First National Report Of Pakistan to the Convention on Biological Diversity Ministry of Environment Government of Pakistan Contents



Yüklə 1.16 Mb.
səhifə37/42
tarix21.08.2017
ölçüsü1.16 Mb.
1   ...   34   35   36   37   38   39   40   41   42

Chapter 16: Arrangements for Cross Boundary Movement of biodiversity and its components


Quarantine Laws and Status of Implementation


The Quarantine Department, attached with the Ministry of Food, Agriculture and Livestock, has been charged with the pest prevention mission to protect agriculture, the environment and citizens from the damaging effects of plant and animal pests. The Government of Pakistan has legislation regarding animal quarantine to prevent the illegal introduction of animals and to limit the spread of pests and diseases. The Plant Protection Department under the Ministry of Food and Agriculture regulates the import and export of plants and plant material. All plant material intended for export has to be certified by the Plant Protection Department.

The check on movement of biological material is made through two separate departments, which do not have a mechanism for co-ordination. The quarantine laws have a limited scope. Examples of this are that the checklist concerns diseased organisms only and there is no check on the introduction of invasive species. There is also a need to revise the laws encompassing the linkages between animal, plant and bio-safety issues.


Activities of the Quarantine Department


The department is responsible for the regulation of the import, export and quarantine of animals and animal products in order to prevent the introduction or spread of diseases.

The department provides Central Certification Service to the importers and exporters of animals and animal products. The department promotes a uniform standard through examinations and tests that meet international trade requirements, and is responsible for the prevention of the unauthorised import and export of animals and animal products.

Under the Constitution, the federal government is responsible for the statutory authorities and related regulations governing the inspection and transportation of animals and animal products for import and export. Furthermore, it is responsible for the issuance of Health Certificates and the formulation of regulations designed to prevent the introduction and dissemination of diseases of foreign origin.

As a member of the WTO, and as an international obligation, it is obligatory to maintain a quarantine service to safeguard human health, livestock, and the industry of Pakistan and foreign countries from communicable diseases.

Every “point of entry” and “point of exit” has to be guarded to prevent the introduction or spread of diseases. Therefore, the department has office-cum-microbiology laboratories located in Karachi, Lahore, Peshawar, Quetta, Islamabad and Multan as per clause J of Section 2 of the Pakistan Animal Quarantine (Import and Export of Animals and Animal Products) Act, 1985.

There is one officer at each station, performing three types of duties:



  • Duties as a “Head Office”

  • Research Officer of the laboratory

  • Powers, duties and functions of Quarantine Officer which are laid down in Sec – 6 of the Pakistan Animal Quarantine Act, 1985

The department handles all kinds of animals which include birds, cold-blooded creatures, creatures by means of which any disease may be carried or transmitted, crustaceans, fish, quadrupeds which are not mammals, and mammals (except man and animal products).54

On an average, the department handles more than 12,000 cases annually of import and export of animals, birds and animal products. The export value of animals, birds and animal products obtained was a total Rs. 4744 million subsequent to clinical and laboratory examinations carried out by the Animal Quarantine Department.


Activities of the Plant Protection Department


The "Destructive Insects and Pests Act, 1914" was enacted by the former British Indian government for preventing the introduction and spread of exotic pests and diseases which could be destructive to field crops, horticulture, floriculture and forests. The government of Pakistan in 1951 adapted this Act with slight modification and finally the “Pakistan Plant Quarantine Act, 1976" was enacted. This enactment was done keeping in view Pakistan's obligations FAO "Plant Protection Convention 1951". The Pakistan Plant Quarantine Rules, 1967 were also made under the Act of 1967. The Plant Protection Department under the federal ministry of food agriculture and co-operatives looks after this subject. No import or export of plant material is allowed without a legal certificate of its being disease free. The ports of import and export of biological material have been identified as Karachi Harbour, Karachi airport, Lahore airport, Lahore railway station, Wagah border, Jamrud land border (Peshawar), Peshawar airport, Chaman land border, Quetta airport or any other authorised land, air or sea routes declared by the Director Plant Protection Department. A plant quarantine officer is posted at these points of entry and the officers of Pakistan Customs are empowered to check plant material upon import or export. No person is allowed to import or export plant material except with the permission of the director. In addition, the Plant quarantine officer is empowered to inspect and destroy or release after treatment plant material if it is suspected of contamination. Import restrictions have been imposed by the government for potato, rubber, sugarcane, tobacco, citrus, coffee, banana, groundnut, maize, tea, allium spp. and cotton

.

APPENDICES

Appendix A: Internationally Threatened Animals in Pakistan55




MAMMALIA
CHIROPTERA
RHINOLOPHIDAE
Rhinolophus blasii L/nt
VESPERTILIONIDAE
Eptesicus nasutus V/A2c
Nyctalus leisleri L/nt
Nyctalus montanus L/nt
PRIMATES
CERCOPITHECIDAE
Rhesus Macaque Macaca mulatta L/nt
Kashmir Grey Langur Semnopithecus entellus L/nt
CARNIVORA
CANIDAE
Bengal Fox Vulpes bengalensis DD
Indian Wolf EN C 2a (i); D
Blandford's Fox Vulpes cana DD
Corsac Fox Vulpes corsac DD
FELIDAE
Cheetah Acinonyx jubatus V/A1d+2d, C1
Pakistan Sand Cat Felis margarita scheffeli L/nt
Red Manul Otocolobus manul ferrugineous L/nt
Fishing Cat Prionailurus viverrinus L/nt
Snow Leopard Uncia uncia E/C2a
MUSTELIDAE
Smooth-coated Otter (Smooth Otter) Lutra perspicillata V/A2cd
URSIDAE
Asiatic Black Bear Ursus thibetanus V/A1cd
Balochistan Bear Ursus thibetanus gedrosianus CE/B1+ 2abc, C2a
CETACEA
DELPHINIDAE
Indo-Pacific Hump-backed Dolphin Sousa chinensis DD

PHOCOENIDAE


Finless Porpoise Neophocaena phocaenoides DD
PLATANISTIDAE
Indus River Dolphin Platanista minor E/A1acd, B1+2abcde
ARTIODACTYLA
MOSCHIDAE
Musk deer Moschus chrysogaster L/nt
Himalayan Musk deer Moschus chrysogaster leucogaster L/nt
CERVIDAE
Hog Deer Axis porcinus porcinus L/nt
BOVIDAE
Blackbuck Antilope cervicapra V/A1c
Nilgai Boselaphus tragocamelus L/cd
Wild Goat Capra aegagrus V/A2cde
Sindh Ibex Capra aegagrus blythi V/A2cde
Chiltan Goat Capra aegagrus chiltanensis CE/C2b
Markhor Capra falconeri E/A2cde
Flare-horned Markhor Capra falconeri falconeri E/C2a
Straight-horned Markhor Capra falconeri megaceros E/C2a
Chinkara Gazella bennetti L/cd
Goitred Gazelle Gazella subguttorosa L/nt
Himalayan Goral Naemorhedus goral L/nt
Western Himalayan Goral Naemorhedus goral bedfordi L/nt
Argali Ovis ammon V/A2cde
Marco Polo Argali Ovis ammon polii V/A2de, C1
Afghan Urial Ovis vignei cycloceros V/C1
Punjab Urial Ovis vignei punjabensis E/A1cde, C1+2a
Ladakh Urial Ovis orientalis vignei E/A2cde, C1+2a
Blue Sheep Pseudois nayaur L/nt
Pseudois nayaur nayaur L/nt
PHOLIDOTA
MANIDAE
Indian Pangolin Manis crassicaudata L/nt
RODENTIA
SCIURUDAE
Small Kashmir Flying Squirrel Eoglaucomys fimbriatus L/nt
Woolly Flying Squirrel Eupetaurus cinereus E/A2ce, B1+2cd, C2a
Long-tailed Marmot Marmota caudata L/nt
MURIDAE
Alticola albicauda L/nt
Calomyschus hotsoni E/B1+2c
Grey Hamster Cricetulus migratorius L/nt
MYOXIDAE
Forest Dormouse Dryomys nitedula L/nt

AVES
PELICANIFORMES
PELICANIDAE
Dalmatian Pelican Pelicabus crispus V/C2a
ANHINGIDAE
Oriental Darter Anhinga melanogaster L/nt
CICONIFORMES
CICONIIDAE
Asian Openbill Anastomus oscitans L/nt
Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala L/nt
THRESKIORNITHIDAE
Red-naped Ibis Pseudibis papillosa L/nt
Black-naped Ibis Threskiornis melanocephalus L/nt
PHOENICOPTERIDAE
Lesser Flamingo Phoenicopterus minor L/nt
ANSERIFORMES
ANATIDAE
Lesser White-fronted Goose Anser erythropus V/A1acd
Ferruginous Duck Aythya nyroca V/A1acd
Marbled Teal Marmaronetta angustirostris V/A2c
White-headed Duck Oxyura leucocephala V/A2e

FALCONIFORMES


ACCIPITRIDAE
Cinereous Vulture Aegypius monachus L/nt
Greater Spotted Eagle Aquila clanga V/C2a
Imperial Eagle Aquila heliaca V/C2a
Pallid Harrier Circus macrourus L/nt
White-rumped Vulture Gyps bengalensis L/nt
White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla L/nt
Pallas's Sea-eagle Haliaeetus leucoryphus V/C1+2b
Red-Headed Vulture Sarcogyps calvus L/nt
FALCONIDAE
Red-necked Falcon Falco chicquera L/nt
Lesser Kestrel Falco naumanni V/A1ace
GALLIFORMES
PHASIANIDAE
Cheer Pheasant Catreus wallichii V/C2a
Western Tragopan Tragopan melanocephalus V/C1+2a
GRUIFORMES
GRUIDAE
Siberian Crane Grus leucogeranus E/A2cd
OTIDIDAE
Great Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps E/C2b
Lesser Florican Eupodotis indica CE/A1a
Little bustard Tetrax tetrax L/nt
CHARADRIIFORMES
CHARADRIIDAE
Sociable Lapwing Vanellus gregarius V/A1ac, C1+2a

SCOLOPACIDAE


Wood Snipe Gallinago nemoricola V/C2a
LARIDAE
Black-bellied Tern Sterna acuticauda V/C1
RHYNCOPIDAE
Indian Skimmer Rhynchops albicollis V/C1+2a
COLUMBIFORMES
COLUMBIDAE
Pale-backed Pigeon Columba eversmanni V/A1a
PICIFORMES
INDICATORIDAE
Yellow-rumped Honey guide Indicator xanthnotus L/nt
PASSERIFORMES
MUSCICAPIDAE
Long-billed Bush Warbler Bradypterus major V/C2a
Bristled Grass-Warbler Chaetornis striatus V/A1c, C1+2a
Jerdon's Babbler Chrysomma altirostre V/A1c
Kashmir Flycatcher Ficedula subrubra V/B1+2c
Tytler's Leaf-warbler Phylloscopus tytleri L/nt
Rufous-vented Prinia Prinia burnesii V/A1c
White-browed Bushchat Saxicola macrorhyncha V/A1ac, C1+2a
AEGITHALIDAE
White-throated Tit Aegithalos niveogularis L/nt
FRINGILLIDAE
Orange Bullfinch Pyrrhula aurantiaca L/nt


REPTILIA
CROCODYLIA
CROCODYLIDAE
Mugger Crocodylus palustris V/A1a, C2a
GAVIALIDAE
Gharial Gavialis gangeticus E/C2a
SERPENTES
BOIDAE
Indian Python Python molurus L/nt
ELAPHIDAE
Central Asian Cobra Naja oxiana DD

TESTUDINES


CHELONIIDAE
Green Turtle Chelonia mydas E/A1abd
Olive Ridley Turtle Lepidochelys olivacea E/A1abd
EMYDIDAE
Spotted Pond Turtle Geoclemys hamiltonii L/nt
Crowned River Turtle Hardella thurjii L/nt
TESTUDINIDAE
Central Asian Tortoise Testudo horsefieldii

TRONYCHIDAE


Narrow-headed Softshell Turtle Chitra indica V/A1cd

ACTINOPTERYGII
SYNBRANCHIFORMES
MASTACEMBELIDAE
Spiny Eel Macrognathus aral DD

INSECTA
LEPIDOPTERA
SPHINGIDAE
Hyles hippophaes DD


1   ...   34   35   36   37   38   39   40   41   42


Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azkurs.org 2016
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə