Guide to codex recommendations concerning pesticide residues



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TYPE 7 POULTRY PRODUCTS



Poultry meat (including Pigeon meat)

Class B


Type 7 Poultry products Group 036 Group Letter Code PM
Group 036. Poultry meats are the muscular tissues including adhering fat and skin from poultry carcases as prepared for wholesale or retail distribution.

Exposure to pesticides may result from external treatment of animals or poultry houses or through animal metabolism following oral intake of pesticides with feed.

The entire product may be consumed.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity (without bones): For fat-soluble pesticides a portion of adhering fat is analysed and MRLs apply to the poultry fat.



Group 036 Poultry meat (including Pigeon meat)



Code Number Commodity
PM 0110 Poultry meat
PM 0840 Chicken meat

Several breeds of Gallus gallus L., and other Gallus spp.


PM 0841 Duck meat

Breeds of Anas platyrhynchos L. and other Anas spp.


PM 08421 Goose meat

Anser anser L.: other Anser spp.


PM 0843 Guinea-fowl meat

Breeds of Numida meleagris


PM 0844 Partridge meat

Perdrix spp. and Alectoris spp.


PM 0845 Pheasant meat

Breeds of Phasanius colchicus and other Phasanius spp. and ssp.


PM 0846 Pigeon meat

Breeds of Columba livia Gmelin: other Columba spp.: Streptopelia spp.


PM 0847 Quail meat

Coturnix coturnix (L.): Colinus virginianus: Lophotyx californicus:


PM - Quail, Bobwhite, see Quail

Colinus virginianus


PM - Quail, California, see Quail meat

Lephotyx californicus


PM 0848 Turkey meat

Breeds of Meleagris gallopavo L.


PM 0850 - PM 0854 (inclusive) Reserved

0849 see poultry, edible offal of



Poultry fats

Class B


Type 7 Poultry products Group 037 Group Letter Code PF
Poultry fats are derived from the fatty tissues of poultry. Exposure to pesticides may result from external treatment of animals or poultry houses or through animal metabolism following oral intake of pesticides with feed.

The entire product may be consumed.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity.
The scientific species names of the relevant animals are not repeated for this group of commodities. For these names see Group 036 Poultry meat.

Group 037 Poultry fats



Code Number Commodity
PF 0111 Poultry fats
PF 0840 Chicken fat
PF 0841 Duck fat
PF 0842 Goose fat
PF 0848 Turkey fat

Poultry, Edible offal of

Class B


Type 7 Poultry products Group 038 Group Letter Code PO
Poultry edible offal’s are such edible tissues and organs, other than poultry meat and poultry fat, from slaughtered poultry as have been passed fit for human consumption. Examples: liver, gizzard, heart, skin etc. In the former Classification of Food and Food Groups in the Guide to Codex Maximum Limits for Pesticide Residues 1978: CAC/PR 1-1978 the name Poultry by-products was used for this group.
Exposure to pesticides is through animal metabolism following oral intake of pesticides with feed or may result from external treatment of animals or poultry houses.

The entire product may be consumed.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole Commodity.

Group 038 Poultry, Edible offal of



Code Number Commodity
PO 0111 Poultry, Edible offal of
PO 0113 Poultry skin
PO 0840 Chicken, Edible offal of
PO 0841 Duck, Edible offal of
PO 0842 Goose, Edible offal of
PO 0849 Goose, liver
PO 0848 Turkey, Edible offal of

Eggs of Poultry

Class B


Type 7 Poultry products Group 039 Group Letter Code PE
Group 039. Eggs are the fresh edible portion of the body produced by female birds, especially domestic fowl.

The edible portion includes egg yolk and egg white after removal of the shell.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole egg whites and yolks combined after removal of shell.

The scientific species names of the relevant animals are not repeated for this group of commodities. For these names see Group 036 Poultry meats.



Group 039 Eggs



Code Number Commodity
PE 0112 Eggs
PE 0840 Chicken eggs
PE 0841 Duck eggs
PE 0842 Goose eggs
PE 0847 Quail eggs

TYPE 8 AQUATIC ANIMAL PRODUCTS

Aquatic animal products re derived from the edible parts of various aquatic animals, usually wild, harvested for food.



Group 040-042 Fish
Group 040-042 Fish are gilled, aquatic vertebrate and/or cartilaginous animals of various zoological families and species, usually wild, as caught and prepared for wholesale and retail distribution. Exposure to pesticides is through animal metabolism or through water pollution. The fleshy parts of the animals and, to a lesser extent, milt and roe are consumed.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed). Whole commodity (in general after removing the digestive tract).


Freshwater fish

Class B


Type B Aquatic animal products Group 040 Group Letter Code WF
The freshwater fishes generally remain lifelong, including the spawning period, in fresh water (lakes, ponds, rivers and brooks). Several species of freshwater fish are domesticated and bred in fish farms. Exposure of the latter species to pesticides is mainly through compounded fish feed and can also be through water pollution.

Group 040 Freshwater fish



Code Number Commodity
WF 0115 Freshwater fish
WF - Amur pike, see Pike

Esox reicherti


WF 0855 Barbs

Puntius spp.:

syn: Barbus Cuvier spp.
WF 0856 Black bass

Micropterus salmonides: Micropterus spp.


WF 0857 Bluegill sunfish (or Bluegill bream)

Lepomis macrochirus


WF 0858 Bream

Abramis brama L.: other Abramis spp.


WF - Brown trout, see Trout, Brown

Group 041, Diadromous fishes


WF 0859 Carps

Cyprinus carpio L.:

Ctenopharyngodon idella:

other spp. of the family Cyprinidae


WF - Carp, Common, see Carps

Cyprinus carpio L.


WF - Carp, Chinese, see Carp, Grass
WF - Carp, Grass, see Carps

Ctenopharyngodon idella


WF 0860 Carp, Indian

Labeo rohita: L. calbassa:

Catla catla: Cirrhinus mrigala
WF 0861 Catfishes (freshwater)

Ictalurus punctatus and other Ictalurus spp. (North America):

Bagrus spp. (Africa):

Kryptopterus spp. (Asia):

Clarias spp. (Africa/Asia):

Silurus glanis L. (Europe, USSR)

Tandanus tandanus (Australia)
WF - Channel catfish, see Catfishes (freshwater)

Ictalurus punctatus


WF 0869 Cod, Murray

Maccullochella peeli (Australia)


WF 0862 Gobies, Freshwater

Gobio gobio L.:

syn: G. fluviatilus Agass: other freshwater spp. of the family Gobiidae
WF 0863 Gourami (Asia)

Osphronemus goramy:

Trichogaster pectoralis:

Helostoma temmincki


WF - Northern pike, see Pikes

Esox lucius L.


WF - Mozambique tilapia, see Tilapia
WF 0864 Perch

Perca fluviatilis L.: P. flavescens:

Aspledinotus grunniens
WF - Perch, American yellow, see Perch

Perca flavescens


WF - Perch, European, see Perch

Perca fluviatilis L.


WF 0870 Perch, Golden

Macquaria ambigua (Australia)


WF - Perch, White, see Perch

Aspledinotus grunniens:

syn: Pomoxis annularis Raf.
WF 0865 Pike

Esox lucius L.: E. reicherti


WF 0866 Pike-perch

Stizostedium lucioperca L.:

syn: Lucioperca sandra Cuv.
WF - Rhinofishes, see Carp, Indian

Labeo spp. among other Labeo rohita

Lubeo calbassa
WF 0867 Roaches

Rutilus rutilus L.:

syn: Leuciscus rutilus L.: other

Rutilus (syn: Leuciscus) spp.


WF 0868 Tilapia

Oreochromis mossambicus: syn: Sarotherodon mossambicus:

Tilapia mossambicus.

Other Oreochromis (Sarotherodon or Tilapia species.


WF - White perch, see Perch, white
WF - White crappie, see Perch, white
WF 0871 - WF 0889 (inclusive) Reserved

Diadromous fish

Class B


Type B Aquatic animal products Group 041 Group Letter Code WD
The diadromous fishes in general migrate from the sea to brackish and/or fresh water and in the opposite direction.

The anadromous species spawn in fresh water (streams, small rivers and brooks) e.g. several salmon species, whereas eels spawn in the ocean. Some species, such as trout, are domesticated and do not migrate. they are bred in fish farms in ponds, mountain streams etc. The latter species especially may be exposed to pesticides through compounded fish feed and also through water pollution.

The fleshy parts of the animals and, to a lesser extent, roe and milt are consumed.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity (in general after removing the digestive tract.



Group 041 Diadromous fish



Code Number Commodity
WD 0120 Diadromous fish
WD 0121 Salmon, Pacific

according to Codex Stan. 36 and 37, 1981, includes

Oncorhynchus gorbuscha:

O. keta: O. kisutch:

O. masou: O. nerka:

O. tschawytscha


WD 0123 Trout

Salmo clarki, S. gairdneri: syn: S. irrideus Gibbons:

S. trutta L.: syn: Trutta trutta L.:

Salvelinus namaycush: S. alpinus:

S. salvelinus L.
WD - Atlantic salmon, see Salmon, Atlantic
WD - Arctic char, see Trout
WD 0898 Barramundi

Lates calcarifer (Australia, Indo-Pacific)


WD - Brook trout, see Trout

Salvelinus sp.


WD - Brown trout, see Trout

Salmo trutta L.:

syn: Trutta trutta L.
WD - Char, see Lake trout
WD - Cherry salmon, see Subgroup Salmon, Pacific

Oncorhynchus masou


WD - Chinook salmon, see Subgroup Salmon, Pacific

Oncorhynchus tschawytscha


WD - Chum salmon, see Subgroup Salmon, Pacific

Oncorhynchus keta


WD - Coho salmon, see Subgroup Salmon, Pacific

Oncorhynchus kisutch


WD - Cutthroat trout, see trout

Salmo clarki


WD 0890 Eels

Anguilla anguilla (L.):

A. japonica:

A. rostrata, A. australis

A. reinhardtii
WD - Eel, American, see Eels

Anguilla rostrata


WD - Eel, Australian, see Eels

Anguilla australis

A. reinhardtii
WD - Eel, European, see Eels

Anguilla anguilla L.


WD - Eel, Japanese, see Eels

Anguilla japonica


WD - Giant sea perch, see Barramundi
WD - German trout, see Trout

Salmo trutta L.:

syn: Trutta trutta L.
WD - Keta salmon, see Subgroup Salmon, Pacific

Oncorhynchus keta


WD - King salmon, see Subgroup Salmon, Pacific

Oncorhynchus tschawytscha


WD - Lake trout, see Trout

Savelinus namaycush


WD - Medium red salmon, see Subgroup Salmon, Pacific

Oncorhynchus kisutch


WD 0891 Milkfish

Chanos chanos


WD 0897 Nile perch

Lates niloticus


WD - Pacific salmon, see Subgroup Salmon, Pacific
WD 0892 Paddle fish

Polyodon spathula: other species of the family Polyodonthidae


WD - Pink salmon, see Subgroup Salmon, Pacific

Oncorhynchus gorbuscha


WD - Rainbow trout, see Trout

Salmo gairdneri:

syn: S. irrideus Gibbons
WD 0893 Salmon, Atlantic

Salmo salar L.:

syn: Trutta salar L.
WD - Salmon, Pacific, see Subgroup Salmon, Pacific at the beginning of this group
WD - Sea catfish, see Group 042: Marine fishes
WD 0894 Shad

Alosa spp.:

Hilsa spp.
WD - Silver salmon, see Subgroup Salmon, Pacific

Oncorhynchus kisutch


WD 0895 Smelt

Osmerus eperlanus L.:

O. mordax: other Osmerus spp.
WD - Smelt, European, see Smelt

Osmerus eperlanus L.


WD - Smelt, Rainbow, see Smelt

Osmerus mordax


WD - Sockeye Salmon, see Subgroup Salmon, Pacific

Oncorhynchus nerka


WD - Spring salmon, see Subgroup Salmon, Pacific

Oncorhynchus tschawytscha


WD 0896 Sturgeon

Acipencer sturio L.: other spp. of the family Acipenceridae


WD 0899 - WD 0919 (inclusive) Reserved

Marine fish

Class B


Type 8 Aquatic animal products Group 042 Group Letter Code WS
The marine fishes generally live in open seas. They are all or nearly all wild species, caught and prepared (often deep-frozen) for wholesale and retail distribution. Exposure to pesticides is mainly through water pollution and animal metabolism.

Especially the fleshy parts of the animals and to a lesser extent roe and milt are consumed.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity (in general, after removing the digestive tract).

Group 042 Marine fish



Code number Commodity
WS 0125 Marine fish
WS 0126 Cod and Cod-like fishes

Cods, Haddocks, Hakes, Pollacks, Whiting.

For scientific names see individual species
WS 0127 Flat-fishes

Brill, Dab, Flounders, Halibut, Plaice, Sole, Turbot.

For scientific names see individual species
WS 0128 Mackerel and Mackerel-like fishes

Mackerel: Horse and Jack Mackerels

King and Spanish Mackerel.

for scientific names see individual species:

see also next Sub-Group WS 0129
WS 0129 Mackerel and Jack Mackerel

According to Codex Stan. 119-1981 includes species of the following families and genera

Mackerel: Scombridae:

Scomber spp.:

Rastrelliger spp.

Jack Mackerel: Carangidae:

Trachurus spp.:

Decapterus spp.


WS 0130 Sardines and Sardine-type fishes

According to Codex Stan. 94-1981 small fishes of the following species:

Sardina pilchardus (Walbaum) (European Sardine):

Sardinops melanosticta:

S. neopilchardus: S. ocellata:

S. sagax: S. caerulea (Pilchards):

Sardinella aurita Valanciennes: syn: S. anchovia:

S. brasiliensis: S. maderensis (Sardinella’s or oil-sardines):

Clupea harengus L. (Atlantic herring, small fishes):

Clupea antipodum, C. bassensus: C. fuengensis:

Sprattus sprattus phalericus (Risso), Syn: Clupea sprattus L. (Sprat):

Hyperlophus vittatus

Nematolosa vlaminghi:

Etrumeus microps:

Ethmidium maculatus:

Engraulis achoita (Argentine anchovy):

E. ringens (Peruvian anchovy)
WS 0131 Sharks

Porbeagle, Requiem sharks, Smooth hounds, Spiny dogfish, Liveroil sharks

For scientific names see individual species
WS 0132 Tuna and Bonito

According to Codex Stan. 70-1981 includes:

Tunas: Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre):

Th. albacares: Th. atlanticus:

Th. obesus: Th. thynnus maccoyii:

Th. thynnus orientalis:

Th. thynnus thunnus L.: Th. tongoll:

Euthynnus affinus:

Eu. alletteratus: Eu. lineatus:

Eu. pelamis L.: syn: Katsuwonus pelumis L.

Bonitos: Sarda chilensis: S. orientalis:

S. sarda Bloch: S. velox


WS - Albacore, see Subgroup Tuna and Bonito

Thunnus alalunga (Bonnaterre)


WS 0920 Anchovies

Engraulis encrasicolus (L.):

E. japonicus: E. mordax: E. capensis

For Argentine anchovy and Peruvian anchovy see Sub-Group Sardines and Sardine-type fishes.


WS 0921 Barracudas

Sphyraena spp.


WS - Bigeye tuna, see Tuna, Bigeye
WS - Blackfin tuna, see Tuna, Blackfin
WS 0922 Bluefish

Pomatomus saltatrix


WS 0923 Bogue

Boops boops (L.): syn: Box boops Bonaparte


WS 0924 Bonito

Sarda sarda (Bloch): S. chiliensis: S. orientalis: S. velox

see also Subgroup Tuna and Bonito
WS - Bonito, Atlantic, see Bonito

Sarda sarda (Bloch)


WS - Bonito, Eastern Pacific, see Bonito

Sarda chiliensis


WS 0956 Bream, Silver

Acanthopagrus australis (Australia)


WS - Brill, see Turbot

Scophthalmus rhombus (L.):

syn: Rhombus laevis Rondelet
WS 0925 Butterfish

Species of the family Stromateidae


WS 0926 Capelin

Mallotus villosus Müller


WS - Catfish, Sea, see Wolffish
WS - Coalfish, see Pollack

Pollachius virens L.:

syn: Gadus virens L.

see also Subgroup Cod and Cod-like fishes


WS 0927 Cod

According to Codex Stan. 50-1981 includes

Gadus morhua L.: syn: G. callarius L.:

G. ogac Richardson: G. macrocephalus

see also Subgroup Co and Cod-like fishes
WS - Cod, Atlantic, see Cod

Gadus morhua L.:

syn: G. callarius L.
WS - Cod, Greenland, see Cod

Gadus ogac Richardson


WS- Cod, Pacific, see Cod

Gadus macrocephalus


WS 0928 Conger or Conger eel

Conger conger (L.): C. oceanicus: C. orbignyanus

Astroconger myriaster
WS - Conger, European, see Conger

Conger conger (L.):

syn: C. vulgaris Cuv.
WS 0929 Dab or Common dab

Limanda limanda L.

see also Subgroup Flat-fishes
WS 0930 Dolphinfish

Coryphaena hippurus L.


WS - Dorado, see Dolphinfish
WS 0931 Drums

Species of the family Sciaenidae


WS - European sardine, see Subgroup Sardines and Sardine type fishes

Sardina pilchardus (Walbaum)


WS 0932 Flounders

Platichthys flesus (L.):

syn: Pleuronectus flesus L.:

Atheresthes evermanni: A. stomias:

Glyptocephalus cynoglossus L.:

Limanda ferruginea

see also Subgroup Flatfishes
WS 0933 Garfish

Belone belone (L.):

syn: B. acus Risso
WS 0934 Haddock

Gadus aeglefinus L.:

syn: Melanogrammus aeglefinus L.

see also Subgroup Cod and Cod-like fishes


WS 0935 Hakes

Merlucius merlucius (L.):

other Merlucius spp.

see also Subgroup Cod and Cod-like fishes


WS 0936 Halibut

Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.:

H. stenolepis:

Reinhardtius hippoglossoides Walbaum

see also Subgroup Flatfishes
WS - Halibut, Atlantic, see Halibut

Hippoglossus hippoglossus L.


WS - Halibut, Greenland, see Halibut

Reinhardtius hippoglossoides Walbaum


WS - Halibut, Pacific, see Halibut

Hippoglossus stenolepis


WS 0937 Herring

Clupea harengus L.: C. pallasi: other Clupea spp.


N.B. For small fishes of these species see also Sub-Group Sardines and Sardine-type fishes
WS - Herring, Atlantic, see Herring

Clupea harengus L.


WS - Herring, Pacific, see Herring

Clupea pallasi


WS - Horse mackerel, see Jack Mackerel

Trachurus spp.: several spp.

see also Subgroup Mackerel and Jack Mackerel
WS - Indian mackerel, see Mackerel

Rastrelliger kanagurta: other Rastrelliger spp.


WS 0938 Jack mackerel

Trachurus spp.:

Decapterus spp.

see also Subgroup Mackerel and Jack Mackerel


WS 0939 King mackerel

Scomberomorus spp., including S. cavalla:

S. comerson: S. guttatus

see also Subgroup Mackerel and Mackerel like fishes


WS 0940 Ling

Molva molva L.: M. byrkelange Walbaum:

syn: M. dipterygia: M. elongata Otto
WS - Liveroil shark, see Subgroup Sharks

Galeorhinus galeus L.:

other Galeorhinus spp.
WS - Longtail tuna, see Tuna, Longtail
WS 0941 Mackerel

Scomber, scombrus L.:

Scomber japonicus: other Scomber spp.:

Rastrelliger kanagurta: R. brachysoma:

other Rastrelliger spp.

see also Subgroup

(a) Mackerel and Jack Mackerel

(b) Mackerel and Mackerel-like fishes


WS - Mackerel, Atlantic, see Mackerel

Scomber Scombrus L.


WS - Mackerel, Chub, see Mackerel

Scomber japonicus


WS - Mackerel, Indian, see Mackerel and Indian Mackerel

Rastrelliger kanagurta


WS - Mackerel, Short, see Mackerel

Rastrelliger brachysoma


WS 0942 Menhaden

Brevoortia spp.


WS 0943 Mullets

(among others Mullet, red: Mullet, striped)

Mugil cephalus

Mullus surmeletus L.:

other spp of the family Mugilidae
WS - Northern bluefin tuna, see Subgroup Tuna and Bonito

Thunnus thynnus thynnus L.


WS 0944 Ocean Perch

According to Codex Stan. 51-1981 includes

Sebastus marinus L.: S. mentella: S. viviparus Kroyer, S. alutus:

Scorpaena dactyloptera Delaroche:

Helicolenus maculatus
WS - Oil sardine, see Subgroup Sardines and Sardine type fishes

Sardinella spp.


WS 0945 Plaice

Pleuronectus platessa L.:

P. quadrituberculata

see also Subgroup Flatfishes


WS - Plaice, Alaska, see Plaice

Pleuronectus quadrituberculata


WS - Plaice, European, see Plaice

Pleuronectus platessa L.


WS 0946 Pollack

Polachius polachius L.:

syn: Gadus polachius L.

see also Subgroup Cod and Cod-like fishes


WS 0947 Pomfret, Atlantic

Brama brama:

syn: B. raii Bloch
WS - Porbeagle, see Subgroup Sharks

Lamna nasus (Bonaterre)


WS 0948 Rays

spp of the family Rajidae


WS - Requiem shark, see Subgroup Sharks

spp. of the family Carcharinidae of the Order of Selachii


WS - Salema, see Boque

Boops salpa (L.):

syn: Sarpa salpa L.
WS 0957 Salmon, Threadfin

Polydactylus sheridani (Australia)


WS - Sardinella or Oil sardine

see Subgroup Sardines and Sardine-type fishes

Sardinella spp.
WS - Sardine, European

see Subgroup Sardines and Sardine-type fishes

Sardina pilchardus Walbaum
WS - Scad, see Jack Mackerel

Decapterus spp.


WS - Scorpion fishes, see Ocean Perch

Scorpaena dactyloptera Delaroche,

syn: Helicolenus dactylopterus (Delaroche)

other spp. of the family Scorpaenidae


WS 0949 Sea bass

Morone labrax L: syn: Dicentrarchus tabrax (L.):

M. saxatilus: other Morone spp.
WS 0950 Sea bream

Pagellus centrodontus (Delaroche):

P. erythrinus (L.): other Pagellus spp.
WS - Sea catfish, see Wolffish

Anarichas spp.


WS - Seerfish, see Spanish Mackerel and King mackerel

Scomberomorus spp.


WS - Shark, see Subgroup Sharks
WS - Skipjack tuna, see Subgroup Tuna and Bonito

Katsuwonus pelamis L.:

syn: Euthynnus pelamis L.
WS - Smooth hounds, see Subgroup Sharks

Mustelus spp.


WS 0951 Sole

Solea solea L.:

syn: S. vulgaris Quensel

see also Subgroup Flat fishes


WS - Southern bluefin tuna, see Tuna, Bluefin

Thunnus maccoyii:

syn: Thunnus thunnus maccoyii
WS - Spanish mackerel, see King mackerel

Scomberomorus spp.: among others S. maculatus:

Sc. tritor: Sc. niphonius
WS - Spiny dogfish, see Subgroup Sharks

Squalis acanthias L.: other Squalis spp.


WS - Tailor (Australia), see Bluefish
WS 0952 Tuna, see also Subgroup Tuna and Bonito

Thunnus spp.


WS - Tuna, Bigeye, see Subgroup Tuna and Bonito

Thunnus obesus


WS - Tuna, Blackfin, see Subgroup Tuna and Bonito

Thunnus atlanticus


WS - Tuna, Bluefin, see Subgroup Tuna and Bonito

Thunnus thynnus L.: Th. maccoyii


WS - Tuna, Longtail, see Subgroup Tuna and Bonito

Thunnus Tongoll


WS - Tuna, Skipjack, see Subgroup Tuna and Bonito

Katsuwonis pelamis L.:

syn: Euthynnus pelamis L.
WS - Tuna, Yellowfin. see Subgroup Tuna and Bonito

Thunnus albacares


WS 0953 Turbot

Scophthalmus maximus L.:

syn: Rhombus maximus (L.)

see also Subgroup Flatfishes


WS - Witch flounder, see Flounders

Glyptocephalus cynoglossus L.


WS 0953 Whiting

Gadus merlangus L.

see also Subgroup Cod and Cod-like fishes
WS 0955 Wolffish

Anarhichas lupus L.:

A. minor Olafsson
WS - Yellowfin tuna, see Tuna, Yellowfin
WS - Yellowtail flounder, see Flounders

Limanda ferruginea


WS 0958 - WS 0969 (inclusive) Reserved

Fish roe (including milt = soft roe) and edible offal of fish

Class B


Type 8 Aquatic animal products Group 043 Group Letter Code WR for the Roe

WL for liver and other edible fish offal


Fish roes are the edible reproductive bodies of several species of fish. Of some of these only the “hard roe”, the female reproductive body, is used whereas both the “hard” and “soft” roe (milt) of other species is marketed.

The term roe used in the commodity description includes if relevant both types of roe.

The liver of some species is used as such for human consumption or for production of liver oils (e.g. cod liver oil).

Exposure to pesticides is through animal metabolism.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity.
See for scientific species or family names and subgroup description Group 040-042. The relevant group is indicated after the commodity name with (f) freshwater fishes, (d) diadromous fishes and (m) marine fishes.

Group 043 Fish roe (including milt = soft roe) and edible offal of fish



Code Number Commodity
WR 0140 Fish roe
WR 0121 Salmon roe, Pacific (d)
WR 0131 Shark liver (m)
WR 0922 Bluefish roe (m)
WR 0927 Cod roe (m)
WR 0930 Dolphinfish roe (m)
WR 0932 Flounder roe (m)
WR 0937 Herring roe (m)
WR 0941 Mackerel roe (m)
WR 0943 Mullet roe (m)
WR 0893 Salmon roe, Atlantic (d)
WR 0894 Shad roe (d)
WR 0896 Sturgeon roe (d)
WL 0927 Cod liver (m)

Marine mammals

Class B


Type 8 Aquatic animal products Group 044 Group Letter Code WM
Several sea mammals are caught on a large scale. The meat of various species is used as food or feed in some areas of the world. The blubber (=whale or seal fat) fat and train oil (oil derived from whale fat) is used after processing as raw material in food or feed manufacture; the sperm oil, as well as the spermaceti (a waxy substance from the head of sperm whales) is mainly used in cosmetics and some other industrial products.

Exposure to pesticides is by consumption of contaminated prey or through water pollution.

The entire commodity except the bones and other inedible parts may be consumed.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity as marketed, without bones. For fat-soluble pesticides a portion of the fat is analysed and MRLs apply to the fat.



Group 044 Marine mammals



Code Number Commodity
WM 0141 Marine mammals
WM 0142 Fat of Dolphins, Seals and Whales, unprocessed
WM 0970 Dolphins

spp. of the family Dolphinidae


WM - Dolphin, Bottlenose, see Dolphins

Tursiops truncatus (Mont.)


WM - Dolphin, Humpback, see Dolphins
WM - Dolphin, Spinner, see Dolphins

Stenella longirostris


WM - Porpoise, see Whales

Phocaena phocaena


WM - Sea-lions, see Seals

Otaria spp.: Eumetopius spp.:

Zalophus spp. (all Pacific Ocean)
WM 0971 Seals

spp. of the families Otariidae Phocidae and Trichechidae.

syn: Odobenidae
WM - Seal, Common, see Seals

Phoca vitulina


WM - Seals, Eared, see Seals

Otariidae spp.


WM - Seals, Earless, see Seals

Phocidae spp.


WM - Seals, Fur, see Seals

Arctocephalus pusillus (South Africa)

A. australis (South America, Australia)

Callorhinus ursinus (North Atlantic)


WM - Seal, Grey, see Seals

Halichoerus grypus (North Atlantic)


WM - Seal, Harp, see Seals

Pagophillus groenlandicus (North Atlantic)


WM - Seal, Hooded, see Seals

Cystophora cristata (North Atlantic)


WM - Seal, Ringed, see Seals

Phoca hispida (North Atlantic)


WM 0972 Whales

spp. of the zoological order of the Cetacae


WM - Whales, Baleen, see Whales

spp. of the family Balaenopteridae (Sub-order Mystacoceti)


WM - Whale, Blue, see Whales

Balaenoptera musculus


WM - Whale, False killer, see Whales

Pseudorca crassidens


WM - Whale, Fin, see Whales

Balaenoptera physalus


WM - Whale, Humpback, see whales

Megaptera novacangliae


WM - Whale, Killer, see Whales

Orcinus orca


WM - Whale, Minke, see Whales

Balaenoptera acutorostrata


WM - Whale, Sei, see Whales

Balaenoptera borealis


WM - Whale, Short-finned pilot, see Whales

Globicephala macrorhynchus


WM - Whale, Sperm, see Whales

Physeter catodon


WM - Whales, Toothed, see Whales

spp. of the families Physeteridae, Ziphiidae and Orcinus orca (family Delphinidae)


WM 0937 - WM 0974 (inclusive) Reserved

Crustaceans

Class B


Type 8 Aquatic animal products Group 045 Group Letter Code WC
Crustaceans are aquatic animals of various species, wild or cultivated, which have an inedible chitinous outer shell.

A small number of species live in fresh water, but most of species live in brackish water and/or in the sea.

Exposure to pesticides is through animal metabolism or water pollution.

Crustaceans are prepared for wholesale or retail distribution at a “raw” stage, often still live, “raw” and deep-frozen, or cooked directly after catching and deep-frozen. Shrimps or prawns may also be parboiled and thereafter deep-frozen.

Although the cooked or parboiled crustaceans should be regarded as processed foods, the animals of this group are primarily classified in the Chapter on Primary food commodities, type 8: Aquatic animal products, since several crustaceans are also marketed in a “raw” form, i.e. not exposed to temperatures sufficiently high to coagulate the protein at the surface. A short reference to processed Crustaceans is given at type 17: Derived edible products of animal origin, Group 084 Crustaceans, processed.

The entire commodity except the shell may be consumed: the “raw” commodities, in general, after cooking.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity (especially with the small sized species) or the meat without the outer shell, as prepared for wholesale and retail distribution.

Group 045 Crustaceans



Code Number Commodity
WC 0143 Crustaceans
WC 0144 Freshwater crustaceans

Astacus spp. (Europe),

Procambarus spp. (USA);

Macrobrachium spp. (Asia, Australia, South and Middle America);

species of the family Palaemonidae
WC 0145 Marine crustaceans

All species mentioned in this group, except those recorded as Freshwater Crustaceans


WC 0146 Crabs

According to Codex Stan. 90-1981

edible species of the sub-order Brachyura of the order of the Decapoda and the species of the family

Lithodidae (= King Crabs)

Scylla spp. (Mud Crabs)
WC 0976 Freshwater crayfishes

Astacus spp. (Europe);

Procambarus spp. (USA);

Eustacus spp. (Australia)


WC 0977 Freshwater shrimps or prawns, see note 2

Palaemon spp.; Macrobrachium spp.; Cherax spp.


WC - Langouste, see Spiny Lobster
WC 0978 Lobsters

According to Codex Stan. 95-1981 include

Homarus spp., family of Nephropsidae and spp. of the families Palinuridae and Scyllaridae, i.e., Spiny lobsters and Slipper lobsters
WC - Lobster, American, see Lobsters

Homarus americanus


WC - Lobster, European, see Lobsters

Homarus gammarus L.;

syn: Cancer gammarus L.
WC - Lobster, Norway, see Lobsters

Nephrops norvegicus L.;

syn: Cancer norvegicus L. see also note 1
WC - Prawns, see Shrimps or Prawns
WC - Prawn, Banana, see Shrimps or Prawns

Penaeus merguiensis (Australia, Indo-Pacific)


WC - Prawn, Brown tiger, see Shrimps or Prawns

Penaeus esculentus (Australia)


WC - Prawn, Caramote, see Shrimps or Prawns

Penaeus kerathurus Forskal (Mediterranean)


WC - Prawn, Common, see Shrimps or Prawns

Palaemon serratus Pennant (Europe, Mediterranean)


WC - Prawn, Eastern king, see Shrimps or Prawns

Penaeus plebejus (Australia, Indo-Pacific)


WC - Prawn, Endeavour, see Shrimps or Prawns

Penaeus endeavouri (Australia)


WC - Prawn, Giant tiger, see Shrimps or Prawns

Penaeus monodon (Australia, Indo-Pacific)


WC - Prawn, Green tiger, see Shrimps or Prawns

Penaeus semisulcatus (Indo-Pacific)


WC - Prawn, Japanese king, see Shrimps or Prawns

Penaeus japonicus (Asia)


WC - Prawn, Kuruma, see Prawn, Japanese King
WC - Prawn, Northern, see Shrimps or Prawns

Penaeus borealis (Northern Atlantic)


WC - Prawn, Western king, see Shrimps or Prawns

Penaeus latisulcatus (Australia, Indo-Pacific)


WC - Rock lobster, see Lobsters

Jasus spp. (family Palinuridae)


WC 09791 Shrimps or Prawns, see note 2

According to Codex Stan. 37-1981 and 92-1981 include spp. of the families Crangonidae

Palaemonidae, see note 3, Pandalidae and Penaidae
WC - Shrimps, Common, see Shrimps or Prawns

Crangon crangon L.:

syn: C. vulgaris Fabr. (Europe, Mediterranean)
WC - Shrimp, Deepwater rose, see Shrimps or Prawns

Parapenaeus longirostris Lucas (Atlantic)


WC - Shrimp, Northern brown, see Shrimps or Prawns

Penaeus aztecus (USA)


WC - Shrimp, Northern pink, see Shrimps or Prawns

Penaeus notialis;

syn: P. duorarum (USA, West Africa)
WC - Shrimp, Northern white, see Shrimps or Prawns

Penaeus sertiferus (USA)


WC - Slipper lobster, see Lobsters

spp. of the family Scyllaridae


WC - Spiny lobster, see Lobsters

Palinurus vulgaris Latreille, other Palinurus spp.


note 1) In some countries, species such as the Norway lobster (Nephrops norvegicus L.) are included in the commodity “Prawns” with some qualifying designation, such as Dublin Bay Prawn or Prawn of Bantry Bay (both Ireland). The Codex Stan. 92-1981 on Quick Frozen Shrimps and Prawns does not prevent this practice, provided that the designation on the label ensures that the consumer will not be misled.
note 2) There is no clear-cut distinction between Shrimps and Prawns. In several countries the commodity name Shrimps is used for the small species whereas the slightly larger ones are called Prawns. However, a species marked in certain regions of the world as “Prawn” may be called in the local English language in other areas a shrimp and visa versa, e.g., Pandalus borcalis is called Northern prawn or Deepwater prawn in the United Kingdom and the same species is named Pink shrimp in Canada. In Australia only the name Prawn is used for animals included in this commodity.
note 3) Not including the freshwater species of the Palaemonidae.
WC 0980 - WC 0989 (inclusive) Reserved

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