Focusing on the Landscape Biodiversity in Australia’s National Reserve System Part B: Vascular Flora a report for Caring for Country



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Table 106).  This represents 25% of the species from this family in the ANHAT 

database.  Three of these species are classified as threatened (including two species 

classified as endangered).  Exclusion of these poorly recorded species eliminates 906 

records.  Relatively few species have accurate information on their ranges within 

Australia and the species that do are scattered across the continent and show no 


357

specific patterns.  Due to time constraints, there is no information available on their 

vegetation associations.  Range sizes are mostly less than 1000 km

2

.  



Table 106 Solanaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT 

database.

Species

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Anthocercis albicans

1

100.00



100

NL

Anthocercis frondosa

1

100.00


100

NL

Grammosolen archeri

1

0.00


SW

100


NL

Nicotiana wuttkei

10

0.00



NE

400


NL

Solanum francisii

10

30.00



300

NL

Solanum retroflexum

10

70.00


CS

500


NL

Solanum versicolor

10

0.00



200

NL

Solanum lasiocarpum

11

0.00


400

NL

Solanum mt brockman

12

83.33


400

NL

Solanum pusillum

13

0.00


500

NL

Nicotiana debneyi debneyi

14

14.29


900

NL

Solanum cataphractum

14

14.29


NW

1000


NL

Solanum graniticum

14

7.14



400

NL

Solanum ultimum

15

53.33


300

NL

Solanum crebrispinum

16

0.00


400

NL

Solanum dryanderense

16

50.00


200

NL

Solanum tudununggae

16

0.00


NW

300


NL

Solanum dumicola

17

82.35



600

NL

Solanum longissimum

17

17.65


700

NL

Nicotiana occidentalis occidentalis

18

16.67


2000

NL

Solanum lythrocarpum

18

0.00


300

NL

Solanum mentiens

18

16.67


400

NL

Cyphanthera scabrella

19

68.42


E

400


NL

Solanum dunalianum

19

0.00

NE

500

VU

Solanum ferox

2

0.00



200

NL

Nicotiana burbidgei

20

95.00


CI

1000


NL

Solanum eminens

20

100.00



NE

200


NL

Cyphanthera miersiana

21

14.29



W

1200


NL

Cyphanthera odgersii odgersii

22

45.45



1100

NL

Nicotiana umbratica

22

4.55


W WI

700


NL

Nicotiana debneyi monoschizocarpa

23

26.09



600

NL

Solanum terraneum

23

0.00


W

1600


NL

Nicotiana occidentalis hesperis

24

16.67



2100

NL

Solanum cocosoides

25

20.00


600

NL

Solanum adenophorum

26

46.15


E

1200


NL

Solanum vansittartense

26

23.08



NW

600


NL

Solanum argopetalum

27

0.00



E

600


NL

Solanum crassitomentosum

27

77.78



500

NL

Solanum dissectum

27

0.00


900

NL

Solanum elegans

27

22.22


8300

NL

Solanum fervens

27

22.22


NE

700


NL

358

Solanum neoanglicum

27

44.44



E

1200


NL

Solanum angustum

28

17.86



NE

900


NL

Anthocercis ilicifolia caldariola

29

34.48



600

NL

Solanum johnsonianum

29

0.00


1400

NL

Solanum dysprosium

3

100.00


100

NL

Solanum yirrkalense

30

90.00


NE CN

900


NL

Solanum stuartianum

4

0.00



W

200


NL

Duboisia arenitensis

5

0.00



CN

100


NL

Cyphanthera odgersii occidentalis

6

0.00

100

EN

Solanum litchfield

6

100.00



100

NL

Anthocercis ilicifolia

7

28.57


400

NL

Symonanthus bancroftii



7

0.00

700

EN

Cyphanthera albicans

8

0.00



E

2000


NL

Solanum armourense

9

100.00



E

500


NL

Solanum rantonnei

9

0.00



SE CS

600


NL

Removal of extinct and poorly recorded species leaves 52297 records in ANHAT for 

172 species (and subspecies). The mean number of records per species for species 

with greater than 30 records was 304, with a mean of 27.5 for the percent of records 

in the NRS.

Twenty-seven species of Solanaceae had 45% or greater of individual site records 

located within PAs (Table 107). Only one species is listed as threatened (vulnerable) 

under the EPBC Act.  Four species had more than 95% of their record sites falling 

within PAs.  Species in this category tend to be found in eastern Australia, but there 

are representatives from other parts of the continent.  Vegetation type information has 

not been obtained for this family.  The size of ranges varies, but there are no species 

with even moderately large range sizes, with the largest being just 23000 km

2



Table 107 Solanaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs.



Species

No. 


Records 

in NRS


No. 

Records


% in 

NRS


Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Solanum clarkiae

59

130



45.38

CN

3600



NL

Solanum limitare

57

124



45.97

E

3800



NL

Cyphanthera albicans albicans

43

92



46.74

3600


NL

Solanum serpens

23

48



47.92

E

1000



NL

Grammosolen truncatus

120


249

48.19


CS

10300


NL

Cyphanthera tasmanica

29

60



48.33

TAS


3000

NL

Cyphanthera myosotidea

211

427


49.41

SE CS


18200

NL

Solanum ditrichum

66

130


50.77

E

5300



NL

Solanum nobile

52

102



50.98

E

4100



NL

Anthotroche walcottii

49

96



51.04

W

3800



NL

Solanum asymmetriphyllum

103


201

51.24


CN CS

3500


NL

359

Solanum leopoldense

38

74



51.35

NW

2300



NL

Solanum densevestitum

204


390

52.31


E

23000


NL

Solanum orbiculatum 

macrophyllum

61

114



53.51

4100


NL

Solanum silvestre

50

91



54.95

E SE


3800

NL

Solanum vicinum

43

76

56.58



E

3900


NL

Solanum celatum

29

49



59.18

E

1400



NL

Solanum macoorai

144


234

61.54


NE

4500


NL

Solanum carduiforme

48

74

64.86

EI

2000

VU

Solanum hamulosum

54

83



65.06

NE

1000



NL

Solanum intonsum

24

35



68.57

1200


NL

Cyphanthera anthocercidea

80

115



69.57

SE

1800



NL

Solanum magnifolium

96

136



70.59

NE

3900



NL

Solanum dimorphispinum

101


106

95.28


NE

1600


NL

Anthocercis sylvicola

94

98



95.92

SW

2600



NL

Anthocercis fasciculata

93

96



96.88

SW

2900



NL

Nicotiana burbidgeae

43

44



97.73

CI

1700



NL

Thirty-two species (< 20%) have 10% or less of their record sites located within the 

NRS (

Table 108). This includes five species with no records currently in a PA.  The species 

in this category are found across Australia and have varying range areas.  No species 

are classified as threatened. 

Table 108 Solanaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs.

Species


Inside 

NRS


No. 

Record


s

% in 


NRS

Location


Veg 

type


Area 

km

2



EPB

C

Crenidium spinescens

0

34

0.00



W WI

1300


NL

Nicotiana megalosiphon 

megalosiphon

0

226



0.00

11300


NL

Nicotiana truncata

0

39



0.00

CI

1000



NL

Solanum abutiloides

0

31



0.00

E

300



NL

Solanum coracinum

0

45



0.00

1600


NL

Solanum innoxium

0

32



0.00

E

900



NL

Solanum latens

0

71



0.00

E

1500



NL

Solanum oedipus

0

31



0.00

NW

500



NL

Solanum papaverifolium

0

90



0.00

E

3500



NL

Solanum pugiunculiferum

0

131



0.00

CN

4200



NL

Solanum stenopterum

0

44



0.00

E

1000



NL

360

Solanum ammophilum

1

45



2.22

2400


NL

Solanum melanospermum

2

79



2.53

CN EI


3700

NL

Solanum tumulicola

7

190


3.68

CN E CI


7100

NL

Solanum stupefactum

2

50

4.00



E

1000


NL

Solanum nemophilum

21

512



4.10

E

17100



NL

Nicotiana megalosiphon

7

157



4.46

E EI


6700

NL

Solanum eremophilum

2

41

4.88



E

2700


NL

Solanum eardleyae

10

202



4.95

CI

5400



NL

Solanum dianthophorum

3

58



5.17

5200


NL

Solanum jucundum

14

262



5.34

E

8500



NL

Solanum tetrathecum

13

189



6.88

E

10300



NL

Solanum senticosum

3

43



6.98

EI

1300



NL

Solanum chippendalei

54

760



7.11

NW CN 


EI CI WI

28400


NL

Solanum amblymerum

12

153



7.84

E

6500



NL

Solanum ferocissimum

51

648



7.87

SW CN 


E EI W 

CI

48800



NL

Nicotiana heterantha

3

37



8.11

NW

1100



NL

Solanum cunninghamii

7

86



8.14

NW

5700



NL

Symonanthus aromaticus

6

68



8.82

SW

1900



NL

Solanum chenopodinum

30

338



8.88

CI CS


16300

NL

Solanum physalifolium var. 



nitidibaccatum

10

108



9.26

SW E SE 


CS

6800


NL

Solanum hoplopetalum

22

220



10.0

0

SW W 



WI

13700


NL

A total of two Solanaceae species had records in more than 100 PAs (Table 109). 

Both species in this list are represented by more than 1000 records, with a mean of 

1083 records. Neither species was listed as threatened under the EPBC Act.



Table 109 Solanaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs No. PAs >1000ha

EPBC 

status


Solanum aviculare

1023


112

86

NL



Solanum stelligerum

1144


120

94

NL



A total of 60 species had records in five or fewer PAs (

361

Table 110), which represents more than one-third of all species with more than 30 

records.  One species was listed as threatened, it was listed as vulnerable. The 

majority of species in this list had fewer than 100 individual site records and no 

species had more than 300 site records.

Table 110 Solanaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


EPBC 

status


Solanum oedipus

31

0



NL

Solanum abutiloides

31

0



NL

Solanum innoxium

32

0



NL

Crenidium spinescens

34

0



NL

Nicotiana truncata

39

0



NL

Solanum stenopterum

44

0



NL

Solanum coracinum

45

0



NL

Solanum latens

71

0



NL

Solanum papaverifolium

90

0



NL

Solanum pugiunculiferum

131


0

NL

Nicotiana megalosiphon megalosiphon

226

0

NL



Solanum lachnophyllum

37

1



NL

Solanum senticosum

43

1



NL

Solanum ammophilum

45

1



NL

Solanum elachophyllum

48

1



NL

Solanum stupefactum

50

1



NL

Symonanthus aromaticus

68

1



NL

Solanum melanospermum

79

1



NL

Anthocercis fasciculata

96

1



NL

Solanum gilesii

113


1

NL

Solanum asymmetriphyllum

201

1

NL



Cyphanthera albicans notabilis

31

2



NL

Nicotiana heterantha

37

2



NL

Solanum heteropodium

39

2



NL

Solanum eremophilum

41

2



NL

Anthocercis intricata

42

2



NL

Nicotiana burbidgeae

44

2



NL

Solanum leopoldense

74

2



NL

Solanum galbinum

86

2



NL

Solanum eburneum

163


2

NL

Solanum tumulicola

190

2

NL



Duboisia leichhardtii

195


2

NL

Solanum dianthophorum

58

3

NL



362

Solanum defensum

74

3



NL

Solanum karsense

87

3

VU

Cyphanthera racemosa

92

3



NL

Anthotroche walcottii

96

3



NL

Cyphanthera anthocercidea

115


3

NL

Solanum eardleyae

202

3

NL



Anthocercis ilicifolia ilicifolia

32

4



NL

Solanum serpens

48

4



NL

Solanum hamulosum

83

4



NL

Solanum multiglochidiatum

94

4



NL

Solanum gabrielae

99

4



NL

Solanum clarkiae

130


4

NL

Solanum tetrandrum

151

4

NL



Nicotiana megalosiphon

157


4

NL

Solanum hesperium

43

5

NL



Solanum celatum

49

5



NL

Solanum ashbyae

58

5



NL

Solanum petraeum

64

5



NL

Anthocercis anisantha anisantha

69

5



NL

Nicotiana amplexicaulis

81

5



NL

Cyphanthera albicans tomentosa

84

5



NL

Solanum cunninghamii

86

5



NL

Anthotroche myoporoides

106


5

NL

Solanum physalifolium var.



nitidibaccatum

108


5

NL

Anthocercis angustifolia

175

5

NL



Solanum tetrathecum

189


5

NL

Solanum jucundum

262

5

NL



Fifty-two species of Solanaceae had records in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 

hectares, including one species classified as vulnerable (Table 111).



Table 111 Solanaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 

hectares.

Species

No. Records



No. PAs >1000ha

EPBC 


status

Nicotiana heterantha

37

1



NL

Solanum lachnophyllum

37

1



NL

Anthocercis intricata

42

1



NL

Solanum senticosum

43

1



NL

Solanum ammophilum

45

1



NL

Solanum elachophyllum

48

1



NL

Solanum stupefactum

50

1



NL

Symonanthus aromaticus

68

1



NL

Solanum melanospermum

79

1



NL

Anthocercis fasciculata

96

1



NL

Solanum gilesii

113


1

NL


363

Solanum asymmetriphyllum

201


1

NL

Cyphanthera albicans notabilis

31

2

NL



Solanum heteropodium

39

2



NL

Solanum eremophilum

41

2



NL

Nicotiana burbidgeae

44

2



NL

Solanum serpens

48

2



NL

Solanum leopoldense

74

2



NL

Solanum galbinum

86

2



NL

Anthotroche walcottii

96

2



NL

Solanum eburneum

163


2

NL

Solanum tumulicola

190

2

NL



Duboisia leichhardtii

195


2

NL

Solanum dianthophorum

58

3

NL



Solanum defensum

74

3



NL

Solanum hamulosum

83

3



NL

Solanum karsense

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