Focusing on the Landscape Biodiversity in Australia’s National Reserve System Part B: Vascular Flora a report for Caring for Country



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Table 133).

Table 133 Scrophulariaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 

hectares.

Species

No. Records



No. PAs >1000ha

EPBC 


status

Euphrasia collina lapidosa

33

1



NL

Euphrasia collina glacialis

37

1



NL

Stemodia sp. b (a65613)

42

1



NL

Euphrasia lasianthera

47

1



NL

Euphrasia alsa

61

1



NL

Euphrasia crassiuscula eglandulosa

71

1



NL

Veronica brownie

39

2



NL

Stemodia lathraia

52

2



NL

Euphrasia eichleri

56

2

VU

Stemodia tephropelina

57

2



NL

Euphrasia crassiuscula

90

2



NL

Euphrasia semipicta

31

3

EN

Buchnera ciliate

51

3



NL

Euphrasia ciliolate

74

3



NL

385

Veronica densifolia

74

3



NL

Striga parviflora

137


3

NL

Veronica arcuata

40

4

NL



Mimulus uvedaliae var. lutea

41

4



NL

Glossostigma cleistanthum

55

4



NL

Euphrasia gibbsiae subglabrifolia

90

4



NL

Lindernia alsinoides

95

4



NL

Rhamphicarpa australiensis

115


4

NL

Veronica decorosa

115

4

NL



Euphrasia collina diversicolor

189


4

NL

Euphrasia gibbsiae comberi

49

5

NL



Lindernia tenuifolia

49

5



NL

Striga squamigera

62

5



NL

Peplidium foecundum

114


5

NL

Euphrasia collina osbornii



207

5

EN

386

Lauraceae

The ANHAT database has 47052 records for 140 species and subspecies of 

Lauraceae.  No species of Lauraceae are considered extinct.  This family of plants is 

essentially restricted to eastern Australia.

Thirteen species account for approximately 50% of the total species records in 

ANHAT (


Table 134). These species have over 600 records each, with Cassytha glabella having 

over 4700 records.



Table 134 Lauraceae species which account for approximately 50% of the total 

species records in ANHAT.

Species

No. Records



% Total Records

Litsea leefeana

628


1.33

Beilschmiedia obtusifolia

630


1.34

Cassytha capillaris

649


1.38

Cassytha peninsularis

659


1.40

Cryptocarya cunninghamii

808


1.72

Cryptocarya triplinervis

877


1.86

Neolitsea dealbata

1100


2.34

Litsea glutinosa

1532


3.26

Cassytha phaeolasia

1759


3.74

Cassytha filiformis

2602


5.53

Cassytha melantha

3006


6.39

Cassytha pubescens

4296


9.13

Cassytha glabella

4729


10.05

Total


23275

49.47


Ten species had 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT database (

Table 135). Of these species, one species is classified as endangered under the EPBC 

Act.  All of these species are located in eastern Australia and all have ranges of less 

than 1500 km

2

.  Exclusion of these poorly recorded species eliminates 176 records.



Table 135 Lauraceae species with 30 or fewer individual site record sites in 

ANHAT.


Species

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS

Location


Veg 

type


Area 

km

2



EPBC 

status


Cassytha pedicellosa

3

0.00



400

NL

Cryptocarya whiffiniana

8

50.00


300

NL

Cassytha aurea hirta

12

0.00


1100

NL

Cassytha paniculata

17

35.29


E

1300


NL

Endiandra cooperana

18

77.78

NE

500

EN

387

Endiandra grayi

20

50.00



NE

300


NL

Cryptocarya glaucocarpa

22

86.36



NE

400


NL

Endiandra anthropophagorum

23

47.83



NE

500


NL

Cryptocarya sp. boonjie

26

92.31



300

NL

Cassytha muelleri

27

51.85


1000

NL

Removal of the poorly recorded species leaves 46876 records in ANHAT for 130 



species (and subspecies). The mean number of records for species with greater than 

30 records was 361, with a mean of 50 % of records in the NRS, which is a relatively 

high level of reservation.

Seventy-two species of Lauraceae had 45% or greater of individual site records 

located within PAs (

Table 136). This is over half of all of the species with more than 30 records and again 

is a very high level of reservation relative to the other families included in the study.  

None of those 79 species are classified as threatened.  Two species have all of their 

available records located within PAs.  These species come almost exclusively from 

eastern Australia, with the majority being found in north-east Australia.  There is 

broad variation in the size of the ranges reported for the species in this category.



Table 136 Lauraceae species with >45% of site records within PAs.

Species

No. 


Records in 

NRS


No. 

Recor


ds

% in 


NRS

Location


Veg 

type


Area 

km

2



EPBC 

status


Cassytha flindersii

78

172



45.35

CS

4400



NL

Endiandra hypotephra

155


339

45.72


NE,E

10000


NL

Cinnamomum virens

71

153



46.41

E

8100



NL

Cryptocarya rigida

181


381

47.51


NE,E

21200


NL

Endiandra dielsiana

72

151



47.68

NE

4300



NL

Endiandra microneura

40

83



48.19

NE

1100



NL

Cryptocarya exfoliata

294


609

48.28


NE,CN

15300


NL

Endiandra cowleyana

142


294

48.30


NE,E

7800


NL

Cassytha glabella

2288


4729

48.38


SW,E,SE

TAS


17160

0

NL



Endiandra sieberi

201


411

48.91


E

27500


NL

Endiandra crassiflora

29

58



50.00

E

3700



NL

Litsea australis

41

82



50.00

NE,E


6000

NL

Endiandra sideroxylon

50

100


50.00

NE

1800



NL

Cryptocarya 

onoprienkoana

102


203

50.25


NE

5300


NL

Litsea reticulata

149


294

50.68


E

22600


NL

Beilschmiedia elliptica

91

179



50.84

E

9500



NL

388

Endiandra discolor

135


264

51.14


NE,E

15700


NL

Cryptocarya 

erythroxylon

65

127



51.18

E

7400



NL

Endiandra introrsa

23

44



52.27

E

1600



NL

Beilschmiedia brunnea

91

172



52.91

NE

2300



NL

Cryptocarya 

meisneriana

90

168



53.57

E

8700



NL

Cryptocarya foveolata

50

93



53.76

E

5900



NL

Cryptocarya 

melanocarpa

107


194

55.15


NE

2200


NL

Cryptocarya claudiana

75

134



55.97

NE

2300



NL

Litsea leefeana

353


628

56.21


NE,E

17900


NL

Litsea bindoniana

118


207

57.00


NE

5900


NL

Endiandra insignis

101


172

58.72


NE

3600


NL

Cinnamomum laubatii

173


294

58.84


NE

5500


NL

Cryptocarya 

mackinnoniana

173


289

59.86


NE

8300


NL

Endiandra sankeyana

141


235

60.00


NE

5100


NL

Cryptocarya grandis

201


332

60.54


NE

7200


NL

Endiandra 

impressicosta

70

113



61.95

NE

2000



NL

Cryptocarya densiflora

174


277

62.82


NE

6200


NL

Cryptocarya 

leucophylla

123


193

63.73


NE

3200


NL

Beilschmiedia collina

207


324

63.89


NE,E

6000


NL

Endiandra wolfei

204


317

64.35


NE

7500


NL

Endiandra bessaphila

169


262

64.50


NE

4300


NL

Cryptocarya murrayi

198


307

64.50


NE

8900


NL

Cryptocarya 

dorrigoensis

31

48



64.58

E

1400



NL

Endiandra palmerstonii

108


167

64.67


NE

3100


NL

Cryptocarya putida

83

125



66.40

NE

2100



NL

Cryptocarya 

saccharata

109


160

68.13


NE

2800


NL

Cryptocarya corrugata

291


426

68.31


NE

7400


NL

Endiandra 

bellendenkerana

22

32



68.75

NE

500



NL

Cryptocarya lividula

176


255

69.02


NE

4500


NL

Litsea connorsii

166


240

69.17


NE

4000


NL

Cryptocarya 

pleurosperma

125


180

69.44


NE

3100


NL

Beilschmiedia 

oligandra

126


180

70.00


NE

1800


NL

Beilschmiedia 

bancroftii

292


416

70.19


NE

6700


NL

389

Beilschmiedia tooram

188


265

70.94


NE

3700


NL

Cryptocarya angulata

289


400

72.25


NE,E

6300


NL

Beilschmiedia recurva

151


208

72.60


NE

3300


NL

Endiandra monothyra

135


185

72.97


NE

4200


NL

Cryptocarya oblata

176


239

73.64


NE

5600


NL

Endiandra montana

274


367

74.66


NE

5200


NL

Cassytha candida

163


218

74.77


NW,CN

6100


NL

Endiandra acuminata

175


232

75.43


NE,E

5400


NL

Endiandra xanthocarpa

68

89



76.40

NE

1000



NL

Beilschmiedia 

castrisinensis

109


139

78.42


NE

1000


NL

Endiandra 

leptodendron

99

124



79.84

NE

3100



NL

Cryptocarya nova-

anglica

56

70



80.00

E

2100



NL

Cryptocarya 

smaragdina

64

77



83.12

NE

1300



NL

Endiandra dichrophylla

129


152

84.87


NE

2300


NL

Endiandra monothyra 

trichophylla

32

37



86.49

600


NL

Beilschmiedia volckii

118


135

87.41


NE

1100


NL

Cryptocarya burckiana

71

80



88.75

NE

500



NL

Endiandra jonesii

69

75



92.00

NE

700



NL

Cryptocarya 

bellendenkerana

132


137

96.35


NE

1800


NL

Litsea bennettii

59

60



98.33

NE

1400



NL

Cinnamomum 

propinquum

106


107

99.07


NE

600


NL

Litsea granitica

53

53



100.00

NE

400



NL

Endiandra phaeocarpa

60

60



100.00

NE

400



NL

Three species had less than 10% of ANHAT records located within PAs (Table 137).  

This is a very low percentage of species being found in this category for a family.  

One of the three species is classified as endangered and again, all are located within 

eastern Australia and have ranges less than 2500 km

2

in size.  One species has no 



records within PAs.

Table 137 Lauraceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs.

Species


Inside 

NRS


No. 

Records


% in 

NRS Location

Veg 

type


Area 

km

2



EPBC 

status


Cryptocarya bamagana

0

45



0

NE

1000



NL

Endiandra floydii

7

83

8.43

E

2000

EN

Endiandra limnophila

7

73



9.59

NE

2400



NL

390

A total of six Lauraceae species had records in more than 100 separate reserves (



Table 138).  This is not many, considering the otherwise high levels of reservation 

seen in this family.  Most species in this list had over 1000 records, with a mean of 

2768 records per species. No species are classified as threatened.

Table 138 Lauraceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


No. PAs >1000ha

EPBC 


status

Cryptocarya triplinervis

877


108

66

NL



Cassytha filiformis

2602


121

91

NL



Neolitsea dealbata

1100


128

93

NL



Cassytha melantha

3006


327

201


NL

Cassytha pubescens

4296


372

215


NL

Cassytha glabella

4729


383

209


NL

A total of 27 species had records in five or fewer PAs (Table 139), a little over one-

fifth of all species of Lauraceae with more than 30 records. One species is classified 

as endangered. The majority of species in this list had fewer than 100 individual site 

records and no species had more than 220 site records.  One species does not currently 

have a record site within a PA.



Table 139 Lauraceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


EPBC 

status


Cryptocarya bamagana

45

0



NL

Endiandra bellendenkerana

32

1



NL

Cryptocarya williwilliana

33

1



NL

Litsea macrophylla

46

2



NL

Cryptocarya endiandrifolia

49

2



NL

Endiandra collinsii

52

2



NL

Endiandra limnophila

73

2



NL

Cryptocarya burckiana

80

2



NL

Endiandra microneura

83

2



NL

Cinnamomum propinquum

107


2

NL

Beilschmiedia peninsularis

116

2

NL



Cassytha candida

218


2

NL

Endiandra phaeocarpa

60

3

NL



Cryptocarya claudiana

134


3

NL

Beilschmiedia volckii

135

3

NL



Beilschmiedia castrisinensis

139


3

NL

Endiandra monothyra trichophylla

37

4

NL



Litsea granitica

53

4



NL

391

Endiandra floydii

83

4

EN

Cryptocarya rhodosperma

85

4



NL

Endiandra xanthocarpa

89

4



NL

Cryptocarya floydii

106


4

NL

Cryptocarya brassii

159

4

NL



Cassytha rufa

58

5



NL

Endiandra sideroxylon

100


5

NL

Cinnamomum baileyanum

130

5

NL



Beilschmiedia oligandra

180


5

NL

Thirty-two species of Lauraceae had records in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 



hectares, including three species classified as threatened, with one species being 

classified as endangered (Table 140).



Table 140 Lauraceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 

hectares.

Species

No. Records



No. PAs >1000ha

EPBC 


status

Endiandra bellendenkerana

32

1



NL

Cryptocarya williwilliana

33

1



NL

Endiandra microneura

83

1



NL

Endiandra monothyra trichophylla

37

2



NL

Litsea macrophylla

46

2



NL

Cryptocarya endiandrifolia

49

2



NL

Endiandra collinsii

52

2



NL

Endiandra phaeocarpa

60

2



NL

Endiandra limnophila

73

2



NL

Cryptocarya burckiana

80

2



NL

Endiandra floydii

83

2

EN

Cinnamomum propinquum

107


2

NL

Beilschmiedia peninsularis

116

2

NL



Beilschmiedia castrisinensis

139


2

NL

Cassytha candida

218

2

NL



Litsea granitica

53

3



NL

Endiandra hayesii

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