Focusing on the Landscape Biodiversity in Australia’s National Reserve System Part B: Vascular Flora a report for Caring for Country



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Table 213 Zygophyllaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within 

PAs.


Species

Inside 


NRS

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Zygophyllum tetrapterum

2

61



3.28

2300


NL

Tribulus micrococcus

11

294



3.74

E,EI,CS


16100

NL

Zygophyllum rowelliae

2

52

3.85



2900

NL

Tribulus minutus

4

94

4.26



E,W,CI,

WI

6000



NL

Tribulus ranunculiflorus

2

31



6.45

NW

2800



NL

A total of four Zygophyllaceae species had records in more than 100 separate reserves 

(Table 214). All species in this list had over 1000 records, with an average of 2208 

records per species. No species are listed under the EPBC Act.



Table 214 Zygophyllaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


No. PAs >1000ha

EPBC 


status

Zygophyllum ovatum

1243


104

64

NL



Nitraria billardierei

2233


114

67

NL



Zygophyllum aurantiacum

2637


153

93

NL



Zygophyllum apiculatum

2718


182

102


NL

444

A total of 11 species had records in five or fewer PAs (Table 215). No species are 

listed as threatened. The majority of species in this list had fewer than 100 individual 

record sites and no species had more than 200 records.



Table 215 Zygophyllaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


EPBC 

status


Tribulus ranunculiflorus

31

1



NL

Zygophyllum marliesiae

39

2



NL

Zygophyllum rowelliae

52

2



NL

Zygophyllum tetrapterum

61

2



NL

Tribulus minutus

94

2



NL

Zygophyllum crassissimum

102


2

NL

Zygophyllum hybridum

36

3

NL



Zygophyllum retivalve

38

5



NL

Zygophyllum humillimum

129


5

NL

Tribulopis bicolor

155

5

NL



Zygophyllum aurantiacum verticillatum

198


5

NL

Twelve species of Zygophyllaceae had records in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 



hectares.  None of these species are classified as threatened (Table 216).

Table 216 Zygophyllaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 

hectares.

Species

No. Records No. PAs >1000ha



EPBC 

status


Zygophyllum rowelliae

52

1



NL

Zygophyllum marliesiae

39

2



NL

Zygophyllum tetrapterum

61

2



NL

Tribulus minutus

94

2



NL

Zygophyllum crassissimum

102


2

NL

Zygophyllum hybridum

36

3

NL



Zygophyllum retivalve

38

4



NL

Tribulopis solandri

119


4

NL

Tribulus forrestii

52

5

NL



Zygophyllum humillimum

129


5

NL

Tribulopis bicolour

155

5

NL



Zygophyllum aurantiacum verticillatum

198


5

NL


445

Arecaceae

The ANHAT database has 10669 records for 58 species and subspecies of Arecaceae. 

No species of Arecaceae are considered extinct.

Six species account for approximately 50% of the total species records in ANHAT 

(Table 217). These species have over 400 records each, and in the case of the 

Livistona humilis, over 2000 records.

Table 217 Arecaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species 

records in ANHAT.

Species

No. Records



% total records

Archontophoenix cunninghamiana

441


4.13

Livistona decora

460


4.31

Hydriastele wendlandiana

533


5.00

Livistona inermis

638


5.98

Carpentaria acuminate

641


6.01

Livistona humilis

2371


22.22

Total


5084

47.65


Fifteen species had 30 or fewer individual records in the ANHAT database (Table

218). This is just over 25% of the species from this family with records in ANHAT. 

Four species are classified as threatened (including one species classified as 

endangered). The small number of remaining species and limited information 

available for many makes it difficult to confidently assert that any patterns present in 

the varying conservation categories represent real trends and this is not generally 

attempted.  Exclusion of these poorly recorded species eliminates 269 records.



Table 218 Arecaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT 

database.

Species

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC status



Archontophoenix 

maxima

7

28.57



400

NL

Calamus hollrungii

7

57.14


700

NL

Livistona nasmophila

8

12.50


500

NL

Livistona concinna

9

33.33


200

NL

Archontophoenix 



myolensis

10

20.00

100

EN

Linospadix 

aequisegmentosa

12

83.33



600

NL

Calamus warburgii



13

84.62

400

VU

Livistona 

kimberleyana

19

47.37



1100

NL

Archontophoenix 

23 100.00

700


NL

446

purpurea

Calamus radicalis

24

75.00



1400

NL

Wodyetia bifurcata



26

92.31

600

VU

Arenga microcarpa

27

18.52



1800

NL

Licuala ramsayi 



tuckeri

27

22.22



900

NL

Archontophoenix 



tuckeri

28

35.71



1100

NL

Livistona 



lanuginosa

29

0.00

1000

VU

Removal of the poorly recorded species leaves 10400 records in ANHAT for 43 

species (and subspecies). The mean number of records per species for species with 

greater than 30 records was 242.  These have a mean 48% of their records in PAs.

Twenty-three species of Arecaceae had 45% or greater of individual site records 

located within PAs (Table 219).  No species are classified as threatened.  This is over 

half of the remaining species and is a high percentage of species that can be 

considered well reserved.



Table 219 Arecaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs.

Species


No. 

Records in 

NRS

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS

Location


Veg 

type


Area 

km

2



EPBC 

status


Archontophoenix 

cunninghamiana

201


441

45.58


E

29900


NL

Livistona 

benthamii

123


266

46.24


11300

NL

Calamus vitiensis

16

33

48.48



1000

NL

Linospadix 



monostachya

142


286

49.65


16300

NL

Livistona 



loriphylla

50

99



50.51

4100


NL

Calamus 

caryotoides

101


191

52.88


6800

NL

Cocos nucifera

27

51

52.94



5400

NL

Livistona 



victoriae

92

171



53.80

5900


NL

Normanbya 

normanbyi

38

69



55.07

1600


NL

Licuala ramsayi

55

97



56.70

4900


NL

Calamus australis

140


232

60.34


9300

NL

Caryota albertii

19

31

61.29



1100

NL

Linospadix minor

147

234


62.82

5500


NL

Livistona inermis

439


638

68.81


15100

NL


447

Calamus moti

68

96



70.83

3300


NL

Livistona fulva

31

43



72.09

800


NL

Laccospadix 

australasica

85

115



73.91

2400


NL

Hydriastele 

ramsayi

253


336

75.30


7600

NL

Livistona alfredii

62

80

77.50



W

3200


NL

Linospadix 

microcarya

114


147

77.55


2700

NL

Oraniopsis 



appendiculata

43

54



79.63

NE

1300



NL

Linospadix 

apetiolata

55

67



82.09

800


NL

Linospadix 

palmeriana

142


167

85.03


2200

NL

Only one species had less than 10% of ANHAT records located within PAs (Table



220). This species is not listed under the EPBC Act.  This species has two records 

within the NRS.



Table 220 Arecaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs.

Species


Inside 

NRS


No. 

Records


% in 

NRS Location

Veg 

type


Area 

km

2



EPBC 

status


Livistona eastonii

2

75



2.67

1600


NL

No Arecaceae species had records in more than 100 separate reserves, which reflects 

the relatively few species in this family.

A total of 15 species had records in five or fewer PAs (



Table 221). This is just over one third of the species with more than 30 records.  

Three species are threatened, all listed as vulnerable. The majority of species in this 

list had fewer than 100 individual individual record sites and no species had more 

than 400 records.



Table 221 Arecaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs.

Species


No. PAs

No. PAs


EPBC status

Livistona mariae mariae

40

1

VU

Livistona fulva

43

1



NL

Livistona eastonii

75

1



NL

Caryota albertii

31

3



NL

Livistona drudei

51

3



NL

Normanbya normanbyi

69

4



NL

448

Nypa fruticans

89

4



NL

Livistona victoriae

171


4

NL

Hydriastele ramsayi

336

4

NL



Corypha elata

362


4

NL

Calamus vitiensis

33

5

NL



Hydriastele costata

44

5

VU

Livistona mariae

59

5

VU

Livistona nitida

61

5



NL

Ptychosperma macarthurii

113


5

NL

Seventeen species of Arecaceae had records in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 



hectares, including three species classified as vulnerable (Table 222).

Table 222 Arecaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 

hectares.

Species

No. Records



No. PAs >1000ha

EPBC 


status

Livistona mariae mariae

40

1

VU

Livistona fulva

43

1



NL

Livistona eastonii

75

1



NL

Cocos nucifera

51

2



NL

Caryota albertii

31

3



NL

Livistona drudei

51

3



NL

Hydriastele costata

44

4

VU

Livistona nitida

61

4



NL

Normanbya normanbyi

69

4



NL

Livistona alfredii

80

4



NL

Nypa fruticans

89

4



NL

Livistona victoriae

171


4

NL

Hydriastele ramsayi

336

4

NL



Corypha elata

362


4

NL

Calamus vitiensis

33

5

NL



Livistona mariae

59

5

VU

Ptychosperma macarthurii

113


5

NL


449

Caryophyllaceae

The ANHAT database has 17601 records for 48 species and subspecies of 

Caryophyllaceae. No species of Caryophyllaceae are considered extinct.

Four species account for approximately 50% of the total species records in ANHAT (



Table 223). These species have more than 1000 records each, and, in the case of the 

Stellaria pungens, over 3600 records.

Table 223 Caryophyllaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total 

species records in ANHAT.

Species

No. Records



% Total Records

Scleranthus biflorus

1078


6.12

Polycarpaea corymbosa

1151


6.54

Stellaria flaccida

3175


18.04

Stellaria pungens

3652


20.75

Total


9056

51.45


Eight species had 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT database (Table

224). Of those species, two species are classified as threatened (including one species 

classified as critically endangered). There is insufficient species and information 

available to assess any patterns for this family. Exclusion of these poorly recorded 

species eliminates 91 records.



Table 224 Caryophyllaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the 

ANHAT database.

Species

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS

Location


Veg type

Area 


km

2

EPBC status



Polycarpaea 

synandra

1

0



100

NL

Polycarpaea 



corymbosa torrensis

2

0



300

NL

Polycarpaea triloba

2

0

200



NL

Polycarpaea glabra

7

0



500

NL

Sagina diemensis



9

100

TAS

200

CE

Colobanthus 

curtisiae

17

0

TAS

4100

VU

Sagina namadgi

25

76



E

2000


NL

Spergularia sp. 1

28

25



2800

NL

Removal of poorly recorded species leaves 17510 records in ANHAT for 40 species 



(and subspecies). The mean number of records per species for species with greater 

than 30 records was 438, with a mean of 40% of records in the NRS.



450

Twelve species of Caryophyllaceae had 45% or greater of individual record sites 

located within PAs (

Table 225). None of those 12 species are classified as threatened. Three species have 

more than 90% of their records within the NRS.



Table 225 Caryophyllaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs.

Species


No. 

Records in 

NRS

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS

Location


Veg 

type


Area 

km

2



EPB

statu



s

Scleranthus 

brockiei

25

53



47.17

E,SE


5600

NL

Scleranthus diander

82

171


47.95 E,SE,TAS

8500


NL

Stellaria filiformis

78

162



48.15

SW,E,CS


10900

NL

Scleranthus biflorus

665

1078


61.69 E,SE,TAS

56300


NL

Stellaria multiflora

151


238

63.45 E,SE,TAS

21000

NL

Scleranthus 



singuliflorus

111


145

76.55


SE

2800


NL

Scleranthus 

minusculus

227


285

79.65


CS

10900


NL

Polycarpaea 

microceps

51

64



79.69

CN

1900



NL

Colobanthus affinis

144


176

81.82


SE,TAS

3300


NL

Colobanthus 

nivicola

39

42



92.86

SE

500



NL

Polycarpaea incana

84

90



93.33

1500


NL

Colobanthus 

pulvinatus

67

69



97.10

SE,TAS


1300

NL

Five species had less than 10% of ANHAT records located within PAs (Table 226). 



None of the species are classified as threatened.  Two of these species have no records 

within a PA.



Table 226 Caryophyllaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within 

PAs.


Species

Inside 


NRS

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS

Location Veg 

type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Polycarpaea breviflora 

gracilis

0

31



0.00

1800


NL

Polycarpaea spirostylis 

densiflora

0

50



0.00

1600


NL

451

Polycarpaea spirostylis 

spirostylis

15

237



6.33

6600


NL

Polycarpaea breviflora 

breviflora

17

182



9.34

1340


0

NL

Polycarpaea breviflora

47

501


9.38

NE,NW,


CN,E,EI

,CI


2200

0

NL



A total of two Caryophyllaceae species had records in more than 100 separate PAs 

(Table 227). Both species in this list had over 3000 records. Neither species is 

classified as threatened.

Table 227 Caryophyllaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


No. PAs >1000ha

EPBC 


status

Stellaria flaccida

3175


129

80

NL



Stellaria pungens

3652


198

113


NL

A total of 12 species had records in five or fewer PAs (Table 228). No species are 

listed as threatened. The majority of species in this list had fewer than 100 individual 

records and no species had more than 250 records.



Table 228 Caryophyllaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


EPBC 

status


Polycarpaea breviflora gracilis

31

0



NL

Polycarpaea spirostylis densiflora

50

0



NL

Polycarpaea tenax

31

1



NL

Colobanthus nivicola

42

1



NL

Polycarpaea microceps

64

1



NL

Colobanthus pulvinatus

69

2



NL

Polycarpaea incana

90

3



NL

Scleranthus singuliflorus

145


3

NL

Polycarpaea spirostylis compacta

66

4

NL



Polycarpaea staminodina

90

4



NL

Polycarpaea spirostylis glabra

140


4

NL

Polycarpaea spirostylis spirostylis

237

4

NL



Eleven species of Caryophyllaceae had records in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 

hectares.  No species are classified as threatened (Table 229).



452
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