Focusing on the Landscape Biodiversity in Australia’s National Reserve System Part B: Vascular Flora a report for Caring for Country



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27

81.48

800

VU

Allocasuarina tortiramula

30

70.00

SW

He

1600

VU

Removal of the poorly recorded species leaves 34782 records in ANHAT for 71 

species (and subspecies). The mean number of records per species for species with 

greater than 30 records was 490, with a mean of 38% of records in the NRS.

Twenty-one species of Casuarinaceae had 45% or greater of individual site records 

located within PAs (



Table 185), which is close to 30% of all of the species with more than 30 records. 

One of these species is classified as vulnerable.  Again, these species are essentially 

present within the southern half of the continent.  A significant number of species are 

associated with heathlands.  The ranges vary widely in size.  One species had almost 

99% of its records within the NRS.

Table 185 Casuarinaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs.

Species

No. 


Records 

in NRS


No. 

Records


% in 

NRS


Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Allocasuarina fibrosa

18

40

45.00

SW

He

900

VU

Allocasuarina 

muelleriana 

notocolpica

50

105



47.62

Kangaroo 

Is

Sc, He


4000

NL

Allocasuarina media

20

42

47.62



SE

WL

800



NL

Allocasuarina distyla

124


258

48.06


E, SE

He

11500



NL

Allocasuarina 

muelleriana 

muelleriana

1041


2088

49.86


CS, SE

Sc, He


59800

NL

Allocasuarina 



gymnanthera

42

84



50.00

E

WL



9600

NL

Allocasuarina pusilla

487

960


50.73

CS, SE


He

32400


NL

Allocasuarina 

zephyrea

68

129



52.71

TAS


He

6500


NL

Allocasuarina 

47

85



55.29

SW

SL



4000

NL


427

decussata

Allocasuarina 

scleroclada

31

56



55.36

SE

Sc, 



WL

2800


NL

Allocasuarina 

muelleriana

113


204

55.39


CS, SE

Sc, He


13500

NL

Allocasuarina 



misera/paradoxa

187


312

59.94


SE

He

7100



NL

Allocasuarina rigida 

rigida

118


177

66.67


E

4000


NL

Allocasuarina 

rupicola

42

62



67.74

E

RH



1300

NL

Allocasuarina 



trichodon

45

64



70.31

SW

He



3500

NL

Allocasuarina 



muelleriana alticola

63

89



70.79

CS

Sc, He



2600

NL

Allocasuarina misera

235

321


73.21

SE

WL



5800

NL

Allocasuarina filidens

34

46

73.91



E

400


NL

Allocasuarina 

tessellata

38

44



86.36

W

RH



1400

NL

Allocasuarina 



grampiana

108


116

93.10


SW

RH

1400



NL

Gymnostoma 

australianum

80

81



98.77

NE

RF, 



For

800


NL

Four species had less than 10% of ANHAT records located within PAs (Table 186).  

This is a relatively low percentage.   Two of the four species are classified as 

threatened, including one endangered species.  One species has no records within a 

PA.  These species come from woodlands and/or heathlands.

Table 186 Casuarinaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs.

Species


Inside 

NRS


No. 

Records


% in 

NRS Location

Veg 

type


Area 

km

2



EPBC 

status


Allocasuarina 

robusta

0

88

0.00

CS

WL, 

He

1000

EN

Casuarina cristata

26

690



3.77

E

WL



65800

NL

Allocasuarina 



acutivalvis 

acutivalvis

5

73



6.85

W, SW


He, 

WL, 


RH

5700


NL

Allocasuarina 

simulans

3

34

8.82

E

He

700

VU

A total of five Casuarinaceae species had records in more than 100 separate reserves 

(Table 187). All species in this list had over 1000 records, with an average of 3220 

records per species. No species are classified threatened.



428

Table 187 Casuarinaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


No. PAs 

>1000ha


EPBC 

status


Allocasuarina luehmannii

2714


157

70 NL


Allocasuarina muelleriana 

muelleriana

2088


160

64 NL


Allocasuarina torulosa

2779


208

157 NL


Allocasuarina verticillata

3976


284

133 NL


Allocasuarina littoralis

4542


286

199 NL


A total of 22 species had records in five or fewer PAs (Table 188). This is around 

30% of species in the ANHAT database with more than 30 records.  Six species are 

listed as threatened, including four species classified as endangered. The majority of 

species in this list had fewer than 100 individual site records and no species had more 

than 300 site records.

Table 188 Casuarinaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs.  

Species


No. Records

No. PAs EPBC status



Allocasuarina robusta

88

0

EN

Allocasuarina simulans

34

1

VU

Allocasuarina filidens

46

1



NL

Allocasuarina thalassoscopica

48

1

EN

Allocasuarina diminuta annectens

57

1



NL

Allocasuarina ophiolitica

32

2



NL

Allocasuarina media

42

2



NL

Allocasuarina defungens

49

2

EN

Allocasuarina rupicola

62

2



NL

Gymnostoma australianum

81

2



NL

Allocasuarina tessellata

44

3



NL

Allocasuarina fibrosa

40

4

VU

Allocasuarina ramosissima

55

4



NL

Allocasuarina drummondiana

56

4



NL

Allocasuarina acutivalvis 

acutivalvis

73

4



NL

Allocasuarina dielsiana

77

4



NL

Allocasuarina lehmanniana

36

5



NL

Allocasuarina diminuta mimica

50

5



NL

Allocasuarina scleroclada

56

5



NL

Allocasuarina muelleriana alticola

89

5



NL

Allocasuarina grampiana

116


5

NL

Allocasuarina emuina



291

5

EN

429

Eighteen species of Casuarinaceae had records in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 

hectares, including four species classified as threatened. Two species are listed as 

endangered (Table 189).  Again, all species found in at least one PA were also found 

in at least one PA larger than 1000 ha.

Table 189 Casuarinaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 

hectares.

Species

No. Records



No. PAs 

>1000ha EPBC status



Allocasuarina simulans

34

1

VU

Allocasuarina fibrosa

40

1

VU

Allocasuarina 

drummondiana

56

1



NL

Allocasuarina diminuta 

annectens

57

1



NL

Allocasuarina emuina

291

1

EN

Allocasuarina media

42

2



NL

Allocasuarina tessellata

44

2



NL

Allocasuarina defungens

49

2

EN

Allocasuarina rupicola

62

2



NL

Allocasuarina acutivalvis 

acutivalvis

73

2



NL

Gymnostoma 

australianum

81

2



NL

Allocasuarina 

lehmanniana

36

4



NL

Allocasuarina 

ramosissima

55

4



NL

Allocasuarina dielsiana

77

4



NL

Allocasuarina diminuta 

mimica

50

5



NL

Allocasuarina scleroclada

56

5



NL

Allocasuarina muelleriana 

alticola

89

5



NL

Allocasuarina grampiana

116


5

NL


430

Phormiaceae

The ANHAT database has 37676 records for 75 species and subspecies of 

Phormiaceae. No species of Phormiaceae is considered extinct.

Two species account for approximately 50% of the total species records in ANHAT 

(Table 190). These species have over 5000 records each and Dianella revoluta over 

11000 records.



Table 190 Phormiaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total 

species records in ANHAT.

Species

No. Records



% total records

Dianella tasmanica

5626


14.93

Dianella revoluta

11383


30.21

Total


17009

45.14


Twenty species had 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT database 

(Table 191). This represents over 25% of the available species.  One species is 

classified as vulnerable. The species in this category come mainly from Western 

Australia.  Due to time constraints no vegetation information is available.  Exclusion 

of these poorly recorded species eliminates 313 records.

Table 191 Phormiaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the 

ANHAT database.



Species

No. 


Records

% in NRS


Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Dianella longifolia fragrans

5

80.00



300

NL

Tricoryne eyreana

5

20.00


SW

400


NL

Corynotheca micrantha 

elongate

6

16.67



600

NL

Tricoryne tuberose

6

33.33


400

NL

Corynotheca flexuosissima

7

57.14


W

1000


NL

Dianella pavopennacea 

robusta

8

50.00



500

NL

Tricoryne corynothecoides

11

9.09


W

900


NL

Dianella revoluta tenuis

12

41.67



1000

NL

Dianella caerulea aquilonia

16

6.25


2000

NL

Tricoryne trudgeniana

16

56.25


W

1200


NL

Dianella longifolia

surculose

17

0.00



1200

NL

Hensmania chapmanii



17

5.88

W

900

VU

Corynotheca micrantha 

panda

18

66.67



1600

NL

Johnsonia inconspicua

18

0.00


SW

600


NL

Tricoryne simplex

19

31.58



E

4400


NL

431

Corynotheca asperata

20

0.00



800

NL

Corynotheca micrantha 



gracilis

26

15.38



1500

NL

Dianella prunina

28

39.29


E

5700


NL

Arnocrinum gracillimum

29

62.07



SW,W

1200


NL

Dianella tarda

29

0.00



2700

NL

Removal of extinct and poorly recorded species leaves 37363 records in ANHAT for 



55 species (and subspecies). The mean number of records per species for species with 

greater than 30 records is 679, with a mean of 32% of records in the NRS.

Ten species of Phormiaceae had 45% or greater of individual site records located 

within PAs (Table 192). No species are classified as threatened.  No species has 

reservation levels above 90%.  There are too few species to determine if any patterns 

exist in this category.



Table 192 Phormiaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs.

Species


No. 

Reco


rds 

in 


NRS

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS

Locatio


n

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Dianella caerulea assera

97

199



48.74

16000


NL

Tricoryne tenella

324


661

49.02


SE,CS

39200


NL

Dianella atraxis

91

181



50.28

NE

4600



NL

Dianella fruticans

35

65



53.85

1600


NL

Thelionema grande

46

85



54.12

E

3100



NL

Dianella caerulea protensa

17

31



54.84

3100


NL

Dianella congesta

43

70



61.43

NE,E


7300

NL

Hensmania stoniella

53

77

68.83



SW

4200


NL

Herpolirion novae-

zelandiae

109


126

86.51


SE,TAS

6200


NL

Arnocrinum drummondii

59

68



86.76

W

3000



NL

Four species had less than 10% of ANHAT records located within PAs (Table 193). 

One of the species is classified as endangered.  One species has no records currently 

within a PA.



432

Table 193 Phormiaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs.

Species


Inside 

NRS


No. 

Records


% in 

NRS Location

Veg 

type


Area 

km

2



EPBC 

status


Dianella longifolia 

stupata

0

56



0.00

4200


NL

Dianella incollata

4

75



5.33

NE

1800



NL

Dianella revoluta 

vinosa

4

60



6.67

10200


NL

Dianella amoena

21

226

9.29

E,SE

7900

EN

A total of six Phormiaceae species had records in more than 100 separate reserves (



Table 194). All species in this list had over 1000 records, with an average of 4749 

records per species. No species are classified as threatened.



Table 194 Phormiaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


No. PAs 

>1000ha


EPBC 

status


Dianella brevicaulis

1372


160

93 NL


Stypandra glauca

2473


176

123 NL


Dianella tasmanica

5626


200

132 NL


Dianella caerulea

3157


239

183 NL


Tricoryne elatior

4480


393

211 NL


Dianella revoluta

11383


857

378 NL


A total of 13 species had records in five or fewer PAs (

Table 195). This is just below 25% of the remaining species.  One species is 

classified as endangered. The majority of species in this list had fewer than 100 

individual site records and no species had more than 250 site records.

Table 195 Phormiaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs.

Species


No. 

Records


No. PAs

EPBC 


status

Dianella longifolia stupata

56

0



NL

Dianella incollata

75

1



NL

Dianella revoluta vinosa

60

2



NL

Corynotheca pungens

31

3



NL

Dianella caerulea cinerascens

43

3



NL

Dianella fruticans

65

3



NL

Dianella caerulea 

petasmatodes

39

4



NL

433

Johnsonia teretifolia

53

4



NL

Dianella pavopennacea major

67

4



NL

Dianella amoena

226

4

EN

Dianella callicarpa

33

5



NL

Arnocrinum drummondii

68

5



NL

Dianella pavopennacea

99

5



NL

Seventeen species, around 30%, of species in the Phormiaceae had records in five or 

fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares, including one species classified as endangered 

(Table 196).



Table 196 Phormiaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 

hectares.

Species

No. Records



No. PAs

>1000ha EPBC status



Dianella incollata

75

1



NL

Dianella amoena

226

1

EN

Corynotheca pungens

31

2



NL

Dianella revoluta vinosa

60

2



NL

Dianella caerulea 

cinerascens

43

3



NL

Johnsonia teretifolia

53

3



NL

Dianella fruticans

65

3



NL

Arnocrinum drummondii

68

3



NL

Hodgsoniola junciformis

31

4



NL

Dianella caerulea 

petasmatodes

39

4



NL

Dianella crinoides

48

4



NL

Hensmania turbinata

60

4



NL

Dianella pavopennacea 

major

67

4



NL

Dianella longifolia 

grandis

174


4

NL

Dianella callicarpa

33

5

NL



Johnsonia pubescens

78

5



NL

Dianella pavopennacea

99

5



NL

434

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