Focusing on the Landscape Biodiversity in Australia’s National Reserve System Part B: Vascular Flora a report for Caring for Country



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Table 229 Caryophyllaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 

hectares.

Species

No. Records No. PAs >1000ha



EPBC 

status


Polycarpaea tenax

31

1



NL

Colobanthus nivicola

42

1



NL

Polycarpaea microceps

64

1



NL

Colobanthus pulvinatus

69

2



NL

Polycarpaea spirostylis compacta

66

3



NL

Polycarpaea incana

90

3



NL

Scleranthus singuliflorus

145


3

NL

Polycarpaea staminodina

90

4

NL



Polycarpaea spirostylis glabra

140


4

NL

Polycarpaea spirostylis spirostylis

237

4

NL



Colobanthus affinis

176


5

NL


453

Meliaceae

The ANHAT database has 13615 records for 45 species and subspecies of Meliaceae. 

No species of Meliaceae are considered extinct.

Eight species account for approximately 50% of the total species records in ANHAT (



Table 230). These species have over 450 records and the most recorded, Owenia 

vernicosa, over 1800 records.

Table 230 Meliaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species 

records in ANHAT.

Species

No. Records



% total records

Owenia venosa

481


3.53

Xylocarpus granatum

492


3.61

Aglaia sapindina

530


3.89

Owenia acidula

697


5.12

Synoum glandulosum

881


6.47

Melia azedarach

1176


8.64

Turraea pubescens

1281


9.41

Owenia vernicosa

1809


13.29

Total


7347

53.96


Four species had 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT database (Table

231).  Of those species, no species are classified as threatened.  Exclusion of these 

poorly recorded species eliminates 35 records.  There is insufficient species and 

information available to confidently assess patterns in the different categories of 

reservation for this family.



Table 231 Meliaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT 

database.



Species

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS

Location


Veg 

type


Area 

km

2



EPBC 

status


Dysoxylum pachyphyllum

2

0



300

NL

Dysoxylum acutangulum

9

33.33


900

NL

Aglaia sp. silver plains

12

0

300



NL

Xylocarpus rumphii

12

66.67



800

NL

Removal of extinct and poorly recorded species leaves 13580 records in ANHAT for 



41 species (and subspecies). The mean number of records per species for species with 

greater than 30 records was 331, with a mean of 44% of records in PAs.



454

Eighteen species of Meliaceae had 45% or greater of individual records located within 

PAs (Table 232). Of those 18 species, no species are classified as threatened. One 

species had 100% if its records within PAs.



Table 232 Meliaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs.

Species


No. 

Records 


in NRS

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS

Location


Veg 

type


Area 

km

2



EPBC

Dysoxylum alliaceum

46

100



46.00

3500


NL

Chisocheton 

longistipitatus

39

77



50.65

2400


NL

Dysoxylum 

oppositifolium

132


256

51.56


11200

NL

Dysoxylum 



pettigrewianum

92

178



51.69

5100


NL

Synoum glandulosum

461


881

52.33


NE,E,SE

49700


NL

Dysoxylum papuanum

92

169



54.44

5100


NL

Owenia vernicosa

995


1809

55.00


53400

NL

Dysoxylum arborescens

151

263


57.41

6100


NL

Aglaia tomentosa

105


180

58.33


6800

NL

Dysoxylum parasiticum

81

138


58.70

4100


NL

Aglaia euryanthera

49

81



60.49

1900


NL

Synoum glandulosum 

paniculosum

66

104



63.46

2600


NL

Dysoxylum klanderi

89

136



65.44

3600


NL

Aglaia argentea

26

38



68.42

400


NL

Aglaia australiensis

58

72



80.56

800


NL

Aglaia meridionalis

98

119



82.35

2600


NL

Aglaia brassii

61

69



88.41

1100


NL

Dysoxylum pumilum

32

32



100.00

100


NL

Two species had less than 10% of ANHAT records located within PAs (Table 233). 

Neither species is classified as threatened.  One species had no records within a PA.

Table 233 Meliaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs.

Species


Inside 

NRS


No. 

Records


% in 

NRS Location

Veg 

type


Area 

km2


EPBC 

status


Owenia Ã—

reliqua

0

33



0

NL

Owenia reticulata

10

213


4.69

9300


NL

455

A total of two Meliaceae species had records in more than 100 separate PAs (Table



234). Both species in this list had over 800 records. Neither species is classified as 

threatened.



Table 234 Meliaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


No. PAs 

>1000ha


EPBC 

status


Melia azedarach

1176


119

78 NL


Synoum glandulosum

881


128

102 NL


A total of eight species had records in five or fewer PAs (

Table 235). One species is classified as vulnerable.  All species in this list had fewer 

than 100 individual site records and no species had more than 85 site records.



Table 235 Meliaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs.

Species


No. 

Records


No. PAs

EPBC 


status

Owenia Ã—reliqua

33

0



NL

Dysoxylum pumilum

32

1



NL

Aglaia argentea

38

2



NL

Aglaia spectabilis

50

2



NL

Aglaia australiensis

72

2



NL

Aglaia brassii

69

4



NL

Aglaia euryanthera

81

4



NL

Owenia cepiodora

45

5

VU

Seven species of Meliaceae had records in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 

hectares, including one species classified as vulnerable (Table 236).

Table 236 Meliaceae species recorded in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 

hectares.

Species

No. Records



No. PAs 

>1000ha EPBC status



Dysoxylum pumilum

32

1



NL

Aglaia australiensis

72

1



NL

Aglaia argentea

38

2



NL

Aglaia spectabilis

50

2



NL

Aglaia euryanthera

81

3



NL

Aglaia brassii

69

4



NL

Owenia cepiodora

45

5

VU

456

Araceae

The ANHAT database has 5188 records for 44 species and subspecies of Araceae. No 

species of Araceae are considered extinct.

Five species account for approximately 50% of the total species records in ANHAT (

Table 237). Gymnostachys anceps is represented by over 950 records.

Table 237 Araceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species 

records in ANHAT.

Species

No. Records



% total records

Alocasia brisbanensis

289


5.57

Pothos longipes

484


9.33

Landoltia punctata

486


9.37

Lemna disperma

524


10.10

Gymnostachys anceps

978


18.85

Total


2761

53.22


Nineteen species had 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT database 

(Table 238). This is slightly less than 50% of all Araceae species with records in the 

database.  Of those species, no species are classified as threatened. There is 

insufficient species and information available to assess any patterns for this family.  

Exclusion of these poorly recorded species eliminates 196 records.

Table 238 Araceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT 

database.

Species

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Colocasia esculenta aquatilis

1

0.00



100

NL

Typhonium peltandroides

1

0.00


100

NL

Typhonium sp. berry springs 

(p.horsfall 1042)

1

100.00



100

NL

Typhonium sp. kununurra (a.n. 

start ans 1467)

1

0.00



100

NL

Wolffia arrhiza

1

0.00


100

NL

Typhonium nudibaccatum

4

0.00


200

NL

Typhonium weipanum

4

0.00


300

NL

Typhonium johnsonianum

6

66.67


300

NL

Typhonium jonesii

6

0.00


300

NL

Typhonium taylori

7

0.00


200

NL

Typhonium wilbertii

7

0.00


300

NL

Wolffia globosa

7

0.00


CN

400


NL

Typhonium mirabile

13

0.00



400

NL

Typhonium liliifolium

19

15.79


900

NL


457

Typhonium eliosurum

20

35.00



E

2000


NL

Typhonium russell-smithii

20

35.00



1100

NL

Lemna tenera

25

56.00


CN,SE,C

S,TAS


800

NL

Rhaphidophora hayi

26

42.31


1200

NL

Typhonium alismifolium

27

14.81


CN

1400


NL

Removal of extinct and poorly recorded species leaves 4992 records in ANHAT for 

25 species (and subspecies). The mean number of records per species for species with 

greater than 30 records was 200, with a mean of 38% of records in the NRS.

Nine species of Araceae had 45% or greater of individual site records located within 

PAs (Table 239). No species are classified as threatened.  One species had over 90% 

of its available records in PAs.

Table 239 Araceae species with >45% of site records within PAs.

Species


No. Records 

in NRS


No. 

Records


% in 

NRS Location

Veg 

type


Area 

km

2



EPBC 

status


Remusatia vivipara

25

55



45.45

1300


NL

Alocasia macrorrhizos

18

38



47.37

2800


NL

Pothos longipes

231


484

47.73


NE,E

2020


0

NL

Gymnostachys anceps

467

978


47.75

NE,E


5840

0

NL



Scindapsus altissimus

24

45



53.33

1000


NL

Spirodela polyrhiza

38

66



57.58

CN

3100



NL

Rhaphidophora 

australasica

104


154

67.53


NE,CN

5000


NL

Rhaphidophora petrieana

23

34



67.65

900


NL

Pothos brassii

58

62



93.55

NE

900



NL

Two species of Araceae had less than 10% of ANHAT records located within PAs 

(Table 240).  Neither are listed under the EPBC Act.  One species has no records 

currently within a PA.



Table 240 Araceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs.

Species


No. 

Records 


in NRS

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS

Location


Veg 

type


Area 

km

2



EPBC 

status


Typhonium 

praetermissum

0

48



0

600


NL

Typhonium 

3

35



8.57

2300


NL

458

angustilobum

One Araceae species had records in more than 100 separate PAs (



Table 250). This species had under 1000 records. The species is not listed under the 

EPBC Act.



Table 241 Araceae species recorded at more than 100 PA.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


No. PAs >1000ha

EPBC 


status

Gymnostachys anceps

978


141

106


NL

A total of eight species had records in five or fewer PAs and seven species had 

records in five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares, (

Table 242). No species are listed as threatened.  The majority of species in this list 

had fewer than 100 individual record sites and no species had more than 150 record 

sites.

Table 242 Araceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs.

Species


No. 

Records


No. PAs

No. PAs 


>1000ha

EPBC 


status

Typhonium praetermissum

48

0



0

NL

Remusatia vivipara

55

1

1



NL

Rhaphidophora petrieana

34

3



3

NL

Typhonium angustilobum

35

3

3



NL

Scindapsus altissimus

45

3



3

NL

Pothos brassii

62

4

3



NL

Epipremnum amplissimum

136


4

4

NL



Typhonium cochleare

58

5



4

NL


459

Aizoaceae 

The ANHAT database has 19047 records for 44 species and subspecies of Aizoaceae. 

One species of Aizoaceae is considered extinct and therefore excluded from analysis. 

This species is presented in Table 243.



Table 243  Aizoaceae species considered extinct

Species


Common name

No. of records



Trianthema cypseloides

1

Four species account for approximately 50% of the total species records in ANHAT 



(Table 244). These species have over 2000 records each.

Table 244 Aizoaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species 

records in ANHAT.

Species

No. Records



% total records

Trianthema triquetra

2032


10.67

Carpobrotus rossii

2287


12.01

Tetragonia implexicoma

2698


14.16

Disphyma crassifolium

2760


14.49

Total


9777

51.33


Six species had 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT database (Table

245). Of those species, no species are classified as threatened. There are too few 

species and too little information available to determine any patterns in the species in 

this category.  Exclusion of these poorly recorded species eliminates 56 records.

Table 245 Aizoaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT 

database.

Species

No. Records % in NRS Location Veg type Area



EPBC 

status


Carpobrotus thevenard 

island (mr white 050)

1

100.00



W

Co,DF


100

NL

Gunniopsis sp. nuytsland

2

100.00


SW

DF,Mal


100

NL

Trianthema kimberleyi

4

0.00


NW

100


NL

Tetragonia coronata

11

18.18



W

600


NL

Gunniopsis divisa

16

43.75



W

700


NL

Sarcozona bicarinata

22

36.36



SW

2000


NL

460

Removal of extinct and poorly recorded species leaves 18990 records in ANHAT for 

37 species (and subspecies). The mean number of records per species for species with 

greater than 30 records was 513, with a mean of 22% of records in the NRS.

Three species of Aizoaceae had 45% or greater of individual site records located 

within PAs (



Table 246). Of those three species, no species are classified as threatened.  None had 

reservation levels higher than 63%.



Table 246 Aizoaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs.

Species


No. 

Records 


in NRS

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location

Veg 


type

Area


EPBC 

status


Tetragonia 

implexicoma

1280


2698

47.44


SW,SE,

CS,TAS


75500

NL

Trianthema 



megasperma

53

90



58.89

CN

2200



NL

Carpobrotus rossii

1434


2287

62.70


W,CS,S

E,TAS,


E

Co,DF


72800

NL

Nine species had less than 10% of ANHAT records located within PAs (Table 247). 



None of the nine species are classified as threatened.  All have at least one record 

within a PA.



Table 247 Aizoaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs.

Species


No. 

Records in 

NRS

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location

Veg 


type

Area


EPBC 

status


Gunniopsis tenuifolia

1

69



1.45

CI,CS


2100

NL

Trianthema 



oxycalyptra

4

149



2.68

9700


NL

Gunniopsis glabra

1

34



2.94

W,SW


SaL

2000


NL

Gunniopsis 

zygophylloides

9

250



3.60

SW,CS


1050

0

NL



Gunniopsis rodwayi

4

60



6.67

W,WI


3800

NL

Trianthema 



cussackiana

3

42



7.14

W

3000



NL

Trianthema compacta

10

114



8.77

NE,CN,


E

2700


NL

Trianthema 

glossostigma

10

113



8.85

W,CI,W


I

8400


NL

461

Tetragonia cristata

4

43



9.30

W

3400



NL

A total of three Aizoaceae species had records in more than 100 separate reserves 

(Table 248). All species in this list had over 2000 records. No species are classified as 

threatened.



Table 248 Aizoaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs. 

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


No. PAs >1000ha

EPBC 


status

Carpobrotus rossii

2287


149

81

NL



Tetragonia implexicoma

2698


157

76

NL



Disphyma crassifolium

2760


171

102


NL

A total of 16 species had records in five or fewer PAs and 18 species had records in 

five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares (Table 249). No species are listed as 

threatened. The majority of species in this list had fewer than 100 individual site 

records and no species had more than 250 site records.  All species had a record in at 

least one PA. However, one species had no records within a PA greater than 1000 ha 

in area.

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