Focusing on the Landscape Biodiversity in Australia’s National Reserve System Part B: Vascular Flora a report for Caring for Country



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73

3

VU

Cryptocarya rhodosperma

85

3



NL

Cryptocarya floydii

106


3

NL

Cryptocarya claudiana

134

3

NL



Beilschmiedia volckii

135


3

NL

Endiandra xanthocarpa

89

4

NL



Cryptocarya foetida

107

4

VU

Endiandra muelleri bracteata

108


4

NL

Cinnamomum baileyanum

130

4

NL



Cryptocarya brassii

159


4

NL

Endiandra introrsa

44

5

NL



Cassytha rufa

58

5



NL

Endiandra jonesii

75

5



NL

392

Endiandra sideroxylon

100


5

NL

Beilschmiedia oligandra

180

5

NL



Endiandra globosa

184


5

NL


393

Caesalpiniaceae

The ANHAT database has 46165 records for 136 species and subspecies of 

Caesalpiniaceae. No species of Caesalpiniaceae are considered extinct.

Nine species account for approximately 50% of the total species records in ANHAT (



Table 141). These species have over 1000 records each and Erythrophleum 

chlorostachys over 7000 records.

Table 141 Caesalpiniaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total 

species records in ANHAT.

Species

No. Records



% Total Records

Senna pleurocarpa

1069


2.32

Senna sturtii

1144


2.48

Senna artemisioides helmsii

1299


2.81

Senna coriacea

1544


3.34

Bauhinia cunninghamii

2027


4.39

Senna artemisioides petiolaris

2562


5.55

Senna artemisioides filifolia

2797


6.06

Senna artemisioides

3420


7.41

Erythrophleum chlorostachys

7352


15.93

Total


23214

50.29


Twenty-five species had 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT database 

(Table 142). This is a little less than 20% of species of this family with records in 

ANHAT.  No species are classified as threatened.  Exclusion of these poorly recorded 

species eliminates 265 records.  There are insufficient species with information to 

allow any assessments of patterns within this category.

Table 142 Caesalpiniaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the 

ANHAT database.

Species

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS

Location


Veg type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Cassia eremophila coriacea

1

0.00



100

NL

Cassia eremophila platypoda

1

0.00


100

NL

Labichea deserticola

1

100.00 CI (W)



100

NL

Senna artemisioides james range

10

40.00


600

NL

Cassia sp. kalpowar

11

100.00


300

NL

Senna pilocarina

13

23.08


W

700


NL

Senna cuthbertsonii

14

28.57



W

1000


NL

Senna glutinosa pruinosa

15

26.67



1400

NL

Senna procumbens

19

0.00


W

Sw, For


600

NL

Labichea eremaea

22

4.55


W

Mal


500

NL

Caesalpinia hymenocarpa

25

24.00


NE

WL, Vine 

800

NL


394

Thicket


Cassia artemisioides

25

44.00



2000

NL

Chamaecrista biddulphiana

28

14.29


E

WL

1600



NL

Caesalpinia sp. bromley

3

0.00



100

NL

Cassia eremophila

5

0.00


1600

NL

Cassia nemophila

5

40.00


500

NL

Cynometra ramiflora

6

33.33


500

NL

Cynometra sp. paira homestead rd

6

0.00


200

NL

Senna artemisioides kuyunba

6

33.33


400

NL

Cassia barclayana

7

0.00


500

NL

Senna surattensis surattensis

7

14.29 CN, NE



For

1000


NL

Cassia aciphylla

8

0.00



500

NL

Chamaecrista moorei

9

11.11


NW

Sandy & 


Gravelly soil

600


NL

Crudia papuana

9

0.00



NE

Close to 

water

100


NL

Maniltoa schefferi

9

33.33



300

NL

Removal of extinct and poorly recorded species leaves 45900 records in ANHAT for 



111 species (and subspecies). The mean number of records per species for species 

with greater than 30 records was 414, with a mean of 23% of records in the NRS.

Ten species of Caesalpiniaceae had 45% or greater of individual site records located 

within PAs (Table 143). None of these species are classified as threatened. Species in 

this category tend to be located in eastern Australia and there are no species from the 

south-west.  Species in this group may also tend to be found in rainforest, which is a 

highly reserved vegetation type.   No species has greater than 71% of its record sites 

within PAs.



Table 143 Caesalpiniaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs.

Species

No. Records 

in NRS

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location Veg type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Caesalpinia 

erythrocarpa

15

33



45.45

NE

RF



1000

NL

Labichea rupestris

120

250


48.00

E

Sand, WL, 



Sc

7100


NL

Maniltoa lenticellata

37

73



50.68

NE

RF, Vine 



Forest

1800


NL

Chamaecrista grisea

32

62



51.61

CN, 


NE

Sandy 


Soil

2600


NL

Senna cladophylla

110


190

57.89


NW, 

CN

5400



NL

Caesalpinia robusta

24

40



60.00

NE

RF



900

NL

Senna leptoclada

149

243


61.32

6700


NL

Labichea saxicola

76

118



64.41

CI 


(W)

Sand, RH


2700

NL

Cassia queenslandica

40

59

67.80



NE

RF

1500



NL

395

Storckiella australiensis

51

72



70.83

NE

RF



700

NL

Twenty-four species, which is slightly less than one-quarter of species with more than 



30 records, have less than 10% of their records in ANHAT located within PAs (

Table 144). None of the 24 species are classified as threatened.  Five species have no 

records located within a PA.  The species in this category are scattered across 

Australia and cover a range of vegetation types.  No patterns are evident based on the 

available information.



Table 144 Caesalpiniaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within 

PAs.


Species

Inside 


NRS

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Labichea stellata

0

31



0.00

SW

He, Mal, 



RH

1300


NL

Senna surattensis sulfurea

0

36



0.00

NW, 


CN, E

For


2000

NL

Senna heptanthera

0

44

0.00



CN

1200


NL

Senna pleurocarpa longifolia

0

54



0.00

E

2200



NL

Labichea brassii

0

86



0.00

NE

Water 



Courses

900


NL

Labichea buettneriana

1

81



1.23

NE

Co SD



1400

NL

Senna circinnata

7

241


2.90

E

SL



12700

NL

Senna manicula

1

32

3.13



CI (SW)

RH

1600



NL

Chamaecrista longipes

3

79



3.80

CN, NE


Euc

3200


NL

Cassia brewsteri marksiana

3

76



3.95

E

2700



NL

Senna symonii

3

66



4.55

NW

Upland 



areas

4300


NL

Labichea teretifolia

6

91



6.59

W

3600



NL

Senna costata

17

256



6.64

NW, 


CN, E

WL

11700



NL

Senna magnifolia

12

165



7.27

W, NW 


CN, 

CI(N)


5900

NL

Senna stowardii

3

38

7.89



W, SW

Ar

3500



NL

Chamaecrista symonii

30

366



8.20

NW, CI, 


NE

SAr


16600

NL

Chamaecrista deserti

3

35

8.57



CI, E

SAr


1500

NL

Cassia absus

4

45

8.89



4200

NL

Cassia brewsteri tomentella

25

281


8.90

E

9000



NL

Senna barclayana

38

415



9.16

E

For



25300

NL

Cassia brewsteri

39

424


9.20

E

19900



NL

396

Cassia mimosoides

6

65



9.23

5200


NL

Senna hamersleyensis

5

54



9.26

W

4100



NL

Chamaecrista concinna

21

211



9.95

E, NE


Euc

10700


NL

A total of four Caesalpiniaceae species had records in more than 100 separate reserves 

(Table 145). All species in this list had over 1000 records, with an average of 2851 

records per species. No species are classified as threatened



Table 145 Caesalpiniaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


No. PAs >1000ha

EPBC 


status

Senna coriacea

1544


104

71

NL



Senna artemisioides petiolaris

2562


130

89

NL



Senna artemisioides

3420


142

120


NL

Senna artemisioides filifolia

2797


155

111


NL

A total of 44 species had records in five or fewer PAs (



Table 146). This is around one-fifth of the species in the Caesalpiniaceae with more 

than 30 records.  No species are listed as threatened under the EPBC Act. The 

majority of species in this list had fewer than 100 individual site records and no 

species had more than 250 site records.  As already noted, five species had no record 

sites in a PA.

Table 146 Caesalpiniaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


EPBC status

Labichea stellata

31

0



NL

Senna surattensis sulfurea

36

0



NL

Senna heptanthera

44

0



NL

Senna pleurocarpa longifolia

54

0



NL

Labichea brassii

86

0



NL

Senna manicula

32

1



NL

Chamaecrista longipes

79

1



NL

Labichea buettneriana

81

1



NL

Caesalpinia erythrocarpa

33

2



NL

Chamaecrista exigua

34

2



NL

Chamaecrista deserti

35

2



NL

Cassia absus

45

2



NL

Chamaecrista exigua minor

46

2



NL

Senna hamersleyensis

54

2



NL

Cassia mimosoides

65

2



NL

Senna symonii

66

2



NL

Maniltoa lenticellata

73

2



NL

397

Labichea teretifolia

91

2



NL

Senna pine creek

112


2

NL

Chamaecrista maritime

31

3

NL



Senna stowardii

38

3



NL

Caesalpinia nitens

39

3



NL

Labichea digitata

48

3



NL

Senna curvistyla

74

3



NL

Senna ferraria

75

3



NL

Cassia brewsteri marksiana

76

3



NL

Labichea saxicola

118


3

NL

Caesalpinia robusta

40

4

NL



Caesalpinia crista

41

4



NL

Cassia sp. paluma range

44

4



NL

Senna sophera sp. 40 mile scrub

47

4



NL

Cassia queenslandica

59

4



NL

Storckiella australiensis

72

4



NL

Senna hirsute

95

4



NL

Caesalpinia major

33

5



NL

Caesalpinia traceyi

36

5



NL

Chamaecrista grisea

62

5



NL

Senna sericea

80

5



NL

Senna goniodes

87

5



NL

Senna magnifolia

165


5

NL

Senna cladophylla

190

5

NL



Labichea nitida

201


5

NL

Senna circinnata

241

5

NL



Labichea rupestris

250


5

NL

Forty-three species of Caesalpiniaceae had records in five or fewer PAs greater than 



1000 hectares, no species are classified as threatened (Table 147). 

Table 147 Caesalpiniaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 

hectares.

Species

No. Records No. PAs >1000ha



EPBC 

status


Chamaecrista maritima

31

1



NL

Senna manicula

32

1



NL

Chamaecrista longipes

79

1



NL

Labichea buettneriana

81

1



NL

Caesalpinia erythrocarpa

33

2



NL

Chamaecrista exigua

34

2



NL

Chamaecrista deserti

35

2



NL

Caesalpinia nitens

39

2



NL

Cassia absus

45

2



NL

Chamaecrista exigua minor

46

2



NL

Labichea digitata

48

2



NL

Senna hamersleyensis

54

2



NL

398

Cassia mimosoides

65

2



NL

Senna symonii

66

2



NL

Maniltoa lenticellata

73

2



NL

Cassia brewsteri marksiana

76

2



NL

Labichea teretifolia

91

2



NL

Senna hirsuta

95

2



NL

Senna pine creek

112


2

NL

Senna stowardii

38

3

NL



Caesalpinia robusta

40

3



NL

Cassia queenslandica

59

3



NL

Storckiella australiensis

72

3



NL

Senna curvistyla

74

3



NL

Senna ferraria

75

3



NL

Labichea saxicola

118


3

NL

Senna circinnata

241

3

NL



Caesalpinia major

33

4



NL

Caesalpinia crista

41

4



NL

Cassia sp. paluma range

44

4



NL

Senna sophera sp. 40 mile scrub

47

4



NL

Senna sp. davies creek

33

5



NL

Caesalpinia traceyi

36

5



NL

Chamaecrista grisea

62

5



NL

Intsia bijuga

75

5



NL

Senna sericea

80

5



NL

Senna goniodes

87

5



NL

Senna pleurocarpa angustifolia

117


5

NL

Senna magnifolia

165

5

NL



Senna cladophylla

190


5

NL

Labichea nitida

201

5

NL



Labichea rupestris

250


5

NL

Cassia brewsteri tomentella

281

5

NL



399

Tiliaceae

The ANHAT database has 11372 records for 121 species and subspecies of Tiliaceae. 

No species of Tiliaceae are considered extinct.

Nine species account for approximately 50% of the total species records in ANHAT 

(Table 148). These species have over 250 records each and Grewia retusifolia over 

1700 records.



Table 148 Tiliaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species 

records in ANHAT.

Species

No. Records



% total records

Corchorus sidoides

277


2.44

Corchorus trilocularis

283


2.49

Grewia breviflora

289


2.54

Corchorus sidoides sidoides

370


3.25

Triumfetta plumigera

444


3.90

Corchorus aestuans

453


3.98

Triumfetta rhomboidea

707


6.22

Grewia latifolia

1178


10.36

Grewia retusifolia

1761


15.49

Total


5762

50.67


Fifty-seven species, nearly half, have 30 or fewer individual site records in the 

ANHAT database (



Table 149). Of those species, no species are classified as threatened.  The species in 

this list almost exclusively come from northern and western areas of Austalia and 

there are no species from eastern coastal areas.  Vegetation types associated with 

these species have not been included and so patterns are not assessed. The ranges of 

the species in this category are generally small, being usually less than 2000 km

2

.  



Exclusion of these poorly recorded species eliminates 736 records.  

Table 149 Tiliaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT 

database.



Species

No. 


Records % in NRS Location Veg type

Area 


km

2

EPBC status



Triumfetta ryeae

1

0.00



NW

100


NL

Triumfetta saccata

1

0.00



100

NL

Triumfetta suffruticosa

2

50.00


300

NL

Corchorus mitchellensis

3

100.00


100

NL

Triumfetta aspera

3

100.00


NW

200


NL

Triumfetta rubiginosa

3

100.00



W

200


NL

Corchorus obclavatus

4

25.00



200

NL

Corchorus thozetii

4

0.00


300

NL


400

Triumfetta echinata

5

0.00



400

NL

Triumfetta inermis

5

60.00 NW,CN



300

NL

Triumfetta mitchellii

5

60.00


NW

200


NL

Triumfetta trisecta

5

0.00



NW

200


NL

Corchorus subargenteus

6

16.67



200

NL

Triumfetta hapala

6

0.00


NW

200


NL

Triumfetta litticola

6

16.67



CN

400


NL

Triumfetta pustulata

6

100.00



NW

200


NL

Berrya cordifolia

8

50.00



600

NL

Grewia multiflora

8

0.00


CN

600


NL

Triumfetta oenpelliensis

8

0.00



CN

400


NL

Triumfetta procumbens

8

75.00



NE

700


NL

Corchorus lasiocarpus 

lasiocarpus

9

0.00



900

NL

Triumfetta nutans

9

0.00


NW

400


NL

Triumfetta prostrate

9

0.00



CN

300


NL

Grewia glabra

10

10.00



1100

NL

Berrya rotundifolia

11

18.18


900

NL

Corchorus puberulus

11

0.00


NW

700


NL

Triumfetta clivorum 

brevipetala

11

27.27



700

NL

Triumfetta tenuiseta

11

9.09


W

700


NL

Triumfetta carteri

12

0.00



NW

600


NL

Triumfetta clivorum 

clivorum

12

0.00



700

NL

Triumfetta coronata

12

16.67


NW

900


NL

Triumfetta fissurata

12

16.67



NW

500


NL

Triumfetta kenneallyi

12

0.00



NW

500


NL

Corchorus incanus 

lithophilus

13

46.15



1000

NL

Triumfetta ryeae hirsuta

13

23.08


800

NL

Schoutenia ovata

15

53.33


CN

400


NL

Triumfetta ryeae brevipetala

15

6.67



1100

NL

Corchorus carnarvonensis

16

6.25


W

900


NL

Corchorus hamersley 

range(svl3586)

16

31.25



1600

NL

Triumfetta monstrosa

16

0.00


NW

700


NL

Corchorus congener

17

52.94



1300

NL

Triumfetta cladara

18

0.00


NW

600


NL

Brownlowia argentata

19

0.00



400

NL

Corchorus incanus incanus

19

10.53


1800

NL

Triumfetta viridis

19

57.89


CN

800


NL

Corchorus leptocarpus

20

10.00



NW

2000


NL

Grewia orbifolia

20

65.00



1100

NL

Triumfetta Aquila

23

34.78


NW

1900


NL

Triumfetta simulans

23

13.04



NW

1400


NL

Corchorus macropetalus

25

4.00 NW,CN



1300

NL

Corchorus macropterus

25

20.00


CN

900


NL

Corchorus hygrophilus

27

37.04



1300

NL

Corchorus incanus

27

3.70


W

2300


NL

401

Triumfetta glaucescens

27

7.41



CN

2800


NL

Corchorus sidoides 

rostrisepalus

28

67.86



1100

NL

Triumfetta bradshawii

28

21.43


NW

1200


NL

Corchorus elachocarpus

29

10.34



EI,W

2000


NL

Removal of the poorly recorded species leaves 10636 records in ANHAT for 64 

species (and subspecies). The mean number of records per species for species with 

greater than 30 records was 166, with a mean of 25% of records in the NRS.

Seven species of Tiliaceae had 45% or greater of individual site records located 

within PAs (Table 150) with one species having more than 90% of its records in PAs. 

None of these species are classified as threatened.  All six with a listed location come 

from central northern Australia. 


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