Final Import Risk Analysis Report for Fresh Unshu Mandarin Fruit from Shizuoka Prefecture in Japan



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Orthoptera (crickets; grasshoppers; katydids)

Atractomorpha lata (Motschulsky, 1866)

[Syn.: Atractomorpha bedeli, Bolivar, 1884]

[Pyrgomorphidae]


Smaller long-headed locust

Yes (MAFF 2003)

No (Rentz 2000)

No – Pest of soybean, kidney beans, Chinese radish, Chinese cabbage, cabbage and chrysanthemum (MAFF 2003). Attacks leaves of Solidago altissima (Kajita 1979).

Although this pest is listed on the MAFF (2003) pest list, there is no confirmation of it being on unshu mandarin or fruit of unshu mandarin.



No

Chondracris rosea (De Geer, 1773)

[Acrididae]






Yes (CAB International 2004)

No (Rentz 2000)

No – In Korea this pest is known to affect the leaves and roots of citrus (USDA 2002).

No

Gampsocleis burgeri (Haan, 1842)

[Tettigoniidae]



Kirigirisu

Yes (MAFF 2003)

No (Eades and Otte 2008)

No – Pest of soy and gladiolus (MAFF 2003). Although this pest is listed on the MAFF (2003) pest list, there is no confirmation of it being on unshu mandarin or fruit of unshu mandarin.

No

Gastrimargus transversus (Thunberg, 1815)

[Acrididae]






Yes (MAFF 2003)

No (Rentz 2000)

No – Pest of foxtail millet, Chinese millet, barnyard millet, and sugar cane (MAFF 2003). Although this pest is listed on the MAFF (2003) pest list, there is no confirmation of it being on unshu mandarin or fruit of unshu mandarin.

No

Holochlora japonica (Brunner v. Wattenwyl, 1878)

[Tettigoniidae]



Japanese broadwinged katydid

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (Eades and Otte 2008)

No – Associated with young shoots of citrus (MAFF 1990). Holochlora spp are phytophagous (Muralirangan 1979).

No

Holochlora longifissa (Matsumura and Shiraki, 1908)

[Tettigoniidae]



Bush cricket

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (Eades and Otte 2008)

No – Associated with leaves of citrus (MAFF 1990). Holochlora spp are phytophagous (Muralirangan 1979).

No

Ornebius kanetataki (Matsumura, 1904)

[Gryllidae]



Fruit cricket

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (Eades and Otte 2008)

Yes – Associated with leaves, twigs and fruits of citrus (MAFF 1990).

Yes

Oxya japonica (Thunberg, 1815)

[Acrididae]



Short winged grasshopper

Yes (Itoh and Ichikawa 1995)

Yes (Rentz 2000; AICN 2008)




No

Parapodisma spp.

[Acrididae]



Grasshopper

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (Rentz 2000)

No – Associated with leaves of citrus (MAFF 1990).

No

Patanga japonica (Bolivar, 1898)

[Acrididae]



Grasshopper

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (Rentz 2000)

No – Associated with buds of citrus (MAFF 1990).

No

Phaulula gracilis (Brunner von Wattenwyl, 1891)

[Tettigoniidae]



Bush cricket

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (Eades and Otte 2008)

No – Feeds on leaves of citrus (MAFF 1990). Although this pest is listed on the MAFF (1990) pest list, there is no confirmation of it being on unshu mandarin or fruit of unshu mandarin.

No

Teleogryllus emma (Ohmachi and Matsuura, 1951)

[Gryllidae]



Emma field cricket

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (Eades and Otte 2008)

No – Associated with twigs, young shoots and leaves of citrus (MAFF 1990).

No

Tettigonia orientalis Uvarov, 1924

[Tettogoniidae]






Yes (MAFF 2003)

No (Eades and Otte 2008)

No – Pest of barley, tobacco, dahlia and narcissus (MAFF 2003). Although this pest is listed on the MAFF (2003) pest list, there is no confirmation of it being on unshu mandarin or fruit of unshu mandarin.

No

Thysanoptera (thrips)

Acallurothrips nogutii (Kurosawa, 1993)

[Phlaeothripidae]






Yes (Okajima 1993; MAFF 2003)

No (Mound 2001)

No – fungus feeder, found on dead branches (Okajima 1993).

No

Chaetanaphothrips orchidii

(Moulton, 1907)

[Thripidae]


Citrus rust thrips

Yes (Kudo 1985)

Yes (Smith et al., 1997; APPD 2008)

Not present in WA (DAFWA 2008b)



Yes – Eggs are laid in fruit or leaf material. Causes rust marks on fruit between fruit or fruit/leaf contact points due to feeding damage (Smith et al. 1997). No records of this species on citrus in Japan.

Yes

(for WA)


Frankliniella intonsa (Trybom, 1895)

[Thripidae]



Intonsa flower thrips

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (Mound 2001)

Yes – F. intonsa has been found on the fruit of citrus species in Taiwan (Chiu et al. 1991).

Yes

Frankliniella occidentalis (Pergande, 1895)

[Thripidae]



Western flower thrips

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Mound 2001).

Under official control in Tas. and the NT (NTDPIFM 2008; DPIWTas 2008).



Yes – Polyphagous, attacks flowers of several species, and scars the surface of Prunus fruit (OEPP/EPPO 1989). It may lay eggs in young fruit, and citrus is listed as a host (CAB International 2004). Eggs are oviposited in the peel of unshu mandarin (Tsuchiya et al. 1995).

Yes

(for NT and Tas.)



Haplothrips chinensis Priesner, 1933

[Phlaeothripidae]



Rose thrips

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (Mound 2001)

No – Associated with flowers of citrus (MAFF 1990). Is a pest of vegetable crops in Korea (Woo 1988).

No

Heliothrips haemorrhoidalis (Bouché, 1833)

[Thripidae]



Greenhouse thrips

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Mound 2001)




No

Megalurothrips distalis (Karny, 1913)

[Thripidae]



Thrips

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (Mound 2001)

No – Associated with flowers of citrus (MAFF 1990). Damages buds of flowers of many leguminous plants (Ananthakrishnan 1993).

No

Microcephalothrips abdominalis (Crawford, 1910)

[Thripidae]



Composite thrips

Yes (Nakao 1999)

Yes (APPD 2008; DAFWA 2008a)




No

Pseudodendrothrips mori (Niwa, 1908)

[Thripidae]



Mulberry thrips

Yes (Miyazaki and Kudo 1989)

Yes (Mound 2001; DAFWA 2008a)




No

Scirtothrips dorsalis (Hood, 1919)

[Thripidae]



Yellow tea thrips

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Mound 2001)




No

Thrips coloratus (Schmutz, 1913)

[Syn.: Thrips japonicus Bagnall, 1914]

[Thripidae]


Loquat thrips

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Mound 2001).

Not present in WA (DAWA 2003a).



No – Associated with flowers of citrus. Highly unlikely to be on the fruit pathway (DAWA 2003a).

No

Thrips flavus (Schrank, 1776)

[Thripidae]



Honeysuckle thrips

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (Mound 2001)

No – Associated with flowers of citrus (MAFF 1990) and flowers, leaves and shoots of cucurbits (Wen and Lee 1982).

No

Thrips hawaiiensis (Morgan, 1913)

[Thripidae]



Flower thrips

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Mound 2001)




No

Thrips palmi Karny, 1925

[Thripidae]



Melon thrips

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Mound 2001).

SA, Tas., NT and WA apply quarantine restrictions for movements of melon thrips hosts (Plant Diseases Regulations WA 1989; NTDPIFM 2008; PIRSA 2006; DPIWTas 2008)




Yes – High population numbers may cause a silvery or bronzed appearance on plant surfaces, especially on the midrib and veins of leaves and on the surface of fruit (CAB International 2007). Associated with leaves, flowers (Mound 1996) and fruit (Nakazawa 1981), although it feeds primarily on leaves (Lewis 1997). In Japan, damage caused by T. palmi has been described as yellowing of the leaves, topping, scratches on the fruits, malformation of the fruits and poor fruiting (Nakazawa 1981), and citrus is listed as a host (CAB International 2007).

Yes

(for SA, Tas., NT, WA)



Thrips setosus Moultan, 1928

[Thripidae]






Yes (Sakurai et al. 2004)

No (Mound 2001)

No – In Korea this pest is known to affect the leaves and roots of citrus (USDA 2002).

No

Thrips tabaci (Lindemann, 1888)

[Thripidae]



Onion thrips

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Mound 2001)




No

PATHOGENS

BACTERIA

Candidatus Liberibacter asiaticus Jagouexi et al. 1994

[Candidatus Liberobacter asiaticum]



Citrus greening (Huanglongbing) disease

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (da Graca 1991; Bellis et al. 2005)

No – Although this pathogen infects the whole tree including leaves, fruit and roots, and is restricted to the phloem (da Graca 1991; Garnier and Bové 2000), it is not present on Honshu Island (MAFF 2003; Appendix E).

No

Pseudomonas syringae pv. syringae van Hall 1902

Black pit

Yes (Bradbury 1986)

Yes (Cook and Dube 1989; Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Rhizobium radiobacter (Smith and Townsend, 1907) Young et al. 2001

[Syn.: Agrobacterium tumefaciens (Smith and Townsend, 1907) Conn 1942]






Yes (CAB International 2004)

Yes (Sampson and Walker 1982; Cook and Dube 1989; Shivas 1989)




No

Xanthomonas citri subsp. citri (ex Hasse) Gabriel et al. 1989

[Syn.: [Xanthomonas axonopodis pv. citri (Hasse 1915) Vauterin et al. 1995; Xanthomonas campestris pv. citri (Hasse 1915) Dye 1978]



Asiatic citrus canker

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes, under official control (QDPIF 2006a)

Yes – Infects twigs, leaves and fruit of citrus trees and reproduces in lesions on leaves, stems and fruits (Schubert et al. 2001).

Yes

FUNGI

Alternaria alternata (Fr.) Keissl.
[Anamorphic Pleosporaceae]

Alternaria leaf spot

Yes (SBML 2007)

No evidence of other Alternaria species are known to occur in Japan on citrus, such as A. alternaria pv. citri and any of the ten recently described Alternaria species by Simmons (1999) was found.



Yes (Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)





No

Alternaria citri Ellis & N. Pierce
[Anamorphic Pleosporaceae]

Fruit rot, Black rot, Alternaria rot

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No evidence of other Alternaria species are known to occur in Japan on citrus, such as A. alternaria pv. citri and any of the ten recently described Alternaria species by Simmons (1999) was found.



Yes (Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Alternaria pellucida E. G. Simmons




Yes (ATCC 2008; Farr et al. 2008; CABI Bioscience 2008)

No (No records found)

Yes – The fungus has been found on Japanese unshu mandarin fruit (ATCC 2008; Farr et al. 2008; CABI Bioscience 2008).

Yes

Armillaria mellea (Vahl) P. Kumm.

[Pterulaceae]



Armillaria root rot

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Knorr 1965; Shivas 1989; Graham 2000)




No

Ascochyta pisi Lib.

[Anamorphic Mycosphaeraceae]



Freckle

Yes (Timmer 2000c)

Yes (Cook and Dube 1989; Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Aspergillus niger Tiegh.

[Anamorphic Dothioraceae]



Aspergillus rot

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Cook and Dube 1989; Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Athelia rolfsii (Curzi) C. C. Tu & Kimbr.

Anamorph: Sclerotium rolfsii (Sacc.)

[Atheliaceae]


Damping off

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Aureobasidium pullulans (de Bary) G. Arnaud

Fruit rot, core rot

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Botryosphaeria dothidea (Moug.) Ces. & De Not.

[Syn.: Dothiorella gregaria Sacc.]

[Botryosphaeraceae]


Stem-end rot

Yes (Graham and Menge 2000)

Yes (APPD 2007), including WA (Barber et al. 2005).





No

Botryosphaeria ribis Grossenb. & Duggar

[Botryosphaeraceae]






Yes (CAB International 2004)

Yes, including WA (APPD 2007)




No

Botrytis cinerea Pers.

[Anamorphic Sclerotiniaceae]



Botrytis blight; Gray mould

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Cook and Dube 1989; Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Capnodium citri Berk. & Desm.,

[Syn.: Capnodium salicinum Mont.]

[Capnodiaceae]


Sooty mould

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (APPD 2007). Not present in WA (DAWA 2003a)

Yes – Sooty mould fungi are found superficially on plant parts including fruit, growing on honey dew secretions of insects (Laemmlen 2003; Baker et al. 2008).

Yes

Capnodium fuliginodes Rehm

[Capnodiaceae]




Sooty mould

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (APPD 2007)




No

Cercospora penzigii Sacc.

[Syn.: C. fumosa Penz.]

[Anamorphic Mycosphaerellaceae]


Sweet orange leaf spot

Yes (Timmer 2000c)

No (No records found)

No – Causes leaf spot on sweet orange in Japan (Timmer 2000c).

No

Chaetoscorias vulgaris W. Yamam.

[Capnodiaceae]



Sooty mould

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (No records found)

Yes – Sooty mould fungi are found superficially on plant parts including fruit, growing on honey dew secretions of insects (Laemmlen 2003; Baker et al. 2008).

Yes

Chaetothyrium javanicum (Zimm.) Boedijin

[Syn.: Phaeosaccardinula javanica (Zimm.) W. Yamam.]

[Chaetothyriaceae]


Sooty mould

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (No records found)

Yes – Sooty mould fungi are found superficially on plant parts including fruit, growing on honey dew secretions of insects (Laemmlen 2003; Baker et al. 2008).

Yes

Cochliobolus lunatus R. R. Nelson and Haasis

[Anamorph: Curvularia lunata (Wakk.) Boedijn.

[Pleosporaceae]


Leaf spot

Yes (SBML 2007)

Yes (Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Cochliobolus tuberculatus Silvan.

[Pleosporaceae]



Leaf spot

Yes (Sivanesan 1990)


Yes, but no record for WA (APPD 2007)

No – inor pest causing leaf spot. Fruit rot only noted in guava, but not in citrus (Sivanesan 1990).

No

Colletotrichum acutatum J.H. Simmonds

[Anamorphic Glomerellaceae]



Anthracnose

Yes (JSCC 2007).

For information; the strain of C. acutatum that causes postbloom fruit drop is not known to occur in Japan (Timmer 2000d).



Yes (Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Colletotrichum gloeosporioides (Penz.) Penz. & Sacc.

[Teleomorph: Glomerella cingulata (Stoneman) Spauld. & H. Schrenk

[Glomerellaceae]]


Anthracnose

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Cook and Dube 1989; Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Corticium koleroga (Cooke) Höhn.

[Syn.: Pellicuaria koleroga Cooke]

[Corticiaceae]


Thread blight

Yes (Ito 1958)

No (No records found)

Yes – Associated with twigs, fruit and leaves of citrus trees (Timmer 2000b). In Japan it is reported on Gingko biloba (Ito 1958) but according to Farr et al. (2008), citrus species are hosts.

Yes

Cylindrocladium citri (H. S. Fawc. & Klotz) Boedijn & Ritz. Bos

[Nectriaceae]



Decay of citrus fruit

Yes (Crous and Wingfield 1993)

No (No records found).

No – Causes decay of citrus fruit which would not be packed for export. Decay of citrus fruit caused by this fungus has only been observed in the USA. (Crous and Wingfield 1993). and the single report of this fungus in Japan is from forest soils (Farr et al. 2008). Fungus reproduces by conidia and chlamydospores. Transmitted by wind and splash dispersal (Crous and Wingfield 1993).

No

Diaporthe citri F.A. Wolf

Anamorph: Phomopsis citri H. Fawc.

[Diaporthaceae]


Melanose

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes, including WA (APPD 2007)




No

Diaporthe medusaea Nitschke

Anamorph: Phomopsis rudis (Fr.:Fr.) Höhn.

[Diaporthaceae]


Gummosis

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (APPD 2007).

Not present in WA (DAWA 2003a)



Yes – Small, brown to reddish-brown pustules are present on the surface of citrus fruit (MAFF 1990)

Yes (WA only)

Erythricium salmonicolor (Berk. & Broome) Burdsall

[Phanerochaetaceae]



Pink disease

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes, but not in WA (Mayers and Persley 1993; DAWA 2003a; APPD 2007)

No – Associated with stems, twigs and branches of citrus (MAFF 1990; Mayers and Persley 1993).

No

Fusarium lateritium Nees

Teleomorph: Gibberella baccata (Wallr.) Sacc.

[Nectriaceae]


Bud blight

Yes (Ueno et al. 1977; Saito and Matuo 1982)

Yes (Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Fusarium oxysporum Schltdl.

[Anamorphic Nectriaceae]



Fusarium rot

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Cook and Dube 1989; Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Fusarium solani (Mart.) Sacc.

Teleomorph: Haematonectria haematococca (Berk. & Broome) Samuels & Rossman

[Nectriaceae]


Collar rot

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Ganoderma applanatum (Pers.) Pat.

[Ganodermacaceae]



Stem heart rot

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (May et al. 2003)




No

Geotrichum candidum Link

[Anamorphic Dipodascaceae]



Sour rot

Yes (CAB International 2004)

Yes (Shivas 1989; APPD 2007).




No

Geotrichum candidum var. citri-aurantii (Ferraris) Cif. & F. Cif.

[Anamorphic Dipodascaceae]



Sour rot

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Pitkethley 1998), including WA (Shivas 1989)





No

Gibberella fujikuroi (Sawada) Wollenw.

Anamorph: Fusarium moniliforme J. Sheld.

[Nectriaceae]





Yes (CAB International 2004)

Yes (Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Gloeodes pomigena (Schwein.) Colby

Teleomorph: Phyllachora pomigena (Schwein.) Sacc.

[Phyllachoraceae]


Sooty blotch

Yes (CAB International 2004)

Yes (Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Guignardia citricarpa Kiely

[Syn.: Phoma erratica var. mikan Hara]

Anamorph: Phoma citricarpa McAlpine var. mikan Hara

[Botryosphaeriaceae]



Citrus black spot

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (subtropical areas of Australia, including Qld, NSW, NT) (APPD 2007) and listed as Phyllosticta citricarpa for WA (Shivas 1989). Regulated pest for SA.

Yes – Fungus can be present on fruit (CAB International 2007).

Yes (SA)

Helicobasidium mompa Tanaka

[Hellicobasidiaceae]



Violet root rot

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (No records found)

No – Associated with roots and stems of citrus (Knorr 1973; MAFF 1990).

No

Hyocapnodium japonicum (Hara) W. Yamam.

[Syn.: Limacinia japonicum Hara]

[Incertae sedis]


Sooty mould

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (No records found)

Yes – Sooty mould fungi are found superficially on plant parts including fruit, growing on honey dew secretions of insects (Laemmlen 2003; Baker et al. 2008).

Yes

Lasiodiplodia theobromae (Pat.) Griffon & Maubl.

[Anamorphic Hellicobasidiaceae]



Stem end rot

Yes (CAB International 2004)

Yes (Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Leptoxyphium axillatum (Cooke) S. Hughes

[Syn.: Capnodium axillatum Cooke]

[Capnodiaceae]


Sooty mould

Yes (Rodriguez et al. 2002)

No (No records found)

Yes – Sooty mould fungi are found superficially on plant parts including fruit, growing on honey dew secretions of insects (Laemmlen 2003; Baker et al. 2008).

Yes

Limacinia harae W. Yamam.

[Incertae sedis]



Sooty mould

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (No records found)

Yes – Sooty mould fungi are found superficially on plant parts including fruit, growing on honey dew secretions of insects (Laemmlen 2003; Baker et al. 2008).

Yes

Macrophomina phaseolina (Tassi) Goid

[Anamorphic Mycosphaerellaceae]



Charcoal root rot

Yes (CAB International 2004)

Yes (Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Meliola butleri Syd. & P. Syd.

[Meliolaceae]



Sooty mould

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (No records found)

Yes – Sooty mould fungi are found superficially on plant parts including fruit, growing on honey dew secretions of insects (Laemmlen 2003; Baker et al. 2008).

Yes

Mycosphaerella citri Whiteside

Anamorph: Stenella citri-grisea (F.E. Fisher) Sivan.

[Mycosphaerellaceae]


Greasy spot

Yes (CAB International 2004)

Yes (CAB International 2004; APPD 2008)




No)

Mycosphaerella horii Hara

[Mycosphaerellaceae]



Grey leaf spot

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (No records found)

No – The fungus causes a grey leaf spot of citrus in Japan (Wellings 1981; Timmer and Gottwald 2000).

No

Mycosphaerella pinodes (Berk. and A. Bloxam) Vestergr.

Anamorph: Ascochyta pinodes L.K. Jones

[Mycosphaerellaceae]


Leaf blight

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Cook and Dube 1989; Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Neocapnodium tanakae (Shirai & Hara) W. Yamam.

[Capnodium tanakae Shirai & Hara]

[Capnodiaceae]


Sooty mould

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (No records found)

Yes – Sooty mould fungi are found superficially on plant parts including fruit, growing on honey dew secretions of insects (Laemmlen 2003; Baker et al. 2008).

Yes

Penicillium digitatum (Pers.) Sacc.

[Anamorphic Trichocomaceae]



Green mould

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Cook and Dube 1989; Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Penicillium fructigenum Takeuchi

[Anamorphic Trichocomaceae]



Fruit rot

Yes (Fawcett 1936; USDA 1995)

No (No records found)

Yes – Causes fruit rot in citrus in Japan (Fawcett 1936; USDA 1995).

Yes

Penicillium italicum Wehmer

[Anamorphic Trichocomaceae]



Blue mould

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Cook and Dube 1989; Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Phoma pinodella (L.K. Jones) Morgan-Jones and K.B. Burch

[Anamorphic Leptospheriaceae]



Freckle

Yes (Timmer 2000c)

Yes (APPD 2007)




No

Phomopsis spp.

[Diapothaceae]



Stem-end rot

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Cook and Dube 1989; Shivas 1989)




No

Phyllosticta beltranii Penz.

[Anamorphic Botryosphaeriaceae]




Leaf spot

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (No records found)

No – On leaves. Leaf symptoms are small necrotic spots with a grey centre surrounded by a yellow halo (MAFF 1990).

No

Phyllosticta erratica Ellis & Everh.

[Anamorphic Botryosphaeriaceae]



Leaf spot

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (No records found)

No – The genus Phyllosticta is associated with citrus leaves (Timmer 2000c).

No

Rhizoctonia solani J.G. Kühn Teleomorph: Thanatephorus cucumeris (A.B. Frank) Donk

[Ceratobasidiaceae]



Root rot

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Cook and Dube 1989; Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Rosellinia necatrix Berl. ex Prill.

Anamorph: Dematophora necatrix R. Hartig

[Xylariaceae]


White root rot

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Schizothyrium pomi (Mont. & Fr.) Arx

[Schizothyriaceae]



Fly speck

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Sclerotinia sclerotiorum (Lib.) de Bary

[Sclerotiniaceae]



Cottony rot, Twig blight

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Cook and Dube 1989; Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Scorias citrina (Hara) W. Yamam.

[Syn.: Antennella citrina Hara]

[Capnodiaceae]


Sooty mould

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (No records found)

Yes – Sooty mould fungi are found superficially on plant parts including fruit, growing on honey dew secretions of insects (Laemmlen 2003; Baker et al. 2008).

Yes

Septobasidium pseudopedicellatum Burt

[Septobasidiaceae]



Felt

Yes (USDA 1995)

No (No records found).

Not present in WA (DAWA 2003a)



No – Associated with twigs (Whiteside 2000). Not associated with unshu fruit (USDA 1995).

No

Sphaceloma fawcettii Jenkins

Teleomorph: Elsinoë fawcetti Bitancourt & Jenkins

[Elsinoaceae]


Citrus scab

Yes – Pathotype present in Japan has not been identified (MAFF 1990)

Yes. The lemon and Tryon’s pathotypes occur in eastern Australia (Tan et al. 1996).

Not in WA (APPD 2007)



Yes – Associated with fruit, leaves and stems of citrus (MAFF 1990). Affects many varieties of citrus including mandarins and fruit is liable to carry the pest in trade/transport (CAB International 2007)

Yes

Sporobolomyces roseus Kluyver & C.B. Niel

[Anamorphic Sporidiales]



Pseudo greasy spot

Yes (MAFF 1990)

Yes (Lamb and Brown 1970; APPD 2007).

Not present in WA (DAWA 2003a).



No – Infects leaves of citrus (MAFF 1990).

No

Thielaviopsis basicola (Berk. & Broome) Ferraris

[Anamorphic Ceratocystidaceae]



Black root rot

Yes (CAB International 2004)

Yes (Shivas 1989; APPD 2007)




No

Triposporiopsis spinigera (Höhn.) W. Yamam.

[Capnodiaceae]



Sooty mould

Yes (MAFF 1990)

No (No records found)

Yes – Sooty mould fungi are found superficially on plant parts including fruit, growing on honey dew secretions of insects (Laemmlen 2003; Baker et al. 2008).

Yes
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