Erik Erikson's 8 Stages of Psychosocial Development Summary Chart Stage Ages Basic Conflict Important Event Summary Oral-Sensory



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Erik Erikson's 8 Stages of Psychosocial Development

Summary Chart
Stage Ages Basic Conflict Important Event Summary
1. Oral-Sensory Birth to 12 to 18 months Trust vs. Mistrust

Feeding The infant must form a first loving, trusting relationship with the caregiver, or develop a sense of mistrust.


2. Muscular-Anal 18 months to 3years Autonomy vs. Shame/Doubt

Toilet training The child's energies are directed toward the development of physical skills, Including walking, grasping, and rectal sphincter control. The child learns control but may develop shame and doubt if not handled well.


3. Locomotor 3 to 6 years Initiatives. Guilt Independence

The child continues to become more assertive and to take more initiative, but may be too forceful, leading to guilt feelings.


4. Latency 6 to 12 years Industry vs. Inferiority

School The child must deal with demands to learn new skills or risk a sense of inferiority, failure and incompetence.


5. Adolescence 12 to 18 years Identity vs. Role Confusion

Peer relationships. The teenager must achieve a sense of identity in occupation, sex roles, politics, and religion.


6. Young Adulthood 19 to 40 years Intimacy vs. Isolation

Love relationships The young adult must develop intimate relationships or suffer feelings of isolation.


7. Middle Adulthood 40 to 65 years Generativity vs. Stagnation

Parenting. Each adult must find some way to satisfy and support the next generation.


8. Maturity 65 to death Ego Integrity vs. Despair

Reflection on; and acceptance of one's life. The culmination is a sense of one self as one is and of feeling fulfilled.

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