr

 

 

 

 

 

Small ferns

1
















1

 

 

 

 

 

Native Shrubs






















 

 

 

 

 

Exotic Shrubs

1

10













10

 

 

 

 

 

Native Trees






















 

 

 

 

 

Tree ferns (native)






















 

 

 

 

 

Exotic Trees & tree ferns

1

1

1










1

 

 

 

 

 

Lichen






















 

 

 

 

 

Moss (on ground & logs)

1
















1

 

 

 

 

 

Moss (on trees)






















 

 

 

 

 

Logs on ground (>4" dia.)






















 

 

 

 

 

Litter (not logs)

60
















60

 

 

 

 

 

Surface rocks (>3" dia.)






















 

 

 

 

 

Surface rocks (<3" dia.)






















 

 

 

 

 

Bare Soil

10
















10

 

 

 

 

 





State 4, Plant Community 5, Weedy Humid Mid-Grassland. Note tall weeds in heavily grazed pasture.



STATE 5 – Alien Weedy Meadow

Plant Community 6

This state consists of one plant community consisting primarily of weedy shrubs. Weedy grasses and forbs dominate between shrub patches. Alien tree species are present and will attain dominance if fire does not set them back. The array of species is diverse. Some sites are dominated by dense stands of melastoma shrubs. Native uluhe fern often forms dense patches. Although rainfall is high, large amounts of fine fuels present a fire danger in dry periods.


Pathways from this plant community

To Plant Community 3, Alien Forest, via “F”:

F = absence of fire.

The ubiquitous presence of fast-growing tree species such as albizia, strawberry guava, and octopus tree will convert this plant community to Alien Forest if fire does not occur for a period of years.


To Plant Community 4, Grassland, via “D&H&J&L”:

D = weed control; H = pasture establishment; J = prescribed grazing; L = brush management.



Alien Weedy Meadow can be converted to Grassland with brush management, pasture establishment to reestablish desirable forage species, weed control to deal with the large weed seed bank in the soil, and prescribed grazing.
Composite representation of State 5, Plant Community 6, Alien Weedy Meadow

Scientific name

%Canopy cover by height class (ft)










Origin

Type

NRCS

Code

0.1 -

2

2.1 -

4.5

4.6 -

13

13.1 -

40

40.1 -

80

80.1 -

120

Total cover

Local

common name

NRCS

common name

Psidium guajava

1

1

1










1

common guava

guava

a

t

PSGU

Psidium cattleianum

1

1

10

1







10

waiawi

strawberry guava

a

t

PSCA

Ardisia elliptica

1

1

5










5

shoebutton ardisia

shoebutton

a

t

AREL4

Cecropia obtusifolia

1

1

1

1







1

trumpet tree

trumpet tree

a

t

CEOB

Falcataria moluccana

1

1

1

5

1




5

falcataria

peacocksplume

a

t

FAMO

Schefflera actinophylla

1

1

1

1







1

octopus tree

octopus tree

a

t

SCAC2

Trema orientale

1

1

1

1







1

gunpowder tree

oriental trema

a

t

TROR

Archontophoenix alexandrae

1

1

1

1







1

Alexandrian palm

Alexandra palm

a

t

ARAL

Macaranga mappa

1

1

1

1







1

bingabing

pengua

a

t

MAMA28

Melaleuca quinquinervia

tr

tr

tr

1







1

paperbark

punktree

a

t

MEQU

Ficus thonningii

tr

tr

1

1







1

Chinese banyan

Chinese banyan

a

t

FITH2

Metrosideros polymorpha

tr

tr

1

1







1

'ohi'a lehua

'ohi'a lehua

n

t

MEPO5

Pandanus tectorius

tr

tr

1










1

pandanus

Tahitian screwpine

n

t

PATE2

Psychotria sp.

tr

tr

1










1

kopiko

wild coffee

n

t

PSYCH

Melastoma candidum

1

5

30










30

melastoma

Asian melastome

a

s

MECA9

Pluchea carolinensis

1

5

5










10

sourbush

cure for all

a

s

PLCA10

Clidemia hirta

1

5

1










10

Koster's curse

soapbush

a

s

CLHI3

Lantana camara

1

1













1

lantana

lantana

a

s

LACA2

Paederia foetida

1
















1

paederia

stinkvine

a

v

PAFO3

Rubus ellipticus

1

1













1

yellow Himalayan raspberry

yellow Himalayan raspberry

a

v

RUEL3

Rubus rosifolius

1

1













1

thimbleberry

West Indian raspberry

a

v

RURO

Commelina diffusa

1
















1

honohono

climbing dayflower

a

h

CODI5

Arundina graminifolia

1

1













1

bamboo orchid

bamboo orchid

a

h

ARGR6

Spathoglottis plicata

1

1













1

Philippine ground orchid

Philippine ground orchid

a

h

SPPL

Desmodium sandwicense

tr
















tr

Spanish clover

Hawai`i ticktrefoil

a

h

DESA81

Chamaecrista nictitans

1
















1

partridge pea

partridge pea

a

h

CHNI2

Mimosa pudica

1
















1

sensitiveplant

shameplant

a

h

MIPU8

Ageratum conyzoides

1
















1

ageratum

ageratum

a

h

AGCO

Composite representation of State 5, Plant Community 6, Alien Weedy Meadow

Scientific name

%Canopy cover by height class (ft)










Origin

Type

NRCS

Code

0.1 -

2

2.1 -

4.5

4.6 -

13

13.1 -

40

40.1 -

80

80.1 -

120

Total cover

Local

common name

NRCS

common name

Cuphea carthagenesis

1
















1

tarweed

Colombian waxweed

a

h

CUCA4

Stachytarpheta dichotoma

1

1













1

owi

branched porterweed

a

h

STDI8

Stachytarpheta jamaicensis

1

1













1

Jamaica vervain

light-blue snakeweed

a

h

STJA

Dicranopteris linearis

10
















10

uluhe

Old World forkedfern

n

f

DILI

Nephrolepis multiflora

10
















10

scaly swordfern

scaly swordfern

a

f

NEHI

Phymatosorus grossus

1
















1

maile-scented fern




a

f

PHGR21

Lycopodiella cernua

1
















1

clubmoss

staghorn clubmoss

n

f

LYCE2

Pteris cretica

tr
















tr

`oali

Cretan brake

n

f

PTCR2

Sphenomeris chinensis

tr
















tr

pala`a

Chinese creepingfern

n

f

ODCH

Urochloa mutica

5
















5

Californiagrass

para grass

a

g

URMU

Panicum repens

1
















5

torpedograss

torpedo grass

a

g

PARE3

Paspalum dilatatum

1

1













1

Dallis grass

dallisgrass

a

g

PADI3

Axonopus fissifolius

10
















20

narrowleaved carpetgrass

common carpetgrass

a

g

AXFI

Coix lachryma-jobi

1

1













1

Job's tears

Job's tears

a

g

COLA

Digitaria violascens

1

1













1

smooth crabgrass

violet crabgrass

a

g

DIVI2

Paspalum conjugatum

10
















20

hilograss

hilograss

a

g

PACO14

Paspalum urvillei

1

1













1

Vasey grass

Vasey's grass

a

g

PAUR2

Sporobolus indicus

5
















5

smut grass

smut grass

a

g

SPIN4

Melinis minutiflora

5
















5

molassesgrass

molassesgrass

a

g

MEMI2

Kyllinga brevifolia

1
















1




shortleaf spikesedge

a

g

KYBR

Scleria testacea

1
















1

nutgrass

Hawai`i nutrush

n

g

SCTE6

Sacciolepis indica

1
















1

Glenwood grass

glenwoodgrass

a

g

SAIN

Setaria parviflora

1
















1

yellow foxtail

marsh bristlegrass

a

g

SEPA10

Andropogon glomeratus




5













10

broomsedge

broomsedge bluestem

a

g

ANVI2

Schizachyrium condensatum




5













5

beardgrass

Colombian bluestem

a

g

SCCO10

Grasslike

30

10













40
















Native Forbs





































Exotic Forbs

10

1













10
















Native Vines/Epiphytes





































Exotic Vines

1

1













1
















Small ferns

20
















20
















Native Shrubs





































Exotic Shrubs

1

10

30










30
















Native Trees

tr

tr

1

1







1
















Tree ferns (native)





































Exotic Trees & tree ferns

1

5

20

10

1




30
















Lichen





































Moss (on ground & logs)

1
















1
















Moss (on trees)

1
















1
















Logs on ground (>4" dia.)

1
















1
















Litter (not logs)

60
















60
















Surface rocks (>3" dia.)

1
















1
















Surface rocks (<3" dia.)

1
















1
















Bare Soil

5
















5



















State 5, Plant Community 6, Alien Weedy Meadow.
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