Guide to codex recommendations concerning pesticide residues



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TYPE 9 FROGS, LIZARDS, SNAKES AND TURTLES

Class B


Type 9 Amphibians and reptiles Group 048 Group Letter Code AR
Frog, lizard, snake and turtle products are the edible parts from various animal species of the zoological classes Amphibia and Reptilia, usually wild, harvested for food. Some frog species are cultivated in a few European and Asian countries and to a small extent in the USA and marked in the form of deep-frozen frog legs. The wild species are marketed in the same manner.

A few turtle species are raised from eggs or hatchlings in some tropical countries, especially the Green Turtle.

Exposure to pesticides is through animal metabolism.

The entire product, except the bones and the bony or horny outer shell (turtles), may be consumed.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity as marketed without bones or the outer shell.

Group 048 Frogs, lizards, snakes and turtles



Code Number Commodity
AR 0148 Frogs, lizards, snakes and turtles
AR 0149 Reptiles

Lizards, snakes, turtles


AR - Bullfrog, see Frogs

Rana catesbeiana, R. tigrina


AR - Bullfrog, Indian, see Frogs

Rana tigrina


AR 0990 Frogs

Rana spp.; especially Rana catesbeiana:

R. esculenta L.: R. dactyla Lesson: R. ridibunda Pall.: R. tigrina

other spp. of the family Ranidae


AR - Frog, Agile, see Frogs

Rana dalmatina Bonap.


AR - Frog, Common, see Frogs

Rana temporaria L.


AR - Frog, Edible, see Frogs

Rana esculenta L.


AR - Frog, Marsh, see Frogs

Rana ridibunda Pall.


AR - Frog, Pool, see Frogs

Rana lessonae Camer


AR 0991 Lizards

Species of the zoological order Lacertilia


AR 0992 Snakes

Several spp. of the zoological order Ophidia


AR 0993 Turtles

Species of the zoological order Chelonia


AR - Turtle, Green, see Turtles

Chelone midas L.:

syn: Ch. viridis Schneid.
AR - Turtle, Hawksbill, see Turtles

Eretmochelys imbricata


AR - Turtle, Loggerhead, see Turtles

Caretta caretta L.;

syn: Thalassochelys caretta L.
AR 0994 - AR 0999 (inclusive) Reserved

TYPE 10 MOLLUSCS (INCLUDING CEPHALOPODS) AND OTHER INVERTEBRATE ANIMALS

Class B


Type 10 Invertebrate animals Group 049 Group Letter Code IM
Molluscs are aquatic or land animals of various species, wild or cultivated, which have an inedible outer or inner shell.

The edible aquatic Molluscs live mainly in brackish water or in the sea; several species are cultivated. A few edible species of land snails are cultivated.

Exposure to pesticides is through animal metabolism: the aquatic species also through water contamination.

The entire commodity except the outer or inner shell may be consumed.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity after removal of shell.

Group 049 Molluscs (including Cephalopods) and other invertebrate animals



Code Number Commodity
IM 0150 Molluscs, including Cephalopods
IM 0151 Marine bivalve molluscs

Sub-class Lamellibranchia

Clams, Cockles, Mussels, Oysters, Scallops
IM 0152 Cephalopods

Cuttlefishes, Octopuses, Squids


IM - Beche-de-mer, see Sea-cucumbers
IM 1000 Clams

Species of the families

Arcidae: Mactridae: Veneridae
IM 1001 Cockles

Cardium edule L.; other Cardium spp.


IM - Cockle, Common, see Cockles

Cardium edule L.


IM 1002 Cuttlefishes

Sepia officinalis L.: S. elegans

d’Orbigny: other Sepia spp.: Sepiola atlantica

d’Orbigny: S. rondeleti Leach


IM - Cuttlefish, Common, see Cuttlefishes

Sepia officinalis L.


IM - Giant snail, see Snails, Edible (Africa, Asia)

Achatina fulica fer.: A. achatina: Archachatina spp.


IM 1003 Mussels

Mytilus edulis L. (Europe);

M. galloprovincialis Lam. (Mediterranean):

M. smaragdinus (Asia): other Mytilus spp.


IM - Little cuttle, see Cuttlefishes

Sepiola atlantica d’Orbigny: S. rondeleti Leach


IM - Octopuses

Octopus vulgaris Lam.:

Eledone cirrhosa Lam.:

E. moschata Lam.


IM - Octopus, Common, see Octopuses

Octopus vulgaris Lam.


IM - Octopus, Curled, see Octopuses

Eledone cirrhosa Lam.


IM - Octopus, Musky, see Octopuses

Eledone moschata Lam.


IM 1004 Oysters (including Cupped oysters)

Ostrea edulis L.: other Ostrea spp.:

Crassostrea angulata Lam.:

syn: Gryphaea angulata Lam.: Crassostrea gigas:

C. virginica: other Crassostrea spp.
IM - Oyster, American cupped, see Oysters

Crassostrea virginica (American)


IM - Oyster, European, see Oysters

Ostrea edulis L.


IM - Oyster, Pacific cupped, see Oysters

Crassostrea gigas (Asia, Canada)


IM - Oyster, Portuguese cupped, see Oysters

Crassostrea angulata Lam.:

syn: Gryphaea angulata Lam. (S.W. Europe)
IM - Oyster, Sydney rock, see Oysters (including Cupped Oysters)

Crassostrea commercalis (Australia)


IM 1005 Scallops

Pecten spp.: Placopecten spp.:

Argopecten sp.
IM - Scallop, Australian, see Scallops

Pecten meridionalis (Australia)


IM - Scallop, Bay, see Scallops

Argopecten irradians (N. America)


IM - Scallop, Giant pacific, see Scallops

Pecten caurinus (America)


IM - Scallop, Great, see Scallops

Pecten maximus (L.) (W. Europe, Mediterranean)


IM - Scallop, New Zealand, see Scallops

Pecten novaezealandiae (New Zealand)


IM - Scallop, Queen, see Scallops

Pecten opercularis (L.):

syn: Chlamys opercularis L. (W. Europe)
IM - Scallop, Sea, see Scallops

Placopecten magellanicus (N. America)


IM 1010 Sea-cucumbers

species of the zoological Order of the Holothuroidea


IM 1006 Sea urchins

Species of the zoological Order of the Echinoidea


IM 1007 Snails, Edible

Helix spp.: Achatina spp.


IM - Snail, Garden, see Snails, Edible

Helix aspersa Müller


IM - Snail, Giant, see Snails, Edible

Achatina fulica Fer.: A. achatina


IM - Snail, Roman, see Snails, Edible

Helix pomatia L.


IM 1008 Squids

Loligo forbesi Steensrup

L. vulgaris Lam.: other Loligo spp.

Allotheuthis subulata lam:

Ommastrephes sagittatus Lam.:

syn: Todarodes sagittatus Lam., T. pacificus:

Illex illecebrosus, other Illex spp.
IM 1009 Squid, Common, see Squids

Loligo forbesi Steenstrup


IM - Squid, European flying, see Squids

Ommastrephes sagittatus Lam.:

syn: Todarodes sagittatus Lam. (Europe)
IM - Squid, Japanese flying, see Squids

Todarodes pacificus (Asia)


IM - Squid, Short-finned, see Squids

Illex illecebrosus


IM 1011 - IM 1019 (inclusive) Reserved

CLASS C PRIMARY FEED COMMODITIES
For the purpose of the Codex Alimentarius the term “primary feed commodity” means the product in or nearly in its natural state intended for sale to

(a) the stock farmer as feed which is used without further processing for livestock animals or after silaging or similar farm processes.

(b) to the animal feed industry as a raw material for preparing compounded feeds.

TYPE 11 PRIMARY FEED COMMODITIES OF PLANT ORIGIN

The primary feed commodities of plant origin include products after removal of certain parts of the plants.

Some types of the primary feed commodities are grown and used exclusively for animal feeding purposes, e.g. alfalfa, vetch and maize forage. Other types are derived from crops of which the edible parts are used directly or after processing as food, whereas the “waste” parts of these crops are generally used for feeding purposes, e.g. cereal straws, pea vines (fresh = green), pea hay, maize fodder, sugar beet tops or leaves.
Legume animal feeds

Class C


Type 11 Primary feed commodities of plant origin Group 050 Group Letter Code AL
Group 050. Legume animal feeds include various species of leguminous plants used for animal forage, grazing, fodder hay or silage, with or without seed. Several species are grown exclusively for animal feeding purposes, whereas some others are grown primarily as food crops. The “waste” parts of the latter crops are often used as animal feed, either in the fresh form or as hay.

The entire commodity may be consumed by livestock animals.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity as presented for wholesale or retail distribution.

In view of the wide range of moisture contents in most animal feeds, except straws, moving in commerce, the MRLs should preferably be set and expressed on a “dry-weight” basis.

A “dry-weight” basis implies that the commodity is analysed for pesticide residues as received, that the moisture content is determined, preferably by a standard method for use on the relevant commodity, and the residue content is then calculated as if it were wholly contained in the dry matter (ref. Report 1980 JMPR1 ).

The residues are expressed on a dry-weight basis if not otherwise stated. To avoid confusion caused by the not always consistent commodity description in the past, the “dry-weight” basis, will be indicated, if relevant, with the designation “dry-weight” after the residue figure e.g.

pea vines (green) ; x mg/kg dry weight

pea hay ; x mg/kg dry weight

Group 050 Legume animal feeds



Code Number Commodity
AL 0157 Legume animal feeds
AL 00612 Bean fodder

Phaseolus spp.


AL 0072 Pea hay or Pea fodder (dry)
AL 10201 Alfalfa fodder

Medicago sativa L., subsp. sativa L.:

M. sativa L., subsp. falcata (L.) Arcang. and hybrids =

M. sativa L., subsp. varia (Martijn) Arcang


AL 1021 Alfalfa forage (green)

For scientific names see AL 1020 Alfalfa fodder


AL 1030 Bean forage (green)
AL 1022 Bean, velvet

Mucuna deeringiana (Bort.) Merr.:

syn: Stizolobium deeringianum Bort.:

other Stizolobium spp.


AL - Chickling vetch, see Vetch, Chickling
AL 0524 Chick-pea fodder

Cicer arielinum L.


AL 10233 Clover

Trifolium, several spp. and ssp.:

Melilotus spp.
AL 1031 Clover hay or fodder
AL - Grass pea, see Vetch, Chickling
AL 1024 Kudzu

Pueraria lobata (Willd.) Ohwi:

syn: P thunbergiana (Sieb. & Zucc.) Benth.

P. phaseoloides (Roxb.) Benth.


AL - Kudzu, Tropical, see Kudzu

Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb.) Benth.


AL 1025 Lespedeza

Lespedeza cuneata (Dum.) G. Don:

syn: L. sericea Miq.
AL 0545 Lupin, forage

among others Lupinus albus L.:

L. angustifolius L.: L. luteus L.: sweet varieties
AL - Melilot, see Clovers

Melilotus spp.


AL 0528 Pea vines (green)
AL 0697 Peanut fodder

Arachis hypogaea L.


AL 1270 Peanut forage (green)
AL - Puero, see Kudzu, Tropical

Pueraria phaseoloides (Roxb.) Benth.


AL 1027 Sainfoin

Onobrychis viciifolia Scop.:

syn: O. sativa Lamk.
AL - Sericea, see Lespedeza
AL 0541 Soya bean fodder

Glycine max (L.) Merr:

for synonyms see VP 0541
AL 1265 Soya bean forage (green)
AL 1028 Trefoil

Lotus corniculatus, L.: other Lotus spp.


AL - Tropical kudzu, see Kudzu, Tropical
AL - Velvet bean, see Bean, Velvet
AL 1029 Vetch

Vicia spp., several ssp.: Astralagus spp.:

Coronilla varia L.: Lathyrus sativus L.
AL - Vetch, Chickling, see Vetch

Lathyrus sativus L.


AL - Vetch, Crown, see Vetch

Coronilla varia L.


AL - Vetch, Milk, see Vetch

Astralagus spp.


AL 1033 - AL 1049 (inclusive) Reserved

Straw, fodder and forage of cereal grains and grasses, except grasses for sugar production (including buckwheat fodder)

Class C


Type 11 Primary feed commodities of plant origin Group 051

Group Letter Code AS (straws and fodders dry)

AF (forage)
The straw, fodder and forage of cereal grains are derived from various plants of the grass family (Gramineae).

Cereal grains are grown to a limited extent as a forage crop. The immature crop is fed to livestock animals as succulent forage or as silage.

The cereal grain crops are mainly grown for human food or raw material for preparing food products. The “waste” parts remaining after harvest of the grain kernels (stems, stalks, leaves and empty ears) are extensively used and distributed for animal feeding purposes, in the form of dry fodder or straw.

Several other species of the grass family are exclusively grown as forages crops. These crops are either used for grazing or are prepared for wholesale or retail distribution in the form of grass silage (in general one or more cuttings from immature plants), as artificially dried grass or as hay.

The entire commodity may be consumed by livestock animals.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity, as presented for wholesale or retail distribution.

In view of the wide range of moisture contents in the animal feeds of this group, except the straws and hays, moving in commerce the MRLs should preferably be set and expressed on a “dry-weight” basis.

A “dry-weight” basis implies that the commodity is analysed for pesticide residues as received, that the moisture content is determined, preferably by a standard method for use on the relevant commodity, and that the residue content is then calculated as if it were wholly contained in the dry matter (ref. Report 1980 MJPR1 ).

The residues on the dry commodities of this group, e.g. straws and hays, are expressed on the commodity as such (see explanatory note below).

Group 051 Straw, fodder and forage of cereal grains and grasses, except grasses for sugar production (including buckwheat fodder)



Code Number Commodity
AS 0161 Straw, fodder (dry) and hay of cereal grains and other grass-like plants
AS 0081 Straw and fodder (dry) of cereal grains
AS 0162 Hay or fodder (dry) of grasses
AS 0640 Barley straw and fodder, dry
AS - Bermuda grass

Cynodon dactylon (L.) Pers.

see Subgroup Hay or Fodder (dry) of Grasses
AS - Bluegrass

Poa spp.


see Subgroup Hay or Fodder (dry) of Grasses
AS - Brome grass

Bromus spp.

see Subgroup Hay or Fodder (dry) of Grasses
AS 0641 Buckwheat fodder

Fagopyrum esculentum Moench:

syn: F. sagittatum Gilib.
AS - Corn fodder

see Maize fodder


AF - Corn forage

see Maize forage


AS - Darnel

Lolium spp.

see Subgroup Hay or Fodder (dry) of Grasses
AS - Fescue

Festuca spp.

see Subgroup Hay or Fodder (dry) of Grasses
AF 0645 Maize forage

Zea Mays L.


AS 0645 Maize fodder

Zea Mays L.


AS 0646 Millet fodder, dry

Echinochloa cruss-galli (L.) Beauv.;

Eleusine coracana (L.) Gaertn.:

Panicum miliaceum L.:

Penisetum typhoides (Burm.f.) Stapf & Hubbard:

Setaria italica (L.) Beauv.;

For synonyms see the specific Millets in Group 020: Grasses
AF 0647 Oat forage (green)

Avena fatua L., A abysinnica Hochst.


AS 0647 Oat straw and fodder, dry
AS 0649 Rice straw and fodder, dry

Oryza sativa L.


AF 0650 Rye forage (green)

Secale cereale L.


AS 0650 Rye straw and fodder, dry
AF 0651 Sorghum forage (green)

Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench:

other Sorghum spp.
AS 0651 Sorghum straw and fodder, dry
AS 0657 Teosinte fodder

Zea mays ssp. mexicana (Schrader) Iltis:

syn: Z. mexicana (Schrader) Kunze: Euchleaena mexicana Schrader
AS 0654 Wheat straw and fodder, dry

Triticum aestivum L.:

T. vulgare Vill.: other Triticum spp.
Explanatory note: Another advantage of expressing the residue on a “dry-weight” basis is that it overcomes the problems arising from the often inconsistent use of the terms forage and fodder.

Forage: Crops grown exclusively for animal feed. These crops are either used for grazing or are prepared as silage or as dry fodder.

Fodder: Coarse feed for livestock animals, especially cattle, horses and sheep, such as straw, hay, maize, stalks (stover) etc.

e.g. Maize forage: whole green plant, prior to maturity (including the immature or nearly mature cobs).

Maize fodder: stover or whole stalks (with ears removed) remaining after the harvest of the mature and sun-dried cobs.

Miscellaneous Fodder and Forage crops

Class C


Type 11 Primary feed commodities of Plant origin Group 052

Group Letter Codes AM (fodder)

AV (forage)
Group 052, Miscellaneous Fodder and Forage crops, are derived from various kinds of plants except leguminous and grassy plants (family Gramineae). However, for convenience, the fodders and forage of grasses for sugar production are included in this group. Some of the crops listed in this group are primarily grown for human food or as raw material for preparing food (e.g. sugar beet) and the “waste” material of such crops is used as animal feed.

The entire commodity may be consumed by livestock animals, either in a succulent form, as silage or in the form of dry fodder.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity as presented for wholesale or retail distribution. In view of the wide range of moisture contents in the animal feeds of this group moving in commerce the MRLs should, if relevant, preferably be set and expressed on a “dry-weight” basis, see explanation in Group 050 Legume animal feeds.

Group 052 Miscellaneous Fodder and Forage crops



Code Number Commodity
AM 0165 Miscellaneous fodder and forage crops

except leguminous and grass plants (Gramineae), but including grasses for sugar production


AM 0691 Cotton fodder, dry

Gossypium spp.


AV 1050 Cow cabbage

Brassica oleracea L., var. acephala (D.C.) Alef subvar viridis


AM 1051 Fodder beet

Beta vulgaris var. rapa


AV 1051 Fodder beet leaves or tops
AV 0480 Kale forage

Brassica oleracea L. convar. acephala (D.C.) Alef


AM - Mangel or Mangold, see Fodder beet
AM - Mangoldwurzel, see Fodder beet
AV 1052 Marrow-stem cabbage or Marrow-stem kale

Brassica oleracea L., convar, acephala (D.C.) Alef, var. medullosa Thell.


AM 0738 Mint hay
AM 0353 Pineapple fodder
AV 0353 Pineapple forage
AV 0596 Sugar beet leaves or tops

Beta vulgaris L., var. saccharifera;

syn: B. vulgaris L., var. altissima
AM 0659 Sugar cane fodder

Saccharum officinarum L.


AV 0659 Sugar cane forage
AM 0497 Swedish turnip or Swede fodder

Brassica napus L., var. napobrassica (L.) Rchb.:

syn: B. napobrassica (L.) Mill.
AM 0506 Turnip fodder

B. campestris L., ssp rapifera (Metzg) Sinsk:

syn: B rapa L., var. rapa
AV 0506 Turnip leaves or tops
1053 - 1099 (inclusive) Reserved for Class C

CLASS D and E PROCESSED FOODS
The term “processed food” means the product, resulting from the application of physical, chemical or biological processes or combinations of these to a “primary food commodity”, intended for direct sale to the consumer, for direct use as an ingredient in the manufacture of food or for further processing.

“Primary food commodities” treated with ionizing radiation, washed, sorted or submitted to similar treatment are not considered to be “processed foods”.


Class D

Processed food of plant origin


Class D

TYPE 12 SECONDARY FOOD COMMODITIES OF PLANT ORIGIN

The term “secondary food commodity” means a “primary food commodity” which has undergone simple processing, such as removal of certain portions, drying (except natural drying), husking, and comminution, which do not basically alter the composition or identity of the product. Natural field dried mature crops or parts of crops such as pulses, bulb onions or cereal grains are not considered as secondary food commodities.

Secondary food commodities may be processed further or used as ingredients in the manufacture of food or sold directly to the consumer.

Dried fruits

Class D


Type 12 Secondary food commodities of plant origin Group 055 Group Letter Code DF
Group 055: Dried fruits. The commodities of this group are in general artificially dried. They may or may not be preserved or candied with addition of sugars.

Exposure to pesticides may arise from pre-harvest applications, post-harvest treatment of the fruits before processing, or treatment of the dried fruit to avoid losses during transport and wholesale or retail distribution.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity after removal of stones, but the residue is calculated on the whole commodity.

Group 055 Dried fruits



Code Number Commodity
DF 0167 Dried fruits
DF 0014 Prunes

Prunus domestica L.


DF 0226 Apples, dried

Malus domesticus Borkhausen


DF 0240 Apricots, dried

Prunus armeniaca L.;

syn: Armeniaca vulgaris Lamarck
DF - Currants

1º seedless blue grape var., dried, see Dried grapes Vitis vinifera L., var.

2º see Currants, Black, Red, White, group 004 Berries and other small fruits
DF 0269 Dried grapes (= Currants, Raisins and Sultanas)

Vitis vinifera L., var. corinthiaca and var. apyrena


DF - Dried vine fruits, see Dried grapes
DF 0295 Dates, dried or dried and candied

Phoenix dactylifera L.


DF 0297 Figs, dried or dried and candied

Ficus carica L.


DF - Muscatel, see Dried grapes
DF - Raisins (seedless white grape var., partially dried), see Dried grapes

Vitis vinifera L.:


DF - Sultanas, see Dried grapes

Dried vegetables

Class D


Type 12 Secondary food commodities of plant origin Group 056 Group Letter Code DV
Group 056, Dried vegetables. The commodities of this group are in general artificially dried and often comminuted.

Exposure to pesticides is from pre-harvest applications and/or treatment of the dry commodities.

The entire commodity may be consumed after soaking or boiling.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity as prepared for wholesale or retail distribution.



Group 056 Dried vegetables



Code Number Commodity
DV 0168 Dried vegetables
DV Pro memoria

Code numbers are available in the various groups of vegetables



Dried herbs

Class D


Type 12 Secondary food commodities of Plant origin Group 057 Group Letter Code DH
Group 057, Dried herbs. The commodities of this group are in general artificially dried and often comminuted. For the commodities in the “fresh” state see Group 027 Herbs.

Exposure to pesticides is from pre-harvest applications and/or treatment of the dry commodities.

They are consumed in the dried form or soaked as a condiment in food commodities of plant or animal origin or in drinks, generally in small amounts.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity as prepared for wholesale or retail distribution.



Group 057 Dried herbs



Code Number Commodity
DH 0170 Dried herbs
DH 0720 Angelica, including Garden Angelica, dry

Angelica sylvestris L.: A. archangelica L.


DH 0721 Balm leaves, dry

Melissa officinalis L.


DH 0722 Basil, dry

Ocimum basilicum L.


DH 0723 Bay leaves, dry

Laurus nobilis L.


DH 0724 Borage, dry

Borago officinalis L.


DH 0728 Burning bush, dry

Dictamnus albus L.:

syn: D. fraxinella Pers.
DH 0726 Catmint, dry

Nepeta cataria L.


DH 0624 Celery leaves, dry

Apium graveolens L.


DH - Cretan Dittany, dry, see Burning bush, dry
DH 0731 Fennel, dry

Foeniculum vulgare Mill.:

syn: F. officinale All.: F capillaceum Gilib.
DH 1100 Hops, dry

Humulus lupulus L.


DH 0732 Horehound, dry

Marrubium vulgare L.


DH 0733 Hyssop, dry

Hyssopus officinalis


DH 0734 Lavender, dry

Lavendula angustifolia Mill.:

syn: L. officinalis Chaix: L. spica L.: L. vera DC.
DH 0735 Lovage, dry

Levisticum officinale Koch.


DH 0736 Marjoram, dry

Marjorana hortensis Moench.:

syn: Origanum marjorana L.: Origanum vulgare L.
DH 0738 Mints, dry

Several Mint species and hybrids and Pulegium vulgare Mill:

(see also individual Mints, Group 027 Herbs)
DH - Oregano (= Wild Marjoram), dry, see Marjoram

Origanum vulgare L.


DH 0741 Rosemary, dry

Rosmarinus officinalis L.


DH 0742 Rue, dry

Ruta graveolens L.


DH 0743 Sage, dry

Salvia officinalis L.: S. sclarea L.


DH 0745 Savory, Summer: Winter, dry

Satureja hortensis L.: S montana L.


DH 0747 Sweet cicely, dry

Myrrhis odorata (L.) Scop.


DH 0748 Tansy and related species, dry

Tanacetum vulgare L.: T balsamita L.:

syn: Chrysanthemum balsamita L.
DH 0750 Thyme, dry

a.o. Thymus vulgaris L.: Th. serpyllum L. and Thymus hybrids.


DH 0752 Wintergreen leaves, dry

Gaultheria procumbens L.

(not including herbs of the Wintergreen family Pyrolaceae)
DH 0753 Woodruff, dry

Asperula odorata L.


DH 0754 Wormwoods, dry

Artemisia absinthium L.: A. abrotanum L.: A vulgaris L.


DH 1101 - DH 1109 (inclusive) Reserved

Milled cereal products (early milling stages)

Class D


Type 12 Secondary food commodities of plant origin Group 058 Group Letter Code CM
For final milling fractions, whether processed or not, see Group 065 Cereal grain milling fractions
Group 058. Milled cereal products (early milling stages). The group includes the early milling of fractions of cereal grains, except buckwheat, cañihua and quinoa, such as husked rice, polished rice and the unprocessed cereal grain brans.

Exposure to pesticides is through pre-harvest treatments of the growing cereal grain crop and especially through post-harvest treatment of cereal grains.

The entire commodity may be consumed after further processing or household preparation.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity as prepared for wholesale or retail distribution.


Note: In view of the number of related commodities in this group some extra code numbers had to be used, not related to the primary food commodity from which the processed commodity concerned is prepared. Reference to the additional code numbers is given with the primary food commodity where it is listed for the first time in the Classification.

Group 058 Milled cereal products (early milling stages)



Code Number Commodity
CM 0081 Bran, unprocessed of cereal grain

(except buckwheat, cañihua and quinoa)


CM 1206 Rice bran, unprocessed
CM 0649 Rice, husked
CM 1205 Rice, polished
CM 0650 Rye bran, unprocessed
CM 0654 Wheat bran, unprocessed

Miscellaneous secondary food commodities of plant origin

Class D


Type 012 Secondary food commodities of plant origin Group 059 Group Letter Code SM

Group 059 Miscellaneous secondary food commodities of plant origin

Portion of commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity.


Code Number Commodity
SM 0716 Coffee beans, roasted

TYPE 13 DERIVED EDIBLE PRODUCTS OF PLANT ORIGIN

“Derived edible products” are foods or edible substances isolated from primary food commodities or raw agricultural commodities, not intended for human consumption as such, using physical, biological or chemical processing.

This type of processed food includes groups such as vegetable oils (crude and refined), by-products of the fractionation of cereals, fruit juices, teas (fermented and dried), cocoa powder and by-products of cocoa manufacturing, and extracts of various plants.
Cereal grain milling fractions

Class D


Type 13 Derived products of Plant origin Group 065 Group Letter Code CF
Group 065, Cereal grain milling fractions includes milling fractions of cereal grains at the final stage of milling and preparation in the fractions. The group also include the processed brans, as prepared for direct consumption.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity.


Note: In view of the number of related commodities in this group some extra code numbers had to be used, not related to the primary food commodity from which the commodity concerned is prepared.

Reference to the additional code numbers is given with the primary food commodity where it is listed for the first time in the Classification.



Group 065 Cereal grain milling fractions



Code Number Commodity
CF 0081 Cereal brans, processed
CF - Corn flour, see Maize flour
CF - Corn meal, see Maize meal
CF 1255 Maize flour
CF 0645 Maize meal
CF 0649 Rice bran, processed
CF 0650 Rye bran, processed
CF 1250 Rye flour
CF 1251 Rye wholemeal
CF 0654 Wheat bran, processed
CF 1210 Wheat germ
CF 1211 Wheat flour
CF 1212 Wheat wholemeal

Teas

Class D


Type 13 Derived edible products of plant origin Group 066 Group Letter Code DT
Teas, Group 066, are derived from the leaves of several plants, principally Camellia sinensis.

They are used mainly in a fermented and dried form or only as dried leaves for the preparation of infusions, which are used as beverages.

Newly grown vegetative shoots (terminal bud and 2-3 leaves) of tea are plucked, withered, twisted and comminuted and thereafter, in general, fermented and dried.

Teas made from other plants are often prepared in a similar way.

Portion of commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity as prepared for wholesale or retail distribution.

Group 066 Teas



Code Number Commodity
DT 0171 Teas (Tea and Herb teas)
DT 1110 Camomile or Chamomile

-Matricaria recutita L.:

syn: M. chamomilla auct.

- Chamaemelum nobile (L.) All.:

syn: Anthemis nobilis L.
DT - Camomile, German or Scented, see Camomile

Matricaria recutita L.:

syn: M. chamomilla auct.
DT - Camomile, Roman or Noble, see Camomile

Chamaemelum nobile (L.) All.:

syn: Anthemis nobilis L.
DT 1111 Lemon verbena (dry leaves)

Lippia citriodora H.B. & K.:

syn: L. triphylla L’Herb.
DT 1112 Lime blossoms

Tilia cordata Mill., syn: T ulmifolia Scop.:

T parvifolia Ehrh. ex Hoffm.,

Tilia Platyphyllos Scop.:

syn: T. grandifolia Ehrh. ex Hoffm.
DT 1113 Maté (dry leaves)

Ilex paraguensis D. Don.:

syn: I. paraguariensis St. Hill.
DT - Mayweed, Scented, see Camomile, German
DT - Paraguay tea, see Maté
DT - Peppermint tea (succulent or dry leaves), see Peppermint, Group 027: Herbs
DT 0446 Roselle (calyx and flowers), dry

Hibiscus sabdariffa L.


DT 1114 Tea, Green, Black (black, fermented and dried)

Camellia sinensis (L.) O Kuntze, several cultivars:

syn: C. thea Link: C theifera Griff.: Thea sinensis L.:

T. bohea L.: T viridis L.


DT 1115 - DT 1139 (inclusive) Reserved

Vegetable oils, crude

Class D


Type 13 Derived edible products of plant origin Group 067 Group Letter Code OC
Group 067, Vegetable oils, crude, includes the crude vegetable oils derived from oil seed Group 023, tropical and sub-tropical oil-containing fruits such as olives, and some pulses (e.g. soya bean, dry). For the definition and characteristics of Olive oil, crude see Codex Stan. 33-1981. The crude oils are used as constituents of compounded animal feeds or further processed (refined, clarified). See Group 068, Vegetable oils, edible (or refined).

Exposure to pesticides is through pre-harvest treatment of the relevant crops or post-harvest treatment of the oilseeds or oil-containing pulses.

Portion of commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity as prepared for wholesale distribution.

Group 067 Vegetable oils, crude



Code Number Commodity
OC 0172 Vegetable oils, crude
OC - Corn oil, crude, see Maize oil, crude
OC 0691 Cotton seed oil, crude
OC 0665 Coconut oil, crude
OC 0645 Maize oil, crude
OC 0305 Olive oil, crude
OC 0696 Palm oil, crude

made from the fleshy fruit mesocarp of Elaeis guineensis Jacq., see Codex Stan. 125-1981.


OC 1240 Palm kernel oil, crude

made from the kernels of the fruits of Elaeis guineensis Jacq., see Codex Stan. 126-1981.


OC 0697 Peanut oil, crude
OC 0495 Rape seed oil, crude
OC 0699 Safflower seed oil, crude
OC 0700 Sesame seed oil, crude
OC 0541 Soya bean oil, crude
OC 0702 Sunflower seed oil, crude

Vegetable oils, edible (or refined)

Class D


Type 13 Derived edible products of plant origin Group 068 Group Letter Code OR
Group 068, Vegetable oils, edible (or refined) include the vegetable oils derived from oil seed, Group 023, tropical and sub-tropical oil-containing fruits such as olives, and some pulses with a high oil content. The edible oils are derived from the crude oils through a refining and/or clarifying process. For definitions and characteristics of the edible oils listed below, see Codex Stan. 20-27 (inclusive), 33, 124 and 126 (inclusive) - 1981.

Exposure to pesticides is through pre-harvest treatment of the relevant crops, or post-harvest treatment of the oilseeds and oil containing pulses.

Portion of commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity as prepared for wholesale or retail distribution.

Group 068 Vegetable oils, edible (or refined)



Code Number Commodity
OR 0172 Vegetable oils, edible
OR - Corn oil, edible, see Maize oil, edible
OR 0691 Cotton seed oil, edible
OR 0665 Coconut oil, refined
OR 0645 Maize oil, edible
OR 0305 Olive oil, refined
OR 0696 Palm oil, edible
OR 1240 Palm kernel oil, edible
OR 0697 Peanut oil, edible
OR 0495 Rape seed oil, edible
OR 0699 Safflower seed oil, edible
OR 0700 Sesame seed oil, edible
OR 0541 Soya bean oil, refined
OR 0702 Sunflower seed oil, edible

Miscellaneous derived edible products of plant origin

Class D


Type 13 Derived edible products of plant origin Group 069 Group Letter Code DM
Group 069, Miscellaneous derived edible products include various intermediate products in the manufacture of edible food products. Some of these are used for further processing and not consumed as food or feed as such.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity.


Note: In view of the number of related commodities in this group extra code numbers had to be used, not related to the primary food commodity from which the intermediate product is prepared.

Reference to the additional code numbers is given with the primary food commodity where it is listed for the first time in the Classification.



Group 069 Miscellaneous derived edible products of plant origin



Code Number Commodity
DM 0001 Citrus molasses
DM 1215 Cocoa butter
DM 1216 Cocoa mass
DM 0715 Cocoa powder
DM 0305 Olives, processed
DM 0658 Sorghum molasses
DM 0596 Sugar beet molasses
DM 0659 Sugar cane molasses

Fruit juices

Class D


Type 13 Derived edible products of plant origin Group 070 Group Letter Code JF
Fruit juices, Group 070, are pressed from various mature fruits, either from the whole fruits or from the pulp (Type 1 and fruits from Fruiting vegetables, Group 011 and 012). A small amount of preserving agent(s) may be added to the juices during processing. The juices are often prepared for international trade in a concentrated form which is reconstituted for wholesale or retail distribution to about the original juice concentration as obtained by the pressing process.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity (not concentrated) or commodity reconstituted to the original juice concentration.



Group 070 Fruit juices



Code Number Commodity
JF 0175 Fruit juices
JF 0001 Citrus juice
JF 0004 Orange juice
JF 0226 Apple juice
JF - Cassis, see Black currant juice
JF 1140 Black currant juice
JF 0269 Grape juice
JF 0203 Grapefruit juice
JF 0341 Pineapple juice
JF 0448 Tomato juice
JF 1141 - JF 1149 (inclusive) Reserved

By-products, used for animal feeding purposes, derived from fruit and vegetable processing

Class D


Type 13 Derived edible products of plant origin Group 071 Group Letter Code AB
Group 071. The commodities of this group are by-products derived from Fruit and vegetable processing which are mainly used for animal feeding purposes either as a part of the ration of livestock animals as such, or as an element in the manufacture of compounded feeds. The commodities are prepared, in general, in a dry form for wholesale or retail distribution.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity. Residues in “wet” commodities of this group should be expressed on a “dry-weight” basis; see explanation in Group 050, Legume animal feeds.



Group 071 By-products, used for animal feeding purposes, derived from fruit and vegetable processing



Code Number Commodity
AB 0001 Citrus pulp, dry

Citrus spp.


AB 0226 Apple pomace, dry

Malus domesticus Borkhausen


AB 0269 Grape pomace, dry

Vitis vinifera L.


AB 0596 Sugar beet pulp, dry

Beta vulgaris L., var. saccharifera;

syn: B. vulgaris L., var. altissima
AB 1201 Sugar beet pulp, wet

Residues in the wet pulp to be expressed on a dry weight basis



Manufactured Foods (single-ingredient) of plant origin

Class D


Type 14 Manufactured Foods (single-ingredient) of plant origin
The term “single-ingredient manufactured food” means a “processed food” which consists of one identifiable food ingredient, with or without packing medium or minor ingredients, such as flavouring agents, spices and condiments, and which is normally pre-packaged and ready for consumption with or without cooking.
Group 075 }

}

Group 076 } pro memoria



}

Group 077 }



Manufactured foods (multi-ingredient) of plant origin

Class D


Type 15 Manufactured foods (multi-ingredient) of plant origin
The term “multi-ingredient manufactured food” means a processed food, consisting of more than one major ingredient.

A multi-ingredient food consisting of ingredients of both plant and animal origin will be included in this type if the ingredients(s) of plant origin is (are) predominant.


Manufactured multi-ingredient cereal products

Class D


Type 15 Manufactured foods (multi-ingredient) of plant origin Group 078

Group Letter Code CP


Group 078. Manufactured multi-ingredient cereal products. The commodities of this group are manufactured with several ingredients; products derived from cereal grains however form the major ingredient.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity as prepared for wholesale or retail distribution.



Group 078 Manufactured multi-ingredient cereal products



Code Number Commodity
CP 0179 Bread and other cooked cereal products
CP - Corn bread, see Maize bread
CP 0645 Maize bread
CP 1250 Rye bread
CP 1211 White bread
CP 1212 Wholemeal bread

CLASS E PROCESSED FOODS OF ANIMAL ORIGIN
Definition, see Class D.
Class E

Type 16 Secondary food commodities of animal origin
The term “secondary food commodity” means a “primary food commodity” which has undergone simple processing, such as removal of certain portions, drying, and comminution, which do not basically alter the composition or identity of the commodity.

Secondary food commodities may be processed further, or used as ingredients in the manufacture of food, or sold directly to the consumer.

This type of processed food includes groups of processed primary food commodities of animal origin which have undergone simple processing, such as processed mammalian meat and poultry meat, fishes and other aquatic animals, e.g. dried meat, dried fish.
Dried meat and fish products

Class E


Type 16 Secondary food commodities of animal origin Group 080 Group Letter Code MD
Group 080. Dried meat and fish products, includes natural or artificial dried meat products and dried fishes, mainly marine fishes. Most of the dried fishes are naturally dried (wind and sun). For convenience other marine animals, whether or not fishes or Crustaceans, are classified in this group.
The entire commodity may be consumed, either as such or after processing (e.g. dried fish).

Portion of commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity as prepared for wholesale or retail distribution.



Group 080 Dried meat and fish products



Code Number Commodity
MD 0095 Meat, dried (from mammals other than marine mammals)
MD 0180 Dried fish
MD 0120 Diadromous fish, dried
MD 0127 Flat-fishes, dried

(see Group 042, Subgroup 0127)


MD 0125 Marine fish, dried
MD 0126 Stockfish (= dried Cod and Cod-like fishes)

(see Group 042, Subgroup WS 0126)


MD 0812 Cattle meat, dried (including dried and smoked)
MD 0816 Horse meat, dried (including dried and smoked)
MD 0818 Pig meat, dried (including dried and smoked)
MD - Beche-de-mer, dried, see Sea-cucumbers, dried
MD 0927 Cod, dried
MD 0929 Dab or Common dab, dried
MD 0935 Hakes, dried
MD 0936 Halibut, dried
MD 0940 Ling, dried
MD 1010 Sea-cucumbers, dried

Secondary milk products

Class E


Type 16 Secondary Food Commodities of animal origin Group 082 Group Letter Code LS
Group 082, secondary milk products, includes milk products which have undergone simple processing such as removal or part removal of certain ingredients e.g. water, milk fat etc.

The group and the commodities therein will only be used for pesticides which are not partitioned exclusively or nearly exclusively into the milk fat.

The recommended system for expressing the MRLs for the fat-soluble pesticides in milk and milk products is explained in the introduction to CAC/Vol. XIII-Ed. 2.

The group includes among others the following commodities as defined in the relevant Codex Standards, see CAC/Vol. XVI-Ed.1 (1984). The reference no. of the standard is indicated between brackets.

Milk powders (whole, skimmed and partly skimmed) (Standard A-5 1971); evaporated milks (whole, skimmed) (Standard A-3 1971); skimmed milk.
Specific commodities will be listed in this group with their code nos. according as the necessity for this arises.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity.


Class E

Type 17 Derived edible products of animal origin
The term “Derived edible products” means foods or edible substances isolated from primary food commodities or raw agricultural commodities not intended for human consumption as such, using physical, biological and chemical processes.

This type includes processed (rendered or extracted, possibly refined and/or clarified) fats from mammals, including aquatic mammals, poultry and aquatic organisms such as fishes.



Crustaceans, processed

Class E


Type 17 Derived edible products of animal origin Group 084 Group Letter Code SC
Group 084, Crustaceans, processed. Crustaceans are processed to a large extent before entering the national or international trade channels.

Crabs, lobsters and shrimps or prawns are in general cooked directly after catching. Thereafter either the animals are deep-frozen with or without shell, or the meat without shell is canned, with or without a packing medium. The latter may consist of water, salt, lemon juice and sugars.

Shrimps or prawns may also be “parboiled” and thereafter deep-frozen.

According to the relevant Codex Standards, namely 92-1981, and 95-1981 “cooked” means heated for a period of time such that the thermal centre reaches a temperature adequate to coagulate the protein and “parboiled” means heated for a period of such time that the surface of the product reaches a temperature adequate to coagulate the protein at the surface but inadequate to coagulate the protein at the thermal centre.

The cooked commodities are in general subjected to deep-freezing directly after cooking or the cooking is part of the canning process.

The designation cooked after the commodity may include any of the processes mentioned except the parboiled and deep-frozen shrimps or prawns.

The entire commodity except the shell may be consumed.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity (especially with the small sized species) or the cooked meat without shell as prepared for wholesale or retail distribution.


For commodity description and scientific family or species names see Group 045, Crustaceans.

Group 084 Crustaceans, processed



Code Number Commodity
SC 0143 Crustaceans, cooked
SC 0144 Freshwater crustaceans, cooked
SC 0145 Marine crustaceans, cooked
SC 0146 Crabmeat, cooked
SC 0976 Freshwater crayfishes, cooked
SC 0977 Freshwater shrimps or prawns, cooked
SC 0978 Lobsters (including Lobster meat), cooked
SC 0979 Shrimps or Prawns, cooked
SC 1220 Shrimps or Prawns, parboiled

Animal fats, processed

Class E


Type 17 Derived edible products of animal origin Group 085 Group Letter Code FA
The group 085, processed animal fats, includes rendered or extracted (possibly refined and/or clarified) fats from land and aquatic mammals and poultry and fats and oils derived from fishes.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity as prepared for wholesale or retail distribution.



Group 085 Animal fats, processed



Code Number Commodity
FA 0096 Tallow and lard from cattle, goats, horses, pigs and sheep

(lard only from pigs)


FA 0111 Poultry fats, processed
FA 0142 Processed Fat (Blubber), of Whales, Dolphins and Sales
FA 0810 Buffalo tallow

Bubalis bubalis L.:

Syncerus caffer Sparrman

Bison bison L.


FA 0811 Camel tallow

Camelus bactrianus L.: C. dromedarius L.:

Lama glama L.; L pacos L.
FA 0812 Cattle tallow (including processed suet)

Bos taurus L.:

see further Group 037, no. MM 0812
FA 0814 Goat tallow

Capra hircus L.; other Capra spp.


FA 0816 Horse tallow

Equus caballus L.


FA 0818 Lard (of pigs)

among others Sus domesticus Erxleben: other Sus spp. and ssp.


FA 0822 Sheep tallow

Ovis aries L.; other Ovis spp.


FA 0972 Whales, Blubber of, processed
FA 0840 Chicken fat, processed

Gallus gallus L.: other Gallus spp.


FA 0841 Duck fat, processed

Anas platyrhynchos L.; other Anas spp.


FA 0842 Goose fat, processed

Anser anser L.; other Anser spp.


FA 0848 Turkey fat, processed

Meleagris gallopavo L.



Milk fats

Class E


Type 17 Derived edible products of animal origin Group 086 Group Letter Code FM
Group 086. Milk fats are the fatty ingredients derived from the milk of various mammals.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity.



Group 086 Milk fats



Code Number Commodity
FM 0183 Milk fats

(from milk of Buffalo, Camel, Cattle, Goat or Sheep)


FM 0810 Buffalo milk fat

Bubalis bubalis L.;

Syncerus caffer Sparrman: Bison bison L.
FM 0811 Camel milk fat

Camelus bactrianus L.: C. dromedarius L.:

Lama glama L.; L. pacos L.
FM 0812 Cattle milk fat

Bos taurus L.; see further Group 037 no. MM 0812


FM 0814 Goat milk fat

Capra hircus L.; other Capra spp.


FM 0822 Sheep milk fat

Ovis aries L.; other Ovis spp.



Group 087 Derived Milk products

Class E


Type 17 Derived Edible products of Animal Origin Group 087 Group Letter Code LD
Group 087 includes food or edible substances isolated from the primary food commodity cattle milk, or milks from other mammals, using physical, biological and chemical processes. This group and the commodities therein will only be used if necessary for pesticides which are not partitioned exclusively or nearly exclusively into the milk fat. For further explanation, see Group 082.

This group include among others the following food commodities, as defined in the relevant Codex Standards, see CAC/Vol. XXI, Ed-1 (1984): Butter, whey butter, both in Standard A-1 (1971): Butteroil, anhydrous butteroil, both in Standard A-2 (1973): Cream, Standard A-9 (1976): Cream powders (half cream, high fat), Standard A-10 (1971): Edible acid casein, Standard A-12 (1976): Edible caseinates, Standard A-13 (1976).

Specific commodities will be listed in this group with their code nos. according as the necessity for this arises.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity.



Manufactured food (single-ingredient) of animal origin

Class E


Type 18 Manufactured food (single-ingredient) of animal origin
The term “single ingredient manufactured food” means a processed food which consists of one identifiable food ingredient, with or without packing medium or minor ingredients such as flavouring agents, spices and condiments, and which is normally pre-packaged and ready for consumption, with or without cooking.

Group 090 Manufactured milk products (single ingredient)

Class E


Type 18 Manufactured Food (single ingredient) of animal origin Group 090 Group Letter Code LI
Group 090 and the commodities therein will only be used, if the necessity arises, for pesticides which are not partitioned exclusively or nearly exclusively into the milk fat. For further explanation see Group 082.

This group include among others the following food commodities, as defined in the relevant Codex Standards (indicated between brackets): Yoghurt (Codex Standard A-11(a) 1975): Cheeses, individually named (Codex Standard A-6 1978 and Standard C-1 (1966-1978).

Specific commodities will be listed in this group with their code nos. according as the necessity for this arises.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity as prepared for wholesale or retail distribution.

Group 091 Reserved

Manufactured food (multi-ingredient) of animal origin

Class E


Type 19 Manufactured food (multi-ingredient) of animal origin
The term “multi-ingredient manufactured food” means a processed food consisting of more than one major ingredient.

A multi-ingredient food consisting of ingredients of both animal and plant origin will be included in this type if the ingredient(s) of animal origin is (are) predominant.



Group 092 Manufactured milk products (multi-ingredient)

Class E


Type 19 Manufactured food (multi-ingredient) of animal origin Group 092 Group Letter Code LM
Group 092 and the commodities therein will only be used in the classification if necessary for pesticides which are not partitioned exclusively or nearly exclusively into the milk fat. For further explanation see Group 082.

This group includes among others the following commodities, as defined in the relevant Codex Standards, see CAC/Vol XVI, Ed-1 (1984): Processed Cheese products, Codex Standard A-8(a) and A-8(b) (1978): Processed Cheese preparations, Standard A-8(c) (1978): Flavoured yoghurt, Standard A-11(b) (1976): Sweetened condensed milk, Standard A-4 (1971).

Specific commodities will be listed in this group with their code nos. according as the necessity for this arises.

Portion of the commodity to which the MRL applies (and which is analysed): Whole commodity as prepared for wholesale or retail distribution.


Group 093 Reserved


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