Focusing on the Landscape Biodiversity in Australia’s National Reserve System Part B: Vascular Flora a report for Caring for Country



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Table 301 Cupressaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


No. PAs 

>1000ha


EPBC 

status


Callitris verrucosa

1552


115

75 NL


490

Callitris gracilis

1590


138

59 NL


Four species had records in five or fewer PAs and four species had records in five or 

fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares (Table 302). Three species are listed as 

threatened, including one species classified as endangered. The majority of species in 

this list had fewer than 100 individual site records and no species had more than 200 

site records.  All had records within a PA, including at least one PA greater than 1000 

ha in area.



Table 302 Cupressaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs.

Species


No. 

Records


No. PAs

No. PAs


>1000ha

EPBC 


status

Callitris oblonga corangensis

17

1

1

VU

Callitris oblonga

18

5

4

VU

Callitris oblonga oblonga

55

5

3

EN

Callitris baileyi

199


5

4

NL



491

Lythraceae

The ANHAT database has 8620 records for 25 species and subspecies of Lythraceae. 

No species of Lythraceae are considered extinct.

Two species account for approximately 50% of the total species records in ANHAT (



Table 303).  These species have over 1300 records each.  Lythrum hyssopifolia is 

represented in ANHAT by over 3300 records.



Table 303 Lythraceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total 

species records in ANHAT.

Species

No. Records



% total records

Ammannia multiflora

1371


15.90

Lythrum hyssopifolia

3304


38.33

Total


4675

54.23


Seven species had 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT database (Table

304) and are excluded from any further analyses. None of these species are classified 

as threatened.  Exclusion of these poorly recorded species eliminates 103 records. 

There are too few species and too little information available to confidently determine 

any patterns in the categories developed in the analysis of this family. 



Table 304 Lythraceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT 

database.

Species

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Lagerstroemia 

archeriana 

divaricatiflora

2

0.00



200

NL

Lagerstroemia speciosa

5 20.00

200


NL

Rotala rosea

6 33.33


300

CN

NL



Ammannia pubiflora

11

0.00



700

CN

NL



Nesaea crinipes

24

0.00



1000

CN

NL



Rotala rotundifolia

27

7.41



1000

E

NL



Nesaea striatiflora

28 50.00


1300

NW,CN


NL

Removal of the records for the poorly recorded species leaves 8517 records in 

ANHAT for 18 species (and subspecies). The mean number of records per species for 

species with greater than 30 records was 473, with a mean of 21% of these records in 

the NRS.


492

No species of Lythraceae had 45% or greater of individual site records located within 

PAs.

Two species had less than 10% of ANHAT records located within PAs (Table 305). 



Neither of these species are classified as threatened.  One species does not yet have 

any records within a PA.



Table 305 Lythraceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs.

Species


No. 

Records 


in NRS

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Nesaea repens

0

60



0.00 NW,CN

2900


NL

Ammannia 

multiflora 

multiflora

7

77



9.09

5600


NL

A total of one Lythraceae species had records in more than 100 separate reserves 

(Table 306). This species had over 3000 records.  It is not classified as threatened.

Table 306 Lythraceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


No. PAs 

>1000ha


EPBC 

status


Lythrum hyssopifolia

3304


268

97 NL


Five species had records in five or fewer PAs and five species had records in five or 

fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares (Table 307). No species are listed as threatened. 

The majority of species in this list had fewer than 100 individual site records and no 

species had more than 110 site records.  Apart from the species with no records in a 

PA, the species on this list had records within at least one PA, including at least one 

PA greater than 1000 ha in size.



Table 307 Lythraceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs.

Species


No. 

Records No. PAs

No. PAs 

>1000ha


EPBC 

status


Nesaea repens

60

0



0

NL

Nesaea arnhemica

85

4

3



NL

Ammannia multiflora multiflora

77

5



5

NL

Nesaea muelleri

107

5

5



NL

Rotala tripartita

110


5

4

NL



493

Onagraceae

The ANHAT database has 12424 records for 23 species and subspecies of 

Onagraceae.  No species of Onagraceae are currently considered to be extinct.

Four species account for approximately 50% of the total species records in ANHAT (



Table 308).  All have substantial proportions of the total available records for this 

family.


Table 308 Onagraceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total 

species records in ANHAT.

Species

No. Records



% total records

Epilobium billardierianum

2106


16.95

Epilobium billardierianum cinereum

2028


16.32

Ludwigia octovalvis

1547


12.45

Epilobium hirtigerum

1523


12.26

Total


7204

57.98


Seven species had 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT database (Table

309).  Of those species, one species is classified vulnerable.  Exclusion of these 

poorly recorded species eliminates 105 records.  There are too few species and too 

little information available to easily determine any patterns in the categories 

developed in the analysis of this family.  All species within the category of 30 records 

or fewer are located within eastern Australia.

Table 309 Onagraceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the 

ANHAT database.

Species

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Epilobium glabellum

3

0.00



E

200


NL

Epilobium pedunculare

5

60.00



TAS

400


NL

Epilobium brunnescens 

beaugleholei

10 100.00

100

VU

Epilobium fugitivum

16

81.25



TAS

900


NL

Ludwigia peploides

19

15.79



E

1400


NL

Epilobium hirsutum

25

16.00



E,SE

1600


NL

Epilobium perpusillum

27

96.30



1700

NL


494

Removal of poorly recorded species leaves 12319 records in ANHAT for 16 species 

(and subspecies). The mean number of records per species for species with greater 

than 30 records was 770, with a mean of 45% of their records in the NRS.

Six species of Onagraceae had 45% or greater of individual site records located within 

PAs (Table 310). Of those six species, no species are classified as threatened. All are 

located within eastern Australia.  One species had over 95% of its records falling

within the NRS.



Table 310 Onagraceae species with >45% of site records within PAs.

Species


No. Records 

in NRS


No. 

Records


% in 

NRS


Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Epilobium billardierianum 

hydrophilum

138


306

45.10


1610

0

NL



Epilobium gunnianum

536


912

58.77


E,SE,

TAS


3020

0

NL



Epilobium curtisiae

94

144



65.28

SE,TAS


6100

NL

Epilobium sarmentaceum

160

200


80.00

SE,TAS


1050

0

NL



Epilobium willisii

36

41



87.80

TAS


1600

NL

Epilobium tasmanicum

108

112


96.43

SE,TAS


4000

NL

No species had less than 10% of ANHAT records located within PAs.



A total of three Onagraceae species had records in more than 100 separate reserves 

(Table 311).  All species in this list had over 1000 records, with an average of 5657 

records per species. No species are classified as threatened.

Table 311 Onagraceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs.

Species


No. Records No. PAs No. PAs >1000ha

EPBC 


status

Epilobium hirtigerum

1523


129

65

NL



Epilobium billardierianum

2106


196

109


NL

Epilobium billardierianum 

cinereum

2028


222

129


NL

Only one species had records in five or fewer PAs and the same species had records in 

five or fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares (Table 312), but did have records in the 

NRS, including large PAs. This species is not listed as threatened.



Table 312 Onagraceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs.

Species


No.  No. PAs

No. PAs  EPBC 



495

Records


>1000ha

status


Epilobium willisii

41

5



5

NL


496

Nyctaginaceae

The ANHAT database has 6508 records for 21 species and subspecies of 

Nyctaginaceae.  No species of Nyctaginaceae are considered extinct.

Two species account for approximately 50% of the total species records in ANHAT (



Table 313).  These species have over 1500 records each.

Table 313 Nyctaginaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total 

species records in ANHAT.

Species

No. Records



% total records

Boerhavia coccinea

1506


23.14

Boerhavia dominii

1574


24.19

Total


3080

47.33


Five species had 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT database (Table

314).  Of those species, no species are classified as threatened. There are too few 

species and too little information available to confidently determine any patterns in 

the categories developed in the analysis of this family.  Exclusion of these poorly 

recorded species eliminates 59 records.



Table 314 Nyctaginaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the 

ANHAT database.

Species

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Pisonia brunoniana

2 100.00


E

300


NL

Boerhavia albiflora 

heronensis

4 100.00


900

NL

Commicarpus 



insularum

7

57.14



1400

NL

Boerhavia repens

22

18.18


NE,NW,C

N

1500



NL

Boerhavia sp. winton

24

12.50



800

NL

Removal of data for poorly recorded species leaves 6449 records in ANHAT for 16 



species (and subspecies).  The mean number of records for species with more than 30 

records is 403.  These have a mean 25% of their records in the NRS.

Two species of Nyctaginaceae had 45% or greater of individual site records located 

within PAs (Table 315).  Neither species is classified as threatened.  Neither species 

had more than 75% of its record sites located within PAs.


497

Table 315 Nyctaginaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs.

Species


No. Records 

in NRS


No. 

Records


% in 

NRS Location

Veg 

type


Area 

km

2



EPBC 

status


Boerhavia albiflora

22

37



59.46

NE

6500



NL

Pisonia grandis

24

32



75.00

NE,C


N

3500


NL

Two species had less than 10% of ANHAT records located within PAs (Table 316). 

Neither species are classified as threatened.  Both have records from within PAs.

Table 316 Nyctaginaceae species with <10% of ANHAT records located within PAs.

Species


No. 

Records 


in NRS

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Boerhavia sp. st 

george

9

141



6.38

6000


NL

Boerhavia sp.

bargara

6

69



8.70

3100


NL

No Nyctaginaceae species had records in more than 100 separate PAs.

Two species had records in five or fewer PAs and five species had records in five or 

fewer PAs greater than 1000 hectares (Table 317). Neither species is listed as 

threatened and both have been recorded in PAs greater than 1000 ha. 

Table 317 Nyctaginaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs.

Species


No. 

Records


No. PAs

No. PAs 


>1000ha

EPBC 


status

Boerhavia sp. Bargara

69

2



2

NL

Boerhavia sp. st george

141

4

4



NL

498

Smilacaceae

The ANHAT database has 15069 records for 19 species and subspecies of 

Smilacaceae.  No species of Smilacaceae are considered extinct.

One species accounts for approximately 40% of the total species records in ANHAT 

(Table 318).  This species has over 6000 records.

Table 318 Smilacaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total 

species records in ANHAT.

Species

No. Records



% total records

Smilax australis

6045


40.11

Six species had 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT database (Table



319). Of those species, no species are classified as threatened.  There are too few 

species available to realistically determine any patterns in the data.  Exclusion of these 

poorly recorded species eliminates 67 records.

Table 319 Smilacaceae species with 30 or fewer individual site records in the 

ANHAT database.

Species

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS Location

Veg 


type

Area 


km

2

EPBC 



status

Smilax macrophylla

2

0.00



100

NL

Smilax sp. bamaga

4

0.00


200

NL

Smilax kaniensis

11

0.00


500

NL

Smilax sp. cardwell

15

66.67


600

NL

Smilax blumei

17

5.88


1200

NL

Smilax sp.



hinchinbrook island

18 100.00

NE

400


NL

Removal of the poorly recorded species leaves 15002 records in ANHAT for 13 

species (and subspecies). The mean number of records per species for species with 

greater than 30 records was 1154, with a mean of 46% of records in the NRS.

Seven species of Smilacaceae had 45% or greater of individual site records located 

within PAs (

Table 320). Of those seven species, none are classified as threatened.  These species 

are located within eastern Australia.  All have less than 80% of their record sites 

within PAs.


499

Table 320 Smilacaceae species with >45% of site records within PAs.

Species


No. 

Records 


in NRS

No. 


Records

% in 


NRS

Location


Veg 

type


Area 

km

2



EPBC 

status


Ripogonum 

fawcettianum

31

68



45.59

E

7200



NL

Ripogonum 

elseyanum

96

188



51.06

E

9500



NL

Petermannia 

cirrosa

76

148



51.35

E

6400



NL

Ripogonum album

290


559

51.88


NE,E

30900


NL

Smilax glyciphylla

418


786

53.18


NE,E

55700


NL

Ripogonum 

discolor

122


219

55.71


E

13000


NL

Smilax 

aculeatissima

89

113



78.76

2500


NL

No species had less than 10% of ANHAT records located within PAs.

A total of four Smilacaceae species had records in more than 100 separate reserves 

(Table 321). Three species in this list had over 1000 records, with a mean of 3338 

records per species. No species are classified as threatened.

Table 321 Smilacaceae species recorded at more than 100 PAs.

Species


No. Records

No. PAs


No. PAs 

>1000ha


EPBC 

status


Smilax glyciphylla

786


113

88 NL


Geitonoplesium cymosum

1676


217

149 NL


Eustrephus latifolius

4844


312

226 NL


Smilax australis

6045


325

243 NL


One species only had records in five or fewer PAs and in five or fewer PAs greater 

than 1000 hectares (Table 322).  This species is not listed as threatened. 



Table 322 Smilacaceae species recorded from five or fewer PAs.

Species


No. 

Records


No. PAs

No. PAs 


>1000ha

EPBC 


status

500

Smilax sp. watson river

42

5



5

NL


501

Ericaceae

The ANHAT database has 4089 records for 18 species and subspecies of Ericaceae. 

No species of Ericaceae are considered extinct.

Two species account for approximately 50% of the total species records in ANHAT (



Table 323).  Acrothamnus hookeri has over 1700 records.

Table 323 Ericaceae species that account for approximately 50% of the total species 

records in ANHAT.

Species

No. Records



% total records

Acrothamnus maccraei

489


11.96

Acrothamnus hookeri

1745


42.68

Total


2234

54.64


Five species had 30 or fewer individual site records in the ANHAT database (Table

324).  Of those species, one species is classified as vulnerable.  Exclusion of these 

poorly recorded species eliminates 87 records.  There are too few species and too little 

information available to accurately determine any patterns in the reservation 

categories.


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