Littoral Rainforest and Coastal Vine Thickets of Eastern Australia Ecological Community Draft National Recovery Plan



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department of the environment and energy
Littoral Rainforest and Coastal Vine Thickets of Eastern Australia Ecological Community

Draft National Recovery Plan

February 2017

Prepared by: Department of the Environment and Energy

Made under the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999

© Copyright Commonwealth of Australia, 2017.

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The Littoral Rainforest and Coastal Vine Thickets of Eastern Australia Ecological Community: Draft National Recovery Plan is licensed by the Commonwealth of Australia for use under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International licence with the exception of the Coat of Arms of the Commonwealth of Australia, the logo of the agency responsible for publishing the report, content supplied by third parties, and any images depicting people. For licence conditions see: https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

This report should be attributed as ‘Littoral Rainforest and Coastal Vine Thickets of Eastern Australia Ecological Community: Draft National Recovery Plan, Commonwealth of Australia 2017’.

The Commonwealth of Australia has made all reasonable efforts to identify content supplied by third parties using the following format ‘© Copyright, [name of third party] ’.



Images credits

Cover page: A patch of Littoral Rainforest in the Broken Head Nature Reserve south of Byron Bay in New South Wales (© Bill O’Donnell).



General Acknowledgements

The Department of the Environment is grateful to the organisations and individuals who contributed to or provided information for the preparation of this draft recovery plan and were or are still involved in implementing conservation and management actions that benefit the Littoral Rainforest and Coastal Vine Thickets of Eastern Australia Ecological Community.

The Department acknowledges the effort provided by researchers and conservation experts, including academics, Non-Government Organisations, Natural Resource Management Organisations, Australian Government and State Government staff, and members of the public, who contributed to and provided advice on the recovery plan’s preparation. In particular, this extends to the participants of the workshop held to discuss and review the recovery plan and actions required.

Acknowledgement of Traditional Owners and Country

The Australian Government acknowledges Australia’s traditional owners and pays respect to Elders past and present. We acknowledge the deep spiritual, cultural and customary connections of traditional owners to the Australian land and sea country, including the Littoral Rainforest and Coastal Vine Thickets of Eastern Australia Ecological Community.


Contents


Contents 5

Figures 5

Acronyms 5

Executive summary 7

1Introduction 9

1.1Community description 11

1.2Distribution 11

1.3Objective and strategies 15

1.4Performance criteria 17

1.5Legislative context 18

1.6Stakeholders and other interests 19

2Threats 21

2.1Significant impacts from anthropogenic actions 21

2.2Key threats 23

3Biodiversity considerations 35

3.1Connectivity 36

3.2Patch size 37

3.3Structural and component complexity 37

3.4Condition 38

3.5Threatened species and species of conservation significance 40

3.6Derived native vegetation structures 42

3.7Buffer zones 43

3.8International obligations 44

4Habitat critical to the survival of Littoral Rainforest 45

5Recovery program 45

5.1Overarching objective 45

5.2Recovery strategies 45

5.3Performance criteria 47

5.4Recovery actions 48

1Implementation 62

6.1Factors influencing successful implementation of the recovery plan 62

6.2Management considerations 63

6.3Projected funding needs 66

6.4Review 67

7References 67

8Appendices 75

Appendix A - Glossary of terms (based on the ‘National Standards for the Practice of Ecological Restoration in Australia (SERA, 2015)). 75

Appendix B – Flora species of Littoral Rainforest and Coastal Vine Thickets of Eastern Australia by bioregion 80


Figures


Figure 1: Map of the Littoral Rainforest and Coastal Vine Thickets of Eastern Australia…………………...8

Table 1: International, national and state conservation status of Littoral Rainforest………………………..11

Figure 2: Conceptual diagram of human-mediated threats, natural disturbances and healthy ecosystem functioning…………………………………………………………………………………………………………...18

Figure 2: Clearing of vegetation for a residential development adjacent to Littoral Rainforest……………20

Figure 4: Beach access track through a Littoral Rainforest patch…………………………………………….21

Figure 5: Weed infestation, by Singapore daisy (Sphagneticola trilobata)…………………………………..22

Table 3: Estimated per unit costings for common recovery activities………………………………………...48



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