First National Report Of Pakistan to the Convention on Biological Diversity Ministry of Environment Government of Pakistan Contents



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First National Report

Of

Pakistan

to the

Convention on Biological Diversity

Ministry of Environment

Government of Pakistan

Contents





Foreword




Glossary




Pakistan Fact Sheet

Chapter 1:

Introduction

Chapter 2:

Pakistan’s Ecological Zones




Ecosystems of Special Biodiversity Significance




Threats

Chapter 3:

Plant Biodiversity




Medicinal Plants




Status of the distribution of medicinal plants

Chapter 4:

FOREST BIODIVERSITY




Evolution of Forest Management in Pakistan




Forest Management in Practice




Forest Management and Wildlife




The Biodiversity Convention, Forestry and Threats to Pakistan’s Forests




Strategies, Polices and Legislation

CHAPTER 5:

WILDLIFE BIODIVERSITY




Existing Wildlife in Pakistan




Areas of Special Concern




Species of Special Concern




Protected Area Systems

Chapter 6:

Insect Biodiversity




Insect Species in Pakistan




Use of Pesticides and Threats to Biodiversity




IPM Projects in Pakistan

Chapter 7:

Marine Biodiversity




Pakistan’s Coastline




Important Marine Species and their Status




Major Threats to Marine Ecosystems

Chapter 8:

Freshwater Biodiversity




Pakistan’s Freshwater Resources




Important Species and their Status




Threats to Freshwater Biodiversity




Freshwater Biodiversity Conservation

Chapter 9:

Agricultural Biodiversity




Agriculture in Pakistan




Production Systems




Crop Genetic Diversity




Crop Biodiversity




Changes in Food Habits and the Effects on Biodiversity




Threats to Crop Biodiversity




The Conservation of Crop Biodiversity

Chapter 10:

Livestock Biodiversity




Historical Trends in Livestock and Poultry in Pakistan




Important breeds of Cattle




Breeds of Goats and Sheep




Horses




Camels




Poultry




Social and Cultural Values




Threats




Conservation projects

Chapter 11:

Genetic Biodiversity




Conservation and Institutional Arrangements




Threats

Chapter 12:

Access and Benefit Sharing of Biological Resources




Towards a Global Treaty on Access and Benefit Sharing




Pakistan’s Responses




The Draft Biodiversity Act 2006 on Access and Benefit Sharing




Religious and Cultural Beliefs




The Haqdari System in the Hill Forests of Murree and Kahuta




Distribution of Benefits in the High Hill Forests of NWFP




Benefit Sharing among Traditional Grazers of the Cholistan Desert




Divergent Views on the Use of the Resource




Status of Right Holders in the Scrub Forests of the Salt Range

Chapter 13:

Biodiversity and Climate Change




Impacts on Biodiversity




Kyoto Protocol




Scope of Forests and Agriculture in Climate Change Mitigation




Pakistan’s Response

Chapter 14:

Other Biodiversity Related International Conventions




Pakistan’s Compliance with International Treaties and Conventions




Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna & Flora




The Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals (CMS)




Convention on Wetlands of International Importance (RAMSAR)

Chapter 15:

Alien Invasive Species




What is an Alien Invasive Species




Introduced Eucalyptus Species




Invasive Mesquite




Invasive Paper Mulberry




Fauji Khagga as an Invasive Species




Introduced Cats in Islands of the Arabian Sea




Exotic Fish Species




Marine Invasive species




Freshwater Alien Invasive Species

Chapter 16:

Arrangements for Cross Boundary Movement




Quarantine Laws and Status of Implementation




Activities of the Quarantine Department




Activities of the Plant Protection Department
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