Introduction index plantarum



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INDEX

PLANTARUM
Being an annual account of live plants

cultivated in the Biology Greenhouse at

McMaster University, Hamilton,

Ontario,Canada

Compiled by

Arthur R. Yeas

Greenhouse Technician.
July 2014

INTRODUCTION

INDEX PLANTARUM

omne ignotum pro magnifico est

Everything Unknown Is Taken As Marvelous

TACTTUS-AGRICOLA XXX

The Index Plantarum is a working list of plants growing in the Biology greenhouse at McMaster University.

The Index Plantarum is organized in the following manner:

Section 1 – Monocotyledonous plants Page 4 to page 13

Section 2 – Eudicotyledonous plants Page 14 to page 31

Section 3 – Pterophyta (The Ferns) Page 32 to page 34

Section 4 – Conifers Page 35 to page 38

Cycads


Equisetum

Selaginella

Psilotum

Jungermania (formerly Marchantia)

Podocarpus
Each plant family name, plant genus and species was researched using three sources of information. They were:

1. The International Plant Name Index

2. The Plant List

3. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

All of the plant families were verified using the most up to date information provided at the “World Checklist of Selected Plant Families”. (Check “References Used” at the end of this introduction for the web address). The information at World Checklist of Selected Plant Families was used “with the permission of the Trustees of the Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew”.
An asterisk (*) beside a plant family name indicates that the family name is unresolved and is currently being researched. When the family name is accepted by the scientific community, appropriate changes will be made.
Plant families are organized alphabetically in each section.
Plant Names

Within each section in the Index Plantarum plant names are organized alphabetically under each plant family.


Each plant name has been checked and verified using the references listed in this document. Where a plant name is unresolved, a notation to that effect is made under the plant name. Every plant name is recorded in the Index Plantarum in a specific manner.
For example: Anthurium hookeri Kunth

Enum. Pl. 3:74 (1841)

Giant Bird-Nest Anthurium

St. Lucia to Northern South America


-each plant name has a currently accepted genus and species

-the author’s name (abbreviated) credited with first publishing that name

-the name of the publication (abbreviated) and the date when the plant name appeared for the first time in the scientific literature

-at least one common name (if any)

-a place of origin where the plant is native
STATISTICS

Number of families in the plant collection – 77

Number of genera in the plant collection – 150

Number of species in the plant collection – 217



REFERENCES USED

1. The International Plant Name Index


http://www.ipni.org
2. The Plant List (2010) Version 1
Published on the Internet,

http://www.theplantlist.org


3. World Checklist of Selected Plant Families

WCSP (2013). World Checklist of Selected Plant Families. Facilitated by the

Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Published on the Internet:

http://apps.kew.org/wcsp



SECTION 1
MONOCOTYLEDONOUS

PLANTS
SECTION 1

Amaryllidaceae
Hippeastrum cv. Dutch hybrids
Amaryllis

Tropical and Subtropical Americas


Sprekelia formosissima (L.) Herb
Aztec Lily

Mexico
Araceae


Alocasia amazonica cv. ‘Polly’
African Mask Plant

Hybrid between A. sanderiana or A. watsoniana or

A. longiloba or A. watsoniana

Alocasia ‘Calidora

Giant Elephant Ear

Alocasia gageana x Alocasia odora

Alocasia macrorrhizos (L.) G.Don ‘Nigra’

Hort. Brit. ed. 3: 631 1839

Giant Taro

Malaysia to Queensland


Anthurium andraeanum Linden Eye Andre

III. Hort. 24:43 1877

cv. Red

cv. Pink
Flamingo Flower



Columbia to Ecuador
Anthurium hookeri Kunth

Enum. Pl. 3’74 (1841)


Giant Bird Nest Anthurium

St. Lucia to Northern South America


Colocasia esculenta (L.) Schott

Melet. Bot. 18 1832


Taro

Wetlands of Malaysia


Epipremum aureum (Linden and Andre) G.S. Bunting

Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 50:28 (1964)


Devil’s Ivy

Northern Australia through Malaysia, IndoChina to India


Lemna minor L.

Sp. Pl. 970 1753


Common Duckweed

From Africa


Monstera deliciosa Liebm.

Vidensk. Meddel. Naturhist. Foren.

Kjobenhavn 1:19 (1849)
Swiss Cheese Plant

Mexico (Veracruz, Oaxaca Chiapas) to

Central America
Philodendron bipinnatifidum Schott ex Endl.

Gen. Pl. 1(3):237 (1837)


Lacy Tree Philodendron

South America (Brazil, Bolivia, Argentina,

Paraguay)
Philodendron cordatum Kunth ex Schott

syn. Avoid:95 (1853)
Heartleaf Philodendron

S.E. Brazil (Rio de Janiero to Sao Paulo)


Philodendron ‘Emerald Queen’

Brazil, Guyana, Colombia


Pistia stratiotes L.

Sp. Pl. 963 (1753)


Water lettuce

Tropics and Subtropics


Arecaceae
Caryota mitis Lour.

Fl. Cochinch:697 (1790)


Fishtail Palm

S.E. China to IndoChina, Indomalaya, Australasia


Chamaedora cataractarum Mart.

Hist. Nat. Palm. 3: 309 1849.

Cat Palm

Mexico


Dysis decaryi (Jum.) Beentje and J.Dransf..

Palms Madagascar:187 (1995)


Triangle Palm

S.E. Madagascar


Livistona chinensis (Jacq.) R.Br. ex Mort.

Hist. Nat. Palm.3:240 (1838)


Chinese Fan Palm

South Japan to China (Guangdong)


Phoenix reclinata Jacq.

Fragm.1:27 (1801)


Senegal Date Palm

Trop. Africa, Madagascar

Comoro Islands, S.W. Arabian Peninsula
Asparagaceae
Agave Americana subsp. Americana

Publication details unknown


Century Plant

Arizona to S. Texas and Mexico


Agave attentuata Salm-Dyck. Var “Kara’s Stripes’

Hort. Dyck:303 (1834)


Lion’s Tail Plant

Western and Central Mexico


Agave de-meesteriana Jacobi

Monog:218 (1864)


Smooth Century Plant

Central Mexico, Mexican Gulf, N E Mexico


Dracena angustifolia (Medik.) Roxcb.

Hort. Bengal.24 1814


Dracena

Phillippines



Haworthia herbacea var. herbacea

Publication details unknown


Haworthia

S. Africa


Ruscus hypoglossum L.

Sp. Pl:1041 1753

Mouse Thorn

Western Europe to Iran


Sansevieria hahnii hort
Sansevieria trifasciata Prain

Bengal Pl.2:1054 1903


Snake Plant

Tropical West Africa, Nigeria to Congo


Asparagus densiflorus ‘Meyersii’
Foxtail fern

S.W. Cape and KwaZulu Natal


Asparagus densiflorus ‘Sprengeri’
Asparagus fern
Aspidistra elatior Blume

Tijdschr. Natuurl. Physiol. 1:76 1834


Variegated bar-room plant

Japan
Chlorophytum comosum (Thumb.) Jaques

J. Soc. I imp. Centr. Hort.8:345 1862
Spider Plant

Tropical and S.Africa


Eucharis amazonica Lindenex Planch

J. Gen.Hort.12:1216 1857


Amazon lily

Central America and Ecuador


Yucca gigantea Lem.

111 Hort.6(Misc.):91 (1859)


Spineless Yucca

Belize, Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala,

Honduras, Mexico
Bromeliaceae
Aechmea fasciata (Lindl.) Baker var. ‘Primera’

J. Bot 17:231 (1879)

Urn Plant

Brazil (Rio de Janiero)


Commelinaceae
Tradescantia pallida (Rose) D.R. Hunt

Cv ‘Purple Heart’

Contr.U.S. Nat. Herb. 13:294 1911
Purple Wandering Jew

Gulf coast region of East Mexico


Costaceae
Cheilocostus speciosus (J.Koenig) C.D.Specht

Taxon 55:159 (2006)

(unplaced name)
Spiral Ginger

Tropical to Subtropical Asia and Queensland


Cyperaceae
Cyperus papyrus L.

Sp.Pl:47 (1753)


Nile Grass

Africa


Dioscoreaceae
Tacca chantrieri André

Rev. Hort. 73: 541 1901

Black Bat Plant

Southern China, Malaysia



Tacca integrifolia Ker Gawl.

Bot. Mag. 36: t. 1488 1812

White Bat Plant

Tibet, Bhutan, Assam, Bangladesh, Indochina, India, Pakistan, Java, Malaysia, Sumatra, Borneo


Eriocaulaceae
Syngonanthus chrysanthus ‘Mikado’ (Bong.) Ruhland

Pflanzenr.IV,30:256 1903


Mikado Plant

riparian areas of Brazil


Hydrocharitaccae
Egeria densa Planch

Menatsber.Konigi.Preuss.Akad.Wiss.

Berlin 1857:49 1857
Brazilian Waterweed

Southeast Brazil, Argentina, Uraguay


Elodea canadensis Mich

Fl.Bor.-Ameri. 1:20 1803


Canadian Pondweed

North America


Marantaceae
Calathea crocata E.Morren & Joriss.

Ann. Bot. Hort. 25: 141 1875

Eternal Flame

Brazil
Musaceae


Musa basjoo Siebold and Zucc. Exlinuma

Somoku-Dzusetsu,ed.2:3,t.1 1874


Japanese banana

South China


Musa acuminata (AAAGroup)

Dwarf Cavendish


triploid cultivar, edible banana

Vietnam, China


Musa acuminata subsp.acuminata

VanHouette ex Planch.

Fl.Serres Jard.Eur.10:223(1855)
Blood Banana

Sumatra,Indonesia


Orchidaceae
Vanilla imperialis Kraenzl.

Notizbl. Königl. Bot. Gart. Berlin 1: 155 1896


Vanilla Orchid

Western Tropical Africa to South-West Ethiopia and Angola


Pandanaceae
Pandanus tectorius Parkinson ex Du Roi

Naturforscher(Halle)4:250 (1774)


Screw Pine

Phillippines to Pacific


Poaceae
Oryza sativa L.

Sp.Pl:333 (1753)


Rice

Cultigens from China


Phyllostachys aurea Riviere and C.Riviere

Bull.Soc.Acclem.France,111,5:716 (1878)


Golden Bamboo

China(Fujian,Zhejiang)


Saccharum officinarum L.

Sp.Pl:54 (1753)


Sugar-cane

Cultigen from New Guinea


Triticum aestivum L. var. ‘Pima Club’

Sp.Pl;85 (1753).(May 1 1753)


Common Wheat

Cultigens from South Transcaucus to Northwest Iran


Zea mays L. cv. ‘Guarijio Red’
Corn

Mexico
Zea mays L. cv. ‘Hopi’


Hopi Corn

Mexico
Zea mays L. cv. ‘Hopi Blue Sakwapu’


Corn

Mexico
Zea mays L. cv ‘Hernandez multicolor’


Corn

Mexico
Zea Mexicana (Schrad.) Kuntze in T.E. von Post and C.E.O. Kuntze

Lex.Gen.Phan:599 (1904)
Teosinte

Mexico (Chihuhua to North Oaxaca)


Pontederiaceae
Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.(Sdms

Monogr.Phan.4:527 1883


Water Hyacynth

Amazon basin


Strelitziaaceae
Ravenala madagascariensis Sonn.

Voy. Indes Orient 2:223 (1782)

Traveller’s Tree

Northeast Madagascar


Strelitzia nicolai Regel and K.Koch

Gartenflora 7:263 (1858)


Giant White Bird of Paradise Tree

East Zimbabwe to KwaZulu-Natal, East Botswana


Strelitzia reginae Banks

Icon:t.Strelitzia reginae


Bird of Paradise Plant

Cape Province to KwaZulu-Natal


Xanthorrhoeaceae
Aloe ferox Mill.

Gard. Dict. Ed. 8:no22 (1768)


Cape Aloe

South Africa


Aloe perfoliata L.

Syn. Pl. Succ.78 1812


Rubble Aloe

Western Cape, South Africa


Aloe succotrina Lam.

Encyl.1:85 (1783)


Magic Healing Plant

Southwest Cape Province


Zingiberaceae
Zingiber officinale Roscoe.

Trans. Linn. Soc London 8:348 (1807)


Ginger

South Central China to India



SECTION 2
EUDICOTYLEDONOUS

PLANTS

SECTION 2

*Acanthaceae
Acanthus mollis L.

Sp.Pl.2:639 1753


Bear’s Breeches

Mediterraneum region, Portugal to North Africa


Fittonia albivenis (Lindl.ex Veitch) Brunsmitt

Bot.Mag.182:165 1979


Nerve Plant

South America, Peru


Fittonia gigantea Linden

Rev. Hort. (1869) 186


Nerve Plant

Peru


Thunbergia grandiflora (Roxb. ex Rottl.) Roxb.

Bot. Reg. 6: 6 1820


Blue sky flower

India, China, Nepal


*Aizoaceae
Lithops lesliei (N.E.Br.) N.E.Br.

Gard. Chron.,ser.371:65 65 1922


Living Stone Plant

Savannah of S. Africa


Lithops turbiniformis N.E.Br.

Gard.Chron.111,71:55 1922


Living Stone Plant

South Africa


Lithops species (unknown)
Lithops species (unknown)
Lithops species (unknown)
Lithops species (unknown)
Lithops species (unknown)
Lithops species (unknown)
Lithops species (unknown)
Lithops species (unknown)

Lithops species (unknown)
Lithops species (unknown)
Lithops species (unknown)
Lithops species (unknown)
Lithops species (unknown)
Apocynaceae
Adenium obesum (Forssk.) Roem & Schult.

Syst.Veg 4:411 (1819)


Desert Rose plant

Sahel regions, south of the Sahara and Tropical and

Subtropical East and South Africa and Arabia
Hoya carnosa (L.f.) R.Br.

Asclepiadeae 1810


Wax plant

East Asia to Australia


Nerium oleander L.

Sp.Pl.:209 1753


Oleander

Mediterraneum area to South Central China


Mandevilla Sun Parasol ‘Crimson’
Mandevilla

Mexico to Central and South America


Stapelia gigantea N.E.Br.

Gard.Chron. 1:684,f 112 684 1877


Carrion Flower

Tropical and Subtropical Africa,

Botswana, Zimbabwe
Stephanotis floribunda Brongm.

Ann.Sci.Nat.Bot.ser.2,7:30 30 1837


Madagascar Jasmine

Madagascar


Araliaceae
Hedera helix L.

Sp. Pl.:202 (1753)


Ivy

Europe to West and North Turkey


Schefflera arboricola (Hayata) Merr.

Var. ‘Hawaiian Elf’

Lignan Sci. J. 5:139 1929
Dwarf Umbrella Tree

Taiwan
Aristolochiaceae



Aristolochia labiataWilld.

Mém. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou 2: 101 1809.


Rooster Flower

Brazil
Asteraceae


Chrysanthemum morofolium Ramat.

J. Hist. Nat. 2:240. 1792.240 1792


Commercial mum

cv. yellow

cv. white
Begoniaceae
Begonia coccinea Hook.

Bot.Mag.69:t.3990 (1843)


Scarlet Begonia

Brazil (Rio de Janeiro)


Begonia masoniana Irmsch. ex Ziesenh.

Begonian 38: 52 1971


Iron Cross Begonia

China, Malaysia


Begonia x ricinifolia A. Dietr. Var ‘Immense’

Allg. Gartenzeitung 15:282 1847


Name is unplaced

Artificial hybrid


Bignoniaceae
Dolichandra unquis-cati (L.) L.G. Lohmann

Brittonia 25:236 1973


Cat Claw Creeper

Tropical forest of Central America and

South America, Caribbean
*Brassicaceae
Lepidium meyenii Walp.

Nov. Actorum Acad Caes. Leop-Card.Nat.

Car.19 (Suppl.1)249.1843
Macca

Bolivia
Cactaceae


Cereus repandus (L.) Mill.

Gard. Dict. Ed. 8 5 1768


Peruvian apple cactus

South America


Cereus repandus ‘Monstrous’
Montrose apple cactus

Echinocactus grusonii Hildm.

Deutshe Gartn. Zeitung 1886 (3):27 1886


Golden Barrel Cactus

Central Mexico


Echinocactus sp. Unknown
Ferocactus sp. Unknown
Barrel cactus

Southwest USA to Northwest Mexico


Lemaireocereus sp. Unknown
Mexican fencepost cactus

Mexico
Mammillaria sp. Unknown

(Unresolved plant genus)

Southwest USA, Caribbean to Central America


(Martex Pfeiff.) Console

Blatt.Reake Onto Bot. Giardino Colon. Palmermo 1:10 10 1897


Blue Myrtle cactus

South Mexico


Neobuxbaumia Polylopha (DC.) Backeb.

Blatt. Kakteenf.66 1938

Mexico
Opuntia leucotricha DC.

Mem. Mus. Hist. Nat 17:119 119 1828


Aaron’s Beard cactus

Central Mexico


Schlumbergera russelianum (Hook.) Britton & Rose

Contv. U.S. Natl.Herb.16(9):261 261 1913


Christmas cactus

Brazil
Schlumbergera truncata (Haw.) Moran

Gentes Herb.(8)4:329 329 1953
Thanksgiving cactus

Brazil
*Clusiaceae


Clusia rosea Jacq.

Enum. Syst. Pl. 34 1760


Autograph tree

Florida
Cornaceae


Camptotheca acuminata Deene

Bull. Soc. Bot. France 20:157 1873


Happy tree

Southern China and Tibet


*Crassulaceae
Sedum morganianum E.Walther

Cact. Succ. (Los Angeles) 10:35 1938


Burro’s Tail

South Mexico, Honduras


Kalanchoe daigremontiana Raym.-Hamet and H.Perrier

Am. Mus. Colon. Marseille 2:128-132 128 1914


Mother of Thousands

Madagascar


Cucurbitaceae
Cucurbita argyrosperma Huber ‘Yoeme Kama’

Index Seminum 1867:8 1867


Cushaw pumpkin

Mexico


Cucurbita argyrosperma ‘Douglas Heirloom’
Cushaw pumpkin

Mexico
Cucurbita argyrosperma ‘Batopilas Canyon’


Cushaw pumpkin

Mexico
Cucurbita pepo L.

Sp. Pl. 1010 1753
Acoma pumpkin

Central America


Ecballium elaterium (L.) A.Rich

Dict. Class. His. Nat. 6:19 1824


Squirting cucumber

Europe, North Africa


Gerrardanthus macrorhizus Gerrardanthus macrorhizus Harv. ex Benth. & Hook.f.

Gen. Pl. 1: 840 1867.

Bigfoot

Southern Africa



Droseraceae
Dionaea muscipula J.Ellis

Nova Acta Regia Soc.Sci. Upsal.1:98 1773


Venus Fly Trap

East coast of U.S.A.


Drosera capensis L.

Sp. Pl. 282 1753


Cape Sundew

Cape, South Africa


Drosera spathulata Schult.

Systema Vegetabilium 6 1820


Sundew

Southeast Asia, South China, Japan,

Micronesia, New Guinea
Euphorbiaceae
Codiaeum variegatum (L.)Rumph. Ex A.Juss

Euphorb. Gen. 80, 111 1824


Garden Croton

Malaysia to the Pacific


Codiaeum sp. (unknown)
Euphorbia grandicornis Goebel ex N.E. Br.,

Hooker’s Icon. Pl. 26:t.2531 (1897)


Cow’s Horn

South Mozambique to KwaZulu-Natal


Euphorbia ingens E. May. Ex Boiss

In A.P. deCardolle. Pradr. 15(2):87 (1862)


Candleabra Tree

South Tropical and South Africa


Euphorbia lactea forma cristata

Elkhorn arid region of India to Sri Lanka


Euphorbia mammillaris L.

Sp. Pl.:451 (1753)


Indian Corn Cob Euphorbia

Cape Province, South Africa


Euphorbia milii var. splendens (Bojer ex Hook.) Ursch and Leandri

Mem. Inst. Sci. Madagascar, Ser. B., Biology

Veg.5:148 (1954 pub. 1955)
Crown of Thorns

Madagascar


Euphorbia tirucalli L.

Sp. Pl.:452 (1753)


Pencil Tree

Ethiopia to South Africa


Euphorbia tithymaloides L.

Sp. Pl. 453 1753

Devil’s Backbone

Florida, Mexico to Tropical America



Euphorbia trigona Mill.

Gard. Dict. Ed. 8:No.3 (1768)


African Milk tree

Gabon to Malawi


Jatropha podagrica Hook.

Bot. Mag. 74:t.4376 (1848)


Gout Plant

South Mexico to Nicaragua


Ricinus communis L.

Sp. Pl.:1007 (1753)

Castor Oil Plant

Mediterranean basin to East Africa and India


Ricinus communis var. Carmencita
Castor Bean

(synonym)


*Fabaceae

Caesalpinia pulcherrima (L.) Sw.

Observ. Bot. (Swartz) 166. 1791 [May-Jul 1791]

Pride of Barbados

Tropical Americas


Codariocalyx motorius (Houtt.) H.Ohashi

Journ. Jap. Bot. xl. 367 1965


Telegraph Plant

Southeast Asia, Cambodia to Sri Lanka to Vietnam


Delonix regia (Hook.) Raf
Royal Poinciana

Madagascar


Enterolobium cyclocarpum (Jacq.) Griseb.

Fl. Brit. W.I. (Griesbach)226.(1860) (late 1860)


Elephant Ear Tree

Central Mexico, North Brazil, Costa Rica, Venezuela


Glycyrrhiza glabra L.

Sp. Pl.2:742 (1753)


Licorice

Southern Europe, parts of Asia


Mimosa Pudica L.

Sp. Pl.1:518, 1753 (1 May 1753)


Sensitive Plant

Brazil, South and Central America


Phaseolus acutifolius A. Gray

Smithsonium Contr. Knowl.3 (5):43.1852


Tepary Bean

Northern Mexico


cv. ‘San Pablo Balleza’
cv. “Blue Speckled’
cv. “Cocopah White’
Schizlobium Parahyba (Vell.) S.F. Blake

Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 20:240, 1919


Brazilian Fire Tree

Tropical America


Senna Corymbosa Lam.) H.S. Irwin and Barneby

Encyl. (J.Lamarck et al.) 1 (2):644, 1785


Argentine Senna

Argentina to Brazil to Uruguay


*Geraniaceae
Pelargonium graveolens L.’Her

Geraniologica, pl 17 1792


Scented geranium

South Africa


Lamiaceae
Hyptis suaveolens (L) Poit

Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 7:472 (1806)


Pignut

Mexico to Tropical America


Ocimum basilicum L.

Sp. Pl.:597 (1753)


Basil

Tropical to Subtropical Asia


Plectranthus scutellariodes (L.) R. Br.,

Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holl.:506 (1810)


cv. ‘Fishnet Stockings
cv. ‘Lifelime’
cv. ‘Sedona’
cv. ‘unknown’
Coleus

Tropical to Subtropical Asia to North Australia


Rosmarinus officinalis L.

Sp. Pl. 23 1753


Rosemary

Mediterranean


Salvia columariae Benth.

Labiat. Gen. Spec.:302 (1833)


Desert Chia

Southwest USA to Northwest Mexico


Salvia tilifolia Vahl

Symb. Bot. 3:7 (1794)


Tarahumara Chia

Texas to Peru


*Lauraceae
Persea Americana Mill.

Gard. Dict. Ed. 8 sp. 1768


Avocado

Central Mexico


*Lentibulariaceae
Pinguicula sp.

Butterwort


Utricularia vulgaris L.

Sp. Pl. 1:18 18 1753


Common Bladderwort

Asia to Europe


*Malvaceae
Gossypium Arboreum L.

Sp. Pl. 1753


Cotton

India, Pakistan


Hibiscus Rosa-Sinensis L.

Sp. Pl. 694 1753


Chinese Hibiscus

East Asia


cv. ‘Montego Wind’
cv. ‘Sunny Wind’
Theobroma cacao L.

Sp. Pl. 782 1753 (1 May 1753)


Chocolate Tree

Tropical regions of South America


*Melastomataceae
Medinilla magnifica Lindl.

Pakton. Fl. Gard. 1:55+.12.1850 1850

(unresolved name)
Malyasian Orchid

Philippines


*Moraceae
Ficus benjamina L. ‘variegata’

Mant. Pl. 129 1767


Variegated Weeping Fig

India, South China, Solomon Is.


Ficus Binnendiikii ‘Alii’
Cultivar does not exist in wild

Species origin in Java and Philippines


Ficus carica L.

Sp. Pl. 1059 1753


Common fig

Middle East to West Asia


Ficus elastica Roxb. Ex Hornem.

Hort. Bot. Hafn. Suppl.:7 1819


Rubber Tree

Northeast India to South Indonesis


Var ‘Tricolor’
Ficus lyrata Warb.

Bot. Janrb. Syst. 20:172 1894


Fiddleleaf Fig

West Africa, Cameroon to Sierra Leon


Ficus pumila L.

Sp. Pl. 1060 1753


Creeping Fig

East Asia


Ficus pumila ‘Variegata’

Variegated Creeping Fig


Ficus religiosa L.

Sp. Pl. 1059 1753.

Sacred Fig

Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, south-west China, Indochina


Moringaceae

Moringa ovalifolia Dinter & A.Berger

Neue Pfl. Südw.-Afr. 45 1914

Ghost Miracle Tree

Namibia and Angola



Myrtaceae
Eucalyptus globulus Labill.

Voy. Rech. Perouse 1:153 1800


Tasmanian Blue Gum

Australia


*Nepenthaceae
Nepenthes gracilis Korth.

Verh. Nat. Gesch. Ned. Bezitt., Bot 22.t.1


Slender Pitcher Plant

Borneo (Suda region)


Nepenthes maxima hybrid
The Great Pitcher Plant

Sulawesi, New Guinea, Maluku Islands


Oleaceae
Jasminum officinale L.

Sp. Pl.:7 (1753)


Common Jasmine

Caucasys, North Iran, Himalayas

West China
Olea europea L.

Sp. Pl. 8 1753


Olive Tree

Mediterranean


*Passifloraceae
Passiflora edulis Sims

Bot. Mag.45:t 1989 1818


Purple Granadilla

Brazil, Paraguay to North Argentina


Passiflora morifolia Mast

Fl. Brass. 13 (1):555 1872


Blue Sweet calabash

Central and South America


*Piperaceae
Peperomia obtusifolia (L.) A.Dietr.

Sp. Pl. ed. 6 1:154 1831


Bob’s Rubber Plant

Mexico to Caribbean


*Ranunculaceae

Delphinium elatum L. cv. ‘Guardian White’

Sp. Pl. 531 1753

Candle Larkspur

Europe
Helleborus orientalis Lam cv ‘Spring Promise’

Encyl. 3:96 1789
Lenten Rose

Europe
*Rhizophoraceae


Rhizophora mangle L

Sp. Pl. 443 1753


Red Mangrove

Throughout the tropics


Rubiaceae
Coffea arabica L.

Sp. Pl. 172 1753


Coffee

Mountains of Southeast Ethiopia



Myrmecodia sp.

Ant Plant

Southeast Asia to Queensland, Australia
*Rutaceae
Citrus aurantieolia (Christm.) Swingle

J. Wash. Acad. Sci. 3 (18):465 465 1903


Key Lime

Southeast Asia


Citrus limon (L.) Burm. F.

Fl. Indica 173 173 1768


Lemon

Asia
Citrus reticulata Clementine Blanco

Fl. Filip. 610 1837
Mandarin Orange

Japan
Citrus X Microcarpa Bunge.

Enum. Pl. China Bor. 10 1833

Unresolved name

China

Citrus paradisi Macfad.

Bot. Misc. 1: 304 1830.

Grapefruit

Caribbean


Murraya paniculata (L.) Jack

Malayan Miscl.1 (5):31 1820


Orange Jessamine

Southeast Asia to China to Australia


*Sarraceniaceae
Sarracenia purpurea L.

Sp. Pl. 510 1753


Purple Pitcher Plant

Eastern USA to Southeast Canada


Sarracenia psittacina Michx.

Fl. Bor.-Amer. 1: 311 [as "psyttacina"], 2: 341 1803

Parrot Pitcher Plant

United States of America


*Solanaceae
Capsicum annuum var. glabriusculum

(Dunal) Heiser and Pickersgil

Baileya 19:156 1975
chilipiquin

Central and South America


Capsicum chinense Jaq. ‘Bhut Jolokia’

Hort. Bot. Vindob. 3:38 1777


Ghost Pepper

Species from Central America


Capsicum chinense ‘Red Savina Habanero’
Nicotiana tabacum L

Sp. Pl. 180 1753


Tobacco

The Americas, tropical and subtropical


Nicotiana sylvestris Spreg and S.Comes

Monogr. Nicotiana 10, f.s.n. 10 1899


Woodland tobacco

South America


Solanum aethiopicum L

Cent. Pl. 112:10 10 1756


Pumpkin on a stick

Asia and Tropical Africa


Solanum anguim Lam.

Tabl. Encycl. 2:23 23 1794


Apple of Sodom

Africa, Dead Sea


Solanum macrocarpon L.

Mart. Pl. A Hera 205 1771


African eggplant

(unresolved name)

West Africa
Solanum melongena ‘Striped Toga’
Striped Toga Eggplant

Southeast Asia


Solanum pyracanthum Jacq.

Pl. Hort Schoenlor.4:36 36 1864


Porcupine tomato

Tropical Madagascar and islands of Indian Ocean


Solanum quitoense Lan

Tabl. Encycl.2:16 16 1794


Naranjilla

Ecuador to Panama


Solanum sisymbriifolium Lanik

Tabl. Encycl 2:25 25 1794


Fire and Ice Plant

Central and South America


Solanum uporo Dunal

Prodr.13 (1):138 138 1852


Cannibal’s Tomato

Fiji


(unresolved name)
*Urticaceae
Soleirolia soleirolii (Reg.) Dandy

Feddes Report.70:4 1965


Baby’s Tears

North Mediterranean, Italy and the islands



Verbenaceae
Duranta erecta L.

Sp. Pl. 637 1753

Pigeon Berry

Tropical America


*Vitaceae

Tetrastigma voinierianum (Baltat) Gagnep.

Notul.Syst. (Paris)1(9):269-270 269 1910


Lizard Vine

Sumatra



SECTION 3
PTEROPHYTA
SECTION 3
Adiantiaceae
Adiantum capillariis-veneris L.

Sp. Pl. 2: 1096 1096 1753


Maidenhair fern

Worldwide distribution


Aspleniaceae
Asplenium nidus L.

Sp. Pl. 2: 1079 1079 1753


Bird’s Nest Fern

Tropical S. E. Asia, Hawaii, Polynesia,

Christmas Island, India & E. Africa
Asplenium scolopendrium var. americanum

(Ferald) Kartesz & Ghandi


American hart’s tongue fern

North America, New York State, Michigan, Tennessee


Asplenium viviparum (L. P.) Presl.

Tent. Pterid. 109, + .3, F. 20 109 1836


Mother fern

Australia & New Zealand


Davalliaceae
Davallia fejeensis Hook.

Sp Fil. 1. 166 + .55D. 1846 1846


Rabbit’s foot fern

Fiji
Dryopteridaceae


Rumohra adiantiformis (G Forst.) Ching

Sinonsia 5:70 70 1934


Leather fern

Colombia, Galapagos Islands, Australia & New Zealand



Osmundaceae

Osmundastrum cinnamomeum (L.) C. Presl

Gefässbüdel Farrn 18 1847.


Cinnamon fern

Americas, Eastern Asia


Polypodiaceae
Aglamorpha meyeniana Schott

Gen. Fil., pl. 20 1834


Bear Paw fern

Philippines


Phlebodium aureum (L.) J. Sm

Sp. Pl. 2: 1087 1087 1753


Golden Serpent fern,

Caribbean, Bahamas, Puerto Rico, Lesser Antilles & S.A. to Paraguay


Platycerium bifurcatum (Cav.) C. hr.

Index Filic, fasc 8: 496 496 1906


Elkhorn fern

Java, New Guinea, S.E. Australia, Lord Howe Island


Pteridaceae
Pellaea rotundifolia (G. Forst.) Hook.

Sp. Fil. 2: 136 1858


Buton fern

New Zealand




Pteris quadriaurita var tricolor Ref2.
Painted brake fern

Asia, Africa



SECTION 4
CONIFERS

CYCADS

EQUISETUM

SELAGINELLA

PSILOTUM

JUNGERMANIA

PODOCARPUS

SECTION 4 CONIFERS
Araucariaceae

Araucaria heterophylla (Salisb.) Franco

Anais. Inst. Super. Agron. 19:11 1952


Norfolk Island Pine

Norfolk Island, New Caledonia


Cupressaceae
Taxodium distichum (L.) Rich.

Ann. Mus. Hist. Nat. 16:298 (1810)


Bald Cypress

East Coast and Southeast U.S.A. to Guatemala


Podocarpaceae
Podocarpus macrophyllus de laub

Kalikson 7:140 1978


Kusamaki

Japan and China


   Sciadopityaceae

             Sciadopitys verticillata (Thunb.)Siebold & Zucc.


             
Fl. Japan. 2(1):3 1842

              Japanese Umbrella Pine
              Japan

Taxaceae
Cephalotaxus harringtonii (Knight ex J. Forbes) K. Koch

Dendrologie 2(2):102 1873
Japanese Plum Yew, Cow Tail Pine

Japan
PART 4 CYCADS
Cycadaceae
Cycas revoluta Thunb.

Verh. Holl. Maatsch. Weetensch. Haarlem 20:424


Sago Palm

Japan (Kyushu) to Nansei-shoto


Zamiaceae
Dioon edule Lindl.

Edward’s Bot. Reg. 29 (Miscl.):59 *1843)


Chestnut dioon

N.E. Mexico


Zamia furfuraceae L. f. ex Aiton.

Hort. Kew.3:477 (1789)


Cardboard palm

S.E. Veracruz (E. Mexico)


Zamia integrifolia L. f. in W. Aiton

Hort. Kew. 3:478 (1789)


Coontie

Mexico
Zamia pumila L.

Sp. Pl. ed. 2:1659 (1763)
Coontie

Cuba to Puerto Rico


PART 4 EQUISETUM
*Equisetaceae
Equisetum hymenale L.

Sp. Pl. 2:1062 1062 1753


Rough horsetail

Widespread


PART 4 SELAGINELLA
*Selaginellaceae
Selaginella erythropus (Mart.) Spring ‘Sanguinea’

Fl. Bras. 1(2):125 125 1840


Ruby Red Spike Moss

Tropical America


Selaginella martensii Spring.

Mem. Acad. Royal. Soc. Belgique 24:129 129 1849


Marten’s Spike Moss

Mexico and Central America


Selaginella kraussiana (Kunze) A.Braun

Index Sem. (Berlin) 22 22 1860


African Club moss

Canary Islands, the Azores to Mainland Africa


PART 4 PSILOTUM
*Psilotaceae
Psilotum nudum (L.) P.Beauv.

Prodr. Aetheogam. 106,112 106 1805


Skeleton Fork Fern

Tropical Africa, Central America,

South America, Asia, Australia, Hawaii,

Lord Howe Island


PART 4 JUNGERMANIA
*Jungermaniaceae
Jungermania polymorpha (L.) Hook.f. and Taylor\

Sp. Pl. 1137 1137 1753


Common liverwort

Worldwide tropical to subarctic









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