First National Report Of Pakistan to the Convention on Biological Diversity Ministry of Environment Government of Pakistan Contents



Yüklə 1.16 Mb.
səhifə2/42
tarix21.08.2017
ölçüsü1.16 Mb.
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   42

Foreword


Biodiversity is a vast subject that encompasses and cross cuts along many disciplines. These disciplines include forestry, fisheries, livestock, bio-technology, agriculture, tourism, wildlife, marine and freshwater ecosystems etc. that traditionally work to fulfil their respective goals and objectives. These goals and objectives by default aim at maximizing production and benefits. However with a better understanding of the science of biological diversity the importance for its conservation and sustainable use has been widely recognized. This recognition received a political significance after the Rio Earth Summit of 1992. In a scenario when every sector is tuned to work in its own sphere of duty it becomes all the more difficult to make the relevant organization to make a paradigmatic shift for conservation rather than production. An example is the fisheries sector that aims to increase commercial fish production while the subject of biodiversity calls for conservation of all aquatic life and aquatic habitats. Similar is the situation in other disciplines like agriculture and forestry. This book aims to bring together all the scientific knowledge on biological diversity, synch it with the existing ground situation in Pakistan and create awareness and capacity to deal with the provisions of the CBD. I would specially mention the valuable contribution of Dr. Ashraf Poswal for his contributions in the chapter on Alien Invasive Species that incorporates the state of the art techniques for biological control of aquatic weeds.

The First National report was completed with the help of a number of resource persons and the experts. Due to unavoidable reasons, the report could not be published although the un-published copy had been the main reference material with all concerned. Thanks are due to all involved in every stage of the process for their time, valuable comments and suggestions. An extensive consultative process was adopted by involving all the national experts and institutions to prepare these reports. The consultative process can be termed a success because experts from all over Pakistan contributed, came together on one platform and attended the workshops held to review the drafts. This report has incorporated initiatives taken so far in the form of case studies and has facilitated the initiation of new research.

I would like to thank authors and co-ordinator of the First National Report Syed Mahmood Nasir and Rizwan Irshad of the Biodiversity Directorate for the preparation of this report in present form. The list of contributors is quite long and it would be injustice to mention just a few here. I would like to appreciate the contributions from Dr. Abdul Aleem Chaudhry and Umeed Khalid, Kalimullah Shirazi, Dr Anwar Nasim and Mehnaz Ajmal, Dr. S.M. Saifullah, Dr. Nasim Akhter, Dr. Zahoor Ahmad, Dr. Rashid Anwar and Dr. Syed Azhar Hasan,

I am also grateful to the following for their contributions to the report: Dr. Fehmida Firdaus, Dr. Aslam Malik, Dr. Surraya Khatoon, Dr. A. Ikram Mohiuddin, Mr. Azhar Qureshi, Dr. M. Iqbal Choudhary, Mr. Rana Shabbir, and Dr. Rubina Akhtar. Thank you to the LEAD Pakistan team that prepared the First National Report, that forms the main document on which this compilation has been built. I owe special gratitude to Dr. Hakim Abdul Hannan and Dr. Aftab Saeed, faculty of Eastern Medicine Hamdard University Karachi for the valuable inputs on medicinal plants. Due to the huge magnitude of this work, I apologize if any name has been omitted. Moreover due care has been taken by my team on the accuracy of the valuable information contained in this book, omissions if any are regretted.



Dr. Bashir A. Wani

Inspector General of Forests

NFP for CBD

Acronyms


ABS

Access and Benefit Sharing

AEARC

Atomic Energy Agriculture Research Centre

AFIP:

Armed Forces Institute of Pathology

AFP

Adventure Foundation, Pakistan

AUM

Animal Unit Month

BAP

Biodiversity Action Plan

CBD

Convention on Biological Diversity

CEMB:

Centre of Excellence in Molecular Biology University of the Punjab

CCD

Convention to Combat Desertification and Drought

CDM

Clean Development Mechanism

CFC

Chloro-floro-carbon

CFT

Cubic Feet

CGIAR

Consultative Group on International Agricultural Research

CIDA

Canadian International development Agency

CIS

Commonwealth of Independent States

CHM

Clearing House Mechanism

CITES

Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora

CMS

Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species of Wild Animals

COP

Conference of Parties

CRI

Cotton Research Institute, Multan

DANIDA

Danish International Development Assistance

EEZ

Exclusive Economic Zone

EPA

Environmental Protection Agency

GATT

General Agreement on Trade and Tariffs

GEF

Global Environment Facility

GHG

Green House Gase

GMO

Genetically Modified Organism

GoP

Government of Pakistan

GTZ

German Agency for Technical Co-operation

HEJ

Hussain Ebrahim Jamal Research Institute of Chemistry, Karachi

HFIP

Houbara Foundation International Pakistan

IAEA

International Atomic Energy Agency

IARC

International Agricultural Research Council

IBPGRI

International Biotechnology and Plant Genetic Resources Institute

ITPGRFA

International Treaty on Plant genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture

IMO

International Maritime Organization

IPM

Integrated Pest Management

IPR

Intellectual Property Rights

IPO

Intellectual Property Organization

IUCN

The World Conservation Union

LEAD

Leadership for Environment and Development

LES

Livestock Experiment Station

MAF

Million Acre Feet

MOE

Ministry of Environment

MNVD

Main Nara Valley Drain

NARC

National Agricultural Research Centre

NCCW

National Council for the Conservation of Wildlife

NCS

National Conservation Strategy

NIAB:

Nuclear Institute of Agriculture and Biology

NIBGE

National Institute for Biotechnology and Genetic Engineering

NIH

National Institute of Health

NORAD

The Norwegian Agency for Development Co-operation

NWMC

National Wetland Management Committee

NWFP

North Western Frontier Province

ODS

Ozone Depleting Substances

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

PAAS

Pakistan Association of Advancement of Science

PAEC

Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission

PARC

Pakistan Agricultural Research Council

PCDP

Palas Conservation Development Project

PCSIR

Pakistan Council for Scientific and Industrial Research

PFI

Pakistan Forest Institute, Peshawar

PFRI

Punjab Forestry Research Institute, Gatwala Faisalabad

PGRI

Plant Genetic Resources Institute, Islamabad

PIC

Prior Informed Consent

PINSTECH

Pakistan Institute of Nuclear Science and Technology, Islamabad

PMNH

Pakistan Museum of Natural History

PSF

Pakistan science Foundation

QAU

Quaid-e-Azam University, Islamabad

RBOD

Right Bank Out fall Drain

SBSTTA

Subsidiary Body on Scientific Technical and Technological Advice

SPVC

Sindh Poultry Vaccine Centre, Karachi

TDA

Thall Development Authority

TRIPS

Trade Related Intellectual Property Rights

UNEP

United Nations Environment Programme

UNIDO

United Nations Industrial Development Organisation

UNFCCC

Framework Convention on Climate Change

UNPOV

International Union for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants

VRI

Veterinary Research Institute, Lahore

WFP

World Food Programme

WHC

World Heritage Convention

WIPO

World Intellectual Property organization

WWF

World Wide Fund for Nature

WCMC

World Conservation Monitoring Centre

CIFOR

Center for International Forestry Research

WRI

World Resource Institute


1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   42


Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azkurs.org 2016
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə