History of Diabetes & Diabetics



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Can Diabetes Be Cured?


Diabetes is an insidious disease. In fact, moderately high levels of blood glucose (180-200 mg/dl) produce no symptom and may go unnoticed for many months or even years. Most patients with Type 1 diabetes pass large volumes of urine, experience an increase in the frequency of urination, undue thirst and hunger, and rapid weight loss. These symptoms provide clues to the diagnosis of diabetes.

Men and women with Type-2 diabetes may not have the above symptoms. Some of them may experience an increase in the frequency of urination and abnormal thirst. They may however feel tired, irritable, lack concentration at work, proneness to infection, delay in wound healing, intense itching and need for frequent change of eye glasses.

At the age of 45yrs or later, if you foresee the risk of developing diabetes, get your fasting blood glucose test, 2-hrs after a drink of 3.527 oz of glucose, at least once a year. Blood glucose values of 200mg/dl and higher would suggest the diagnosis of diabetes mellitus.

Can diabetes be cured?

Diabetes cannot be cured completely, but can be effectively controlled. People with diabetes can lead a healthy life if, their blood glucose level is under control. The decrease in life span of a diabetic is restored to normal by maintaining good blood glucose control (90-130 mg/dl at fasting and with less than 180 mg/dl 2hrs after meals).
Sometimes, patients may not need any tablet/insulin or, even diet control to keep their blood glucose in control. This period is called honeymoon phase (in Type-1 diabetes). The duration may vary from a few days to over six months. Some patients mistake this for cure of diabetes.

Cardiovascular disease accounts for 70-75% deaths in diabetic people with acute myocardial infarction being responsible for 30% mishaps. Diabetes typically doubles heart attack risk in men and triples in women. Diabetes causes more extensive coronary atherosclerosis with triple vessel involvement. Long-duration diabetes and diabetes in elderly people is more likely to cause silent heart attack (painless MI) with increased chances of death.



What is the link between diabetes and CVD?

It had been observed that diabetes changes the chemical composition of some substances found in the blood and leads to blood vessels narrowing or sometimes clogging up completely. This is nothing but atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries, and diabetes increases the pace of it. Heart disease occurs twice frequently in those suffering with diabetes than in people without diabetes. Cardiovascular complications occur early in diabetics, and often result in premature death.

What is needed to “break the link” between diabetes and CVD?

Preventive management includes life style modification (quit smoking, regular exercise, and limitation of fat and energy intake) to control blood sugar, lipids and hypertension.

Target ranges are:

A

A1C<7 percent

Check twice a year

B

Blood pleasure < 130/80 mmHg

Check twice a year

C

Cholesterol-LDL < 100mg/dl

Check twice a year

Diabetics learn and practice the skills necessary to control their blood glucose, blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and it is very essential to receive customary checkups from their physicians. Smokers should give up smoking and overweight diabetics should follow a practice of moderate exercise regimen.



Diabetes and Siddha

Diabetes is a condition which can be compared with Neerizhivu in Siddha. The other names described in the texts are the Madhumegham and Inippuneer. The signs and symptoms explained are increased urination both in frequency and quantity, there will be flies surrounding the urine voided place, weigh loss, dryness of the skin, etc.

Types of madhumegam

According to the siddhar Ukimuni’s view madhumegam is classified in to 3 main types and 20 sub types.

Causes of madhumegam


  1. Eating more oily,spicy foods and sweets and flour items.

  2. Having frequent coitus.

  3. Mental strain and stress.

  4. Sedentary works.

  5. Eating more non veg items very frequently.

Symptoms of madhumegam

Symptoms varies according to types but common symptoms are same as allopathic symptoms.

Siddha Diagnosis of madhumegam

Various diagnostic methods in Siddha system like Naadi (The Pulse reading), Moothira parisothanai (Urine Examination) etc are used to diagnose the condition. The disease comes under the Megha diseases.

Management

In siddha the management of a disease not only depends on the medicine but the modification of food, habits, and lifestyle also. There are several medicines said in the literatures and practiced successfully by Siddha practitioners. The regulations in food, daily habits etc. are the specialty of most of these medicines. Some commonly used medicines are



  1. Madhumegha choornam

  2. Seenthil choornam

  3. Naval chornam

  4. Seenthil Kudineer

  5. Aavarai kudineer

  6. Abraga Parpam

  7. Vanga parpam

In addition to the prepared medicines there are several herbal combinations said in the texts for the management of this disease. All these medicines are to be used with the prescription of a Siddha medical practitioner and with proper regimen. These medicines include several plants with anti- diabetic property like

Jambolinor Naval (Syzygium cuminii)

Sarkarai Kolli (Gymnema Sylvestre)

Kadalazhinjil or Eganayakam (Salacia reticulate)

Seenthil or Amrithu (Tinospora cordifolia)

Vilvam (Aegle marmelos).

Regimen

The regulations in the daily habits, food and other activities are called as regimen. Even if there is so many do's and don'ts it is said that food that necessary for the sustaining of the vitality of the body should be consumed without fail. It is said that one should avoid day sleep and the sexual intercourse in the daytime.



November 14th is considered as World Diabetes Day. In this occasion let us hope more researches will aim to the Indigenous systems of medicine which all have lot of resources.

Aravindh Herbal Therapeutics For Diabetes mellitus

CAPSULE BEPSONIL

Combination:-

  1. Abroma augusta

  2. Aegle marmelos

  3. Emblica officinalis

  4. Syzygium jambolanam

  5. Gymnema sylvestre

  6. Terminalia chebula

  7. Coccinia indica

  8. Momordica charantia

  9. Tinospora cordifolia

  10. Curcuma longa

Each individual drug used in this capsule is proved pharmacologically for their action in controlling diabetes mellitus by various researches conducted in various animals by our alternative medicine physicians and scientists.

Oncoming paras describes us about the fore said plants A to Z details and their proved pharmaco kinetics in controlling and maintaining diabetes mellitus.



Scientific classification

Kingdom:Plantae, Angiosperms, Eudicots

Order:Malvales

Family: Sterculiaceae

Genus:Abroma

Species:augusta



Botanical Name : Abroma augusta

English Name : Devill's cotton, Indian hemp

Tamil Name:Sivapputtutti.



Hindi Name : Ulat Kambal

Family: Sterculiaceae



Distribution:

This large shrub is common in many parts of India. It is also found in Pakistan and many Asian countries.



Description of the plant:

ABROMA AUGUSTA. is a large shrub to a height of about 3 to 4 meters. Leaves large, 10-15 by 10-12.5 cm, repand-denticulate, upper smaller, narrower, entire. Flowers solitary, axillary, pendulous, peduncle up to 4 cm long The flowers are 5 cm. in diameter; sepals 2.5 cm, lanceolate; The petals are 5 and purple to dark red, concave, and prolonged above into a large spoon shaped lamina. petals scarcely exceeding the sepals The capsules are membranous. The seeds are many. The flowering season is July to August.



Usage:

In Ayurveda the juice of fresh leaves is very useful in female diseases of uterus and menstruation. It regulates the menstrual flow and acts as an uterine tonic. A good quality fibre is obtained from this plant. Root bark is uterine tonic and a reputed emmenagogue. It is used in amenorrhoea and dysmenorrhoea; regulates irregular menses and pain. The fresh viscid juice of the root-bark is useful in the congestive and neuralgic varieties of dysmenorrhoea. Leaves and stems are demulcent. Petioles are useful in dysentery, weakness and burning urination. Petioles are cut into pieces and soaked in water overnight, filtered in the next morning and taken with sugar in burning urination and seminal weakness. Seeds are used for neck pain Aquous extract of root is galactagogue in albino rats. Petrolium ether extract of roots showed antiimplantation and abortifacient properties. Linoleic acid present in the seed has anticholesteremic properties. Root powder and leaf juice has got estrogenic properties (Asolkar et al., 1992).It’s leaves and stem are demulcent and so beneficial in gonorrhoea and thus it is efficient in controlling mega diseases said by our siddhars including peramega(diabetes mellitus).



Chemical constituents:

Leaves contain taraxerol, its acetate and ß-sitosterol. Stem bark contains friedelin and ß-sitosterol. Root and root bark contain gum, fixed oil, resin, alkaloids, abromine, choline and betaine, ß-sitosterol, stigmasterol, digitonide, magenesium salts of hydroxyl acids and polysaccharide. Seeds contain 20.2% fixed oil with 71.5% linoleic acid. Augustic acid an oleanane derivative and a stigmasterol glycoside have been isolated from the roots. Heartwood contains ß-sitosterol, glycol and octacosane-1, 28-diol (Ghani, 2003; Rastogi & Mehrotra, 1993; Asolkar et al., 1992).

Aegle marmelos



Scientific classification

Kingdom:Plantae, Angiosperms, Eudicots, Rosids.

Order:Sapindales

Family:Rutaceae

Subfamily:Aurantioideae

Tribe:Clauseneae

Genus: Aegle

Species:marmelos



Botanical name:Aegle marmelos

Local names



    • Hindi: (Sirphal)

    • Konkani: gorakamli

    • Marathi: (Kaveeth)

    • Punjabi: Beel

    • Sinhalese: (Beli)

    • Tamil: (Vilvam)

Telugu: (maredu)

Distribution

Bael (Aegle marmelos) (also known as Bengal quince, stone apple), Bilva (Tamil) is a species of tree native to India. It is present throughout Southeast Asia as a naturalized species Bael occurs in dry forests on hills and plains of northern, central and southern India, southern Nepal, Sri Lanka, Myanmar, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Vietnam, Laos, Cambodia and Thailand. It is cultivated throughout India, as well as in Sri Lanka, the northern Malay Peninsula, Java, the Philippines, and Fiji. It has a reputation in India for being able to grow in places that other trees cannot. It copes with a wide range of soil conditions (pH range 5-10), is tolerant of waterlogging and has an unusually wide temperature tolerance (from -7°C to 48°C).
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