Guide to codex recommendations concerning pesticide residues



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TYPE 6 MAMMALIAN PRODUCTS

Mammalian products are derived from the edible parts of various mammals, primarily herbivorous, slaughtered for food. these mammals are usually domesticated, or to a lesser extent obtained as game animals. This type does not include edible products from marine mammals, for which see Group 044.



Meat (from mammals other than marine mammals)

Class B


Type 6 Mammalian products Group 030 Group Letter Code MM
Group 030 Meats are the muscular tissues, including adhering fatty tissues such as intramuscular, intermuscular and subcutaneous fat from animal carcases or cuts of these as prepared for wholesale or retail distribution in a “fresh” state. The cuts offered to the consumer may include bones, connective tissues and tendons as well as nerves and lymph nodes.

The commodity description of “fresh” meat includes meat which has been quick-frozen or quick-frozen and thawed.

The Group does not include edible offal as defined in Group 033.

Exposure to pesticides is through animal metabolism following oral intake with feed or through dermal intake as a consequence of external use of pesticides against ectoparasites.

The entire commodity except bones may be consumed.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity (without bones). For fat-soluble pesticides a portion of adhering fat is analysed and MRLs apply to the fat. For those commodities where the adhering fat is insufficient to provide a suitable sample, the whole commodity (without bone) is analysed and the MRL applies to the whole commodity (e.g. rabbit meat) (ref. ALINORM 87/24, Appendix IV, paragraph 6).



Group 030 Meat (from mammals other than marine mammals)



Code Number Commodity
MM 0095 Meat (from mammals other than marine mammals)
MM 0096 Meat of cattle, goats, horses, pigs and sheep
MM 0097 Meat of cattle, pigs and sheep
MM 0810 Buffalo meat

Bubalus bubalis L.

Syncerus caffer Sparrman

Bison bison L.


MM - Buffalo, African, meat, see Buffalo meat

Syncerus caffer Sparrman


MM - Buffalo, American, meat, see Buffalo meat

Bison bison L.


MM - Buffalo, Cape, meat, see Buffalo, African, meat
MM - Buffalo, Water, meat, see Buffalo meat

Bubalus bubalis L.:

syn: Bubalis buffalus Blum, Bos bubalis Brise: Bubalis bos Wall.
MM - Calf meat, see Cattle meat
MM 0811 Camel meat

Camelus bactrianus L.: C. dromedarius L.:

Lama glama L.: Lama pacos L.
MM - Camel, Bactrian, meat, see Camel meat

Camelus bactrianus L.


MM 08121 Cattle meat

Breeds and interbreeds of among others Bos taurus L.: B indicus L.:

B. grunniens L.: breeds of B. javanicus d’Alton
MM 0813 Deer meat

among others Cervus elaphus germanicus Desmarest:

Dama dama dama L.: syn: Cervus dama Corbet & Hill:

other Cervus spp. and ssp.


MM - Deer, Fallow, meat, see Deer meat

Dama dama dama L.:

syn: Cervus dama Corbet & Hill
MM - Deer, Red, meat, see Deer meat

Cerphus elaphus L.: other Cerphus spp., several ssp.


MM - Dromedary meat, see Camel meat

Camelus dromedarius L.


MM 0824 Elk meat

Alces alces (L.)


MM 0814 Goat meat

Breeds of Capra hircus L.: other Capra spp., several breeds.


MM 0815 Hare meat

Lepus europaeus Pallas, several ssp. and var.:

L. timidus L., several var.: other Lepus spp.
MM 08162 Horse meat

Several breeds of Equus caballus L.


MM 0817 Kangaroo meat

Genera of the family Macropodinae


MM - Lamb meat, see Sheep meat
MM - Llama or Lama, meat, see Camel meat

Breeds of Lama glama L.: Lama pacos L.


MM - Moufflon meat, see sheep meat

Ovis musimon (Pallas):

syn: Aegoceros musimon Pallas
MM - Moose, European, meat, see Elk meat
MM 08182 Pig meat

among other Sus domesticus Erxleben and breeds: Sus spp. and ssp.


MM 0819 Rabbit meat

Oryctolagus cuniculus L.: O. cuniculus fodiens (Gray): Lepus cuniculus L.:

Sylvilagus spp.
MM 0820 Reindeer meat

Rangifer tarandus (L.) (dom.)


MM 0821 Roe meat

Capreolus capreolus capreolus (L.)


MM 08223 Sheep meat

Several breeds of Ovis aries L.: other Ovis spp.


MM - Veal (= calf meat), see Cattle meat
MM - Water Buffalo, meat, see Buffalo meat

Bubalus bubalis L.


MM 0823 Wild boar, meat

Sus scrofa scrofa L.


MM - Yak meat, see Cattle meat

Bos grunniens L.


MM - Zebu meat, see Cattle meat

Bos indicus L.


Aquatic mammals: e.g., Whales, Dolphins, etc. See Group 044 Marine mammals
MM 0824 - MM 0839 (inclusive) Reserved

Mammalian fats (except fat from marine mammals)

Class B


Type 6 Mammalian products Group 031 Group Letter Code MF
Group 031. Mammalian fats, excluding milk fats are derived from the fatty tissues of animals (not processed). For processed animal fats see Group 085.

Exposure to pesticides is through animal metabolism following oral intake with feed or through dermal intake as a consequence of external use of the pesticides against ectoparasites.

The entire commodity may be consumed.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity.


The scientific species names of the relevant animals are not repeated for this group of commodities. For these names see Group 030 Meat (from mammals other than marine mammals).

Group 031 Mammalian fats



Code Number Commodity
MF 0100 Mammalian fats (except milk fats)
MF 0810 Buffalo fat
MF 0811 Camel fat
MF 0812 Cattle fat
MF 0814 Goat fat
MF 0815 Hare fat
MF 0816 Horse fat
MF 0818 Pig fat
MF 0819 Rabbit fat
MF 0822 Sheep fat
Reserved: see Meat

Edible offal (Mammalian)

Class B


Type 6 Mammalian products Group 032 Group Letter Code MO
Group 032. Edible offal are edible tissues and organs other than muscles (=meat) and animal fat from slaughtered animals as prepared for wholesale or retail distribution.

Examples: liver, kidney, tongue, heart, stomach, sweetbread (thymus gland), brain, etc.

The group name and definitions are in conformity with those recorded in the Codex Standards 89-1981 and 98-1981, Codex Standard for luncheon meat and Codex Standard for cooked cured chopped meat respectively: “Edible offal” means such offal’s as have been passed as fit for human consumption, but not including lungs, ears, scalp, snout (including lips and muzzle), mucous membranes, sinews, genital system, udders, intestines and urinary bladder”. IN the former Classification of Food and Food Groups in the Guide to Codex Maximum Limits for Pesticide Residues 1978: CAC/PR 1-1978 the name Meat by-products was used for this group.

Exposure to pesticides is through animal metabolism following oral intake with feed or through dermal intake as a consequence of external use of pesticides on livestock animals against ectoparasites.

The entire commodity may be consumed.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity.


The scientific species names of the relevant animals are not repeated for this group of commodities. For these names see Group 030 Meat (from mammals other than marine mammals).

Group 032 Edible offal (Mammalian)



Code Number Commodity
MO 0105 Edible offal (Mammalian)
MO 0096 Edible offal of cattle, goats, horses, pigs and sheep
MO 0097 Edible offal of cattle, pigs and sheep
MO 0098 Kidney of cattle, goats, pigs and sheep
MO 0099 Liver of cattle, goats, pigs and sheep
MO 0810 Buffalo, Edible offal of
MO 0811 Camel, Edible offal of
MO 0812 Cattle, Edible offal of
MO 1280 Cattle, kidney
MO 1281 Cattle, liver
MO 0814 Goat, Edible offal of
MO 0816 Horse, Edible offal of
MO 1292 Horse, kidney
MO 1293 Horse, liver
MO 0818 Pig, Edible offal of
MO 1284 Pig, kidney
MO 1285 Pig, liver
MO 0822 Sheep, Edible offal of
MO 1288 Sheep, kidney
MO 1289 Sheep, liver

Milks

Class B


Type 6 Mammalian products Group 033 Group Letter Code ML
Group 033. Milks are the mammary secretions of various species of lactating herbivorous ruminant animals, usually domesticated.
In conformity with the Codex Alimentarius Code of Principles concerning Milk and Milk products the term “Milk” shall mean exclusively the normal mammary excretion obtained from one or more milkings without either addition thereto or extraction therefrom.
Notwithstanding the provisions in the preceding paragraph, “the term “Milk” may be used for milk treated without altering its composition, or for milk, the fat content of which has been standardised under domestic legislation”.

The entire commodity may be consumed.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity.
The scientific species names of the relevant animals are not repeated for this group of commodities. For these names see Group 030 Meat (from mammals other than marine mammals).

Group 033 Milks



Code Number Commodity
ML 0106 Milks
ML 0107 Milk of cattle, goats and sheep
ML 0810 Buffalo milk
ML 0811 Camel milk
ML 0812 Cattle milk
ML 0814 Goat milk
ML 0822 Sheep milk

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