Guide to codex recommendations concerning pesticide residues



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TYPE 2 VEGETABLES

Vegetables are foods derived from many different kinds of plants mostly annual and usually cultivated, commonly known by custom and tradition as “vegetables:

In several countries, some of these commodities grown on large areas are distinguished as “field crops” or arable crops e.g. sugar beet. For the sake of convenience in this guide such crops are classified under Type 2 Vegetables.

Exposure to pesticides is dependent on the particular part of the plant used for food and the growing practices.

Vegetables may be consumed in whole or in part and in the form of fresh, dried or processed foods.

Bulb vegetables

Class A


Type 2 Vegetables Group 009 Group Letter Code VA
Bulb vegetables are pungent highly flavoured foods derived from fleshy scale bulbs (in some commodities including stem and leaves), of the genus Allium of the lily family (Liliaceae). Bulb fennel is included in this group; the bulb-like growth of this commodity gives rise to similar residues.

The subterranean parts of the bulbs and shoots are protected from direct exposure to pesticides during the growing season.

The entire bulb may e consumed after removal of the parchment-like skin. The leaves and stems of some species or cultivars may also be consumed.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Bulb/dry onions and garlic: Whole commodity after removal of roots and adhering soil and whatever parchment skin is easily detached.

Leeks and spring onions: Whole vegetable after removal of roots and adhering soil.

Group 009 Bulb vegetables



Code Number Commodity
VA 0035 Bulb vegetables
VA 0036 Bulb vegetables, except Fennel, bulb
VA - Carosella, see Fennel, Italian
VA - Chives, see Group 027: Herbs
VA - Chives, Chinese, see group 027: Herbs
VA 0380 Fennel, Bulb

Foeniculum vulgare Mill.:

syn: F. officinale All.

- var. dulce (Mill.) Thell.: syn: F. dulce Mill.:

- var. azoricum (Mill.) Thell.: syn: F. azoricum Mill.
VA - Fennel, Italian, see Fennel, bulb

Foeniculum vulgare Mill., var. azoricum (Mill.) Thell.:

syn: F. azoricum Mill.
VA - Fennel, Roman, see Fennel, bulb

Foeniculum vulgare Mill., var. dulce (Mill.) Thell.:

syn: F. dulce Mill.
VA - Fennel, Sweet, see Fennel, Roman
VA 0381 Garlic

Allium sativum L.


VA 0382 Garlic, Great-headed

Allium ampeloprasum L., var. ampeloprasum


VA - Japanese bunching onion, see Welsh onion
VA 0383 Kurrat

Allium ampeloprasum L., var. kurrat Schweinf. ex Krause


VA 0384 Leek

Allium porrum L.:

syn: A. ampeloprasum L., var. porrum (L.) Gay
VA - Multiplying onion, see Onion, Welsh
VA 0385 Onion, Bulb

Allium cepa L. var. cepa, various cultivars


VA 0386 Onion, Chinese

Allium chinense Don.:

syn: A. bakeri Regel
VA - Onion, Egyptian, see Tree onion
VA 0387 Onion, Welsh

Allium fistulosum L.


VA - Rakkyo, see Onion, Chinese
VA 0388 Shallot

Allium ascalonicum L.:

syn: A. cepa L., var. aggregatum Don.
VA 0389 Spring onion

Allium cepa L., various cultivars, a.o. White Lisbon: White Portugal


VA 0390 Silverskin onion

Allium cepa L., var.


VA 0391 Tree onion

Allium cepa L., var. proliferum Targioni-Tozzetti:

syn: A. cepa L., var. bulbiferum Bailey:

A. cepa L., var. viviparum (Metz.) Alef


VA 0392 - VA 0399 (inclusive) Reserved

Brassica (cole or cabbage) vegetables, Head cabbages, Flowerhead brassicas

Class A


Type 2 Vegetables Group 010 Group Letter Code VB
Brassica (cole or cabbage) vegetables and flowerhead brassicas are foods derived from the leafy heads, stems and immature inflorescences of plants belonging to the genus Brassica of the family Cruciferae. Although Kohlrabi does not comply fully with the description above, for convenience and because of the similarity in residue behaviour the commodity is classified in this group. Kohlrabi is a tuber-like enlargement of the stem.

The edible part of the crop is partly protected from pesticides applied during the growing season by outer leaves, or skin (Kohlrabi).

The entire vegetable after discarding obviously decomposed or withered leaves may be consumed.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Head cabbages and Kohlrabi: Whole commodity as marketed, after removal of obviously decomposed or withered leaves. Cauliflower and broccoli: flower heads (immature inflorescence only). Brussels sprouts: “buttons” only.



Group 010 Brassica (cole or cabbage) vegetables, Head cabbages, Flowerhead brassicas



Code Number Commodity
VB 0040 Brassica (cole or cabbage) vegetables, Head cabbages, Flowerhead brassicas
VB 0041 Cabbages, Head

Brassica oleracea L., convar. capitata L., several var. and cvs.


VB 0042 Flowerhead brassicas (includes Broccoli: Broccoli, Chinese and Cauliflower)
VB 0400 Broccoli

Brassica oleracea L., convar botrytis L., var. italica Plenck


VB 0401 Broccoli, Chinese

Brassica campestris L., var. alboglabra Bailey


VB - Broccoli, Sprouting, see Broccoli
VB 0402 Brussels sprouts

Brassica oleracea L., convar. oleracea L., var. gemmifera DC.


VB - Cabbage, see Cabbages, Head
VB - Cabbage, Green, see Cabbage, Savoy
VB - Cabbage, Red, see Cabbages, Head

Brassica oleracea L.: convar. capitata L., var. rubra


VB - Cabbage, Oxhead, see Cabbages, Head

Brassica oleracea L., convar. capitata L., var. alba, forma conica


VB - Cabbage, Pointed, see Cabbage, Oxhead
VB - Cabbage, White, see Cabbages, Head

Brassica oleracea L., convar. capitata L., var. alba


VB 0403 Cabbage, Savoy, see also Cabbages, Head

Brassica Oleracea L., convar. capitata L., var. sabauda L.


VB - Cabbage, Yellow, see Cabbage, Savoy
VB 0404 Cauliflower, see also Flowerhead brassicas

Brassica oleracea L., convar. botrytis L., var. botrytis L., several cvs (white and green)


VB - Cauliflower, Green, see Cauliflower
VB - Kailan, see Broccoli, Chinese
VB 0405 Kohlrabi

Brassica oleracea L., convar. acephala, var. gongylodes


VB 0406 - VB 0419 (inclusive) Reserved

Fruiting vegetables, Cucurbits

Class A


Type 2 Vegetables Group 011 Group Letter Code VC
Group 011 Fruiting vegetables, Cucurbits are derived from the immature or mature fruits of various plants, belonging to the botanical family Cucurbitaceae: usually these are annual vines or bushes.

These vegetables are fully exposed to pesticides during the period of fruit development.

The edible portion of those fruits of which the inedible peel is discarded before consumption is protected from most pesticides, by the skin or peel, except from pesticides with a systemic action.

The entire fruiting vegetable or the edible portion after discarding the inedible peel may be consumed in the fresh form or after processing. The entire immature fruit of some of the fruiting vegetables species may be consumed, whereas only the edible portion of the mature fruit of the same species, after discarding the then inedible peel, is consumed.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity after removal of stems.

Group 011 Fruiting vegetables, Cucurbits



Code Number Commodity
VC 0045 Fruiting vegetables, Cucurbits
VC 0046 Melons, except Watermelon

Several var. and cultivars of Cucumis melo L.


VC 0420 Balsam apple

Momordica balsamina L.


VC 0421 Balsam pear

Momordica charantia L.


VC - Bitter cucumber, see Balsam pear
VC - Bitter gourd, see Balsam pear
VC - Bitter melon, see Balsam pear
VC 0422 Bottle gourd

Lagenaria siceraria (Molina) Standl.:

syn: L. vulgaris Ser.: L. leucantha (Duch.) Rusby
VC - Cantaloupe, see Melons

Cucumis melo L., var. cantaloupensis Naud.


VC - Casaba or Casaba melon, see Subgroup Melons, except Watermelon

Cucumis melo L., var. inodorus Naud.


VC 0423 Chayote

Sechium edule (Jacq.) Schwartz:

syn: Chayota edulis Jacq.
VC - Christophine, see Chaoyote
VC - Citron melon, see Watermelon

Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mansf., var. edulis:

syn: Citrullus edulis Pang.
VC - Courgette, see Squash, Summer
VC 0424 Cucumber

Cucumis sativus L.: English and forcing cucumber cultivars


VC - Cucuzzi, see Bottle Gourd
VC - Cushaws, see Pumpkins

Mature cultivars of Cucurbita mixta Pang.


VC 0425 Gherkin

Cucumis sativus L.: pickling cucumber cultivars


VC 0426 Gherkin, West Indian

Cucumis anguria L.


VC 0427 Loofah, Angled

Luffa acutangula (L.) Roxb.


VC 0428 Loofah, Smooth

Luffa cylindrica (L.) M. J. Roem:

syn: L. aegyptiaca Mill.
VC - Marrow, see Squash, Summer

Cucurbita pepo, several cultivars


VC - Melon, Crenshaw, see Subgroup Melons, except Watermelon

Cultivar of Cucumis melo L., var. reticulatus Naud.


VC - Melon, Honey Ball, see Subgroup Melons, except Watermelon

Cultivar of Cucumus melo L., var. reticulatus Naud.


VC - Melon, Honeydew, see Subgroup Melons, except Watermelon

Cultivar of Winter, or White-skinned Melon

Cucumis melo L., var. inodorus Naud.
VC - Melon, Mango, see Subgroup Melons, except Watermelon

Cucumis melo L., var. chito Naud.


VC - Melon, Netted, see Subgroup Melons, except Watermelon

synonym of Muskmelon, see there


VC - Melon, Oriental Pickling, see Subgroup Melons, except Watermelon

Cucumis melo L., var. conomon Mak.


VC - Melon, Persian, see Subgroup Melons, except Watermelon

Cultivar of Cucumis melo L., var. reticulatus Naud.


VC - Melon, Pomegranate, see Subgroup Melons, except Watermelon

Cucumis melo L., var. dudaim Naud.


VC - Melon, Serpent, see Subgroup Melons, except Watermelon

Cucumis melo L., var. flexuosus Naud.


VC - Melon, Snake, see Subgroup Melons, except Watermelon

synonym of Melon, Serpent


VC - Melon, White-skinned, see Subgroup Melons, except Watermelon

Cultivars of Cucumis melo L., var. inodorus Naud.


VC - Melon, Winter, see Subgroup Melons, except Watermelon

synonym of Melons, White skinned, see there


VC - Muskmelon, see Subgroup Melons, except Watermelon

Cultivar of cucumis melo L., var. reticulatus Naud.


VC - Patisson, see Squash, White Bush

Cucurbita pepo L., var. patissonina


VC 0429 Pumpkins

Mature cultivars of Cucurbita maxima Duch. ex Lam.: C. mixta Pang.: C. moschata (Duch. ex Lam.) Duch. ex Poir. and C. pepo L.


VC - Sinkwa or Sinkwa towel gourd, see Loofah, Angled
VC 0430 Snake gourd

Trichosanthes cucumerina L.:

syn: T. anguina L.
VC - Sponge gourd, see Loofah, Smooth
VC - Squash, see Squash, Summer, and Winter squash
VC 0431 Squash, Summer

Cucurbita pepo L., var. melopepo Alef several cultivars, immature


VC - Squash, White Bush, see Squash, Summer
VC - Vegetable spaghetti, see Pumpkins

Cucurbita pepo


VC - Vegetable sponge, see Loofah, Smooth
VC 0432 Watermelon

Citrullus lanatus (Thunb.) Mansf.

syn: C. vulgaris Schrad.: Colocynthis citrullus (L.) O. Ktze.
VC - Wax gourd

Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn.:

syn: B. cerifera Savi
VC - West Indian gherkin, see Gherkin, West Indian
VC - Winter melon, see Melon, Winter
VC 0433 Winter squash, see also Pumpkins

Mature cultivars of Cucurbita maxima Duch. ex Lam.: C. mixta Pang.: C. moschata (Duch. ex Lam.) Duch. ex Poir. and C. pepo L.


VC - Zucchetti, see Squash, Summer
VC - Zucchini, see Squash, Summer
VC 0434 - VC 0439 (inclusive) Reserved

Fruiting vegetables other than Cucurbits (not including pods of leguminous vegetables, see Group 014)

Class A


Type 2 Vegetables Group 012 Group Letter Code VO
Group 012 Fruiting vegetables, other than Cucurbits are derived from the immature and mature fruits of various plants, usually annual vines or bushes. The group includes edible fungi and mushrooms, being comparable organs of lower plants. Many plants of this group belong to the botanical family Solanaceae.

This group does not include fruits of vegetables of the botanical family Cucurbitaceae or the pods of vegetables of the Leguminosae family.

The vegetables of this group are fully exposed to pesticides applied during the period of fruit development, except those of which the edible portion is covered by husks, such as sweet corn, ground cherries (Physalis spp.). The latter fruiting vegetables are protected from most pesticides by the husk except from pesticides with a systemic action.

The entire fruiting vegetable or the edible portion after discarding husks or peels may be consumed in a fresh form or after processing.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity after removal of stems. Mushrooms: Whole commodity. Sweet corn and fresh corn: kernels plus cob without husk.

Group 012 Fruiting vegetables, other than Cucurbits



Code Number Commodity
VO 0050 Fruiting vegetables, other than Cucurbits
VO 0051 Peppers

Subgroup including Peppers, Chili and Peppers, Sweet


VO - Alkekengi, see Ground cherries

Physalis alkekengi L.


VO - Aubergine, see Egg plant
VO - Bell pepper, see Peppers, Sweet
VO - Cape gooseberry, see Ground cherries

Physalis peruviana L.


VO - Cherry pepper, see Peppers, Chili

Capsicum annuum L., var. acumimata Fingerh.


VO - Cherry tomato, see Ground cherries
VO - Chili peppers, see Peppers, Chili
VO - Chinese lantern plant, see Ground cherries
VO - Cluster pepper, see Peppers, Chili

Capsicum annuum L., var. fasciculatum (Sturt.) Irish


VO - Cone pepper, see Peppers, Chili
VO - Corn-on-the-cob, see Sweet corn (corn-on-the-cob)
VO 0440 Egg plant

Solanum melongena L., var. melongena L.


VO 0449 Fungi, Edible (not including mushrooms)

According to Codex Stand. 38-1981: various edible species of fungi, mainly wild, among others Boletus edulis; other Boletus spp, Morchella spp, Pleurotus ostreatus


VO - Fungus “Chanterelle”, see Fungi, Edible

Cantharellus cibarius (Codex Stand. 40-1981)


VO - Golden berry, see Ground cherries

Physalis peruviana L.


VO 0441 Ground cherries

Physalis alkekengi L.: Ph. ixocarpa Brot. ex Horn.: Ph. peruviana L.


VO - Husk tomato, see Ground cherries
VO - Lady’s finger, see Okra
VO - Melon pear, see Pepino
VO 0450 Mushrooms

Cultivated cultivars of Agaricus spp.

syn: Psalliota spp., mainly Agaricus bisporus (definition

Codex Stand. 55-1981)


VO - Naranjilla, see Group 006 Assorted tropical and sub-tropical fruits - inedible peel
VO 0442 Okra

Hibiscus esculentus L.:

syn: Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) Moench.
VO - Paprika, see Peppers, Sweet
VO 0443 Pepino

Solanum muricatum L.


VO 0444 Peppers, Chili

Capsicum annuum L.: several pungent cultivars


VO - Peppers, Long, see Peppers, Sweet

Capsicum annuum L., var. longum (D. C.) Sendt.


VO 0445 Peppers, Sweet (including pimento or pimiento)

Capsicum annuum, var. grossum (L.) Sendt. and var. longum (D. C.) Sendt.


VO - Pimento or Pimiento, see Peppers, Sweet
VO - Quito Orange, see Naranjilla
VO 0446 Roselle

Hibiscus sabdariffa L., var. sabdariffa L.


VO - Strawberry tomato, see Ground cherries
VO 04471 Sweet corn (corn-on-the-cob), see definition in Codex Stan. 133-1981

Zea mays L., var. saccharata Sturt:

syn: Zea mays L., var. rugosa Bonof.
VO 1275 Sweet corn (kernels), see definition in Codex Stan. 132-1981
VO - Tomatillo, see Ground cherries

Physalis ixocarpa Brot. ex Horn.


VO 0448 Tomato

Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.:

syn: Solanum lycopersicum L.
VO - Tree melon, see Pepino
VO 0451 - VO 0459 (inclusive) Reserved

Leafy vegetables (including Brassica leafy vegetables)

Class A


Type 2 Vegetables Group 013 Group Letter Code VL
Group 013 Leafy vegetables are foods derived from the leaves of a wide variety of edible plants, usually annuals or biennials. They are characterized by high surface : weight ratio. The leaves are fully exposed to pesticides applied during the growing season.

The entire leaf may be consumed, either fresh or after processing or household cooking.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity as usually marketed, after removal of obviously decomposed or withered leaves.

Group 013 Leafy vegetables (including Brassica leafy vegetables)



Code Number Commodity
VL 0053 Leafy vegetables
VL 0054 Brassica leafy vegetables

Brassica spp.


VL 0460 Amaranth

among others Amaranthus dubius Mart. ex Thell.: A. cruentus L.: A. tricolor L., several var.


VL - Amsoi, see Indian Mustard
VL - Arrugula, see Rucola
VL 0421 Balsam pear leaves

Momordica charantia L.


VL - Beet leaves, see Chard
VL 0461 Betel leaves

Piper betle L.


VL - Bitter cucumber leaves, see Balsam pear leaves
VL - Blackjack

Bidens pilosa L.


VL - Bledo, see Amaranth
VL - Borecole, see Kale, curly
VL 0462 Box thorn

Lycium chinense Mill.


VL - Broccoli raab

similar to Turnip greens, see there

Brassica campestris L., ruvo group
VL 0463 Cassava leaves

Manihot esculenta Crantz


VL - Celery cabbage, see Chinese cabbage
VL - Celery mustard, see Pak-choi
VL 0464 Chard

Beta vulgaris L., var. vulgaris:

syn: B. vulgaris L., var. cicla L.
VL 0465 Chervil

Anthriscus cerefolium (L.) Hoffmann


VL 0469 Chicory leaves (green and red cultivars)

Cichorium intybus L., var. foliosum Hegi


VL 0467 Chinese cabbage, (type Pe-tsai)

Brassica pekinensis (Lour.) Ruprecht

syn: B. campestris L., ssp pekinensis (Lour.) Olson
VL 0468 Choisum

Brassica campestris L., var. parachinensis (Bailey) Sinsk.


VL - Collard, see Kale
VL 0470 Corn salad

Valerianella locusta (L.) Laterrade:

syn: V. olitoria Poll.
VL 0510 Cos lettuce

Lactuca sativa L., var. romana

L. sativa L.: var. longifolia
VL - Cowslip, (American english) see Marsh marigold

Calltha palustris L.


VL 0472 Cress, Garden

Lepidium sativum L.


VL - Crisphead lettuce, see Lettuce, Head
VL - Curly Kale, see Kale, curly
VL - Cutting lettuce, see Lettuce, Leaf
VL 0474 Dandelion

Taraxacum officinale Weber


VL 0475 Dock

Rumex spp.: also Rumex hybrids


VL 0476 Endive

Cichorium endivia L.


VL - Endive, broad or plain leaved, see Endive

Cichorium endivia L., var. latifolium Lamarck


VL - Endive, curled, see Endive

Cichorium endivia L., var. crispum Lamarck


VL - Fennel, see Group 027 Herbs
VL - Fennel, Bulb, see Group 009 Bulb vegetables
VL - Garden cress, see Cress, Garden
VL 0477 Goosefoot

Chenopodium spp.


VL - Gow Kee, see Box thorn
VL 0269 Grape leaves

Vitis vinifera L.


VL 0478 Indian mustard

Brassica juncea (L.) Czern. & Coss.


VL - Jamaican sorrel, see Roselle leaves
VL 0479 Japanese greens, various species, a.o.

Chrysanthemum coronarium L.: Turnip greens (see there)

Mizuma, Indian Mustard and Komatsuna
VL 0480 Kale (including among others: Collards, Curly kale, Scotch kale, thousand-headed kale: not including Marrow-stem kale, no. AV 1052, see group 052: Miscellaneous fodder and forage crops, page 108)

Brassica oleracea L., convar. acephala (D. C.) Alef., var. acephala


VL - Kale, curly, see Kale

Brassica oleracea L., convar. acephala (D. C.) Alef., var. sabellica L.


VL 0507 Kangkung

Ipomoea aquatica Forsk.:

syn: I. reptans Poir.
VL 0481 Komatsuma

Brassica pervirides H. L. Bail.


VL - Lambs lettuce, see Corn salad
VL 0482 Lettuce, Head

Lactuca sativa L., var. capitata


VL 0483 Lettuce, Leaf

Lactuca sativa L., var. crispa L.:

syn: L. sativa, var. foliosa
VL - Lettuce, Red, see Lettuce, Head

Red cultivar of Lactuca sativa, var. capitata


VL 0484 Mallow

Malva verticillata L.: syn: M. crispa L.: M. mohileviensis Graebn., M. pamiroalaica Ilj. and M. sylvestris L.


VL 0471 Marsh marigold

Caltha palustris L.


VL - Matrimony vine, see Box thorn
VL 0485 Mustard greens

among others Brassica juncea (L.) Czern & Coss ssp. juncea


VL - Mustard, Indian, see Indian Mustard
VL - Mustard spinach, see Komatsuma
VL 0486 New Zealand spinach

Tetragonia tetragonioides (Pallas) O. Kuntze:

syn: T. expansa Murr.
VL 0487 Nightshade, Black

Solanum nigrum L.


VL - Namenia, see Turnip greens
VL 0488 Orach

Atriplex hortensis L.


VL 0466 Pak-choi or Paksoi

Brassica sinensis L.:

syn: B. campestris, ssp chinensis (L.) Makino
VL - Pak-tsai, see Chinese cabbage, (type Pe-tsai)
VL - Pak-tsoi or Pak-soi, see Pak-choi or Paksoi
VL 0337 Papaya leaves

Carica papaya L.


VL 0489 Pepper leaves

Piper umbellatum L. (Asia): P. auritum H. B. & K.:

P. sanctum (Miq.) Schlecht., both Centr. and S. America
VL 0490 Plantain leaves

Plantago major L.


VL - Poke-berry leaves, see Pokeweed
VL 0491 Pokeweed

Phytolacca americana L.:

syn: P. decandra L.: P. rivinoides H. et B.
VL 0492 Purslane

Portulaca oleracea L., ssp. sativa (Haw) Celak.


VL 0493 Purslane, Winter

Claytonia perfoliata Donn ex Willd.:

syn: Montia perfoliata Howell
VL 0494 Radish leaves (including Radish tops)

Raphanus sativus L., several varieties


VL 0495 Rape greens

Brassica napus L.


VL - Red-leaved chicory, see Chicory leaves
VL - Rocket salad, see Rucola
VL - Roquette, see Rucola
VL 0446 Roselle leaves

Hibiscus sabdariffa L.


VL 0496 Rucola

Eruca vesicaria (L.) Cav. ssp sativa Mill. E. sativa L.


VL 0497 Rutabaga greens

Brassica napobrassica (L.) Mill.:

syn: B. napus L., var. napobrassica (L.) Rchb.
VL 0498 Salsify leaves

Tragopogon porrifolium L.


VL 0499 Sea kale

Crambe maritima L.


VL 0500 Senna leaves

Cassia senna L.:

syn: C. acutifolia Del.
VL - Silver beet, see Chard

Beta vulgaris L.: var. flaveseens


VL - Sorrel, Jamaican, see Roselle leaves
VL 0501 Sowthistle

Sonchus oleraceus L.


VL 0502 Spinach

Spinacia oleracea L.


VL - Spinach beet, see Chard

Beta vulgaris L.: var. vulgaris


VL 0503 Spinach, Indian

Basella alba L.:

syn: B. rubra L.
VL - Sugar loaf, see Chicory leaves
VL 0508 Sweet potato, leaves

Ipomoea batatas (L.) Poir.


VL - Swiss chard, see Chard
VL 0504 Tannia leaves

Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott:

syn: X. edule (Mey) Schott: X. xanthorrhizon (Jacq.) C. Koch: Arum sagittaefolium L.
VL 0505 Taro leaves

Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott


VL - Tendergreen, see Turnip greens
VL - Tsai shim, see Choisum
VL - Tsoi sum, see Choisum
VL 0506 Turnip greens

Brassica rapa L., var. rapa:

syn: B. campestris L., var. rapifera Metz.
VL - Vine spinach, see Spinach, Indian
VL 0473 Watercress

Nasturtium officinale R. Br. and a hybrid of N. officinalis R. Br. x N. microphyllum (Boenningh.) Rchb.


VL - Water spinach, see Kangkung
VL - Yautia leaves, see Tannia leaves
VL 0511 - VL 0519 (inclusive) Reserved

Legume vegetables

Class A


Type 2 Vegetables Group 014 Group Letter Code VP
Group 014. Legume vegetables are derived from the succulent seed and immature pods of leguminous plants commonly known as beans and peas.

Pods are fully exposed to pesticides during the growing season, whereas the succulent seed is protected within the pod from most pesticides, except pesticides with systemic action. The succulent forms may be consumed as whole pods or as the shelled product.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity, unless otherwise specified.

Group 014 Legume vegetables



Code Number Commodity
VP 0060 Legume vegetables
VP 00611 Beans, except broad bean and soya bean (green pods and immature seeds)

Phaseolus spp.


VP 0062 Beans, shelled

(succulent = immature seeds)


VP 0063 Peas (pods and succulent = immature seeds)

Pisum spp.: Vigna spp.


VP 0064 Peas, shelled (succulent seeds)

Pisum spp.: Vigna spp.


VP - Angola pea (immature seed), see Pigeon pea
VP - Asparagus bean (pods), see Yard-long bean
VP - Asparagus pea (pods), see Goa bean
VP 0520 Bambara groundnut (immature seeds)

Voandzeia subterranea (L.) Thou.


VP 0521 Black gram (green pods)

Phaseolus mungo L.:

syn: Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper
VP - Bonavist bean (young pods and immature seeds), see Hyacinth bean
VP 0522 Broad bean (green pods and immature seeds)

Vicia faba L. subsp. eu-faba, var. major Harz and var. minor Beck.


VP 0523 Broad bean, shelled (succulent) (= immature seeds)
VP - Butter bean (immature pods), see Lima bean
VP - Cajan pea (young green seeds), see Pigeon pea
VP - Catjang cowpea (immature pods and green seeds), see Cowpea

Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.:

syn: Dolichos catjang Burm.: D. unguiculatus L.
VP 0524 Chick-pea (green pods)

Cicer arietinum L.


VP 0525 Cluster bean (young pods)

Cyamopsis tetragonoloba (L.) Taub:

syn: C. psoralioides DC.
VP 0526 Common bean (pods and/or immature seeds)

Phaseolus vulgaris L., several cultivars


VP 0527 Cowpea (immature pods)

Vigna unguiculata L., Cv-group unguiculata


VP - Dwarf bean (immature pods and/or seeds), see Common bean
VP - Edible-podded pea, see Podded pea
VP - Fava bean (green pods and immature beans), see Broad bean
VP - Field bean (green pods), see Common bean
VP - Flageolet (fresh beans), see Common bean
VP - Four-angled bean (immature pods), see Goa bean
VP - French bean (immature pods and seeds), see Common bean
VP - Garbanzos, see Chick-pea
VP 0528 Garden pea (young pods) (= succulent, immature seeds)

Pisum sativum L., subsp. hortense (Neilr.) A. et G.:

syn: P. sativum L., subsp. sativum L.
VP 0529 Garden pea, shelled (succulent seeds)

for scientific name see above


VP 0530 Goa bean (immature pods)

Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L.) DC.


VP - Gram (green pods), see Chick-pea
VP - Green bean (green pods and immature seeds), see Common bean
VP - Green gram (green pods), see Mung bean
VP - Guar (young pods), see Cluster bean
VP - Haricot bean (green pods, and/or immature seeds), see Common bean
VP - Horse bean (green pods and/or immature seeds), see Broad bean
VP 0531 Hyacinth bean (young pods, immature seeds)

Dolichos lablab L.:

syn: Lablab niger Medik: L. vulgaris Savi
VP 0532 Jack bean (young pods, immature seeds)

Canavalia ensiformis (L.) DC.


VP - Kidney bean (pods and/or immature seeds), see Common bean
VP - Lablab (young pods; immature seeds), see Hyacinth bean
VP 0533 Lentil (young pods)

Lens esculenta Moench.:

syn: L. culinaris Medik: Ervum lens L.
VP 0534 Lima bean (young pods and/or immature beans)

Phaseolus lunatus L.:

syn: Ph. limensis Macf.: Ph. inamoenus L.
VP 0545 Lupin

Lupinus ssp, sweet spp., varieties and cultivars with a low alkaloid content


VP - Mangetout or Mangetout pea, see Podded pea
VP - Manila bean (immature pods), see Goa bean
VP 0535 Mat bean (green pods, mature, fresh seeds)

Phaseolus aconitifolius Jacq.:

syn: Ph. trilobus Ait: Vigna aconitifolius (Jacq.) Verde.
VP - Moth bean, see Mat bean
VP 0536 Mung bean (green pods)

Phaseolus aureus Roxb:

syn: Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek, var. radiata: V. aureus (Roxb.) Hepper
VP - Navy bean (young pods and/or immature seeds), see Common bean
VP - Pea, see Garden pea
VP - Pigeon bean (green pods and immature seeds), see Broad bean

Vicia faba L., subsp. eu-faba, var. minor Beck


VP 0537 Pigeon pea (green pods and/or young green seeds)

Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.:

syn: C. indicus Spreng.
VP 0538 Podded pea (young pods)

Pisum sativum L., subsp. sativum var. axiphium: P. sativum L., subsp. sativum, var. sacharatum


VP - Red gram (green pods and/or young green seeds), see Pigeon pea
VP 0539 Rice bean (young pods)

Vigna umbellata (Thunb.) Ohwi eg Ohashi:

syn: V. calcarata (Roxb.) Kurz: Phaseolus calcaratus Roxb.
VP - Runner bean (green pods and seeds), see Common bean
VP 0540 Scarlet runner bean (pods and seeds)

Phaseolus coccineus L.:

syn: Ph. multiflorus Willd.
VP - Sieva bean (young pods and/or green fresh beans), see Lima bean
VP - Snap bean (young pods), see Common bean
VP 05411 Soya bean (immature seeds)

Glycine max (L.) Merr.:

syn: G. soja Sieb. & Succ.: G. hispida (Moench) Maxim.: Soja max (L.) Piper
VP - Soybean, see Soya bean
VP - Sugar pea (young pods), see Podded pea

Pisum sativum L., subsp. sativum, var. sacharatum


VP 0542 Sword bean (young pods and bean)

Canavalia gladiata (Jacq.) DC.


VP - Urd bean (green pods), see Black gram
VP - Winged bean (immature pods), see Goa bean
VP 0543 Winged pea (young pods)

Tetragonolobus purpureus Moench:

syn: Lotus tetragonolobus L.
VP - Wrinkled pea, see Garden pea

Pisum sativum L., convar. medullare


VP 0544 Yard-long bean (pods)

Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp, Cv-group sesquipedalis


VP 0546 - VP 0559 (inclusive) Reserved

Pulses

Class A


Type 2 Vegetables Group 015 Group Letter Code VD
Group 015. Pulses are derived from the mature seeds, naturally or artificially dried, of leguminous plants known as beans (dry) and peas (dry).

The seeds in the pods are protected fr4om most pesticides applied during the growing season except pesticides which show a systemic action. the dried beans and peas however are often exposed to post harvest treatments.

The dry pulses are consumed after processing or household cooking.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity.



Group 015 Pulses



Code Number Commodity
VD 0070 Pulses
VD 0071 Beans (dry)

Phaseolus spp.: several species and cultivars


VD 0072 Peas (dry)

Pisum spp.: Vigna spp.


VD 0560 Adzuki bean (dry)

Phaseolus angularis (Willd.) Wight:

syn: Vigna angularis (Willd.) Ohwi & Ohashi
VD - Angola pea, see Pigeon pea
VD 0520 Bambara groundnut (dry seed)

Vigna subterranea (L.) Verde.:

syn: Voandzeia subterranea (L.) Thou.
VD - Black-eyed pea, see Cowpea
VD 0521 Black gram (dry)

Phaseolus mungo L.:

syn: Vigna mungo (L.) Hepper
VD - Bonavist bean, see Hyacinth bean
VD 0523 Broad bean (dry)

Vicia faba L, subsp. eu-faba, var. major Harz. and var. minor Beck


VD - Butter bean, see Lima bean
VD - Cajan pea, see Pigeon pea
VD 0524 Chick-pea (dry)

Cicer arietinum L.


VD 0526 Common bean (dry)

Phaseolus vulgaris L.


VD 0527 Cowpea (dry)

Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp:

syn: V. sinensis (L.) Savi ex Hassk.: Dolichos sinensis L.
VD - Dwarf bean (dry), see Common bean (dry)
VD - Fava bean (dry), see Broad bean (dry)
VD - Field bean (dry), see Common bean (dry)
VD 0561 Field pea (dry)

Pisum sativum L., subsp. arvense (L.) A. et G.:

syn: Pisum arvense L.
VD - Flageolet (dry), see Common bean (dry)
VD - French bean, see Group 014: Legume vegetables
VD - Geocarpa groundnut or Geocarpa bean, see Kersting’s groundnut
VD - Garden pea, see Group 014: Legume vegetables
VD - Goa bean, see Group 014: Legume vegetables
VD - Gram (dry), see Chick-pea (dry)
VD - Green beans, see Group 014: Legume vegetables
VD - Green gram (dry), see Mung bean (dry)
VD - Groundnut, see Peanut, Group 023: Oilseed
VD - Haricot bean, see Common bean, Group 014: Legume vegetables
VD - Horse bean (dry), see Broad bean (dry)
VD 0562 Horse gram

Dolichos uniflorus Lam.:

syn: D. biflorus auct. non L.
VD 0531 Hyacinth bean (dry)

Lablab niger Medik:

syn: Dolichos lablab L.: Lablab vulgaris Savi.
VD - Jack bean, see Group 014: Legume vegetables
VD 0563 Kersting’s groundnut

Macrostyloma geocarpum (Harms) Marcechal & Baudet:

syn: Kerstingiella geocarpa Harms.: Voandzeia poissoinii Chev.
VD - Kidney bean (dry), see Common bean (dry)
VD - Lablab (dry), see Hyacinth bean (dry)
VD 0533 Lentil (dry)

Lens esculenta Moench:

syn: L. culinaris Medik: Ervum lens L.
VD 0534 Lima bean (dry)

Phaseolus lunatus L.:

syn: Ph. limensis Macf.: Ph inamoenus L.
VD 0545 Lupin (dry)

Lupinus spp., sweet spp. varieties and cultivars with a low alkaloid content


VD 0535 Mat bean (dry)

Phaseolus aconitifolius Jacq.


VD - Moth bean (dry), see Mat bean (dry)
VD 0536 Mung bean (dry)

Phaseolus aureus Roxb:

syn: Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek, var. radiata: V. aureus (Roxb.) Hepper
VD - Navy bean (dry), see Common bean (dry)
VD - Pea (dry), see Field pea (dry)
VD 0537 Pigeon pea (dry)

Cajanus cajan (L.) Millsp.:

syn: C. indicus Spreng.
VD - Red gram (dry), see Pigeon pea (dry)
VD 0539 Rice bean (dry)

Vigna umbellata (Thunb.) Ohwi & Ohashi:

syn: V. calcarata (Roxb.) Kurz: Phaseolus calcaratus Roxb.
VD - Runner bean, see Common bean, Group 014: Legume vegetables
VD - Scarlet runner bean, see Group 014: Legume vegetables
VD - Sieva bean (dry), see Lima bean (dry)
VD 0541 Soya bean (dry)

Glycine max (L.) Merr.:

syn: G. soja Sieb. & Zucc.: G. hispida (Moench) Maxim.: Soja max (L.) Piper
VD - Soybean (dry), see Soya bean (dry)
VD 0564 Tepary bean (dry)

Phaseolus acutifolius Gray, var. latifolius Freem.


VD - Urd bean (dry), see Black gram (dry)
VD - Wrinkled pea (dry), see Field pea (dry)
VD 0565 - VD 0569 (inclusive) Reserved

Root and tuber vegetables

Class A


Type 2 Vegetables Group 016 Group Letter Code VR
Group 016. Root and tuber vegetables are the starchy enlarged solid roots, tubers, corms or rhizomes, mostly subterranean, of various species of plants, mostly annuals.

The underground location protects the edible portion from pesticides applied to the aerial parts of the crop during the growing season; however the commodities in this group are exposed to pesticide residues from soil treatments.

The entire vegetable may be consumed in the form of fresh or processed foods.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity after removing tops. Remove adhering soil (e.g. by rinsing in running water or by gentle brushing of the dry commodity).



Group 016 Root and tuber vegetables



Code Number Commodity
VR 0075 Root and tuber vegetables
VR - Achira, see Canna, edible
VR 0570 Alocasia

Alocasia macrorrhiza (L.) Schott:

A. indica (Roxb.) Schott
VR 0571 Arracacha

Arracacia xanthorrhiza Bancr.:

syn: A. esculenta DC.
VR 0572 Arrowhead

Sagittaria sagittifolia L.: S. sagittifolia L., var. sinensis Sims:

S. japonica Hort.: S. latifolia Willd.:

S. trifolia L.: S. trifolia L., var. edulis Ohwi


VR 0573 Arrowroot

Maranta arundinacea L.: several cultivars


VR 0574 Beetroot

Beta vulgaris L., var. conditiva


VR - Black salsify, see Scorzonera
VR 0575 Burdock, greater or edible

Arctium lappa L.:

syn: Lappa officinalis All.: L. major Gaertn.
VR 0576 Canna, edible

Canna edulis Ker.


VR 0577 Carrot

Daucus carota L.


VR 0463 Cassava

Manihot esculenta Crantz:

syn: M. aipi Pohl: M. ultissima Pohl: M. dulcis Pax: M. palmata Muell.-Arg.
VR - Cassava, Bitter, see Cassava

Manihot esculenta Crantz, bitter cultivars


VR - Cassava, Sweet, see Cassava

Manihot esculenta Crantz, sweet cultivars


VR 0578 Celeriac

Apium graveolens L., var. rapaceum (Mill.) Gaudin


VR 0426 Chayote root

Sechium edule (Jacq.) Swartz


VR 0579 Chervil, Turnip-rooted

Chaerophyllum bulbosum L.


VR 0469 Chicory, roots

Cichorum intybus L. var foliosum hegi and var sativum Lam. & DC.


VR - Chinese radish, see Radish, Japanese
VR - Christophine, see Chayote root
VR 0580 Chufa, see Tiger nut
VR - Cocoyam, see Tannia and Taro
VR - Dasheen, see Taro
VR - Daikon, see Radish, Japanese
VR - Eddoe, see Taro

Colocasia esculenta L., var. antiquorum (Schott), Hubbard & Rehder:

syn: C. esculenta, var. globifera Engl. & Krause
VR 0581 Galangal, Greater

Languas galanga (L.) Stuntz:

syn: Alpinia galanga Sw.
VR 0582 Galangal, Lesser

Languas officinarum (Hance) Farwell:

syn: Alpinia galanga Sw.
VR - Globe artichoke, see Group 017: Artichoke Globe, Stalk and stem vegetables
VR 0530 Goa bean root

Psophocarpus tetragonolobus (L.) DC.


VR - Gruya, see Canna, edible
VR 0583 Horseradish

Armoracia rusticana (Gaertn.) M. et Sch.:

syn: Cochlearia armoracia L.: Armoracia lapathifolia Gilib.
VR 0584 Japanese artichoke

Stachys sieboldii Miq.


VR 0585 Jerusalem artichoke

Helianthus tuberosus L.


VR - Jicama, see Yam bean
VR - Leren, see Topee Tambu
VR - Manioc, see Cassava, bitter
VR 0586 Oca

Oxalis tuberosa Mol.


VR - Oyster plant, see Salsify
VR 0587 Parsley, Turnip-rooted

Petroselinum crispum (Mill.) Nyman ex A.W. Hill var. tuberosum


VR 0588 Parsnip

Pastinaca sativa L.


VR 0589 Potato

Solanum tuberosum L.


VR - Potato yam, see Yam bean
VR - Queensland arrowroot, see Canna, edible
VR 0494 Radish

Raphanus sativus L., subvar. radicola Pers.


VR 0590 Radish, Black

Raphanus sativus L., subvar. niger Pers.


VR 0591 Radish, Japanese

Raphanus sativus L., var. longipinnatus Bailey


VR 0592 Rampion roots

Campanula rapunculus L.


VR - Rutabaga, see Swede
VR - Red beet, see Beetroot
VR 0498 Salsify

Tragopogon porrifolius L.


VR - Salsify, Black, see Scorzonera
VR 0593 Salsify, Spanish

Scolymus hispanicus L.


VR 0594 Scorzonera

Scorzonera hispanica L.


VR 0595 Skirrit or Skirret

Sium sisarum L.


VR 05961 Sugar beet

Beta vulgaris L., var. sacharifera:

syn: B. vulgaris L. var. altissima
VR 0497 Swede

Brassica napus L., var. napobrassica (L.) Reichenbach


VR 0508 Sweet potato

Ipomoea batatas (L.) Poir


VR - Tanier, see Tannia
VR 0504 Tannia

Xanthosoma sagittifolium (L.) Schott


VR - Tapioca, see Cassava
VR 0505 Taro

Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott, var. esculenta


VR 0580 Tiger nut

Cyperus esculentus L.


VR 0598 Topee tambu

Calathea allouia (Aubl.) Lindl.


VR - Turnip, see Swede
VR 0506 Turnip, Garden

Brassica rapa L., var. rapa:

syn: B campestris L., var. rapifera
VR - Turnip, Swedish, see Swede
VR 0599 Ullucu

Ullucus tuberosus Caldas


VR 0600 Yams

Dioscorea L.: several species


VR - Yam, Cush-cush, see Yams

Dioscorea trifida L.


VR - Yam, Eight-months, see Yam, White Guinea
VR - Yam, Greater, see Yams

Dioscorea alata L.


VR - Yam, Twelve-months, see Yam, Yellow Guinea
VR - Yam, White, see Yam, White Guinea
VR - Yam, White Guinea, see Yams

Dioscorea rotundata Poir.


VR - Yam, Yellow, see Yam, Yellow Guinea
VR - Yam, Yellow Guinea, see Yams

Dioscorea cayenensis Lam.


VR 0601 Yam bean

Pachyrhizus erosus (L.) Urban:

syn: P. angulatus Rich. ex DC.: P. bulbosus (L.) Kurz: Dolichos erosus L.
VR - Yautia, see Tannia
VR 0602 - VR 0619 (inclusive) Reserved

Stalk and stem vegetables

Class A


Type 2 Vegetables Group 017 Group Letter Code VS
Group 017. Stalk and stem vegetables are the edible stalks, leaf stems or immature shoots, from a variety of annual or perennial plants. Although not actually belonging to this group, globe artichoke (the immature flowerhead) of the family Compositae is included in this group.

Depending upon the part of the crop used for consumption and the growing practices, stalk and stem vegetables are exposed, in varying degrees to pesticides applied during the growing season.

Stalk and stem vegetables may be consumed in whole or in part and in the form of fresh, dried or processed foods.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity as marketed after removal of obviously decomposed or withered leaves. Rhubarb, leafstems only: globe artichoke, flowerhead only, celery and asparagus, remove adhering soil.



Group 017 Stalk and stem vegetables



Code Number Commodity
VS 0078 Stalk and stem vegetables
VS 0620 Artichoke, globe

Cynara scolymus L.


VS 0621 Asparagus

Asparagus officinalis L.


VS 0622 Bamboo shoots

Bambusa vulgaris Schrd. ex Wendland.: Dendrocalamus strictus (Roxb.) Nees: Gigantochloa verticilliata (Willd.) Munro


VS 0623 Cardoon

Cynara cardunculus L.


VS 0624 Celery

Apium graveolens L., var. dulce


VS - Celery leaves, see Group 027: Herbs
VS 0625 Celtuce

Lactuca sativa L., var. angustina Irish:

syn: L. sativa L., var. asparagina Bailey
VS 0626 Palm hearts

among others Raphia spp.: Cocus nucifera L.: Borassus aethiopicum Mart.: Salacca edilis Reinw.


VS 0627 Rhubarb

Rheum rhaponticum L.


VS 0469 Witloof chicory (sprouts)

Cichorium intybus L., var. foliosum Hegi: green, red and white cultivars


VS 0628 - VS 0639 (inclusive) Reserved
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