Ecological Site Description Ecological Site Characteristics Site Identification



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ECOLOGICAL SITE INTERPRETATONS


Forest Site Productivity


Common Name


Scientific Name

Estimated Productivity

Site Index

Cubic Feet
(CMAI)

Other Units


Low

High

Low

High

Low

High

Unit

`ohi`a lehua

Metrosideros polymorpha

    

    

    

    

500

8000

cu. ft./ac


Animal Community

Animal Community – Wildlife Interpretations

Few, if any, native wildlife species are present in this low elevation ecological site. There are many introduced animals including pigs, mongoose, turkeys, and khalij pheasants.


Animal Community - Grazing Interpretations


The following table lists suggested initial stocking rates for cattle under the Forage Value Rating system for the interpretive plant community, only. These are conservative estimates that should be used only as guidelines in the initial stages of the conservation planning process. Often, the current plant composition does not entirely match any particular plant community (described in this ecological site description). Because of this, a field visit is recommended, in all cases, to document plant composition and production. More precise carrying capacity estimates should eventually be calculated using the following stocking rate information along with animal preference data, particularly when grazers other than cattle are involved. Under more intensive grazing management, improved harvest efficiencies can result in an increased carrying capacity.

Forage Value Rating 1/ Acre/AUM 3/ AUM/Acre 3/


Very High 2/ 0.40 – 0.59 2.56 – 1.70

High 0.59 – 0.78 1.70 – 1.28

Moderate 0.78 – 1.56 1.28 – 0.64

Low 1.56 - + 0.64 - +



1/ The Forage Value Rating System is not an ecological evaluation of the naturalized plant community. It is a utilitarian rating of the existing forage value of a specific tract of naturalized pastureland.

2/ Conservationists must use considerable judgment, because in places an are, in the Very High forage class, could be producing less than normal volumes of forage, and adjustments would need to be made in the initial stocking rate.

3/ Stocking rates vary in accordance with such factors as kind and class of livestock or wildlife, season of use, and fluctuations in climate. Actual use records and on-site inventories for individual naturalized pasture ecological sites, together with a determination of the degree to which the sites have been grazed, offer the most reliable basis for developing initial stocking rates.
The naturalized plant community on this site is suitable for grazing by all kinds and classes of livestock, at any season, particularly cattle. However, this site is best utilized for late spring and summer grazing as this is the major plant growth period. This site is suited for grazing by both cow-calf operations and stocker operations. However, sheep can be grazed on this site as well. This site is poorly suited to continuous year-long use if the interpretive naturalized plant community is to be maintained.
Plant Preference for Cattle and Sheep

Common Name

Scientific Name

Plant Part

Forage Preferences

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Californiagrass

Urochloa mutica

entire

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

Pangolagrass

Digitaria eriantha

entire

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

Baron’s grass

Ischaemum digitatum

entire

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

Limpograss

Hemarthria altissima

entire

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

Wainakugrass

Panicum repens

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Dallisgrass

Paspalum dilatatum

entire

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

Glenwoodgrass

Sacciolepis indica

entire

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

Narrowleaf carpetgrass

Axonopus fissifolius

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Smooth crabgrass

Digitaria violascens

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Hilograss

Paspalum conjugatum

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Broomsedge bluestem

Andropogon virginicus

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Bushybeard bluestem

Schizachyrium condensatum

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Vaseygrass

Paspalum urvillei

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Smutgrass

Sporobolus indicus

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Green kyllinga

Kyllinga brevifolia

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Oahu flatsedge

Cyperus hypochlorus

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Kaimi clover

Desmodium incanum

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Greenleaf desmodium

Desmodium intortum

entire

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

Spanish clover

Desmodium sandwicense

entire

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

Three-flower beggarweed

Desmodium triflorum

entire

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

D

Honohono

Commelina diffusa

entire

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

P

Bamboo orchid

Arundina graminifolia

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Joee

Stachytarpheta cayennesis

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Jamaica vervain

Stachytarpheta jamaicensis

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Scaly swordfern

Nephrolepis multiflora

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Wiregrass

Eleusine indica

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Japanese tea

Chamaecrista nictitans

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Sensitive plant

Mimosa pudica

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Tarweed

Cuphea carthagenesis

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Sourbush

Pluchea symphytifolia

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Ageratum

Ageratum conyzoides

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Common guava

Psidium guajava

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Strawberry guava

Psidium cattleianum

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Koster’s curse

Clidemia hirta

entire

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

U

Legend: P=Preferred, D=Desirable, U=Undesirable, N=Not Consumed, E=Emergency, T=Toxic, X=Used, but degree of utilization unknown.

Hydrology Functions

     
Recreation Uses

Hunting is the most common recreational use.



Wood Products

No wood products are harvested from this ecological site.



Other Products

Other Information
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