Focusing on the Landscape Biodiversity in Australia’s National Reserve System Part B: Vascular Flora a report for Caring for Country



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Focusing on the Landscape

Biodiversity in Australia’s National Reserve System

Part B: Vascular Flora

A Report for Caring for Country

Prepared by Industry and Investment, New South Wales

Forest Science Centre, Forest & Rangeland Ecosystems.

PO Box 100, Beecroft NSW  2119  Australia.



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Table of Contents

Figures ................................................................................................................................. 2

Tables................................................................................................................................... 2

Executive Summary ........................................................................................................... 12

Introduction........................................................................................................................ 16

Methods ............................................................................................................................. 17

Results and Discussion ....................................................................................................... 23

Final Discussion ............................................................................................................... 506

References........................................................................................................................ 510

Appendix 1.  Summary of Australian vascular plant numbers by family. .......................... 513



Figures

Figure 1.  Location of protected areas within the Australian Protected Area Network (taken 

from http://www.environment.gov.au/parks/PAN/science/locations.html).

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Tables



Table 1  Summary of reservation status for vascular plant familes in Australia.  Well 

Reserved = Species > 45% records in PAs; Under Reserved = Species <10% records in PAs; 

Large PAs = PAs larger than 1000ha. ................................................................................. 14

Table 2  Area of IUCN category reserved lands within each state of Australia 

(

http://www.environment.gov.au/parks/nrs/science/capad/2006/index.html



) ....................... 18

Table 3  Vegetation type codes .......................................................................................... 21

Table 4  Codes for broad location distributions .................................................................. 21

Table 4a  Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999 (EPBC) 

threatened status codes. ...................................................................................................... 21



Table 6 Myrtaceae species considered extinct ................................................................... 23

Table 7  Myrtaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species records 

in ANHAT. ........................................................................................................................ 23



Table 8  Myrtaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT database.

........................................................................................................................................... 27



Table 9  Myrtaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs. .................................... 36

Table 10  Myrtaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs. .............. 48

Table 11  Myrtaceae species recorded at more than 100 reserves........................................ 56

Table 12  Myrtaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs. .......................................... 57

Table 13  Myrtaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares. ..... 72

Table 14 Fabaceae species considered extinct ................................................................... 89

Table 15 Fabaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species records 

in ANHAT. ........................................................................................................................ 89



Table 16 Fabaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT database.

........................................................................................................................................... 92



Table 17 Fabaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs. .................................... 98

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Table 18 Fabaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs. .............. 105

Table 19 Fabaceae species recorded at more than 100 reserves. ...................................... 110

Table 20 Fabaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs. .......................................... 111

Table 21 Fabaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 ha. .............. 119

Table 22 Proteaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species records 

in ANHAT. ...................................................................................................................... 128



Table 23 Proteaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT 

database............................................................................................................................ 130



Table 24 Proteaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs. ................................ 137

Table 25 Proteaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs. ............ 148

Table 26 Proteaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs. .......................................... 150

Table 27 Proteaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs. ........................................ 150

Table 28 Proteaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares. ... 158

Table 29 Orchidaceae species considered extinct ............................................................ 161

Table 30 Orchidaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species 

records in ANHAT. .......................................................................................................... 161



Table 31 Orchidaceae species with 30 or fewer individual record sites in the ANHAT 

database............................................................................................................................ 164



Table 32 Orchidaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs............................... 178

Table 33 Orchidaceae species with 10% or less of their ANHAT record sites located within 

PAs. ................................................................................................................................. 185



Table 34 Orchidaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs......................................... 186

Table 35 Orchidaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs. ..................................... 187

Table 36 Orchidaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares. 190

Table 37  Asteraceae species considered extinct............................................................... 195

Table 38  Asteraceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species records 

in ANHAT. ...................................................................................................................... 195



Table 39 Asteraceae species with 30 or fewer individual record sites in the ANHAT 

database............................................................................................................................ 197



Table 40 Asteraceae species with >45% of record sites within PAs. ................................ 206

Table 41  Asteraceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs............. 214

Table 42  Asteraceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs. .......................................... 218

Table 43  Asteraceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs......................................... 220

Table 44  Asteraceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares.... 224

Table 45 Mimosaceae species considered extinct ............................................................ 229

Table 46 Mimosaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species 

records in ANHAT. .......................................................................................................... 229



Table 47 Mimosaceae species with 30 or fewer individual record sites in the ANHAT 

database............................................................................................................................ 231



Table 48 Mimosaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs. ............................. 236

Table 49 Mimosaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs. ......... 241

Table 50 Mimosaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs. ....................................... 249

Table 51 Mimosaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs. ..................................... 250

Table 52 Mimosaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares. 251

Table 53  Rutaceae species considered extinct. ................................................................ 260

Table 54 Rutaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species records 

in ANHAT. ...................................................................................................................... 260



Table 55 Rutaceae species with 30 or fewer individual record sites in the ANHAT database.

......................................................................................................................................... 262



Table 56 Rutaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs.................................... 267

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Table 57 Rutaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs. .............. 272

Table 58 Rutaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs.............................................. 273

Table 59 Rutaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs............................................ 274

Table 60 Rutaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares....... 277

Table 61 Euphorbiaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species 

records in ANHAT. .......................................................................................................... 281



Table 62 Euphorbiaceae species with 30 or fewer individual record sites in the ANHAT 

database............................................................................................................................ 282



Table 63 Euphorbiaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs. .......................... 287

Table 64 Euphorbiaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs....... 290

Table 65 Euphorbiaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs. .................................... 291

Table 66  Euphorbiaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs................................... 292

Table 67 Euphorbiaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares.

......................................................................................................................................... 294



Table 68  Epacridaceae species considered extinct ........................................................... 297

Table 69 Epacridaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species 

records in ANHAT. .......................................................................................................... 297



Table 70 Epacridaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT 

database............................................................................................................................ 298



Table 71 Epacridaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs. ............................ 301

Table 72 Epacridaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs. ........ 308

Table 73 Epacridaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs. ...................................... 309

Table 74 Epacridaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs. .................................... 309

Table 75 Epacridaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares.311

Table 76 Chenopodiaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species 

records in ANHAT. .......................................................................................................... 315



Table 77 Chenopodiaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT 

database............................................................................................................................ 316



Table 78 Chenopodiaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs. ....................... 318

Table 79 Chenopodiaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs. ... 319

Table 80 Chenopodiaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs................................... 321

Table 81 Chenopodiaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs. ............................... 322

Table 82 Chenopodiaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 ha .... 324

Table 83 Stylidiaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species 

records in ANHAT. .......................................................................................................... 327



Table 84 Stylidiaceae species with 30 or fewer individual record sites. ........................... 328

Table 85 Stylidiaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs. .............................. 331

Table 86 Stylidiaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs........... 332

Table 87 Stylidiaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs. ........................................ 333

Table 88 Stylidiaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs....................................... 333

Table 89 Stylidiaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares.. 334

Table 90  Sterculiaceae species considered extinct ........................................................... 336

Table 91  Sterculiaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species 

records in ANHAT. .......................................................................................................... 336



Table 92 Sterculiaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT 

database............................................................................................................................ 337



Table 93 Sterculiaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs. ............................ 339

Table 94 Sterculiaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs. ........ 341

Table 95 Sterculiaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs. ...................................... 342

Table 96 Sterculiaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs. .................................... 342

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Table 97 Sterculiaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares.344

Table 98 Sapindaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species 

records in ANHAT. .......................................................................................................... 346



Table 99 Sapindaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT 

database............................................................................................................................ 347



Table 100 Sapindaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs............................. 347

Table 101 Sapindaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs. ....... 349

Table 102 Sapindaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs....................................... 350

Table 103 Sapindaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs. ................................... 351

Table 104 Sapindaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares.

......................................................................................................................................... 352



Table 105 Solanaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species 

records in ANHAT. .......................................................................................................... 354



Table 106 Solanaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT 

database............................................................................................................................ 357



Table 107 Solanaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs............................... 358

Table 108 Solanaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs. ......... 359

Table 109 Solanaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs......................................... 360

Table 110 Solanaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs. ..................................... 361

Table 111 Solanaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares. 362

Table 112 Dilleniaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species 

records in ANHAT. .......................................................................................................... 364



Table 113 Dilleniaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT 

database............................................................................................................................ 364



Table 114 Dilleniaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs............................. 366

Table 115 Dilleniaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs. ....... 368

Table 116 Dilleniaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs....................................... 369

Table 117 Dilleniaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs. ................................... 369

Table 118 Dilleniaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares.

......................................................................................................................................... 370



Table 119 Amaranthaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species 

records in ANHAT. .......................................................................................................... 372



Table 120 Amaranthaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT 

database............................................................................................................................ 372



Table 121 Amaranthaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs. ....................... 374

Table 122 Amaranthaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs.... 375

Table 123  Amaranthaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs. ................................. 376

Table 124 Amaranthaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs................................ 376

Table 125 Amaranthaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares.

......................................................................................................................................... 377



Table 126  Scrophulariaceae species considered extinct ................................................... 379

Table 127 Scrophulariaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species 

records in ANHAT. .......................................................................................................... 379



Table 128 Scrophulariaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT 

database............................................................................................................................ 380



Table 129 Scrophulariaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs. .................... 381

Table 130 Scrophulariaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs. 383

Table 131 Scrophulariaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs................................ 383

Table 132 Scrophulariaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs. ............................ 383

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Table 133 Scrophulariaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 

hectares. ........................................................................................................................... 384



Table 134 Lauraceae species which account for approximately 50% of the total species 

records in ANHAT. .......................................................................................................... 386



Table 135 Lauraceae species with 30 or fewer individual site record sites in ANHAT..... 386

Table 136 Lauraceae species with >45% of site records within PAs. ............................... 387

Table 137 Lauraceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs............ 389

Table 138 Lauraceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs. ......................................... 390
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