Epbc act Listed Ecological Communities Mapping in the Lower Hunter prn 1213-0236


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Page number


List of figures



Page number


List of appendices



Document information 1

Rev 1


Date 1

Details 1

A 1

15/05/2013 1



Draft 1

B 1


07/06/2013 1

Final 1


C 1

19/12/2013 1

Final 1

Author, Reviewer and Approver details 1



Prepared by: 1

Selga Harrington,


Tanya Bangel 1

Date: 19/12/2013 1

Signature: 1

1

Reviewed by: 2



Alex Cockerill 2

Date: 19/12/2013 2

Signature: 2

2

Approved by: 2



Alex Cockerill 2

Date: 19/12/2013 2

Signature: 2

2

Distribution 2



Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities, Parsons Brinckerhoff file 2

©Parsons Brinckerhoff Australia Pty Limited 2013 2

Copyright in the drawings, information and data recorded in this document (the information) is the property of Parsons Brinckerhoff. This document and the information are solely for the use of the authorised recipient and this document may not be used, copied or reproduced in whole or part for any purpose other than that for which it was supplied by Parsons Brinckerhoff. Parsons Brinckerhoff makes no representation, undertakes no duty and accepts no responsibility to any third party who may use or rely upon this document or the information. 2

The views and opinions expressed in this publication are those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the Australian Government or the Minister for Sustainability, Environment, Water, Population and Communities. While reasonable efforts have been made to ensure that the contents of this publication are factually correct, the Commonwealth does not accept responsibility for the accuracy or completeness of the contents, and shall not be liable for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the contents of this publication. 2

Document owner 2

(1)Introduction 9

1.1Background 9

1.2Matters of National Environmental Significance 9

1.3Project aims 10

(2)Methodology 11

2.1Personnel 11

Alex Cockerill 11

BSc (Hons) 11

Project Director – report review, consultation, expert workshop 11

Selga Harrington 11

BSc (Hons) 11

Project Manager – report preparation, consultation, expert workshop 11

Debbie Landenberger 11

BSc (Hons) 11

Botanist – mapping consolidation, report preparation 11

Allan Richardson 11

BEnvSc (Hons) 11

Ecologist – threatened species assessment 11

Tanya Bangel 11

BSc (Hons) 11

Ecologist – desktop review, report preparation 11

Sam Wilkin 11

Dip GIS 11

GIS team lead 11

Rob Suansri 11

BSc 11

GIS specialist 11



Ashley Trinder 11

BSc 11


GIS specialist 11

Emily Mitchell 11

BDevStud, Cert IV SIS 11

GIS specialist 11

1.1Desktop review 11

Vegetation Survey, Classification and Mapping Lower Hunter and Central Coast Region (LHCCREMS) 11

Lower Hunter and Central Coast Regional Environmental Management Strategy (2003a) 11

Greater Hunter Native Vegetation Mapping (GHM) 12

Sivertsen et al. (2011) 12

Vegetation of the Cessnock-Kurri region, Cessnock LGA, New South Wales: Survey, Classification and Mapping 12

Bell S and Driscoll C (2007) 12

State Forests Mapping of NSW State Forest 12

NSW State Forests (undated) 12

The Native Vegetation of Yengo and Parr Reserves and Surrounds 12

Department of Environment & Climate Change (2008) 12

Vegetation of the Tomago and Tomaree Sandbeds, Port Stephens, New South Wales. Management of Groundwater Dependent Ecosystems. 12

Bell S and Driscoll C (2006b) 12

The Natural Vegetation of the Maitland LGA 12

Hill L (2003) 12

Vegetation Mapping of the Lake Macquarie LGA: Stages 1-3 12

Bell S and Driscoll C (2012) 12

Vegetation of Werakata, National Park, Hunter Valley, New South Wales 12

Bell S (2004) 12

Glenrock State Conservation Area and Awabakal Nature Reserve Vegetation Survey 12

Bell S (2006) 12

Vegetation mapping of Watagans National Park and Jilliby State Conservation Area 12

Bell S and Driscoll C (2006a) 12

Wollemi National Park Vegetation Survey (1998) 12

Bell S (1998) 12

Blue Gum Hills Vegetation 12

(Blue Gum Hills Vegetation' 1997) 12

Vegetation and floristics of Columbey National Park, lower Hunter Valley, New South Wales 12

Bell S (2009) 12

Yengo National Park and Parr State Conservation Area Vegetation Survey for use in fire management 12

Bell S et al. (1993) 12

1.1.1Correlation assessment 12

White Box-Yellow Box-Blakely’s Red Gum Grassy Woodland and Derived Native Grassland 12

Critically Endangered 12

Littoral Rainforest and Coastal Vine Thickets of Eastern Australia 12

Critically Endangered 12

Lowland Rainforest of Subtropical Australia 12

Critically Endangered 12

Subtropical and temperate coastal saltmarsh 13

Nominated 13

Hinterland Sand Flats Forest and Woodland of the Sydney Basin Bioregion 13

Nominated 13

Hunter Valley Remnant Woodlands and Open Forests 13

Nominated 13

1.1.1Threatened species assessment 13

1.1.2Key Threatening Processes 14

Includes species that fit one or more of the following criteria: 14

This includes species that fit one or more of the criteria below: 14

Includes species that fit one or more of the following criteria: 15

This includes species not known to occur within the TEC that fit one or more of the following criteria: 15

1.1.1High Priority Conservation Areas 15

EPBC-listed or nominated Threatened Ecological Communities 15

A number of vegetation types are listed or nominated at the Commonwealth level as being threatened. . 15

10 15


Vegetation was scored as 10 (Listed), 7 (Nominated) or 5 (Further investigation required). Rationale for not using a 3 to 1 range was to not over-inflate the importance the EPBC listing in relation to the other criteria. Where overlaps occurred higher sensitivity areas took precedence. 15

Connectivity specifically to nature reserves 15

Direct connectivity of native vegetation to existing nature reserves is considered to be an important factor in determining lands that may be priority areas. 15

7 15


Extent of vegetated area in relation to nature reserves was assessed. Only vegetation patches that were overlapping or adjoining were defined as being connected. These patches were scored as 1 (true) or 0 (false) 15

Threatened flora habitat value 16

The occurrence of threatened flora and related habitat is considered of high importance. 16

7 16


The NSW Atlas of Wildlife Database records and any SEWPAC ERIN datasets were used to identify patches that are known to contain threatened flora under the TSC and EPBC Acts. This was modelled and scored as patches either containing threatened flora or not containing threatened flora. A recognised limitation of this method is the intensity of surveys being skewed towards populated areas. These patches were scored as 1 (true) or 0 (false) 16

Threatened fauna habitat value 16

The occurrence of threatened fauna and related habitat is considered of high importance. 16

7 16


The NSW Atlas of Wildlife Database records and any SEWPAC ERIN datasets were used to identify patches that are known to contain threatened fauna under the TSC and EPBC Acts. This would be modelled and scored as patches either containing threatened fauna or not containing threatened fauna. A recognised limitation of this method is the intensity of surveys being skewed towards populated areas. These patches were scored as 1 (true) or 0 (false) 16

Patch size 16

Patch size is a consideration when considering integrity of native vegetation within each patch. Generally, the greater the patch size, the greater the integrity or condition. Vegetation integrity reflects general biodiversity values of patches. 16

5 16


Patch sizes were categorised as over 500 ha (3), 100–500 ha (2) or <100 ha (1). 16

Habitat Connectivity 16

Habitat connectivity is considered to be important for native flora and fauna and genetic exchange. 16

5 16


The following corridor mapping was used for determining habitat connectivity: 16

Using spatial analysis the area of habitat corridor for each overlapping TEC area was determined. A coverage percentage was calculated and any TEC area that was covered by a percentage 50% or more was scored as 1 (true). All other areas were scored as 0 (false) 16

1.1GIS 17

1.1.1Preliminary work 17

1.1.2Geodatabase 17

1.1.3Data compilation 17

1.2Expert workshop and stakeholder engagement 17

1.3Limitations 18

1.3.1Ecological limitations 18

1.3.2GIS limitations 19

(2)Threatened Ecological Communities mapping 20

2.1White Box-Yellow Box-Blakely’s Red Gum Grassy Woodland and Derived Native Grassland 20

2.2Littoral Rainforest and Coastal Vine Thickets of Eastern Australia 20

Lake Macquarie LGA (Bell S & Driscoll C 2012) 21

4 21

Littoral Rainforest 21



LHCCREMS (Lower Hunter and Central Coast Regional Environmental Management Strategy 2003b) 21

4 21


Littoral Rainforest 21

GHM (Sivertsen et al. 2011) 21

19 21

Tuckeroo/Yellow Tulipwood/ Red fruited Olive Plum Littoral Rainforest of the lower North Coast 21



GHM (Sivertsen et al. 2011) 21

18 21


Tuckeroo/Lilly Pilly/Coast Banksia Littoral Rainforest 21

Tomago and Tomaree (Bell S & Driscoll C 2006b) 21

14 21

Nerong Littoral Rainforest 21



Glenrock/Awabakal Bell S 2006) 21

8 21


Littoral Rainforest 21

1.1Lowland Rainforest of Subtropical Australia 21

Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 22

1b 22


Bow Wow Subtropical Rainforest 22

LHCCREMS (Lower Hunter and Central Coast Regional Environmental Management Strategy 2003b) 22

1a 22

Coastal Warm Temperate – Subtropical Rainforest 22



Lake Macquarie LGA (Bell S & Driscoll C 2012) 22

1a 22


Coastal Warm Temperate – Subtropical Rainforest 22

GHM (Sivertsen et al. 2011 22

16 22

Black Booyong/Giant Stinging Tree/Rosewood/Moreton Bay Fig lowland subtropical rainforest of the lower north coast 22



GHM (Sivertsen et al. 2011) 22

17 22


Black Booyong/Brown Beech/Soft Coachwood/Rosewood Subtropical Rainforest on the escarpment of the lower north Coast 22

Watagans and Jilliby (Bell S & Driscoll C 2006a) 22

1a 22

Coastal Warm Temperate – Subtropical Rainforest 22



Watagans and Jilliby (Bell S & Driscoll C 2006a) 22

1b 22


Red Cedar – Stinging Tree Subtropical Rainforest 22

Wollemi National Park (Bell 1998) 22

RF3 22

Sandstone Gorge Sub-tropical Rainforest 22



1.1Subtropical and temperate coastal saltmarsh 24

LHCCREMS (Lower Hunter and Central Coast Regional Environmental Management Strategy 2003b) 24

47 24

Mangrove Estuarine Complex 24



GHM (Sivertsen et al. 2011 24

228 24


Mangrove Estuarine Complex 24

Lake Macquarie LGA (Bell S & Driscoll C 2012) 24

47a 24

Saltmarsh 24



Lake Macquarie LGA (Bell S & Driscoll C 2012) 24

47 24


Mangrove Estuarine Complex 24

1.1Hinterland Sand Flats Forest and Woodland of the Sydney Basin Bioregion 24

Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 25

35a 25


Kurri Sand Heath Woodland 25

Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 25

35b 25

Kurri Sand Dropping Red Gum – Stringybark Forest 25



Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 25

35c(i) 25

Kurri Sands Shrub Forest (main variant) 25

Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 25

35c(ii) 25

Kurri Sands Shrub Forest 25

Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 25

35d 25


Kurri Sands Stringybark Forest 25

Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 25

35e 25

Kurri Sands Paperbark Heath 25



Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 25

35f(i) 25

Kurri Sand Claypan Scrub (E. parramattensis variant) 25

Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 25

35f(ii) 25

Kurri Sand Claypan Scrub (E. fibrosa variant) 25

LHCCREMS LHCCREMS (Lower Hunter and Central Coast Regional Environmental Management Strategy 2003b) 25

35 25


Kurri Sand Swamp Woodland 25

Werakata National Park Bell S 2004) 25

4 25

Kurri Sand Swamp Woodland 25



Werakata National Park Bell S 2004) 25

5a 25


Kurri Sands Melaleuca Scrub Forest 25

Werakata National Park Bell S 2004) 25

5b 25

Kurri Sands Melaleuca Scrub Forest 25



1.1Hunter Valley Remnant Woodlands and Open Forests 25

GHM (Sivertsen et al. 2011) 26

75 26

Narrow leaved Ironbark/ Grey Box/ Spotted Gum shrub/ grass open forest 26



GHM (Sivertsen et al. 2011) 26

67 26


Spotted Gum/ Red Ironbark/ Large-fruited Grey Gum shrub/ grass open forest 26

GHM (Sivertsen et al. 2011Sivertsen et al. 2011) 26

121 26

Grey Box/ Slaty Box shrub/ grass woodland 26



GHM (Sivertsen et al. 2011Sivertsen et al. 2011) 26

156 26


Narrow-leaved Ironbark/ Grey Box grassy woodland 26

Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 26

17(i) 26

Lower Hunter Spotted Gum – Red Ironbark Forest (main variant) 26

Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 26

17a(ii) 26

Lower Hunter Spotted Gum – Red Ironbark Forest (E. longifolia variant) 26

Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 26

17a(iii) 26

Lower Hunter Spotted Gum – Red Ironbark Forest (E, placita variant) 26

Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 26

17c 26


Lower Hunter Beyer's Ironbark Low Forest 26

Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 26

17i 26

Lower Hunter Grey Box Grassy Forest 26



Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 26

17 m 26


Lower Hunter Narrow-leaved Ironbark Forest 26

Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 26

18 26

Hunter Narrow-leaf Ironbark – Spotted Gum Forest 26



Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 26

18a 26


Hunter Bulloak-Spotted Gum Forest 26

Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 26

18b 26

Central Hunter Grey Box Grassy Forest 26



Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 26

18c 26


Hunter Spotted Gum – Cypress Forest 26

Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 26

18h 26

Hunter Red Ironbark – Spotted Gum Forest 26



Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 26

18i 26


Hunter Redgum – Ironbark Forest 26

Cessnock Kurri Kurri (Bell S & Driscoll C 2007) 27

110 27

Red Ironbark – Paperbark Forest 27



GHM (Sivertsen et al. 2011) 27

82 27


Spotted Gum/ Narrow-leaved Ironbark/ Grey Box shrub/grass open forest of the lower Hunter 27

GHM (Sivertsen et al. 2011) 27

83 27

Spotted Gum/ Narrow-leaved Ironbark. Red Ironbark shrub/ grass open forest of the central and lower hunter 27



GHM Sivertsen et al. 2011) 27

85 27


Narrow-leaved Ironbark/ Bull Oak/ grey Box shrub/ grass open forest of the Central Hunter and lower hunter 27

GHM (Sivertsen et al. 2011) 27

86 27

Narrow-leaved Ironbark/ Grey Box/ Spotted gum shrub/ grass open forest of the central and lower hunter 27



GHM Sivertsen et al. 2011) 27

172 27


Narrow-leaved Ironbark/Grey Box grassy Woodland on the Central and Upper Hunter 27

LHCCREMS (Lower Hunter and Central Coast Regional Environmental Management Strategy 2003b) 27

16 27

Seaham Spotted Gum – Ironbark Forest 27



LHCCREMS (Lower Hunter and Central Coast Regional Environmental Management Strategy 2003b) 27

17 27


Lower Hunter Spotted Gum – Ironbark Forest 27

LHCCREMS (Lower Hunter and Central Coast Regional Environmental Management Strategy 2003b) 27

18 27

Central hunter Ironbark – Spotted Gum – Grey Box Forest 27



Werakata National Park Bell S 2004) 27

1 27


Lower-Hunter Spotted Gum – Ironbark Forest 27

Yengo (Department of Environment & Climate Change 2008) 27

20 27

Hunter Range Ironbark Forest 27



Tomago and Tomaree (Bell S & Driscoll C 2006b) 27

1d 27


Spotted Gum-Ironbark-Stringybark Forest 27

Lake Macquarie LGA (Bell S & Driscoll C 2012) 27

17o 27

Hinterland Spotted Gum – Red Ironbark Forest 27



Blue Gum Hills (Blue Gum Hills Vegetation' 1997) 27

BH3 27


Dry Open forest 27

Blue Gum Hills (Blue Gum Hills Vegetation' 1997) 27

BH4 27

Dry Open forest – disturbed 27



Blue Gum Hills (Blue Gum Hills Vegetation' 1997) 27

BH5 27


Dry Open forest – regen 27

Blue Gum Hills (Blue Gum Hills Vegetation' 1997) 27

BH7 27

Dry Open forest – very disturbed 27



Columbey (Bell S 2009) 27

6 27


6 – Seaham Ironbark Forest 27

Columbey (Bell S 2009) 27

7 27

7 – Seaham Spotted Gum-Ironbark Forest 27



Columbey (Bell S 2009) 28

8 28


8 – Lower Hunter Spotted Gum-Ironbark Forest 28

Columbey (Bell S 2009) 28

9 28

9 – Red Ironbark Scrub-Forest 28



Wollemi National Park (Bell 1998) 28

F1 28


Narrabeen Residual Spotted Gum Forest 28

Wollemi National Park (Bell 1998) 28

W14 28

Goulburn Valley Alluvial Ironbark Woodland 28



Wollemi National Park (Bell 1998) 28

W1 28


Narrabeen Goulburn Ironbark Woodland 28

(1)Threatened species assessment 33

Lower Hunter region 33

Lower Hunter region 33

67 33

6 33


20 33

2 33


9 33

7 33


EPBC Act - listed Endangered Ecological Community1,2 33

Littoral Rainforest 33

12 33

1 33


0 33

0 33


5 33

0 33


Lowland Rainforest 33

7 33


1 33

0 33


0 33

5 33


0 33

Saltmarsh 33

0 33

1 33


2 33

0 33


0 33

0 33


Sand Flats Forest 33

21 33


1 33

2 33


0 33

5 33


0 33

Remnant Open Forest 33

23 33

1 33


2 33

0 33


5 33

0 33


(1)Conservation values of region 36

1.1Matters of National Environmental Significance 36

1.1.1Threatened species and Threatened ecological communities 36

1.1.2Migratory species 37

1.1.3Wetlands of international importance 37

1.1.4World Heritage and National Heritage 38

1.2Wildlife corridors 38

(2)High priority conservation areas for TECs 41

Threatened Ecological Community 43

Parameters used to identify High Priority Conservation Areas 43

High Priority Conservation Area 43

Connectivity to nature reserves 43

Threatened flora habitat 43

Threatened fauna habitat 43

Patch size 43

Habitat connectivity 43

Identified in expert workshop 43

Additional notes 43

Lowland Rainforest of Subtropical Australia 43

N 43


Vegetation occurs adjacent to and forms part of Watagans National Park 43

Yes 43


Yes 43

Large patch size 43

Occurs within the Lower Hunter Regional Green Corridor 43

No 43


43

M 43


No 43

Yes, including Callistemon shiressii, Eucalyptus fergusonii ssp. dorsiventralis, acrozamia flexuosa. 43

Yes, including spotted-tail quoll, Long-nosed Potoroo, Giant Barred Frog 43

Moderate 43

Is within the Bow Wow Corridor 43

Links Heaton and Aberdare State Forests 43

Yes 43

Bow Wow Gorge is listed on the Register of the National Estate due to its scientific significance: the type locality for five to six Permian fossil species and contains congested masses of marine fossils and stalactites 43



Littoral Rainforest 44

All areas of Littoral Rainforest 44

P 44

(see Figure 3.1 for detailed mapping) 44



No 44

Not known. Provides potential habitat for a range of species (see Appendix B) 44

Not known. Provides potential habitat for a range of species (see Appendix B) 44

Small 44


Areas within Port Stephens LGA area within the Lower Hunter Regional Green Corridor 44

Yes 44


Only isolated, narrow, restricted remnants of Littoral Rainforest remaining within the region 44

Best examples are found at Glenrock Conservation Area, Scobies, Green Point and Wallarah Peninsula 44

Subtropical and temperate coastal saltmarsh 44

L 44


Contains and is in proximity to Hunter Estuary National Park 44

Yes, Euphrasia arguta 44

Yes, specifically migratory wading birds 44

Large 44


Forms part of Lower Hunter Regional Corridor 44

Yes 44


RAMSAR listed, specifically due to their triggering RAMSAR threshold numbers for migratory wading birds 44

Identified in expert workshop as high priority 44

Hunter River estuary includes: Kooragang Island, Ash Island 44

C 45


Yes, is adjacent to and forms part of Worimi Nature Reserve 45

Not known 45

Yes, important habitat for migratory species 45

Large 45


Forms part of the Lower Hunter Regional Corridor 45

Yes 45


F 45

Yes, is adjacent to and forms part of Tilligery Nature Reserve 45

Not known 45

Yes, important habitat for migratory species 45

Large 45

Forms part of the Lower Hunter Regional 45

Yes 45

B 45


Yes, in proximity to Karuah National Park 45

Not known 45

Not known 45

Moderate 45

Corridor 45

No 45


Hinterland Sand Flats Forest and Woodland of the Sydney Basin Bioregion 46

and 46


Hunter Valley Remnant Woodlands and Open Forests 46

J 46


Occurs in proximity to Werakata National Park 46

Yes, including Grevillea parviflora ssp parviflora, Acacia bynoeana, Eucalyptus glaucina, Eucalytpus parramattensis ssp decadens, Rutidosis heterogama 46

Yes, including, Swift Parrot, Regent Honeyeater, Koala, Grey-headed Flying-fox 46

Large 46


Forms part of the Richmond Vale Corridor 46

Yes 46


H 46

Yes, is adjacent to and forms part of Werakata National Park 46


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