Introduction to History One Mark Questions



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Introduction to History
One Mark Questions:


  1. Name the word from which History is derived?

Greek word HISTORIA


  1. Name the language to which HISTORIA belongs?

Greek


  1. Who is the father of History?

Herodotus


  1. Who called History as a Teacher?

The Roman Historian Cicero


  1. Who defined History as the Biography of Great men?

Thomas Carlyle


  1. Who defined History as Class War?

Karl Marx


  1. Who is the author ogf Discovery of India?

Jawaharlal Nehru


  1. What is the meaning of HISTORIA or History?

Enquiry or Research


  1. Name the book written by Herodotus?

History


  1. Who defined History as a Struggle between good and evil?

St. Augustine


  1. Who is the author of The city of god?

St. Augustine
Two Marks Questions:


  1. Who is the father of History and to which country he belong?

Herodotus. He belongs to Greece


  1. Name any two Greek Historians?

Herodotus, Thercydides and Dimysis


  1. Name the books written by Karl Marx?

Das Capital and Communist Manifesto


  1. Give E.H. Carr’s definition of History?

According to E.H. Carr’s “History” is a continuous dialogue between the past and the present”. It means History is a sink between the past and the present.


  1. Who wrote “A Study of history and what does he define history as?

Arnold Toynbee. He defined History as the story of civilizations


  1. Mention the importance of the study of History?

    1. History is a source of insgiration

    2. History helps us to understand present better

    3. History teaches us lessons

    4. History helps us in understanding language and literature better.




  1. What is pre-history?

It is the study of that period where we don’t have written records. Hence we depend upon pre-historic remains like, stone tools and implements, cave paintings, skeletal remains, etc.


  1. What is proto-history?

It is the study of that period where we have written records, but are un-deciphered is not understood by man. The only example of its kind is the script of Indus Valley Civilization.


  1. Name any two Indian Historians?

Jawaharlal Nehru, R.G. Bhandarkar, Jadvnath Sarkar and Bipan Chandra


  1. Give Jawaharlal Nehru’s definition of History?

“Man’s growth from barbarism to civilization is supposed to be the theme of history”, said Nehru.
Indus Valley Civilization
One Mark Questions:


  1. Name the civilization that flourished in the Indian sub-continent?

A: Indus Valley Civilization or Harappan Civilization.


  1. Who discovered Harappa?

A: Rai Bahadur waigaram sabham


  1. Which is the first Indus Valley site discovered?

A: Harappa


  1. When was the Indus Valley Civilization discovered?

A: In 1921-22


  1. Name the chief of Archaeological Survey of India who led the experts in discovering the Indus Valley Civilization?

A: Sir John Marshall


  1. Name the Harappan site located on the banks of river Indus?

A: Mohenjodaro


  1. Who discovered Mohenjodaro?

A: R. D. Banerjee


  1. Where do you find the Great bath?

A: In Mohenjodaro


  1. Name the most important port of Indus Valley period?

A: Lothal


  1. What is the Indus script called as?

A: Pictographic


  1. What does Mohenjodaro mean?

A: Mound of the Dead


  1. Name the Indus Valley site that was rebuilt seven times?

A: Mohenjodaro


  1. Give the exact date of Indus valley civilization?

2300 to 1750 BC


  1. Where do you find the bronze figure of a “dancing girl” of the Indus Civilization?

A: At Harappa


  1. Where do you find the great granary of the Indus Civilization?

A: At Harappa


  1. Where do you find furrow marks of plungh of the Indus Civilization?

A: Kalibangan

Two Marks Question:


  1. Who discovered Harappa and when?

A: Rai Bahadur Wayaram Sahyam. In 1921


  1. Name some important Indus Valley Sites?

A: Harappa, Mohenjodaro, Kalibangan and Lothal


  1. Name the important Indus sites located in Pakistan?

A: Harappa, Mohenjodaro, Chanhudaro and Balakat.


  1. Name the important Indus sites located in India?

A: Kalibangan, Lothal, Banawali, Daimabad, Surkotada, Rangpur, etc.


  1. Where do you find the dockyard of Indus Civilization and name the state where it is located?

A: Lothal. In Gujarat


  1. Name the tributaries of river Indus, where the Civilization flourished?

A: Ravi, Jhelum, Sutlej, Beas, Chenab and Saraswathi.


  1. Name the crops produced by Indus Civilization?

A: Wheat, barely, peas, mustard, rice and cotton.


  1. Name the sources of study of Indus Civilization?

A: Sites, seeds, Terracotte and Skeletons of the people of the period.


  1. What is a Seal?

A: It is an art of Indus period, made out of steatite or terracotta. It is square or rectangular in shape on which we find figures of humans, animals, birds or plants. They were used as objects of worship. For Ex: The seal Pashupati Mahadeva seals were also used for the purpose of trade and commerce. More than 2000 seals have been found.


  1. Name the sources for studying the religions life in Indus period?

A: Seals and Terracotte figures.


  1. Write a note on Indus Script?

A: Indus script is pictographic. Each symbol stood for some sound, idea or object. Altogether some 450 pictographs have been found, on seals and pottery. The Indus script is the only script in the world undesiphered.


  1. Write a note on Indus pottery?

A: Indus pottery is called as painted red ware with black designs, on the pottery we find drawings of plants, trees, birds, etc.


  1. Name the causes of decline of Indus Civilization?

A: a. Natural calamities like floods, drought and epidemics.

b. Invention of Aryans




  1. Name the monuments of Indus Civilization?

The Great Bath remains of a palace in Mohenjodaro and the Dockyard in Lothal.

Vedic Culture

Rig Vedic Age and Later Vedic Age

One Mark Questions:

  1. Name the word from which Veda is derived?

A: The Sanskrit word Vid


  1. Name the word from which Upanishad is derived?

A: The Sanskrit word Upnish.


  1. What are the forest texts called as?

A: Aranyakas


  1. What is Rajasuya?

A: Coronation Ceremony


  1. Who wrote Asthtadyayi?

A: Panini


  1. Name the Popular assemblies of Rig Vedic age?

A: Sabha and Samiti


  1. Where was the battle of ten kings fought?

A: On the banks of river Ravi


  1. Name the most powerful Rig Vedic tube?

A: Bharatas


  1. What is the Rig Vedic king called as?

A: Rajan


  1. Which is the original homeland of the Aryans?

A: Steppes of South Central Asia.


  1. Name the tribals who invaded India in the beginning of 2000 B.C.?

A: Aryans.


  1. Which is the homeland of the Aryans in India?

A: Sapta Sindavah


  1. Name the oldest Veda?

A: Rig Veda


  1. Name the caste of warriors of Vedic age?

A: Kshatriyas.


  1. What is the Vedic pottery called as?

A: Painted Grey Ware


  1. Name the water god of Rig Vedic age?

A: Varuna


  1. What is the total number of Upanishads?

A: 108


  1. Which Veda is called as the book of music?

A: Sama Veda


  1. Which Veda mentions about the origin of the caste system?

A: The Rig Veda


  1. What is the voluntary offering collected by Rig Vedic king called as?

A: Bali.
Two Marks Questions:


  1. Name the powerful Rig Vedic tribes?

A: Bharatas and Purus


  1. Name some tribes of Rig Vedic Age?

A: Bharatas, Tritsus, Turvasas, Yadus and Anus.


  1. What is Sapta Sindavah?

A: Sapta Sindavah means the land of seven rivers i,e,. Indus, Ravi, Jhelum, Sultej, Chenab, Beas and Saraswathi. It was the homeland of the Aryans in India.


  1. Name the Vedas?

A: Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda and Atharva Veda.


  1. Name some Upanishads?

A: Brihadaranayaka, Chandogya, Taittiriya, Aitareya and Kaushitaki Upanishads.


  1. Write a note on Upanishads?

A: The Upanishads are Vedic texts, numbering 108. They condemn sacrifies and lay stress on meditation and penance. The main doctrine of the Upanishads is the universe is Brahman (god) and Brahman is Atman (soul). The major Upanishads are Brihadaranayaka, Chandogya, etc.


  1. Which Veda contains the Purusha Sukta hymn and what is it?

A: Rig Veda. The Purusha sukta hymn throws light on the origin of the caste system. Accordingly from the head of a primeval being emerged the Brahmins, from his hands the Kshatriyas, from his thighs the Vaishyas and from his feet the Sudras.


  1. What are Brahmanas?

A: Brahamanas are later vedic texts. They explain the meaning of scarifies and the performance of sacrifies. For ex: the kaushitaki and Satapatha Brahmanas.


  1. Write a note on Rig Veda?

A: The Rig Veda is a book of hymns. It contains 1026 hymns, written in honor of gods, goddesses, etc. The hymns throw light on political, social, economic and religious life of Rig Vedic Aryans


  1. Mention the functionaries who assisted the Rajan in the Rig Vedic age?

A: Senani, Gramani and Purohit.


  1. Name the three important gods of Rig Vedic age?

A; Indra, Agni and Varuna


  1. What do the gods Soma and Maruts stand for?

A: Soma – the god of Plants

Maruts – the storm God




  1. Which Rig Vedic god is called as Purandara and what does it mean?

A: Lord Indra. It means breaker of forts, because he broke the houses of Indus civilization.


  1. Name the goddess of Rig vedic age?

A: Ushas, Ashwins and Aditi


  1. What do goddesses Ushas and Ashwins stand for?

A: Ushas – Goddess of dawn

Ashwins – aeans or goddness of dark




  1. Name some kingdoms of later vedic age?

A: Kuru – Panchala, Kousambi, Videha, Kosala, etc.


  1. Name some well-known Later Vedic kings?

A: Parikshit, Janamejaya, Janaka, etc.


  1. Name the different stages of Varna Ashrama dharma?

A: 1. Brahmacharya

2. Grihastha

3. Vanaprastha and

4. Sanyasa




  1. Name the four castes of vedic period?

A: 1. Brahmins

2. Kshatriyas

3. Vaishyas and

4. Sudras




  1. Name the administrative officials of Later Vedic age?

A: a. Samghitri - Treasurer

b. Bhagaduga – Tax Collector

c. Suta – Charioteer

d. Senani – who raised a militia




  1. Name the coins used for circulation in Later Vedic Age?

A; Nishka, Krishnala and Satamana


  1. Name the three important gods of Later Vedic Age?

A: a. Prajapati (Brahma)

b. Vishnu

c. Shiva


  1. What do the gods Agni and Vayu stand for?

A: Agni – Fire

Vayu – Wind




  1. Mention any two Social Changes that took place in Later Vedic Age?

A: 1. The caste system came into existence.

2. Women lost their privileges, as they did not attend the Sabha and Samiti and did not take part in sacrifices

3. Sacrifices become complex, elaborate and expensive


  1. Name some learned women of Vedic period

A: Vishwawara

Apala


Maitreyi and Gargi

Rise of New Religions (6th Century B.C.)

Jainism and Buddhism
One Mark Questions:


  1. Where was Gauthama Buddha born?

A: At Lumbini gardens in Kapilavastu.


  1. What is Siddartha popularly called as?

A: Gautama Buddha


  1. Who is called as Sakyamuni and Sakyasimha?

A: Gautama Buddha


  1. Name the kingdom ruled by Siddartha?

A: Kapilavastu.


  1. Where did Siddartha attain enlightenment?

A: Under the Bodhi tree in Gaya


  1. Where did Buddha first preach?

In the Deer Park in Sarnath


  1. What does Buddha mean?

A: The enlightened one ( one who attained Nirvana)


  1. Who is called as Tathagatha?

A: Buddha


  1. Name the language in which Buddha preached?

A: Pali


  1. Name the famous Mauryan king who converted to Buddhism?

A: Ashoka


  1. Where was the third Buddhist Council held?

A: Pataliputra


  1. Who is a Tirthankara?

A: Jain teacher


  1. Who is the first Jain Tirthankara?

A: Rishaba


  1. Who is the last Jain Tirthankara?

A: Vardhamana Mahaveera


  1. Where was Mahaveera born?

A: At Kundagrama near Vaisali in Bihar


  1. Name the Language in which Mahaveera preached?

A: Ardha-magadi


  1. Name the Mauryan king who migrated to Sravanabelagola?

A: Chandragupta Maurya


  1. What is the original Jain text called as?

A: 14 Purvas


  1. Name the centre of Jainism in Karnataka

A: Sravanabelagola


  1. Name the Mauryan king who converted to Jainism?

A: Chandragupta Maurya
Two Marks:
Mention any two causes for the rise of Jainism and Buddhism?

A: a. Sacrifices, rituals and ceremonies of Vedic religion

b. Caste system
Name the parents of Buddha?

A: Father Suddodhana and Mother Maya Devi


Name the four signs seen by Buddha for the first time

A: a. Old man

b. A Sick Person

c. A Dead Body

d. An Ascetic
Where did Buddha first preach and what is that event called as?

A: At deer park in Sarnath. The event is called as Dharma Chakra Pravartana Sutta.


Name some disciples of Buddha.

A: Sariputta, Mogallana, Upali and Ananda


Who preached Ashtangikamarga? ( The eight fold path) Name them?

A: Buddha preached Ashtangikamarga. They are:



  1. Right Belief

  2. Right Thought

  3. Right Speech

  4. Right Action

  5. Right Livelihood

  6. Right Effort

  7. Right Attention and

  8. Right Meditation

Name the four Noble truths preached by Buddha.

A: a. There is Sorrow

b. Cause of Sorrow

c. Removal of Sorrow

d. The way leading to the removal of sorrow.


Name the sacred texts of Buddhism and their language.

A: Tripitakas – they are – Vinaya pitaka, Sutta pitaka and Abidhamma pitaka. They are written in Pali language.


What do the Vinaya and Sutta pitaka contain?

A: Vinaya pitaka contains the rules and regulations to be followed in the Sangha. Sutta pitaka contains the sermons of Buddha.

At which Council did Buddhism first split into two? Name the split sects?

A: At the 2nd Buddhist council held in Vaishali. The split sects are, Theravadins and Mahasangikas.


Who convened the 3rd Buddhist council? Name the Buddhist text written at the council

A: Emperor Ashoka. The Buddhist text written is Abidhamma pitaka.


Who convened the 4th Buddhist council and where?

A: King Kanishka. In Kashmir


Name two broad branches of Buddhism.

A: Hinayana and Mahayana


What is the difference between Hinayana and Mahayana?

A: Hinayana Buddhists are the original followers of Buddha. They do not believe Buddha as a God. They worship the symbols of Buddhism, like Bodhi tree, Stupa, chariot, etc.

Mahayana Buddhists believe Buddha as a God and they worship the images of Buddha.
Name the kings who patronized Buddhism?

A: Ashoka, Kanishka and Harshavardhana.


What is the total number of Jain Tirthankaras and who is the 23rd Tirthankara?

A:24. The 23rd Tirthankara is Parshwanath.


Name the parents of Mahaveera.

A: Father Siddhartha and Mother Trisaladevi


Name the Ratnatraya of Jainism?

A: RightFaith, Right Knowledge and Right Action.


Name the Virtues of Jainism.

A: Satya – Truth

Ahimsa – Non-violence

Aparigraha – Non-possession

Asteya – Non – stealing and

Brahmacharya – Celibacy


Name the two sects of Jainism

A: Digambaras, are those who practice nudity preached by Mahaveera.

Swetambaras, are those who wear white clothes
At which council did Jainism first split into two? Name the split sects.

A: At the first Jain council at Pataliputra in 300 B.C. The split sects are – Diagambara and Swetambaras.


Which is the sacred text of Jains? Name the famous Rashtrakuta king who encouraged Jainism

A:12 Angas is the sacred text. The Rashtrakuta king is Amoghavarsha.


Who is called as Jina and where did he attain Nirvana?

A: Vardhamana Mahaveera . He attained nirvana under the Sal tree, in the town of Jrimbikagrama


Name some kings who encouraged Jainism

A: Chandragupta Maurya, Kharavela of Kalinga, Amoghavarsha of the Rashtrakutas and Rachamalla IV of the Gangas.



The Age of Mauryans (326-184 B.C.)
One Marks Questions:


  1. Who is the founder of Maurya empire?

A: Chandragupta Maurya


  1. Who is the political guru of Chandragupta Maurya?

A: Kautilya or Chankya


  1. Name the last king of Nandas defeated by Chandragupta Maurya?

A:Dhana Nanda


  1. Name the Greek military general defeated by Chandragupta Maurya.

A: Seleucous Nikitor


  1. Name the Greek ambassador in the court of Chandragupta Maurya.

A: Megasthanese


  1. Which is the Capital of Mauryan empire.

A: Pataliputra


  1. Which is the religion followed by Chandragupta Maurya?

A: Jainism


  1. Who is the author of Mudrakshasa?

A: Vishakadatta


  1. Who is the greatest Mauryan emperor?

A: Emperor Ashoka


  1. Who is called as Devanampriya Priyadarshi Raja?

A: Emperor Ashoka


  1. When was Ashoka coronated?

A:In 269 B.C.


  1. Which is the greatest war fought by Ashoka?

A: Kalinga war


  1. When did Ashoka fight the Kalinga War?

A: In 261 B.C.


  1. Which is the religion followed by Ashoka?

A: Buddhism


  1. Name the Chinese pilgrim of 5th century A.D, who describes the Mauryan palace.

A: Fa-hien


  1. Name the Ashokan pillar from which the National emblem of India is adopted

A; Sarnath pillar


  1. Who is Chandragupta Maurya’s Jain teacher?

A: Bhadrabahu


  1. Which is the official language of the Mauryan empire

A: Prakrit

  1. Name the southern headquarters of the Mauryan empire

A: Suvaranagiri


  1. What does Devanampriya mean?

A: Beloved of the gods
Two Marks:


  1. Name the indigenous sources for studying the history of Mauryan empire.

A: a. The Mudrakshasa of Vishakadatta

b. Arthashastra of Kautilya

c. Indica of Megasthanes


  1. Name the foreign writers who throw light on the Mauryan empire.

A: Pliny, Plutarch, Justin and Strabo.


  1. Name Companions of Alexander who have left accounts of the Mauryan empire.

A: Nearchus, Aristobulus and Onesecritus.


  1. Who is the Greek ambassador in the court of Chandragupta Maurya and which is his book.

A: Megasthanes. His book is Indica.


  1. Name the Chronicles of Srilanka which throw light on the Mauryan empire.

A: Dipavamsa and Mahavamsa.


  1. Who is the author of Arthashastra and in which language is it written?

A: Kautilya. It is written in Sanskrit.


  1. Name the architectural sources for the study of Mauryan empire.

A: Inscriptions of Ashoka, Stupas, Chaityas and Viharas and Coins of the Mauryan period.


  1. Name the provinces surrendered by Seleucos Nikitor to Chandragupta Maurya.

A: Heart, Kandahar, Baluchistan and Kabul.


  1. Name the Mauryan emperor who performed Sallekanavrata. Where?

A: Chandragupta Maurya. At Shravanabelagola.


  1. Which is the only inscription that mentions the name of Ashoka and as what?

A: Maski inscription.

Devanam priya Ashoka




  1. Name some Ashokan inscriptions found in Karnataka.

A: Maski, Gavimath and Palakigondu in Raichur district.

Brahmagiri, Siddapur and Jatinga Rameshwara – in chitradurga district.




  1. Name the places where Ashokan inscriptions are found in Pakistan.

A: Shahbazgarhi and Mansehra.


  1. Name the language and script of Ashokan inscriptions found in India.

A: Language is prakrit and script is Brahmi.


  1. Where do we find pillar inscriptions of Ashoka.

A: At Sarnath, Sanchi, Kousambi and Allahabad


  1. Who are the Dhama Mahamatras? Who appointed them.

A:Officers incharge of imparting religious, practices, morals, values, etc. They were appointed by Ashoka.

  1. Mention the countries to which Ashoka sent Buddhist missionaries.

A: Greece, West Asia, Far-east, South India and Sri Lanka


  1. Name the Buddhist missionaries sent by Ashoka to Sri Lanka.

A: His son Mahendra and daughter Sangamitra.


  1. Who built the largest stupa? Name it.

A:Ashoka. Sanchi Stupa in Madhya Pradesh.


  1. Who succeeded Ashoka and who is the last king of the Mauryan empire?

A: Dasharatha succeeded Ashoka. The last king is Brihadratha.


  1. Name the caves excavated by Ashoka.

A: Lomas Rishi and Sudama caves in Barbara Hills.
The Age of Guptas
One Marks Questions:


  1. Who is the founder of Gupta dynasty?

Sri Gupta


  1. Who is the greatest emperor of the Guptas?

Samudra Gupta


  1. Who is called as Nepoleon of India?

Samudra Gupta


  1. Which king of guptas is called as Kauiraja?

Samudra Gupta


  1. Name the king of guptas who took the title of Vikramaditya II?

Chandra Gupta


  1. Which inscription throws light o n the achievements of Samudra Gupta?

Allahabad Pillar inscription


  1. Who wrote Fo-kro-ki?

Fa-Lien


  1. Which is the capital of Guptas?

Pataliputra


  1. Who wrote the Kiratarjeneya?

Bharavi


  1. Who patronized Kalidasa?

Chandra Gupta II Vikramaditya


  1. Who is called as Shakespeare of India?

Kalidasa


  1. Who wrote Amarakosa?

Amarasimha


  1. Where do you find the Dasavatara temple of the Guptas?

At Deofarh


  1. Name the famous mathematician and scientist of the Gupta period?

Aryabhatta


  1. Who is the first king of Guptas to issue gold coins?

Samudra Gupta


  1. Name the king of Ceylon who constructed a Buddhist mmastery in India during the rule of Samudra Gupta?

Meghavarma


  1. Name the Chinese traveler who visited the Gupta kingdom in the 5th century A.D.?

Fa-Lien

  1. Name the Hindu sect to which the Guptas belong?

Vaishnavisim


  1. Which is the royal emblem of the Guptas?

Varaha


  1. Who wrote Brihaf samhita?

Varahamihra.
Two Marks Question:


  1. Who introduced the Gupta Era? When?

Chandragupta I . In 319-320 A.D.


  1. Name the literacy serves for the study of the Guptas?

Merdrakrhasa of Vishakadatte

Neetisara of Kamandaka

The puranas and the Fu-Kuo-Ki of Fa-Lien


  1. Which is the second capital of the Guptas and who made it so?

Arjjain. Chandragupta II Vikramaditya


  1. Name the archaeological sources for the study of the guptas?

Allahabad pillar inscription

Mehravli Iron – pillar inscription

Coins and temples at Bhumana, Deogauh

Stupas Nalamda, and so on.




  1. Who composed the Allahabad prasharti and in which language?

Horisrena. In Sanskrit.


  1. Who is Hoirsena?

Hoirsena is the court-poet of emperor Samudra Gupta. He composed the Allahabad prashasti, i.e., Allahabad pillar inscription in Sanskrit.


  1. What is the importance of Allahabad Pillar inscription?

The Allahabad pillar inscription is composed be the court poet of Samudra Gupta Harilena in Sanskrit language. It describes the military achievements of emperor Samudra gupta.


  1. What is the gold coins of guptas called as and which Gupta King issued Ashmamedha type of coins?

Dinars. Samudra Gupta issued Ashwamedha type of coins


  1. Where do you find the mehravli iron-pillar inscription and to which king does it belong?

In Delhi. It belongs to King Chandragupta II Vikramaditya.


  1. Which book describes the municipal administration of pataliputra and who is its author?

Indica. Its authors is Megarthanes.


  1. Name the king of guptas who patronized the Navaratnas – i.e, ‘nine gems’ and what is his tittle?

Chandra Gupta II. His title is Vikramaditya


  1. Name the famous ports of the guptas?

Tornralipti, Broach and Cambay

  1. Name the epics of India and their authors.

Ramayana written by Valmiki

Mahabharata written by Vedavyas




  1. Name the books written by Aryabhatta?

Surya Siddharta, Aryabhattiyam and Dasagitika


  1. Mention any two discovered of Aryabhatta?

    1. Discovered the causes of Solar and Lunar eclipces

    2. Discovered the value of pi

    3. Discovered the use of zero (0)




  1. Mention the scientists of the Gupta period?

Varahamihra and Brahmagupta


  1. Name the scientists of the Guptas who anticipated Sir Issac Newton and name his book.

Brahmagupta. He wrote Brahmaputa Siddharta.


  1. Name the books written by Vishakadatta?

    1. Mudrakshasa b. Kaumudi Mahotsava c. devi chandraguptam




  1. Name the books written by Dandin?

Kauyadansa and Dasakumara Charita


  1. Name the book written by Sudraha and in which language?

Mrichchakatika. In Sanskrit


  1. Name the dramas written by Kalidasa?

Abhijinavana Shakuntalam, Malavikasnimetra and Vikramorvasia


  1. Where do you find cave paintings of the Guptas?

At Ajanta caves, Bagh caves and Sittanvasal in Tamil Nadu.


  1. Name the architectural centres of the Guptas?

Deogonh, Mathura, Bhumara and Sanchi


  1. Name the temples of the Guptas and their places?

Vishnu temple of Tigawa

Shiva temple of Bhumara



Dashavatara temple of Deogarh

The Sultanate of Delhi (1206-1526A.D)
One Mark Question


  1. Who is the First Muslim invader of India?

Mohammed –Bin – Qasim


  1. Name the muslim who invaded India 17 times?

Mohammed of Ghazni


  1. Who is the founder of Delhi Sultanate?

Qutub –ud-din –Aibak


  1. Name the capital of Delhi Sultanate?

Delhi


  1. Who founded the khilji dynasty?

Jalaluddin Firoz Khilji


  1. Who is the greatest sultan of Khilji dynasty?

Allauddin Khilji


  1. Who called himself as second Alexander?

Allauddin Khilji


  1. Name the military general of Allauddin Khilji who invaded south India?

Mallikafur


  1. Who introduce the coinage (or Currency)of the Sultanate?

Iltutmish


  1. Who introduced the Iqta System ?

Iltutmish


  1. Who succeeded Iltutmish ?

Raziya Sultan


  1. During whose rule did Delhi became Second Baghdad?

Iltutmish


  1. Name the only Muslim Woman ruler of India?

Razia Sultan


  1. Name the Delhi Sultan who introduced the Divine Right Theory of Kingship?

Balban


  1. Name the Sultan who introduced Prohibition of consuming Alcohol?

Allauddin Khilji


  1. Name the Sultan who introduced Market Regulations?

Allauddin Khilji


  1. Who is the author of Khazain –ul – Futuh?

Amir Khusrau


  1. Who is the greatest Sultan of Tughluq dynasty?

Mohammed –Bin – Tughluq


  1. Who made Daulatabad as the capital of the Sultanate?

Mohammed – Bin – Tughluq


  1. Name the Sultan who sent his military general to plunder South India?

Allauddin Khilji


  1. Who Constructed Hazar Situn “A Palace of Hundred Pillars”?

Allauddin Khilji


  1. Name the Sultan who had a vision of extending the Sultanate from Egypt in the west to China in the east?

Mohammed – Bin – Tughluq


  1. Who abolished the granting of Iqtas?

Allauddin Khilji


  1. During the rule of which Sultan was India invaded by Timur Lang?

Nasiruddin Mohammed Shah


  1. Who is the founder of Sayed Dynasty?

Khizr Khan


  1. Who is the founder of Lodi Dynasty?

Bahalul Lodi


  1. Who wrote Rajatananagini ?

Kalhana


  1. Who Built the Firoz Shah Kotla?

Firoz Shah Tughluq


  1. Who is the Last Sultan of Delhi?

Ibrahim Adil Shah


  1. Name the last dynasty of the Sultanate?

Lodi Dynasty

Two Marks Questions :




  1. Name in Chronological Order the dynasties of the sultanate?

    1. Slave dynasty

    2. Khilji dynasty

    3. Tughluq dynasty

    4. Sayyed dynasty and

    5. Lodi dynasty




  1. Who introduced the Turkan – I –Chahalgani andwhat is it?

Sultan Iltutmish. It stands for the group of forty Turkish Nobles, who functioned as king makers


  1. What is the Coinage of the Sultanate called as?

Copper Dam and Silver Tanka

4. Who build the Qutb Minar and where is it found?

Qutub – ud- Aibak , It is found in Delhi
5. What is a Iqta ?

Iqta means a tract of land granted by the sultan to soldiers, military officials, nobles etc,

in lieu of salaries (instead of salaries) for the services rendeled to the sultanate. This system was

introduced by Iltutmish


6. Name the South Indian kingdom invaded by Mallikafur

The kingdom of Devagiri, Kakatiyas of Warangal, the Hoysalas of Dwarasamudra andthe Pandyas of Madurai.


7. Who introduced the ministry of Diwan –i- Riyasat and what is it?

Allauddin Khilji introduced. The ministry was responsible for enforcing market regulations.



  1. Mention the reforms of Allauddin Khilji

Administrative Reforms

Military Reforms

Market Regulations and

Land Revenue Reforms




  1. Name the poet who saw the renins of Seven Sultans and mention his works?

Amir Khusro, His works are

Tarikh – I- Alai

Tughluq Nama and

Khazain – ul - Futuh




  1. Mention the reforms of Mohammed – Bin – Tughluq?

Transfer of Capital

Token Currency

Taxation in Doab and

Khorasan and Qarachil expedition




  1. Name the well known Historian who accompanied Mohammed of Ghazni and name his work?

Alberuni. He wrote Tahik –I – Hind


  1. Mention some of the writers and their literary works of the Sultanate

Barani the author of Tarikh –I – Firoz Shahi

Siraj –I – Afif the author of Tabaqat – I – Naziri

Amir Khusrau the author of Tarikh – I – Alai


  1. What do the terms Diwan –I – Wizarat and Diwan –I – Arz stands for?

Diwan – I – Wizarat – Prime Minister

Diwan – I – Arz – Defence Minister




  1. Mention the monuments of the Sultanate

Qutb Minar

Jamaat Khana Masjid

Alai Darwaza and

Hauz – I – Khas





  1. What is Jaziya?

Jaziya is a religious tax Collected by the Delhi Sultanate from non – Muslims . It was mostly paid by the Hindus

THE MUGHALS(1526-1707 A.D)


  1. Who founded the Mughal Empire?

Babur


  1. When was the first battle of Panipat fought?

In 1526 A.D


  1. What is Babur’s autobiography called as?

Tuzuk – I – Baburi


  1. Who is responsible for Humayun’s flight to Persia?

Shershah


  1. Where was Akbar born?

At Amarkot


  1. Name the Jagir of Shershah?

Sassaram


  1. When was the second battle of Panipat fought?

In 1556


  1. Name the Mughal Emperor who lost his throne and regained his throne after a gap of fifteen years?

Humayun


  1. Who is the founder of Suri dynasty?

Shershah


  1. Which mughal emperor abolished the Jaziya and piligrim tax?

Akbar


  1. Who is Akbar’s revenue minister?

Raja Todarmal


  1. Name the religion founded by Akbar

Din – I – Ilahi


  1. Which Mughal Emperor took the title of Alamgir?

Aurangazeb


  1. Who build the city of Fatehpur Sikhri

Akbar


  1. Name the capital city of the Mughals

Agra


  1. Which Mughal Emperor made Fatehpur Sikri as his capital?

Akbar


  1. Name the women who ruled the Mughal Empire on behalf of Jahangir?

Nurjahan


  1. Who built the Red Fort?

Shah Jahan


  1. Name the Military and Civil system introduced by Akbar?

The Mansabdari System


  1. Name the Mughal emperor who reimposed Jaziya and piligrim tax?

Aurangazeb


  1. Who is the greatest Mughal emperor?

Akbar


  1. Which Mughal emperor resided in the Deccan from 1681 to 1707, till his death?

Aurangazeb


  1. Who is a Mir Bakshi?

Pay master general of the Mughal army


  1. What is Jahangir’s autobiography called as?

Tuzuk – I – Jahangiri


  1. Name the regent of Akbar till 1560?

Bairam Khan


  1. Who constructed the Buland Darwaza?

Akbar


  1. Who introduced the coinage of the Mughal empire?

Shershah


  1. Name Akbar’s Court Poet?

Abdul Faizi


  1. Which monument is called as “A Poem in Marble”?

Taj Mahal


  1. Who is the last Mughal emperor?

Bahadur Shah Zafar


  1. Which Mughal emperor is the greatest patron of Painting?

Jahangir


  1. What is the Mughal emperor called as?

Badshah
TWO MARKS :



  1. Who fought the first battle of Panipat and what is the result?

The First battle of Panipat was fought between Babur and Ibrahim Lodi, the sultan of Delhi

In this battle Babur defeated Ibrahim Lodi and founded the Mughal rule in India.




  1. Mention the battles in which Babur defeated the Rajputs in India?

In the battle of Kanwa , Babur defeated Rana Sangram Singh of Mewar.

In the battle of Chanderi Babur defeated Medini Rai of Malwa




  1. Name the battles in which Humayun was defeated by Shershah?

Battles of Chausa and Kanauj.


  1. Write a note on Second battle of Panipat?

The second battles of Panipat was fought between Akbar and Hemu in 1555, in which Akbar defeated Hemu. This battle consolidated the Mughals rule in India.


  1. Mention some territories captured by Akbar

Ajmer , Gwalior , Jaunpur , Gujrat etc..


  1. Who constructed the Buland Darwaza ? Why?

Akbar constructed the Buland Darwaza to Commemorate his conquest of Gujarat and Deccan


  1. Write a note on Mansabdar System?

The Mansabdar system is the military and civil administrative system introduced by Akbar.

A Mansabdar was the holder of a rank. The ranks ranged from 10 to 12,000, A Mansabdar

had to maintain the number of horses and soldiers required of his hands


  1. Mention some Mansabdars of Akbar?

Raja Todarmal, Birbal and Man Singh


  1. Who fought the battle of Haldighat and when?

The battle of Haldighat was fought between Akbar and Ranapratap Singh of Mewar

It was fought in 1576.




  1. Who is Akbar’s Land revenue minister and what is the land revenue policy introduced by him

called so?

Raja Todarmal, His land revenue policy is called as Dahsala or Ten years land revenue policy




  1. Who established the Ibadat Khana and where ?

Akbar. At Fatehpur Sikri.


  1. What is Akbar’s biography called as and who is it author?

Akbar Nama or Ain – I – Akbari

It is written by Abul Fazal.




  1. Name the kingdoms in the Deccan, conquered by Aurangzeb?

Adil Shah of Bijapur and Qutub Shahis of Golconda.


  1. Who constructed the Taj Mahal and where is it found?

Shahjahan. At Agra.


  1. Name the greatest musician of the Mughal empire , who patronized him?

Mian Tansen. He was patronized by Akbar.


  1. Name some well – known painters of the Mughal period ?

Abdus Samad , Farrukha Beg, Manohar and Basawan


  1. Name some monuments built by Akbar

Buland Darwaza , Panch Mahal , Jami Masjid and Birbal House.


  1. Name the Sikh Gurus, who were put to death by Aurangzeb

Guru Tej Bahadur and Guru Gobind Singh.


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