Focusing on the Landscape Biodiversity in Australia’s National Reserve System Part B: Vascular Flora a report for Caring for Country



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Table 125 Amaranthaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 

hectares.

Species

No. Records No. PAs >1000ha



EPBC 

status


Ptilotus corymbosus corymbosus

38

1



NL

Gomphrena leontopodioides

39

1



NL

Ptilotus obovatus lancifolius

43

1



NL

Ptilotus aristatus

52

1



NL

Ptilotus aristatus eichlerianus

52

1



NL

Ptilotus distans capensis

62

1



NL

Ptilotus helichrysoides

72

1



NL

Ptilotus pedleyanus comosus

36

2



NL

Ptilotus remotiflorus

58

2



NL

Ptilotus symonii

70

2



NL

Gomphrena leptophylla

93

2



NL

Gomphrena rosula

96

2



NL

Ptilotus polakii

96

2



NL

Gomphrena conica

109


2

NL

Gomphrena tenella

39

3

NL



378

Ptilotus grandiflorus

39

3



NL

Gomphrena involucrata

44

3



NL

Ptilotus spicatus spicatus

58

3



NL

Gomphrena kanisii

63

3



NL

Gomphrena floribunda

66

3



NL

Ptilotus royceanus

67

3



NL

Gomphrena magentitepala

73

3



NL

Ptilotus carinatus

76

3



NL

Ptilotus pedleyanus

97

3



NL

Ptilotus rotundifolius

170


3

NL

Ptilotus leucocoma

224

3

NL



Ptilotus albidus

35

4



NL

Ptilotus carlsonii

59

4



NL

Omegandra kanisii

68

4



NL

Gomphrena humilis

104


4

NL

Ptilotus parvifolius

133

4

NL



Ptilotus divaricatus

148


4

NL

Ptilotus spicatus leianthus

215

4

NL



Amaranthus leptostachyus

36

5



NL

Ptilotus humilis

52

5



NL

Ptilotus sessilifolius elderi

54

5



NL

Gomphrena connata

59

5



NL

Ptilotus obovatus parviflorus

77

5



NL

Ptilotus murrayi

162


5

NL

Gomphrena leptoclada

191

5

NL



Ptilotus calostachyus calostachyus

237


5

NL

Ptilotus exaltatus semilanatus

412

5

NL



379

Scrophulariaceae

The ANHAT database has 29021 records for 161 species and subspecies of 

Scrophulariaceae. Two species of Scrophulariaceae are considered extinct and 

therefore excluded from analysis. These species are presented in 



Table 126.

Table 126  Scrophulariaceae species considered extinct

Species


Common name

No. of records



Euphrasia arguta

5

Euphrasia ruptura

1

Fourteen species account for approximately 50% of the total species records in 



ANHAT (Table 127). These species have over 500 records each.  Veronica calycina

is represented by over 2500 records.



Table 127 Scrophulariaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total 

species records in ANHAT.

Species

No. Records



% total records

Euphrasia collina paludosa

538


1.85

Mimulus repens

554


1.91

Limosella australis

570


1.96

Stemodia glabella

587


2.02

Veronica notabilis

606


2.09

Veronica perfoliata

613


2.11

Stemodia lythrifolia

656


2.26

Euphrasia collina

776


2.67

Buchnera linearis

946


3.26

Stemodia florulenta

1001


3.45

Veronica gracilis

1360


4.69

Gratiola peruviana

1595


5.50

Veronica plebeia

2284


7.87

Veronica calycina

2645


9.11

Total


14731

50.75


Fifty-six species (over 33%) had 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT 

database (Table 128). Seven of these are classified as threatened, including one 

species classified as critically endangered. Exclusion of these poorly recorded species 

eliminates 733 records.  The species in this category are scattered in no obvious 

pattern across Australia.  Only one species has an estimate of more than 2000 km

2

for 



its range.  No information has been collated on the vegetation types for each species

of Scrophulariaceae.



380

Table 128 Scrophulariaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the 

ANHAT database.



Species

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Veronica continua

1

0.00



100

NL

Veronica grosseserrata

1

100.00


E

100


NL

Euphrasia gibbsiae microdonta

10

90.00



400

NL

Centranthera tranquebarica

11

45.45


CN

500


NL

Euphrasia gibbsiae discolor

13

100.00



900

NL

Euphrasia gibbsiae pulvinestris

13

100.00


200

NL

Euphrasia gibbsiae 



wellingtonensis

13

92.31



200

NL

Euphrasia orthocheila 



peraspera

13

53.85



500

NL

Lindernia macrosiphonia

14

21.43


1000

NL

Stemodia sp. (a57025)

14

7.14


1200

NL

Lindernia antipoda

15

26.67


NE

700


NL

Lindernia cleistandra

15

60.00



NW

900


NL

Veronica lithophila

15

86.67



600

NL

Stemodia haegii

16

0.00


1300

NL

Dopatrium junceum

17

41.18


E

800


NL

Euphrasia bowdeniae

17

64.71

500

VU

Stemodia pubescens

17

0.00



W,CI

900


NL

Veronica derwentiana 

anisodonta

17

58.82



1100

NL

Euphrasia collina gunnii

18

27.78


1400

NL

Euphrasia phragmostoma



18

66.67

TAS

600

VU

Stemodia debilis

19

68.42



NW

1400


NL

Buchnera tenella

2

0.00



NE

200


NL

Euphrasia fragosa

2

0.00

400

CE

Lindernia cowiei

2

0.00



100

NL

Orobanche cernua

2

0.00


SE

200


NL

Peplidium sp. c

2

0.00



200

NL

Stemodia flaccida

2

100.00


200

NL

Veronica parviflora

2

0.00


200

NL

Euphrasia orthocheila

20

40.00


1600

NL

Limosella granitica



20

35.00

CS

900

VU

Lindernia pubescens

20

20.00



CN

1400


NL

Stemodia linophylla

20

5.00



W

1200


NL

Veronica derwentiana 

homalodonta

21

38.10



1100

NL

Euphrasia collina deflexifolia

22

63.64


2300

NL

Euphrasia ramulosa

22

68.18


E

800


NL

Lindernia tectanthera

22

40.91



NW

2000


NL

Stemodia kingii

22

13.64



W

1700


NL

Euphrasia collina 

nandewarensis

23

78.26



600

NL

Veronica ciliolata



23

95.65

500

VU

381

Euphrasia crassiuscula 

glandulifera

24

95.83



700

NL

Mimulus aquatilis

25

12.00


900

NL

Veronica velutina

25

80.00


800

NL

Veronica sobolifera

26

88.46


E

900


NL

Euphrasia bella

27

81.48

E

800

VU

Glossostigma trichodes

3

33.33



300

NL

Mimulus clementii

3

0.00


300

NL

Stemodia sp. battle hill

4

0.00


200

NL

Veronica derwentiana 



subglauca

5

60.00



1000

NL

Lindernia eremophiloides

6

100.00


NW

200


NL

Lindernia hypandra

6

16.67



500

NL

Microcarpaea agonis



6

0.00

200

EN

Veronica novae-hollandiae

6

66.67



1300

NL

Veronica parnkalliana

6

66.67


CS

400


NL

Peplidium sp. marla

8

37.50



600

NL

Torenia polygonoides

8

0.00


NE

100


NL

Lindernia chrysoplectra

9

0.00



600

NL

Removal of extinct and poorly recorded species leaves 28282 records in ANHAT for 



103 species (and subspecies). The mean number of records per species for species 

with greater than 30 records was 275, with a mean of 41 for the percent of records in 

the NRS.

Thirty-three species or nearly one-third of the remaining species of the family 

Scrophulariaceae had 45% or greater of individual site records located within PAs (.

Table 129). Three of these species are classified as threatened, including one species 

classified as critically endangered.  Four species currently have all of their ANHAT 

records within PAs and nine others over 90%, which is higher than for many of the 

other families included in this study.  The majority of the species in this category 

come from south-east Australia, including a number of species found in Tasmania.  

The size of their ranges varies from 300 km

2

to 33900 km



2

.

Table 129 Scrophulariaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs.



Species

No. Records 

in NRS

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Lindernia plantaginea

86

191



45.03 NW,CN

9400


NL

Veronica brownii

19

39



48.72

E,SE


1100

NL

Veronica serpyllifolia

124

246


50.41

E,SE, 


TAS

12100


NL

Euphrasia collina tetragona

115


226

50.88


12600

NL

Mimulus uvedaliae var. lutea

21

41

51.22



NW

2400


NL

Euphrasia semipicta

16

31

51.61

TAS

1000

EN

382

Euphrasia collina speciosa

25

47



53.19

2800


NL

Veronica hillebrandii

184


313

58.79


CS

9100


NL

Veronica perfoliata

368


613

60.03


E

25400


NL

Veronica derwentiana 

maideniana

33

52



63.46

3900


NL

Veronica distans

21

33



63.64

SW,SE,


CS

2300


NL

Euphrasia collina

499


776

64.30


SW,SE,

CS, 


TAS

33900


NL

Euphrasia collina diemenica

147


220

66.82


7300

NL

Gratiola nana

82

121


67.77

E,SE, 


TAS

13000


NL

Euphrasia crassiuscula

62

90



68.89

SE

1200



NL

Euphrasia collina paludosa

382


538

71.00


18800

NL

Euphrasia lasianthera

34

47

72.34



SE

1300


NL

Euphrasia ciliolata

57

74



77.03

E

2400



NL

Euphrasia gibbsiae 

subglabrifolia

73

90



81.11

700


NL

Euphrasia gibbsiae kingii

69

83



83.13

6200


NL

Euphrasia gibbsiae

107


118

90.68 SE,TAS

5900

NL

Euphrasia caudata



179

196


91.33

SE

3800



NL

Euphrasia gibbsiae 

psilantherea

193

206

93.69

5700

CE

Euphrasia gibbsiae comberi

46

49



93.88

2600


NL

Ourisia integrifolia

79

83



95.18

TAS


4500

NL

Euphrasia crassiuscula 



eglandulosa

68

71



95.77

700


NL

Euphrasia hookeri

51

53



96.23

TAS


3500

NL

Euphrasia eichleri



54

56

96.43

SE

900

VU

Euphrasia collina 

diversicolor

185


189

97.88


3100

NL

Euphrasia collina lapidosa

33

33

100.00



300

NL

Euphrasia collina glacialis

37

37

100.00



500

NL

Euphrasia alsa

61

61

100.00



SE

600


NL

Veronica densifolia

74

74



100.00

600


NL

Eight species had less than 10% of ANHAT records located within PAs (Table 130). 

None of the eight species are classified as threatened.  This is a relatively low 

percentage of species with “under reservation” levels.  One species has no records 

within the NRS.  It is not possible to determine any patterns in these species because 

so few are present in this category and one of the few with reasonable information is 

found in a wide range of locations. 


383

Table 130 Scrophulariaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within 

PAs.


Species

Inside 


NRS

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Veronica blakelyi

0

37



0.00

1000


NL

Stemodia sp. b (a65613)

1

42



2.38

4000


NL

Stemodia lathraia

2

52



3.85

NW

3900



NL

Peplidium foecundum

6

114



5.26

5600


NL

Stemodia glabella

53

587



9.03

CN,E,EI, 

CI,SE,CS

28800 NL


Peplidium aithocheilum

8

85



9.41

7100


NL

Striga parviflora

13

137



9.49

NE

5900



NL

Rhamphicarpa australiensis

11

115



9.57 NE,CN,EI

4000


NL

A total of four Scrophulariaceae species had records in more than 100 separate PAs 

(Table 131). All species in this list had over 1000 records, with a mean of 1971 

records. No species are classified as threatened.



Table 131 Scrophulariaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


No. PAs >1000ha

EPBC 


status

Veronica gracilis

1360


107

57

NL



Gratiola peruviana

1595


147

91

NL



Veronica calycina

2645


187

124


NL

Veronica plebeia

2284


224

142


NL

A total of 25 species had records in five or fewer PAs (



Table 132), which is about one-quarter of the species with more than 30 available 

record sites. One species is listed as vulnerable. The majority of species in this list had 

fewer than 100 individual site records and no species had more than 200 site records.

Table 132 Scrophulariaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


EPBC status

Veronica blakelyi

37

0



NL

Euphrasia collina lapidosa

33

1



NL

Euphrasia collina glacialis

37

1



NL

Stemodia sp. b (a65613)

42

1



NL

384

Euphrasia lasianthera

47

1



NL

Euphrasia alsa

61

1



NL

Euphrasia crassiuscula eglandulosa

71

1



NL

Stemodia lathraia

52

2



NL

Euphrasia eichleri

56

2

VU

Stemodia tephropelina

57

2



NL

Veronica brownii

39

3



NL

Buchnera ciliata

51

3



NL

Euphrasia ciliolata

74

3



NL

Veronica densifolia

74

3



NL

Euphrasia crassiuscula

90

3



NL

Striga parviflora

137


3

NL

Mimulus uvedaliae var. lutea

41

4

NL



Euphrasia gibbsiae subglabrifolia

90

4



NL

Veronica decorosa

115


4

NL

Euphrasia collina diversicolor

189

4

NL



Euphrasia gibbsiae comberi

49

5



NL

Striga squamigera

62

5



NL

Lindernia alsinoides

95

5



NL

Peplidium foecundum

114


5

NL

Rhamphicarpa australiensis

115

5

NL



Twenty-nine species of Scrophulariaceae, excuding the one species with no record 

sites in a PA, had records in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares.  Three of 

these species are classified as threatened, with two of these being listed as endangered 

(

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