Guide to codex recommendations concerning pesticide residues



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TYPE 3 GRASSES

Grasses are herbaceous annual and perennial monocotyledonous plants of different kinds, cultivated extensively for their ears (heads) of starchy seeds used directly for the production of food. Grasses used for animal feed are classified under Class C: Primary Animal feed commodities, Group 051.

The plants are fully exposed to pesticides applied during the growing season.

Cereal grains

Class A


Type 3 Grasses Group 020 Group Letter Code GC
Group 020. Cereal grains are derived from the ears (heads) of starchy seeds produced by a variety of plants, primarily of the grass family (Gramineae).

Buckwheat, a dicotyledonous crop belonging to the botanical family Polygonaceae and two Chenopodium species, belonging to the botanical family Chenopodiaceae are included in this group, because of similarities in size and type of the seed, residue pattern and the use of the commodity.

The edible seeds are protected to varying degrees from pesticides applied during the growing season by husks. Husks are removed before processing and/or consumption.

Cereal grains are often exposed to post-harvest treatment with pesticides.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity. Fresh corn and sweet corn: kernels plus cob without husk. (For the latter group see 012 Fruiting vegetables, other than Cucurbits).
For Fodders and straw of cereals, see Class C, Type 11 Group 051

Group 020 Cereal grains



Code Number Commodity
GC 0080 Cereal grains

Seeds of gramineous plants as listed below, and Buckwheat and Chenopodium spp. as listed


GC 00811 Cereal grains, except Buckwheat, Cañihua and Quinoa
GC - Acha, see Hungry Rice
GC - Adlay, see Job’s Tears
GC - African millet, see Millet, Finger
GC 0640 Barley

Hordeum vulgare L.:

syn: H sativum Pers.
GC - Brown-corn millet, see Millet, Common
GC 0641 Buckwheat

Fagopyrum esculentum Moench:

syn: F. sagittatum Gilib.
GC - Bulrush millet, see Millet, Bulrush
GC 0642 Cañihua

Chenopodium pallidicaule Aellen


GC - Cat-tail millet, see Millet, Bulrush
GC - Chicken corn, see Sorghum

Sorghum drummondii (Steud.) Millsp. & Chase


GC - Corn, see Maize
GC - Corn-on-the-cob (Codex Stand. 133-1981), see Fruiting vegetables (other than Cucurbits), Group 012
GC - Corn, whole kernel (Codex Stand. 133-1981), see Fruiting vegetables (other than Cucurbits), Group 012: Sweet corn (kernels)
GC - Dari seed, see Sorghum
GC - Durra, see Sorghum

ssp. Sorghum durra (Forsk.) Stapf.


GC - Durum wheat, see Wheat

ssp. Triticum durum Desf.


GC - Emmer, see Wheat

ssp. Triticum dicoccum Schubl.


GC - Feterita, see Sorghum

ssp. Sorghum caudatum Stapf.


GC - Finger millet, see Millet, Finger
GC - Fonio, see Hungry Rice
GC - Foxtail millet, see Millet, Foxtail
GC - Fundi, see Hungry Rice
GC - Guinea corn, see Sorghum

spp. Sorghum guineense Stapf.


GC - Hog millet, see Millet, Common
GC 0643 Hungry rice

Digitaria exilis Stapf.: D. iburua Stapf.


GC 0644 Job’s tears

Coix lacryma-jobi L.


GC - Kaffir corn, see Sorghum

ssp. Sorghum caffrorum Beauv.


GC - Kaoliang, see Sorghum

ssp. Sorghum nervosum Bess. ex Schult.


GC 06451 Maize

Zea mays L., several cultivars, not including Popcorn and Sweetcorn


GC 0646 Millet

Including Barnyard Millet, Bulrush Millet, Common Millet, Finger Millet, Foxtail Millet, Little Millet: see for scientific names, specific commodities listed as Millet, followed by a specific denomination


GC - Millet, Barnyard, see Millet

Echinochloa crus-galli (L.) Beauv.:

syn: Panicum crus-galli L.:

E. frumentacea (Roxb.) Link:

syn: Panicum frumentaceum Roxb.
GC - Millet, Bulrush, see Millet

Pennisetum typhoides (Burm. f.) Stapf. & Hubbard:

syn: P. glaucum (L.) R. Br.: P. americanum (L.) K. Schum.: P. spicatum (L.) Koern.
GC - Millet, Common, see Millet

Panicum miliaceum L.


GC - Millet, Finger, see Millet

Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.


GC - Millet, Foxtail, see Millet

Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.:

Syn: Panicum italicum L.: Chaetochloa italica (L.) Scribn.
GC - Millet, Little, see Millet

Panicum sumatrense Roth ex Roem & Schult.


GC - Milo, see Sorghum

ssp. Sorghum subglabrescens Schweinf. & Aschers


GC 0647 Oats

Avena fatua L.: A. abyssinica Hochst.


GC - Oat, Red, see Oats

Avena byzantina Koch


GC - Pearl millet, see Millet, Bulrush
GC 0656 Popcorn

Zea mays L., var. everta Sturt.:

syn: Zea mays L., var. praecox
GC - Proso millet, see Millet, Common
GC 0648 Quinoa

Chenopodium quinoa Willd.


GC 06491 Rice

Oryza sativa L.: several ssp. and cultivars


GC - Russian millet, see Millet, Common
GC 06503 Rye

Secale cereale L.


GC - Shallu, see Sorghum

ssp. Sorghum roxburghii Stapf.


GC - Sorgo, see Sorghum
GC 0651 Sorghum

Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench: several Sorghum ssp. and cultivars


GC - Spelt, see Wheat

Triticum spelta L.


GC - Spiked millet, see Millet, Bulrush
GC - Sweet corn, see Group 012 Fruiting vegetables (other than Cucurbits)
GC 0652 Teff or Tef

Eragrostis tef (Zucc.) Trotter:

syn: E. abyssinica (Jacq.) Link
GC 0657 Teosinte

Zea mays ssp. mexicana (Schrader) Iltis:

syn: Zea mexicana (Schrader) Kunze: Euchlaena mexicana Schrader.
GC 0653 Triticale

Hybrid of Wheat and Rye


GC 06542 Wheat

Cultivars of Triticum aestivum L.:

syn: T. sativum Lam.: T. vulgare Vill.: Triticum spp., as listed
GC 0655 Wild rice

Zizania aquatica L.


GC 0658 - GC 0659 (inclusive) Reserved

Grasses for sugar or syrup production

Class A


Type 3 Grasses Group 021 Group Letter Code GS
Group 021, Grasses for sugar or syrup production, includes species of grasses with a high sugar content especially in the stem. The stems are mainly used for sugar or syrup production, and to a small extent as vegetables or sweets. The leaves, ears and several wastes of the sugar or syrup manufacturing process are used, among others, as animal feed (see Group 052: Miscellaneous fodder and forage crops).

Group 021 Grasses for sugar or syrup production



Code Number Commodity
GS 0658 Sorgo or Sorghum, Sweet

varieties and cultivars of Sorghum of which the stems contain considerable amounts of sweet juice. Among others cultivars of

Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench.

S. dochna (Forsk.) Snowdon


GS 06591 Sugar cane

Saccharum officinarum L.


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