Fairly common 8
Fairly common 7
Fairly common 10
Biodiversity Conservation Lessons Learned Technical Series
Erythrura pealii Fiji endemic
Seen at FEA
Seen at FEA
APPEnDIx II LOnG LEGGED WARBLER SITES WITHIn THE DAM AREA
Depart Suva Arrive Monasavu
Birding along road to Waiboa Dam, Waitubasavu outflow.
nADARIvATU & MOnASAvU
flowering Vuga trees – one at Nadarivatu and one at Monasavu. There was no sightings of the
LOCATIOn, DATE AnD METHOD
The search was done on 16-18 July, 2011. On the 17th search was confine to only one flowering
Vuga tree along the road about 1 kilometer away from the Nadrau / Monasavu junction. The second
day, 18th July was spent on a flowering Vuga tree at Monasavu right at the old rubbish dump near
the junction leading down to the FEA office. (See plate)
A total of 17 observer hours of quantitative bird surveys was achieved in the 2 days where
observation was confined to only two vuga trees.
There were no sightings of the Red-throated Lorikeet.
Vuga trees were just beginning to flower at this time as most are yet to flower. There were more
Vuga trees flowering at Monasavu than Nadarivatu. Each one of them was attracting a lot of birds.
Bird activities were observed and there are some important lessons learnt:
Wattled honeyeaters were the first to arrive and the last to go in the evening. They seem to be
very aggressive to other birds especially the smaller ones such as Orange-breasted myzomella.
They can be aggressive to the bigger ones too like Giant-forest honeyeater and Collared lory if
they seem to outnumber them. The most number recorded at one time was 11.
Giant Forest Honeyeater
Can only be one or few feeding. The most number at one was four.
In small number up to 5 but always getting chased away by the bigger birds. Collared Lory
They are seen to always arrive in flocks of about 6-10 birds. Once they begin feeding they seem
to dominate even sometime chasing wattle honeyeater.
Other birds that visit the flowering vuga tree includes Lesser Shrikebill, Polynesian Triller, Scarlet
Robin, Golden Whistler, Fiji-bush Warbler, Red Vented Bulbul, Barking Pigeon, Blue-crested
Broadbill and Slaty Monarch.
Most of these birds were not feeding on the flowers but tree may be within their territory.
OTHER InTERESTInG FInDInGS:
Java sparrow carrying nesting materials at Davilevu, Nausori – 10/08/11
Pink-billed Parrotfinch sighted at Naseuvou village -20/08/11
1. Survey area Continue searching at Nadarivatu and Monasavu.
2. Survey method
Continue using stop and scan searches from good vantage points over flowering trees that hold
numbers of other nectivorous species.
Vuga Tree (Metrociderous collina) along road near Nadrau Monasavu junction.
Vuga Tree at Monasavu old rubbish dump
nAMOSI / SOvI BASIn & MOnASAvU / nADRAU
the long lost bird Red-throated Lorikeet. In the Sovi Basin, observation was done mainly on the
flowering Erythrina Sobrumbum) while at Nadrau both Drala wai and Vuga (Metrocederous collina)
were in bloom. There were no sightings of the Red-throated Lorikeet.
Continue searching for Red-throated Lorikeet in both Drala wai and Vuga.
Namosi / Sovi Basin
The search began along Namosi road on Wednesday 7th September to establish whether Vuga
was also flowering in this area as it is at this time up Nadarivatu / Monasavu areas. Birding begins at
6:00am from the cattle farm at Nabukavesi looking at some of the flowering African Tulip along the
road. The search was disturbed by heavy rain at 2:00pm and while driving along down Waidina road, it
was observed that there were a lot of birds feeding on flowering Drala wai at Navurevure village.
The next two days (Thursday 8th & Friday 9th) was spent observing these Drala wai stands at
Navurevure while the last day (Saturday 10th) was spent at Nauluvatu village. Observations on all
these days were disturbed by afternoon rain; (See plate in Appendix).
A total of 31.5 observer hours of quantitative bird surveys was achieved in the 4 days.
Monasavu / Nadrau
The team (Vilikesa Masibalavu and Nasoni Nalewabau (Assistant)) arrived at Nadarivatu in the
afternoon of Tuesday 20th September and went straight to birding from 3:00pm to 6:00pm.
There were no flowering Vuga trees close to the road but only few can be seen up the ridges at
Naqaranibuluti forest. On Wednesday 21st observation was done at Monasavu but no flowering
Vuga tree was sighted. In the afternoon, the search moved to Nadrau where it was discovered that
both Drala wai and Vuga were still flowering. The whole of Thursday 22nd was spent observing bird
activity on one full bloom Vuga tree at Nadrau. This Vuga tree is located on the second logging road
along Nagaga road about 300 meters from the main road. On Friday 23rd observation was done
along the road through Monasavu on the way to Suva. A total of three hours birding was done
along Nasalia road following the logging road on the right just before descending towards Nasalia
village. This logging road according to Nasalia villagers reaches down to near Nakorosule village.
A total of 27 observer hours of quantitative bird survey was achieved during the four days.
RESULTS AnD RECOMMEnDATIOnS
Though there was no sighting of the target species Red-throated Lorikeet in the whole survey,
there were some interesting findings.
a. Drala Wai did attract a lot of birds and should be seriously looked at as part of the tree species to
and prioritize best observation site.
b. A total of five species were found to be feeding on the Drala wai flower. These are Wattled
Honeyeater, Orange-breasted Myzomella, Giant Forest Honeyeater, Collared Lory and even
interestingly Jungle Mynah. It was observed that Jungle Mynah though few in numbers was
actually feeding on the flowers. Other birds found attracted to the tree but may or may not be
feeding includes Polynesian Triller, Polynesian Starling, Vanikoro Broadbill, Red-vented Bulbul,
Collared Kingfisher, Barking Pigeon, Lesser Shrikebill, Fiji Parrotfinch, Fiji Woodswallow, Many-
colored Fruit Dove and Scarlet Robin.
c. Included in the above list are two sightings of the endangered Pink-billed Parrotfinch. The two
birds nearly came together at about 12:30pm and perched with other birds on the flowering tree.
d. Peregrine falcon was observed hunting birds attracted to the Drala wai. This was observed at the
Drala wai stand near Navurevure village. It was not successful after three attempts and the strike
time was at an interval of about 25 – 40 minutes. It was not seen to have captured a bird but there
were several occasion after this when birds scattered due to the presence of a bird of prey.
e. A huge flock of Masked Shining Parrot totaled 16 birds were observed at Namosi occupying two
trees and after which also seen flying together. This was just before the heavy rain poured down
f. Nadrau has both the Drala and Vuga. At the time of observation both are flowering but may
probably be approaching the end of their flowering stages as only a few flowers are remaining and
are just not attracting a lot of birds.
g. Vuga trees were not flowering at Namosi. It is important to continue monitor when do they
flower. The key questions are why are they not flowering together with the Monasavu ones? When
would they begin to bloom? It may provide some important information related to where the
Red-throated Lorikeet could be migrating if it does.
Location of Drala Wai near Navurevure village, Waidina, Naitasiri.
Location of Drala Wai at Nauluvatu, Waidina, Naitasiri.
Location of Drala Wai stands at Nadrau
APPENDIx II SUMMARY OF ACTIVITY AND VEHICLE MILEAGE
Birding along Namosi Road through
Birding at Navurevure
Birding at Nauluvatu
NADARIVATU / NADRAU / MONASAVU / SUVA
Depart Suva via Rakiraki to Nadarivatu
Birding along road to Monasavu then Nadrau
Birding along road to Monasavu Dam / Nasalia road
and back to Suva.
Promoting Awareness of the
An ExHIBITIOn OF MODELS AnD MASI PAInTInGS OF EnDAnGERED FIJIAn
FAUnA AT THE FIJI MUSEUM AnD THEIR AUCTIOn FOR THE PROJECT
NatureFiji-MareqetiViti greatly acknowledges the funding of the Critical Ecosystems Partnership
Fund for the Kulawai project. Also to Anne O’Brien of Anniemals for the production of the 20 life
sized models made from recycled materials and the 20 masi paintings of threatened species in Fiji.
To the staff of NatureFiji-MareqetiViti (NFMV) on the production of information materials, flyers,
sponsor profiles and tickets sales leading to the launch of the exhibition at the Fiji Museum.
The Fiji Museum for providing the venue and allowing NFMV to showcase their exhibition for three
months at no extra cost.
To the following sponsors for their support in sponsoring each animal model: Siwatibau & Sloan
barristers and solicitors; Raintree lodge; Suliana Siwatibau (Trustee of NFMV), Dr. Gilianne Brodie,
Austrop Foundation Australia, Environment Consultants Fiji Ltd, National Trust of Fiji, Wildlife
Conservation Society, Multiple Intelligence School, Marita Manley, Birdlife International Pacific
Secretariat, Natural Solutions Pacific and BSP bank.
The Kulawai or Red-throated lorikeet (Charmosyna amabilis) is a Critically Endangered bird (IUCN
Red list 2012) which is endemic to Fiji and recorded from the islands of Viti Levu, Taveuni and
Ovalau, with an unconfirmed observation from Vanua Levu.
The last confirmed sighting of the Kulawai was in 1993 on the slopes of Mt Tomaniivi, Fiji’s highest
mountain. Since then several dedicated surveys have been conducted in areas of unconfirmed
sightings of the bird, as well as the promising sites of undisturbed forest and remote upland
catchments (Herman 2011), but all have reported no sightings of the Kulawai.
Due to the extreme rarity of this species, it is considered to have a total population of less than 50
birds (IUCN 2012), however the results of the current project when no birds were observed are such
that consideration must now be given to the fact that this species may be extinct.
Animal Model Exhibition
animal model exhibition was launched at the Fiji
Museum on the 1st of June 2012. Twenty models
of threatened species which included the Kulawai
were created from recycled materials as a means
of providing awareness to the general public on
Fiji’s true wildlife. With the models, paintings of the
threatened species were also on display during the
The objective of the exhibition was to:
3. Provide a forum for discussion with members of
the public on the plight of many of Fiji’s native
species, by providing a life size model of the species
with updated information on its habitat and
funded by the Critical Ecosystem Partnership Fund.
5. Promote the conservation activities of NatureFiji-
MareqetiViti in order to rally more support on conservation efforts in Fiji.
6. The animal models would aid in education and awareness programs undertaken by NatureFiji-
MareqetiViti in both rural and urban areas.
7. Proceeds from the exhibition would aid in the conservation projects undertaken by
Tickets to the launch of the animal model exhibition cost $20 FJD per ticket, with catering for a total
Sponsorship of Animal Models
The sponsor of each life sized animal model was open to businesses, organizations as well as
individuals for a minimum of $200 FJD per model. As the exhibit will be on display for the two or
three months after its launch on the 1st of June 2012, each sponsor would receive free eco-friendly
advertising, compliments of the Fiji Museum.
Silent Auction on the Threatened Species Paintings
The masi paintings were also put on a ‘silent auction’ for the month of June 2012, for a minimum of
$100 FJD per painting.
Model of a Kulawai Red-throated Lorikeet made from recycled mate-
rials made by Anne O’Brien and donated to NatureFiji-MareqetiViti
for auction for the Red-throted Lorikeet Project.
Information flyers on the exhibition were printed and displayed in coffee houses, lodges as well as
distributed via emails and postings on the NFMV facebook page, see Appendix 1 for flyer.
NETWORKING VIA EMAIL
Potential sponsors were contacted at a personal level, with direct emails from the NFMV office, on
the possibility of their sponsorship of an animal model of a particular species that maybe of interest
to them. Each sponsor would receive a sponsorship agreement document in which they would
identify which project they would support with their financial sponsorship, see Appendix 2
Sponsors of each animal received two free tickets to the launch of the exhibition as a way of getting
in more people to bid for the masi paintings that were available through the silent auction.
Emails were also directed towards the NFMV membership network on the sponsorship of models as
well as the availability of tickets at the NFMV office.
NFMV produces quarterly newsletters per year, with our May newsletter issue no. 13 advertising the
scheduled animal model exhibition to be launched at the Fiji Museum on the 1st of June 2012.
ADVERTISING ON THE ‘MASI PAINTINGS OF THREATENED SPECIES’
Masi paintings will be on silent auction for the month of June 2012. A photograph of each painting
has an associated Identification number to which it was displayed at the museum and advertised
on the NFMV Facebook page. Visitors to the Fiji Museum as well as facebook visitors are able to
send in their bids to the NFMV contact details provided, that is, Email:
the details below:
Identification number of the masi painting of their choice
Bidding amount (FJD)
Name and contact details
The winning bidders will be contacted by the NFMV office on the 1st week of July 2012. See
Appendix 4 for auction details.
Tickets were sold from the NFMV office, with all the staff standing by for sales, while recording of
the ticket sales was done by Kelera Macedru.
Anne O’Brien creator of the animal models as well as the artist of the threatened species paintings
also sold tickets with records that were also provided to Kelera Macedru before the launch of the