Focusing on the Landscape Biodiversity in Australia’s National Reserve System Part B: Vascular Flora a report for Caring for Country



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75

2

VU

Bertya sharpeana

90

2



NL

Bertya rotundifolia

92

2



NL

Sauropus macranthus

105

2

VU

Ricinocarpos gloria-medii

109

2

VU

Petalostigma nummularium

126


2

NL

Beyeria similis

34

3

NL



Tragia finalis

36

3



NL

Codiaeum membranaceum

38

3



NL

Glochidion perakense

41

3



NL

Dissiliaria tuckeri

43

3



NL

Euphorbia planiticola

44

3



NL

Fontainea australis

44

3

VU

Shonia bickertonensis

46

3



NL

Sauropus podenzanae

51

3



NL

Bertya lapicola brevifolia

53

3



NL

Omphalea queenslandiae

54

3



NL

Omphalea celata

57

3

VU

Croton dockrillii

58

3



NL

Mallotus surculosus

59

3



NL

Euphorbia muelleri

61

3



NL

Actephila venusta

66

3



NL

Suregada glomerulata

73

3



NL

Sauropus ditassoides

79

3



NL

Calycopeplus collinus

86

3



NL

Whyanbeelia terrae-reginae

87

3



NL

Ricinocarpos stylosus

88

3



NL

Ricinocarpos trachyphyllus

89

3



NL

Chamaesyce macgillivrayi

91

3



NL

Margaritaria indica

93

3



NL

Shonia tristigma borealis

95

3



NL

Monotaxis tenuis

103


3

NL


296

Euphorbia helioscopia

141


3

NL

Euphorbia sarcostemmoides

173

3

NL



Actephila petiolaris petiolaris

35

4



NL

Beyeria cinerea

38

4



NL

Sauropus paucifolius

39

4



NL

Chamaesyce micradenia

46

4



NL

Phyllanthus lacerosus

49

4



NL

Acalypha lanceolata

51

4



NL

Stachystemon vermicularis

53

4



NL

Phyllanthus praelongipes

54

4



NL

Phyllanthus brassii

57

4



NL

Croton multicaulis velutinus

65

4



NL

Cleistanthus discolor

65

4



NL

Cleistanthus peninsularis

99

4



NL

Cleistanthus myrianthus

99

4



NL

Sauropus glaucus

137


4

NL

Croton capitis-york

142

4

NL



Chamaesyce prostrata

142


4

NL

Chamaesyce maculata

164

4

NL



Fontainea picrosperma

166


4

NL

Pseudanthus pauciflorus

31

5

NL



Poranthera drummondii

31

5



NL

Phyllanthus eutaxioides

33

5



NL

Bertya findlayi

36

5



NL

Stachystemon intricatus

37

5



NL

Breynia rhynchocarpa

37

5



NL

Phyllanthus debilis

38

5



NL

Austrobuxus nitidus

41

5



NL

Beyeria cygnorum

42

5



NL

Sauropus stenocladus pinifolius

44

5



NL

Bridelia finalis

47

5



NL

Macaranga dallachyana

48

5



NL

Bertya dimerostigma

51

5



NL

Dissiliaria indistincta

55

5



NL

Drypetes iodoformis

59

5



NL

Sauropus hirtellus

89

5



NL

Stachystemon virgatus

117


5

NL

Shonia tristigma

129

5

NL



Phyllanthus hypospodius

148


5

NL

Cleistanthus hylandii

154

5

NL



Bertya pedicellata

156


5

NL

Phyllanthus maderaspatensis var.



angustifolius

167


5

NL

Cleistanthus xerophilus

190

5

NL



297

Epacridaceae – heaths

The ANHAT database has 121043 records for 463 species and subspecies of 

Epacridaceae.  Two species of Epacridaceae are considered extinct and therefore 

excluded from analysis. These species are presented in 



Table 68.

Table 68  Epacridaceae species considered extinct

Species


Common name

No. of records



Leucopogon cryptanthus

1

Coleanthera virgata

1

Twenty species account for approximately 50% of the total species records in 



ANHAT (Table 69). These species have over 1000 records each, and, in the case of 

the Epacris impressa, over 9900 records.



Table 69 Epacridaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total 

species records in ANHAT.

Species

No. Records



% total 

records


Leucopogon rufus

1025


0.85

Acrotriche patula

1144


0.95

Epacris paludosa

1185


0.98

Acrotriche aggregata

1203


0.99

Acrotriche prostrata

1214


1.00

Epacris obtusifolia

1226


1.01

Sprengelia incarnata

1333


1.10

Epacris microphylla

1383


1.14

Lissanthe strigosa subulata

1536


1.27

Melichrus urceolatus

1774


1.47

Leucopogon ericoides

1989


1.64

Leucopogon parviflorus

3082


2.55

Astroloma conostephioides

3454


2.85

Brachyloma daphnoides

3606


2.98

Leucopogon lanceolatus

4009


3.31

Monotoca scoparia

4295


3.55

Leucopogon virgatus

4817


3.98

Astroloma humifusum

6504


5.37

Acrotriche serrulata

6602


5.45

Epacris impressa

9937


8.21

Total


61318

50.65


298

One hundred and eleven species, approximately one quarter, had 30 or fewer 

individual site records in the ANHAT database (Table 70). Of these species, 11 are 

classified as threatened (including two species classified as critically endangered). 

These species have been excluded from analysis but are included here for reference. 

Exclusion of these poorly recorded species eliminates 1600 records.  The species in 

the list are almost exclusively in the south-west and east of Australia, including 

Tasmania, and this family is a predominantly from southern Australia.  They all have 

relatively small apparent ranges with only five having listed ranges greater than 

2000km


2

.  Data has not been obtained on the vegetation associations of the species in 

the family Epacridae.  

Table 70 Epacridaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the 

ANHAT database.

Species

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS

Location


Veg type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Astroloma sp. tutanning

1

0.00



100 NL

Leucopogon atherolepis 

densiflorus

1 100.00


100 NL

Leucopogon sp. coujinup

1 100.00


100 NL

Leucopogon sp. es11

1

0.00



100 NL

Leucopogon sp. lake 

king

1 100.00


100 NL

Leucopogon sp. morseby 

range

1 100.00


100 NL

Styphelia laeta 

angustifolia

1

0.00



100 NL

Leucopogon glabellus 

pubescens

10

30.00



400 NL

Leucopogon 

juniperoides

10

20.00



E SE

500 NL


Andersonia longifolia

11

54.55



SW

600 NL


Leucopogon decussatus

11

9.09



700 NL

Lissanthe sp. diggers 

camp

11

63.64



700 NL

Monotoca aristata

11

54.55



SW

300 NL


Styphelia melaleucoides

11

36.36



SW

800 NL


Leucopogon acicularis

12 100.00

SW

400 NL


Conostephium es20

13

0.00



1500 NL

Leucopogon 

ozothamnoides

13

7.69



SW W

800 NL


Andersonia bifida

15

0.00



400 NL

Leucopogon oblongus

16

43.75



W

700 NL


Andersonia depressa

17

0.00



SW

800 NL


Leucopogon milliganii

17 100.00

TAS

2000 NL


Leucopogon pedicellatus

17

41.18



E

1500 NL


Sphenotoma parviflorum

17

64.71



SW

1300 NL


Astrotricha pauciflora

18

55.56



E

200 NL


Leucopogon obtectus

18

61.11

600 EN

299

Leucopogon sp. wessell 

islands

18

0.00



900 NL

Andersonia latiflora

19

26.32



SW

1500 NL


Dracophyllum 

macranthum

19

47.37



E

300 NL


Epacris hamiltonii

19

63.16

E

400 EN

Leucopogon lasiophyllus

19 100.00

900 NL

Leucopogon 

pogonocalyx

19

84.21



1100 NL

Styphelia longifolia

19

10.53



E

1500 NL


Astroloma pedicellatum

2

0.00



100 NL

Dracophyllum 

fitzgeraldii

2

50.00



400 NL

Leucopogon ramulosus

2

0.00



SW

100 NL


Leucopogon sp. bonnie 

hill

2

0.00



100 NL

Leucopogon sp. border 

island

2 100.00


100 NL

Leucopogon sp. bungulla

2

0.00



100 NL

Leucopogon sp. clyde 

hill

2 100.00


200 NL

Leucopogon sp. corrigin

2 100.00


200 NL

Leucopogon sp. helena 

& aurora range

2 100.00


100 NL

Leucopogon sp. kau rock

2

0.00



200 NL

Leucopogon sp. outer 

wheatbelt

2

0.00



100 NL

Leucopogon sp. toompup

2

0.00



100 NL

Leucopogon sp. twertup

2

0.00



100 NL

Trochocarpa parviflora

2

0.00



SW

200 NL


Astrotricha crassifolia

20

75.00

E SE

1600 VU

Conostephium 

uncinatum

20

15.00



SW

900 NL


Leucopogon minutifolius

20

55.00



SW

1400 NL


Cyathodes platystoma

21

33.33



TAS

1200 NL


Epacris sparsa

21 100.00

E

300 VU

Pentachondra dehiscens

21

90.48



E

300 NL


Styphelia exserta

21

52.38



SW

1500 NL


Dracophyllum 

oceanicum

22

50.00



E

600 NL


Leucopogon exolasius

22

40.91

E

1300 VU

Lissanthe powelliae

22

9.09



W

900 NL


Leucopogon confertus

23

8.70

1500 EN

Leucopogon hispidus

23

52.17



W

1100 NL


Sphenotoma sp. stirling 

range

23 100.00

1200 NL

Acrotriche plurilocularis

25

4.00



SW

900 NL


Rupicola decumbens

25

24.00



E

700 NL


Styphelia psiloclada

25

88.00



E SE

600 NL


Astroloma sp. grass 

26

23.08



2600 NL

300

patch

Leucopogon amplectens

26

26.92



SW

1200 NL


Leucopogon 

cochlearifolius

26

23.08



SW

1500 NL


Astroloma sp. nannup

27

96.30



300 NL

Epacris limbata

27

55.56

TAS

400 CE

Leucopogon bossiaea

27

14.81



SW

1300 NL


Leucopogon ovalifolius

27

70.37



SW

1700 NL


Leucopogon sp.

lamington

27

59.26



400 NL

Rupicola ciliata

27

44.44



E

600 NL


Styphelia laeta latifolia

27

22.22



1500 NL

Andersonia pinaster

28

64.29

400 VU

Andersonia setifolia

28

50.00



1400 NL

Leucopogon multiflorus

28

96.43



SW

700 NL


Archeria comberi

29 100.00

TAS

1700 NL


Leucopogon 

blepharolepis

29

13.79



SW

1400 NL


Leucopogon elatior

29

20.69



SW

2100 NL


Monotoca ledifolia

29

68.97



E

1700 NL


Leucopogon inflexifolius

3

66.67



SW

300 NL


Leucopogon obtusatus 

elachophyllus

3 100.00


100 NL

Leucopogon sp. kalbarri

3

66.67



200 NL

Leucopogon teretostylus

3

33.33



SW W

200 NL


Melichrus sp. tara

3

0.00



100 NL

Astroloma microphyllum

30

56.67



SW

2200 NL


Conostephium magnum

30

30.00



SW

1300 NL


Epacris moscaliana

30

26.67



1400 NL

Leucopogon brevicuspis

30

60.00



SW

2200 NL


Leucopogon fletcheri 

fletcheri

30

6.67



1000 NL

Leucopogon mollis

30

86.67



SW W

900 NL


Leucopogon tenuis

30

30.00



SW

2100 NL


Styphelia perileuca

30

86.67

E

600 VU

Astroloma cataphractum

4

50.00



300 NL

Astroloma recurvum

4

0.00



SW

300 NL


Coleanthera coelophylla

4

0.00



300 NL

Leucopogon 

psammophilus

4

75.00



SW

300 NL


Astrotricha 1 (macintyre 

falls)


5

40.00


200 NL

Epacris stuartii

5

40.00

TAS

300 CE

Leucopogon corifolius

5

0.00



SW

400 NL


Leucopogon tenuicaulis

5

0.00



SW

100 NL


Acrotriche dura

6

33.33



400 NL

Astrotricha aff. linearis 

(suggan buggan)

6

83.33


500 NL

Epacris apiculata

6

16.67



E

300 NL


Leucopogon parvifolius

6

83.33



SE TAS

400 NL


301

Leucopogon sp.

boolbunda rock

6

16.67



200 NL

Styphelia tenuifolia

6

0.00



SW

500 NL


Astroloma sp. cataby

7

42.86



200 NL

Leucopogon 

pleurandroides

7

57.14



SW

600 NL


Melichrus hirsutus

7

85.71

E

800 EN

Leucopogon sp.

wheatbelt

8

50.00



500 NL

Richea pandanifolia 

ramulosa

8

62.50



600 NL

Removal of extinct and poorly recorded species leaves 119441 records for 350 species 

(and subspecies). The mean number of records per species for species with greater 

than 30 records was 341, with a mean of 50.4 for the percent of records in the NRS.

One eighty and six species of Epacridaceae had 45% or greater of individual site 

records located within PAs ().  Five species have all of their available records within 

the NRS.

Table 71). This is more than half of the species that have more than 30 records, 

indicating a relatively high level of reservation for the better-known species in this 

family.  Of those 186 species, seven species are classified as threatened, including one 

species classified as critically endangered. These species are located throughout the 

southern half of Australia, with a relatively large number of species being endemic to 

Tasmania.  Most of these well-reserved species do not have ranges greater than 

10,000 km

2

, but there are several species with large ranges (> 70,000 km



2

).  Five 

species have all of their available records within the NRS.

Table 71 Epacridaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs.

Species


No. 

Records 


in NRS

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS

Location


Veg 

type


Area 

km

2



EPBC 

status


Dracophyllum 

sayeri

109


109

100.00


NE

700


NL

Sprengelia 

distichophylla

36

36



100.00

TAS


2500

NL

Planocarpa nitida

37

37

100.00



TAS

800


NL

Astroloma sp.

Fitzgerald

66

66



100.00

2600


NL

Trochocarpa 

bellendenkerensis

87

87



100.00

NE

700



NL

Leucopogon 

corynocarpus

27

60



45.00

SW

3500



NL

Astrotricha cordata

91

202



45.05

E,EI


5500

NL


302

Leucopogon fraseri

113


249

45.38 E,SE,TAS

22100

NL

Monotoca scoparia



1959

4295


45.61

E,SE


143900

NL

Acrotriche 



divaricate

48

105



45.71

E,SE


8100

NL

Andersonia 



micrantha

33

72



45.83

SW

4700



NL

Astroloma baxteri

50

109



45.87

SW

5400



NL

Leucopogon 

clelandii

91

198



45.96

SE

15700



NL

Oligarrhena 

micrantha

98

212



46.23

SW

10100



NL

Astrotricha ledifolia

150


324

46.30


E,SE

12600


NL

Leucopogon

amplexicaulis

34

73



46.58

E

3400



NL

Leucopogon 

grandiflorus

48

103



46.60

2500


NL

Acrotriche 

ramiflora

38

81



46.91

SW

3800



NL

Brachyloma nguba

16

34



47.06

SW

2200



NL

Leucopogon 

fletcheri

16

34



47.06

E

2200



NL

Epacris longiflora

109


231

47.19


E

8800


NL

Leucopogon 

margarodes

116


245

47.35


E

8800


NL

Astrotricha roddii
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