Fitzgerald biosphere recovery plan

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Table of Contents

Forward 15

Acknowledgements 16

Table of Contents 17



1 Information 20

1.1 Background 20

1.2 Scope of Plan 20

1.3 Interaction with Other Planning and Management Processes 21

1.4 International Obligations 21

1.5 Biodiversity Benefits and Impacts 22

1.6 Social and Economic Impacts and Benefits 22

1.7 Affected Interests 23

1.8 Indigenous Interests 23

2 Fitzgerald Biosphere 26

2.1 Biosphere Reserves 26

2.2 Fitzgerald Biosphere Reserve 26

2.3 Biodiversity of the Fitzgerald Biosphere 28

2.4 Landscape Units of the Fitzgerald Biosphere 28

2.5 The Fitzgerald Biosphere Community 30

3 Threatened and Priority Species and Ecological Communities 33

3.1 Threatened and Priority Fauna of the Fitzgerald Biosphere 34

3.2 Threatened and Priority Flora of the Fitzgerald Biosphere 35

3.3 Threatened and Priority Ecological Communities of the Fitzgerald Biosphere 37

4 Habitat Critical and Priority Areas 39

4.1 Habitat Critical in the Fitzgerald Biosphere 39

4.2 Priority Areas in the Fitzgerald Biosphere 42

Macro Corridors in the Fitzgerald Biosphere 43

5Threatening Processes 44

5.1 Risk of the Threatening Processes in the Fitzgerald Biosphere 44

Method of Determining Risk for Threatened Species and Ecological Communities 44

Threatened Fauna 46

Threatened Flora and Ecological Communities 48

Landscape Units 49

5.2 Threatening Processes in the Fitzgerald Biosphere 52

Inappropriate Fire Regimes 52

Phytophthora cinnamomi and Other Plant Diseases 52

Predation by Feral Cats and Foxes 54

Environmental Weeds 55

Loss, Fragmentation and Degradation of Habitat 55

Competition and Habitat Modification by Invasive Fauna 56

Salinisation or Altered Hydrology 57

Stochastic Events 57

Climate Change 57

6 Existing Conservation Measures 59

6.1 Current Recovery Planning for the Fitzgerald Biosphere 59

Recovery Plans 59

Recovery Teams 61

6.2 Past and current recovery activities in the Fitzgerald Biosphere 64

Threatened and Priority Mammals 64

Threatened and Priority Birds 65

Threatened and Priority Flora 67

Feral Cat and Fox Control 67

Fire Management 67

Phytophthora Dieback Management 68

7 Objectives and Performance Criteria 69

7.1 Objectives 69

7.2 Performance Criteria 70

7.3 Implementation of the Plan 71

Guide for Implementation of this Plan 71

7.4 Evaluation of the Plan 71

8 Recovery Actions and Management Practices 72

8.1 Recovery Actions 72

Coordination and Planning 72

Community Appreciation and Participation 73

Abatement of Threatening Processes 75

Monitoring and Survey 76

Translocations and Ex-situ Conservation 77

Research 78

8.2 Management Practices 79

8.3 Guide for Decision Makers 81

Appendix 1: Stakeholders 82

Appendix 2: Species Profiles 83

Appendix 3: Distribution of Threatened and Priority Species and Ecological Communities across the Landscape Units of the Fitzgerald Biosphere 84

Appendix 4: Priority Species Criteria 87

Appendix 5: Threatened Species and Ecological Communities Density Grids 90

Appendix 6: Miradi Criteria 96

Appendix 7: Threatened Species and Ecological Communities Action Summary 98

Appendix 8: Research 100

References 102



1 Information

1.1 Background

A South Coast Threatened Species and Ecological Communities Regional Strategic Management Plan (Gilfillan et al. 2009b) was recently developed as part of an Australia-wide program to trial threatened species recovery planning at a regional scale. This strategic management plan covers the South Coast NRM Region, an area of 9.7 million hectares that includes 189 threatened species and ecological communities. It outlines a strategic approach for the region to improving the integration of threatened species recovery and threat abatement in order to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of threatened species recovery and decrease the need for individual species plans.
One of the recommendations of the strategic management plan is to develop recovery plans for smaller priority areas for threatened species conservation in the region. This current plan, the Fitzgerald Biosphere Recovery Plan, is the first of such plans for Western Australia to take a landscape approach to threatened species recovery and threat abatement planning. This Plan also incorporates broader biodiversity conservation issues into recovery planning.
The Fitzgerald River National Park (FRNP) on the south coast of Western Australia, was designated a Biosphere Reserve under the UNESCO Man and the Biosphere (MAB) Programme in 1978, and is recognised for its relatively pristine state and high biological diversity, especially its flora (Figure ). Between 1978 and the present there have been a number of formal additions to the Park area and these are recognised by UNESCO as included within the designated Biosphere. A periodic review of Australia’s biosphere reserves in 2003 led to a recommendation from the MAB Bureau for a formal expansion to the Biosphere to take in areas where local landcare groups and landowners were already working in cooperation with the National Park managers, an approach which accords with the modern biosphere reserve concept.
Although the area beyond the core area (FRNP) has been not been formally extended to include buffer and transition zones, these zones have been nominally recognised in the IUCN journal Parks (Watson and Sanders, 1997) and are being managed to conserve biodiversity and promote sustainable development based on local community efforts and sound science. The recommendation to formalise the expansion has only recently been pursued through the formation of the community driven Biosphere Implementation Group. The combined area of the core area and buffer and transition zones encompasses approximately 1.3 million hectares, and collectively is called the Fitzgerald Biosphere for the purpose of this Plan.

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