Fruit (relative peak area)



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Supplementary Table 1

Compounds

Fruit

(relative peak area) a)

Identified source

Reference













Aldehydes










hexanal

K (1.0)

C (9.3)

Passiflora species

Banana (Musa acuminate L.)



Rosaceae family apples

Kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa)

Sweet cherries (Prunus avium Cv. Bing)


[1]

b)

[2]



[3]

[4]


2-methyl-4-pentenal

C (22.5)

Cherry tomato fruit (Lycopersicon esculentum)

Kiwi fruit flower (Actinidia chinensis Planch.)



[5]

[6]


(E)-2-hexenal

K (20.9)

C (0.8)

Banana (Musa acuminate L.)

Rosaceae family apples

Kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa)

Apricot (Prunus armeniaca)


b)

[2]


[3]

[7]


(E,E)-2,4-hexadienal

K (c)

Used by several species in their chemical communication system

Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.)



Psidium salutare (H.B.K.) Berg. Fruit

[8]

[9]


[10]

(E)-2-octenal

K (c)

Aceroula (Malpighia emarginata)

Apricot (Prunus armeniaca)



[11]

[7]


decanal

C (0.3)

L (0.2)

Prunus species

Rosaceae family apples

Guava (Psidium guajava, L.)

Mayhaw (Crataegus species)

Aceroula (Malpighia emarginata DC.)

Yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis)

Mountain papaya (Carica candamarcensis, syn. C. pubescens Lenne et Koch)

Yuzu lemon (Citrus junos Sieb. Ex Tanaka)


[12]

[2]


[13]

[14]


[15]

[16]


[17]

[18]


benzaldehyde

K (c)

P (c)

Annona cherimola

Yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis f.flavicarpa)

Aceroula (Malpighia emarginata DC.)

Papaya (Carica papaya L.)

Several citrus species

Sweet cherries (Prunus avium Cv. Bing)



[19]

[20]


[15]

[21]


[22]

[4]


(E)-2-nonenal

K (c)

Tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.)

Cashew apple (Anacardium occidentale)

Yuzu lemon (Citrus junos Sieb. Ex Tanaka)

Apricot (Prunus armeniaca)



[16]

[11]


[18]

[7]


3-ethylbenzaldehyde

K (c)

Yellow flesh kiwi (Actinidia chinensis Planch. var. chinensis “Hort16A”)

Cynanchum altiscandens flower

[23]

[24]


acetaldehyde

P (2.0)

Rosaceae family apples

Aceroula (Malpighia emarginata DC.)

Papaya (Carica papaya L. cv Solo)

Papaya (Carica papaya L. cv Maradol)

Apricot (Prunus armeniaca)


[2]

[15]


[25]

[26]


[7]

Alcohols










isobutanol

K (1.9)

Karanda (Carisssa carandas L.)

Malay rose apples (Syzygium malaccense L.)



[27]

[28]


hexanol

K (0.2)

C (1.0)

Yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis f.flavicarpa)

Aceroula (Malpighia emarginata DC.)

Hardy kiwifruit (Actinidia arguta)

Papaya (Carica papaya L. cv Solo)

Sweet cherries (Prunus avium Cv. Bing)


[20]

[15]


[29]

[25]


[4]

(Z)-3-hexenol

K (0.1)

C (7.3)

Annona cherimola

Actinidia chinensis Planch kiwi

Smooth-skinned grape-sized kiwifruit Actinidia arguta

Yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis)

Papaya (Carica papaya L. cv Solo)

Plum (Prunus domestica L.)


[19]

[12]


[30]

[16]


[25]

[31]


(Z)-2-hexenol

K (0.7)

Guava (Psidium guajava, L.)

Mayhaw (Crataegus species)

Smooth-skinned grape-sized kiwifruit Actinidia arguta

Kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa)

Papaya (Carica papaya L. cv Solo)


[13]

[14]


[30]

[3]


[25]

2,3-butanediol

K (c)

Rosaceae family apples

Cupuassu (Theobroma grandiflorum)

Seriguela (Spondias purpurea L.)

Muskmelon (Cucumis melo cv.Athena)



[2]

[32]


[32]

[33]


2-cyclohexenol

P (0.2)

Used by alder leaf beetle (Agelastica coerulea) in its chemical communication system

Cooked breadfruit (Artocarpus altilis)

Mahaleb cherry (Prunus mahaleb L.)


[8]
[34]

[35]


benzyl alcohol

P (c)

Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.)

Muskmelon (Cucumis melo cv.Athena)

Papaya (Carica papaya L. cv Maradol roja)


[36]

[37]


[38]

5-methyl-2-pyrazinylmethanol

C (0.7)

Odour from bats and bat caves in Texas (identified using SPME)




octaethyleneglycol

P (0.8)

The dihydroxy polyether formed from eight molecules of ethylene glycol.




Esters










ethyl butanoate

K (13.4)

Passiflora species

Rosaceae family apples

Yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis f.flavicarpa)

Cashew apple (Anacardium occidentale)

Yellow flesh kiwi (Actinidia chinensis Planch. var. chinensis “Hort16A”)



Actinidia deliciosa cv. Hayward kiwi

Papaya (Carica papaya L. cv Solo)

Papaya (Carica papaya L. cv Maradol)


[1]

[2]


[20]

[16]


[23]

[39]


[25]

[26]


(Z)-3-hexenylbutanoate

C (1.1)

Passiflora species

Annona cherimola

Aceroula (Malpighia emarginata DC.)

Apricots (Prunus armeniaca L.) and plums (Prunus salicina Lindl.)

Lindl.)


[1]

[19]


[16]

[40]


methyl pyruvate

P (12.1)

Strawberry (Fragaria ananassa cv Red Gauntlet)

[41]

ethyl benzoate

K (0.9)

Rosaceae family apples

Guava (Psidium guajava, L.)

Mayhaw (Crataegus species)

Aceroula (Malpighia emarginata DC.)



Actinidia deliciosa cv. Hayward kiwi

Papaya (Carica papaya L. cv Solo)




[2]

[13]


[14]

[15]


[39]

[25]


benzyl isothiocyanate

P (31.9)

Papaya (Carica papaya L.)

Papaya (Carica papaya L. cv Maradol roja)



[21]

[38]


Ketones










3-hydroxy-2-butanone

C (c)

Prunus species

Kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa)

Mountain papaya (Carica candamarcensis, syn. C. pubescens Lenne et Koch)

Dekopon hybrid citrus (Shiranuhi mandarin Suppl. J.)




[12]

[3]


[17]

[42]


hydroxyacetone

K (1.1)

P (7.3)

Apricot (Prunus armeniaca)

[43]

6-methyl-5-heptene-2-one

K (0.1)

Papaya (Carica papaya L. cv Maradol)

Mountain papaya (Carica candamarcensis, syn. C. pubescens Lenne et Koch)

Several citrus species


[26]

[17]


[22]

acetophenone

K (0.1)

C (0.3)

Mayhaw (Crataegus species)

Pitanga (Eugenia uniflora L.)

Guava (Psidium guajava L.)

Aceroula (Malpighia emarginata DC.)

Mountain papaya (Carica candamarcensis, syn. C. pubescens Lenne et Koch)

Apricots (Prunus armeniaca L.) and plums (Prunus salicina Lindl.)




[14]

[44]


[13]

[15]


[17]

[40]


2-cyclohexene-1,4-dione

K (c)

Identificado o 2,6,6-trimetil-... em faham leaves, a flavoring and medicinal plant of the Indian Ocean




1,2-cyclopentanedione

P (0.7)

Coffee extract

[45]

2-hydroxy-2-cyclopenten-1-one

K (0.3)

Annona cherimola

[19]

3-methyl-1,2-cyclopentanedione

P (0.2)

Coffee extract

[45]

dihydroxyacetone

K (0.9)

P (3.1)

Annona cherimola

[19]

3-hydroxy-2,3-dihydromaltol

K (3.4)

P (2.3)

C (0.7)

Annona cherimola

Nettle extract (Urtica dioica)



[19]

[46]


benzophenone

K (0.4)

P (0.7)

Tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.)

Cashew apple (Anacardium occidentale)

Mountain papaya (Carica candamarcensis, syn. C. pubescens Lenne et Koch)


[16]

[16]


[17]

Furan compounds










furfural

K (8.5)

P (2.1)

Annona cherimola

Prunus species

Orchidaceae species

Banana (Musa acuminate L.)



Rosaceae family apples

Mountain papaya (Carica candamarcensis, syn. C. pubescens Lenne et Koch)

Tamarind (Tamarindus indica L.)


[19]

[12]


[12]

b)

[2]



[17]

[47]


2-furyl methyl ketone

P (0.3)

Roasted coconut

[48]

5-methylfurfural

K (0.6)

C (0.8)

Annona cherimola

Orchidaceae species

Rosaceae family apples

Smooth-skinned grape-sized kiwifruit Actinidia arguta

Apricot (Prunus armeniaca)


[19]

[12]


[2]

[30]


[43]

ethyl 2-furoate

K (0.8)

Star apple (Chrysophyllum cainito L.)

Guava (Psidium guajava, L.)

Mayhaw (Crataegus species)


[49]

[13]


[14]

2-furanmethanol

P (1.2)

Passiflora species

Annona cherimola

[1]

[19]


3-furanmethanol

K (0.9)

Malus pumila apples

Day lily (Hemerocallis flava)



[50]

[51]


γ-hexalactone

K (c)

Orchidaceae species

Mombin fruits (Spondias mombin L.)

Fresh peach juice (Prunus persica L.)

Papaya (Carica papaya L. cv Solo)



[12]

[52]


[53]

[25]


2(5H)-furanone (γ-crotonolactone)

K (0.2)

P (0.5)

Mombin fruits (Spondias mombin L.)

[52]

2,5-furandicarboxaldehyde

K (2.2)

Annona cherimola

[19]

furyl hydroxymethyl ketone

K (0.5)

Portuguese multifloral honeys

[54]

2-hydroxy-γ-butyrolactone (2269)

P (5.6)

Annona cherimola

[19]

5-acetoxymethyl-2-furaldehyde

K (0.2)

Vinegar

[55]

5-hydroxymethylfurfural

K (28.7)

P (4.5)

Annona cherimola

Orchidaceae species

Banana (Musa acuminate L.)



Rosaceae family apples

[19]

[12]


b)

[2]


4-hydroxydihydro-2(3H)-furanone

K (0.4)

Catalytic pyrolysis of cellulose





Acids










acetic acid

K (3.1)

P (11.2)

C (0.4)

L (0.1)

Passiflora species

Annona cherimola

Rosaceae family apples

Bing sweet cherries (Prunus avium cv. Bing)

Hardy kiwifruit (Actinidia arguta)

Mountain papaya (Carica candamarcensis, syn. C. pubescens Lenne et Koch)

Dekopon hybrid citrus (Shiranuhi mandarin Suppl. J.)


[1]

[19]


[2]

[4]


[29]

[17]


[42]

butanoic acid

P (4.4)

Annona cherimola

Murici (Byrsonima crassifolia L. Rich)

Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.)

Fresh peach juice (Prunus persica L.)

Mountain papaya (Carica candamarcensis, syn. C. pubescens Lenne et Koch)


[19]

[56]


[36]

[53]


[17]


ethanedioic acid

K (0.8)

Used by several species in their chemical communication system


[8]

benzoic acid

K (0.4)

P (0.8)

Annona cherimola

Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.)

Guava (Psidium guajava, L.)


[19]

[9]


[13]


n-tetradecanoic acid

K (1.5)

P (0.5)

Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.)

Strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine)

Cashew apple (Anacardium occidentale)


[36]

[57]


[58]

n-hexadecanoic acid

K (1.8)

P (1.2)

C (1.8)

Annona cherimola

Graviola (Annona reticulate L.)

Cupuassu (Theobroma grandiflorum)

Rambutan (Nephelium lappaceum L.)

Strawberry guava (Psidium cattleianum Sabine)

Japanese apricot (Prunus mume Sieb. et Zucc.)



[19]

[32]


[32]

[36]


[57]

[59]


Terpenic compounds










β-pinene

L (0.4)

Passiflora species

Annona cherimola

Banana (Musa acuminate L.)

Aceroula (Malpighia emarginata DC.)

Kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa )

Papaya (Carica papaya L. cv Solo)

Several citrus species



[1]

[19]


b)

[15]


[3]

[25]


[22]

β-myrcene

L (0.7)

Passiflora species

Yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis)

Several citrus species


[1]

[16]


[22]

D-limonene

L (75.9)

Prunus species

Actinidia chinensis Planch

Guava (Psidium guajava, L.)

Mayhaw (Crataegus species) fruits

Papaya (Carica papaya L. cv Solo)

Several citrus species


[12]

[12]


[13]

[14]


[25]

[22]


γ-terpinene

L (10.2)

Prunus species

Aceroula (Malpighia emarginata DC.)

Papaya (Carica papaya L. cv Maradol)

Several citrus species



[12]

[15]


[26]

[22]



o-cymene

L (3.4)

Citrus limon

Cashew apple (Anacardium occidentale)



[12]

[58]


α-terpinolene

L (3.2)

Mango (Mangifera indica L.)

Several citrus species



[60]

[22]


p-cymenene

L (0.5)

Prunus species

Several lemon and lime species



[12]

[61]


cis-linalool oxide

P (c)

Several floral scents, including citrus blossoms

Papaya (Carica papaya L.)

Papaya (Carica papaya L. cv Maradol roja)

Lime (Citrus aurantifolia)



[12]

[21]


[38]

[62]


linalool

P (1.2)

Passiflora fruit species

Annona cherimola

Aceroula (Malpighia emarginata DC.)

Mango (Mangifera indica L.)

Kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa)

Papaya (Carica papaya L.)

Papaya (Carica papaya L. cv Maradol roja)

Several citrus species


[1]

[19]


[15]

[60]


[3]

[21]


[38]

[22]


bergamol

L (0.4)

Several citrus species

[22]

bergamotene

L (0.7)

Cashew apple (Anacardium occidentale)

Several citrus species



[58]

[22]


terpinen-4-ol

L (0.4)

Aceroula (Malpighia emarginata DC.)

Mango (Mangifera indica L.)

Hardy kiwifruit (Actinidia arguta)

Papaya (Carica papaya L. cv Maradol roja)

Dekopon hybrid citrus (Shiranuhi mandarin Suppl. J.)


[15]

[60]


[29]

[38]


[42]

safranal

L (0.2)

Saffron essential oil

[63]

α-terpineol

L (1.1)

Passiflora species

Kiwi (Actinidia deliciosa)

Papaya (Carica papaya L. cv Solo)

Papaya (Carica papaya L. cv Maradol roja)

Dekopon hybrid citrus (Shiranuhi mandarin Suppl. J.)


[1]

[3]


[25]

[38]


[42]

γ-selinene

L (0.6)

Liucheng orange (Citrus sinensis) and hybrid Ruby grapefruit (Citrus paradisi)

[64]

β-bisabolene

L (0.7)

Cashew apple (Anacardium occidentale)

Several citrus species



[58]

[22]


geranial

L (c)

Citrus limon

Several citrus species



[12]

[22]


3-carene

L (c)

Passiflora species

Yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis)

Mountain papaya (Carica candamarcensis, syn. C. pubescens Lenne et Koch)

Several citrus species




[1]

[16]


[17]

[22]


geranyl valerate

L (0.1)

Umbelliferae family herbaceous plant Zosimia absinthifolia (Vent.) Link.

Rose scented geranium (Pelargonium sp.)



[65]

[66]


trans-geranylacetone

K (0.2)

Rosaceae family apples

Aceroula (Malpighia emarginata DC.)

Yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis)


[2]

[15]


[16]

Others










cyclohexylene oxide

C (6.1)

Derivatives found in Uvaria pandensis plant

[67]

1-methylcyclohexene


C (0.8)

Volatile Organic Compound




ethyl-cyclohexane

K (c)

Sapodilla (Achras sapota L.)

Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana L.)



[68]

[69]


naphthalene

C (0.3)

Orchidaceae species

Mountain papaya (Carica candamarcensis, syn. C. pubescens Lenne et Koch)

Apricots (Prunus armeniaca L.) and plums (Prunus salicina Lindl.)



[12]

[17]


[40]

Different volatiles identified in: Aseveral species, as a pheromone [8], BPassiflora fruit species [1], CAnnona cherimola fruit pulp [19], D Prunus species [12], ECitrus limon [12], FActinidia chinensis Planch [12], GOrchidaceae species [12], H – Different banana cultivars (our unpublished work), IRosaceae family apples [2], J – Star apple Chrysophyllum cainito L.[49]; KUrtica dioica (this compound was named 4-shogaol)[46]; L – Other plant species [12], +[20]; y - karanda fruits (Carisssa carandas L.) [27] and Malay rose apples [Syzygium malaccense (L.) Merr. & Perry] [28]; z – guava (Psidium guajava, L.) [13] and Mayhaw (Crataegus species) fruits [14], w - rambutan fruit (Nephelium lappaceum L.) [36] and muskmelon [37]; x – Apricot (Prunus armeniaca) [43]; v – strawberry (Fragaria ananassa cv Red Gauntlet) [41]; t - pitanga (Eugenia uniflora L.) [44] and guava (Psidium guajava, L.) fruits [13]; r - aceroula (Malpighia emarginata DC.) fruit [15]

a) Relative peak area (%) obtained with the best fiber for each fruit, respectively CW/DVB for kiwi and papaya, and PDMS/DVB for plum and lemon; b) our unpublished results; c) volatile identified in a fibre other than the one the afforded the best extraction



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