59% of Wilderness, as defined in the JANIS Reserve Criteria (ie National Wilderness Inventory (Lesslie and Maslen 1995) minimum rating 12 in patches greater than 8000ha), in the Upper North East region is protected within Dedicated Reserves under this Agreement. Of the Wilderness outside Dedicated Reserve, two thirds (66%) is on freehold or leasehold land. Informal Reserves provide a level of additional protection for Wilderness.
Additional Protection for Forest Ecosystems
The Integrated Forestry Operations Approval for the Upper North East Region provides additional protection for Rare non-commercial Forest Types as in Research Note No. 17 Forest Types in New South Wales (Forestry Commission of New South Wales, Sydney 1989). These Forest Types include:
The Integrated Forest Operations Approval for the Upper North East Region provides additional protection for rainforest as defined in the IFOA including any area of land within 20m of the boundaries of warm temperate rainforest.
Management of CAR Values
Management plans identified in Section 2.3 of the New South Wales Upper North East Region Forest Agreement for Dedicated Reserve and Informal Reserve elements of the CAR Reserve System will clearly identify the CAR Values and the actions being taken in each reserve to appropriately manage and conserve those values.
As an integral component of managing CAR values New South Wales agrees to implement systematic and target fauna and flora surveys in Dedicated and Informal Reserves to complement surveys carries out under the IFOAs. The extent of survey work undertaken will be subject to available funding.
Map 1(B) and this Attachment identify the CAR Reserve System on Public Land for the Lower North East region for the purpose of this Agreement.
The National Forest Policy Statement (NFPS) established that the CAR Reserve System will, in the first instance, be selected from Public Land. Provision is also made in the JANIS Reserve Criteria for inclusion of Private Land in the CAR Reserve System, with the agreement of landholders, where the Criteria cannot be met from Public Land.
In the Lower North East region, the CAR Reserve System on Public Land primarily comprises areas established for conservation purposes (eg National Parks and Nature Reserves) and areas reserved for conservation in State forest.
CAR RESERVE SYSTEM COMPONENTS AND PROTECTION MECHANISMS
The CAR Reserve System on Public Land has the following three components:
Dedicated Reserves. This comprises reserves established through legislation for conservation purposes such as National Parks, Nature Reserves and Flora Reserves (Special Protection Zone).
Informal Reserves. This comprises those parts of the Special Management Zone under the Forest Management Zoning system that are greater than 40ha, and more than 200m wide, or are directly adjacent to Dedicated Reserves. It also includes those areas dedicated as Crown Reserves under the provisions of the Crown Lands Act 1989 (NSW) and State Recreation Areas which are managed by the NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service. Plans of Management for Crown Reserves will be prepared by 1 January 2005 as outlined in the New South Wales Lower North East Region Forest Agreement. It also includes Commonwealth Defence lands managed in accordance with Clauses 7 – 10 of this attachment.
Values protected by Prescription. These comprise those elements of habitat protected by Regional Prescriptions as detailed in the Integrated Forestry Operations Approval covering the Lower North East region and areas within the Harvesting Exclusions and Special Prescription Zone under the Forest Management Zoning system that will be excluded from harvesting. They also include elements of the Special Management Zone that, due to the size or shape, do not meet the Informal Reserve category outlined above. The Integrated Forestry Operations Approval complements the Dedicated and Informal Reserve network and includes additional levels of protection for rare non-commercial forest types, Old Growth forest, rainforest and threatened species in all areas that have been identified to be primarily managed for sustainable production.
NSW will finalise boundaries of the CAR Reserves to enable its implementation within six month of signing this Agreement. Finalisation will include identifying suitable management boundaries. Wherever possible, these will follow easily identifiable features such as cadastre and roads and natural or ecological boundaries. Finalisation will also consider field verification of values being protected and appropriate boundaries mapped to protect the identified values.
The Dedicated Reserve component of the CAR Reserve System covers 1,169,400ha, the Informal Reserve component 148,700ha and the prescriptive component 104,300ha. Together the Dedicated Reserve and Informal Reserve components of the CAR Reserve System cover an area of approximately 1,318,100ha (about 63.1% of the Public Land in the region or 22.7% percent of the entire region).