Focusing on the Landscape Biodiversity in Australia’s National Reserve System Part B: Vascular Flora a report for Caring for Country



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66

109

60.55

CI

1100

VU

Bertya brownii

19

31



61.29

E

1300



NL

Pseudanthus 

pauciflorus

19

31



61.29

900


NL

Actephila latifolia

46

75



61.33

NE,E


2100

NL


289

Pimelodendron 

amboinicum

42

68



61.76

NE

700



NL

Croton dockrillii

36

58



62.07

NE

1500



NL

Margaritaria indica

58

93



62.37

NE,CN


1300

NL

Shonia 



bickertonensis

29

46



63.04

CN

1400



NL

Macaranga 

inamoena

94

149



63.09

NE

3400



NL

Cleistanthus 

myrianthus

63

99



63.64

NE

1700



NL

Actephila vernicosa

30

47



63.83

600


NL

Mallotus resinosus

64

100



64.00

2900


NL

Bertya glandulosa

32

49



65.31

700


NL

Pseudanthus 

pauciflorus 

arenicola

21

32



65.63

700


NL

Codiaeum 

membranaceum

25

38



65.79

800


NL

Poranthera 

coerulea

29

44



65.91

CN

3600



NL

Rockinghamia 

angustifolia

178


270

65.93


NE

4300


NL

Croton byrnesii

35

52



67.31

CN

1400



NL

Dissiliaria 

laxinervis

31

46



67.39

NE

1000



NL

Monotaxis tenuis

70

103



67.96

NW,CN


3500

NL

Sauropus 



stenocladus

pinifolius

30

44



68.18

3100


NL

Euphorbia 

armstrongiana

47

68



69.12

NW,CN


3300

NL

Dissiliaria tuckeri

30

43

69.77



500

NL

Sauropus brunonis

22

31

70.97



CN

2100


NL

Drypetes acuminata

36

50



72.00

1600


NL

Phyllanthus 

clamboides

85

116



73.28

NE

2500



NL

Hylandia dockrillii

160


210

76.19


NE

2800


NL

Beyeria similis

26

34



76.47

SW,W


1100

NL

Baloghia parviflora

148

192


77.08

NE

2400



NL

Pseudanthus 

ovalifolius

87

112



77.68

E,SE


4500

NL

Phyllanthus brassii

46

57

80.70



NE

1100


NL

Amperea protensa

52

64



81.25

SW

4100



NL

Actephila petiolaris 

petiolaris

29

35



82.86

900


NL

Drypetes iodoformis

49

59



83.05

1100


NL

290

Bertya findlayi

30

36



83.33

SE

1500



NL

Beyeria cygnorum

35

42



83.33

W

1900



NL

Austrobuxus nitidus

35

41



85.37

NE

1100



NL

Choriceras majus

51

58



87.93

NE

700



NL

Austrobuxus 

megacarpus

67

74



90.54

1100


NL

Glochidion pungens

76

83



91.57

NE

900



NL

Calycopeplus 

marginatus

87

92



94.57

SW

2900



NL

Poranthera 

oreophila

58

60



96.67

SE

1900



NL

Rockinghamia 

brevipes

151


154

98.05


NE

1000


NL

Thirty-two species have less than 10% of the record sites available in ANHAT located 

within PAs, including nine with no records in a PA (Table 64). Three species are 

classified as threatened, including one endangered species.  These species are 

scattered across the continent, with several species occurring in inland areas of 

Australia.  Some of these species have significantly larger range sizes than the species 

with relatively high reservation levels (Table 63).

Table 64 Euphorbiaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs.

Species


No. 

Records 


in NRS

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Sauropus aphyllus

0

32



0.00

900


NL

Bertya cunninghamii rupicola

0

40



0.00

900


NL

Sankowskya stipularis

0

45

0.00

NE

200

EN

Croton aridus

0

46



0.00

2800


NL

Sauropus huntii

0

46



0.00

CI

2200



NL

Chamaesyce petala

0

51



0.00

3000


NL

Chrozophora tinctoria

0

66



0.00

CS

2700



NL

Chamaesyce carissoides

0

83



0.00

NE,E,EI


1700

NL

Chamaesyce ophthalmica

0

97

0.00



E

2400


NL

Euphorbia maconochieana

1

54



1.85

CN

2900



NL

Croton minimus

1

47



2.13

NE

900



NL

Petalostigma nummularium

3

126



2.38

NW,CN,E


,CI

6900


NL

Stachystemon brachyphyllus

1

41



2.44

SW

2600



NL

Croton stockeri

1

39



2.56

NE

400



NL

291

Croton schultzii

1

31



3.23

1900


NL

Euphorbia helioscopia

5

141



3.55

SW,E,SE,


CS

7500


NL

Ricinocarpos stylosus

4

88



4.55

SW

3300



NL

Actephila traceyi

3

64



4.69

NE

1200



NL

Fontainea venosa

6

125

4.80

E

1300

VU

Bertya pinifolia

2

36

5.56

E

800

VU

Phyllanthus maderaspatensis 

var. angustifolius

10

167


5.99

NW,CN,E


I,CI

9800


NL

Euphorbia stevenii

20

284



7.04

CN,EI,CI,

CS

17300


NL

Chamaesyce hyssopifolia

28

376



7.45

NE,E


13100

NL

Chamaesyce dallachyana

47

629


7.47

E

35700



NL

Chamaesyce prostrata

11

142



7.75

E

7900



NL

Mallotus megadontus

5

57



8.77

1200


NL

Euphorbia planiticola

4

44



9.09

E

5100



NL

Ricinocarpos velutinus

19

204



9.31

SW,W


9500

NL

Glochidion disparipes

28

288


9.72

NE,NW,C


N,E

12600


NL

Chamaesyce maculata

16

164



9.76

E,SE


8400

NL

Glochidion perakense

4

41

9.76



NE

3000


NL

Excoecaria parvifolia

18

184



9.78

NW,CN,E


I,CI

8400


NL

A total of 10 Euphorbiaceae species had records in more than 100 separate PAs 

(Table 65). Most species in this list had over 1000 records, with an average of 2595 

records per species. No species were classified as threatened.



Table 65 Euphorbiaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


No. PAs 

>1000ha


EPBC 

status


Claoxylon australe

610


100

80

NL



Baloghia inophylla

721


109

79

NL



Petalostigma pubescens

3532


115

99

NL



Amperea xiphoclada var. xiphoclada

3510


127

78

NL



Phyllanthus virgatus

2857


139

114


NL

Mallotus philippensis

1652


160

107


NL

Chamaesyce drummondii

4536


220

150


NL

Beyeria lechenaultii

2595


234

134


NL

Breynia oblongifolia

3058


250

178


NL

Poranthera microphylla

2885


415

285


NL

292

A total of 108 species had records in five or fewer PAs (Table 66). Twelve species 

are listed as threatened under the EPBC Act, including one species classified as 

endangered. The majority of species in this list had fewer than 100 individual record 

sites and no species had more than 200 record sites.  Nine species had no records 

within a PA.



Table 66 Euphorbiaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


EPBC 

status


Sauropus aphyllus

32

0



NL

Bertya cunninghamii rupicola

40

0



NL

Sankowskya stipularis

45

0

EN

Sauropus huntii

46

0



NL

Croton aridus

46

0



NL

Chamaesyce petala

51

0



NL

Chrozophora tinctoria

66

0



NL

Chamaesyce carissoides

83

0



NL

Chamaesyce ophthalmica

97

0



NL

Croton schultzii

31

1



NL

Trigonostemon inopinatus

33

1

VU

Croton stockeri

39

1



NL

Dissiliaria surculose

40

1



NL

Stachystemon brachyphyllus

41

1



NL

Bertya recurvata

45

1



NL

Croton minimus

47

1



NL

Croton byrnesii

52

1



NL

Euphorbia maconochieana

54

1



NL

Actephila traceyi

64

1



NL

Drypetes vernicosa

70

1



NL

Calycopeplus marginatus

92

1



NL

Fontainea rostrata

116

1

VU

Sauropus brunonis

31

2



NL

Pseudanthus pauciflorus arenicola

32

2



NL

Shonia carinata

33

2



NL

Bertya pinifolia

36

2

VU

Actephila longipedicellata

38

2



NL

Antidesma hylandii

40

2



NL

Bertya glandulosa

49

2



NL

Croton mutabilis

51

2



NL

Croton brachypus

53

2



NL

Croton densivestitus

58

2



NL

Croton magneticus

64

2

VU

Pimelodendron amboinicum

68

2



NL

Fontainea venosa

125

2

VU

Petalostigma nummularium

126


2

NL

Beyeria similis

34

3

NL



Glochidion perakense

41

3



NL

Dissiliaria tuckeri

43

3



NL

293

Euphorbia planiticola

44

3



NL

Shonia bickertonensis

46

3



NL

Actephila vernicosa

47

3



NL

Actephila grandifolia

50

3



NL

Sauropus podenzanae

51

3



NL

Bertya lapicola brevifolia

53

3



NL

Omphalea queenslandiae

54

3



NL

Micrantheum serpentinum

57

3



NL

Mallotus megadontus

57

3



NL

Omphalea celata

57

3

VU

Croton dockrillii

58

3



NL

Choriceras majus

58

3



NL

Euphorbia muelleri

61

3



NL

Actephila venusta

66

3



NL

Dissiliaria muelleri

67

3



NL

Suregada glomerulata

73

3



NL

Sauropus ditassoides

79

3



NL

Calycopeplus collinus

86

3



NL

Whyanbeelia terrae-reginae

87

3



NL

Ricinocarpos stylosus

88

3



NL

Ricinocarpos trachyphyllus

89

3



NL

Bertya sharpeana

90

3



NL

Margaritaria indica

93

3



NL

Shonia tristigma borealis

95

3



NL

Monotaxis tenuis

103


3

NL

Ricinocarpos gloria-medii



109

3

VU

Euphorbia sarcostemmoides

173


3

NL

Actephila petiolaris petiolaris

35

4

NL



Tragia finalis

36

4



NL

Codiaeum membranaceum

38

4



NL

Beyeria cinerea

38

4



NL

Sauropus paucifolius

39

4



NL

Fontainea australis

44

4

VU

Phyllanthus lacerosus

49

4



NL

Ricinocarpos psilocladus

51

4



NL

Acalypha lanceolata

51

4



NL

Phyllanthus praelongipes

54

4



NL

Phyllanthus brassii

57

4



NL

Mallotus surculosus

59

4



NL

Croton multicaulis velutinus

65

4



NL

Pseudanthus micranthus

69

4



NL

Chamaesyce macgillivrayi

91

4



NL

Cleistanthus peninsularis

99

4



NL

Beyeria subtecta

103

4

VU

Sauropus macranthus

105

4

VU

Sauropus glaucus

137


4

NL

Euphorbia helioscopia

141

4

NL



Croton capitis-york

142


4

NL

Chamaesyce prostrata

142

4

NL



Poranthera drummondii

31

5



NL

294

Pseudanthus pauciflorus

31

5



NL

Phyllanthus eutaxioides

33

5



NL

Bertya findlayi

36

5



NL

Breynia rhynchocarpa

37

5



NL

Phyllanthus debilis

38

5



NL

Sauropus stenocladus pinifolius

44

5



NL

Chamaesyce micradenia

46

5



NL

Bridelia finalis

47

5



NL

Bertya dimerostigma

51

5



NL

Stachystemon vermicularis

53

5



NL

Dissiliaria indistincta

55

5



NL

Cleistanthus discolor

65

5



NL

Baloghia marmorata

75

5

VU

Cleistanthus myrianthus

99

5



NL

Shonia tristigma

129


5

NL

Phyllanthus hypospodius

148

5

NL



Fontainea picrosperma

166


5

NL

Phyllanthus maderaspatensis var.



angustifolius

167


5

NL

Cleistanthus xerophilus

190

5

NL



One hundred and ten species of Euphorbiaceae had records in five or fewer PAs 

greater than 1000 hectares, including 10 species classified as vulnerable (



Table 67). This excludes species with no records in PAs.

Table 67 Euphorbiaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 

hectares.



Species

No. Records No. PAs >1000ha

EPBC 

status


Croton schultzii

31

1



NL

Trigonostemon inopinatus

33

1

VU

Bertya pinifolia

36

1

VU

Croton stockeri

39

1



NL

Dissiliaria surculosa

40

1



NL

Stachystemon brachyphyllus

41

1



NL

Bertya recurvata

45

1



NL

Croton minimus

47

1



NL

Bertya glandulosa

49

1



NL

Ricinocarpos psilocladus

51

1



NL

Croton byrnesii

52

1



NL

Euphorbia maconochieana

54

1



NL

Actephila traceyi

64

1



NL

Croton magneticus

64

1

VU

Drypetes vernicosa

70

1



NL

Calycopeplus marginatus

92

1



NL

Fontainea rostrata

116

1

VU

295

Fontainea venosa

125

1

VU

Sauropus brunonis

31

2



NL

Pseudanthus pauciflorus arenicola

32

2



NL

Ricinocarpos tuberculatus

33

2



NL

Shonia carinata

33

2



NL

Actephila longipedicellata

38

2



NL

Antidesma hylandii

40

2



NL

Actephila vernicosa

47

2



NL

Actephila grandifolia

50

2



NL

Croton mutabilis

51

2



NL

Croton brachypus

53

2



NL

Micrantheum serpentinum

57

2



NL

Mallotus megadontus

57

2



NL

Choriceras majus

58

2



NL

Croton densivestitus

58

2



NL

Dissiliaria muelleri

67

2



NL

Pimelodendron amboinicum

68

2



NL

Pseudanthus micranthus

69

2



NL

Baloghia marmorata

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