Louisiana Yards and Neighborhoods Landscapes For Wildlife



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Louisiana Yards and Neighborhoods

  • Landscapes For Wildlife


Attracting Wildlife

  • Food

    • Fruit-bearing
    • Nectar plants
    • Larval Plants
  • Cover

  • Water

    • Puddling station
    • Birdbaths




Food

  • Fruit

  • Seeds

  • Insects

  • Nectar

  • Larval

  • Meat

  • Remember to provide food year-round, especially in winter.



Fruit-bearing Plants for Louisiana



Fruit-bearing plants available at many nurseries or retailers











Mayhaws Crataegus poaca and Crataegus aestivalis



Mulberry Morus rubra

  • Large, native tree ~ 40 ft

  • Full sun

  • Throughout Louisiana

  • Edible fruit in spring

  • Brittle bark, messy



Holly Ilex spp.

  • Native and introduced trees

  • Sun to partial shade

  • Range varies

  • Fruit remains through winter, attracting birds

  • Salt-, drought- and shade- tolerant

  • Suckers







Chickasaw Plum Prunus angustifolia

  • Native tree ~10 ft

  • Full to partial sun

  • Blooms early spring

  • Edible fruit

  • Suckers tend to form thickets



Elderberry Sambucus canadensis

  • Native shrub ~ 15 ft

  • Full to partial sun

  • Throughout Louisiana

  • Fragrant flowers year-round

  • Edible fruit



Nectar Plants for Louisiana





Golden Dew Drop Duranta erecta



Porterweed Stachytarpheta jamaicensis



Coral Honeysuckle Lonicera sempervirens

  • Native vine

  • Full to partial sun

  • Blooms spring-fall

  • Throughout Louisiana

  • Attract butterflies and hummingbirds



Virginia Willow Itea virginica



Larval Plants for Louisiana



Red Bay Persia borbonia

  • Native tree ~ 40 ft

  • Full to partial sun

  • Throughout Louisiana

  • Drought- and salt-tolerant

  • Blooms in spring; attracts butterflies

  • Purple fruit attracts birds



Mexican Milkweed Asclepias spp.

  • Shrub ~ 4 ft

  • Natives available

  • Full to partial sun

  • Blooms year-round

  • Throughout Louisiana

  • Drought-tolerant

  • Nectar attracts hummingbirds and butterflies



Passion Flower Passiflora spp.

  • Vine

  • Native varieties available

  • Full to partial sun

  • Blooms year-round

  • Throughout Louisiana





Cover

  • Vertical layers

  • Evergreen species for winter cover

  • Standing dead trees or “snags” if practical

  • Brush piles if practical



Water

  • Permanent water feature

  • Sound of running water attracts many animals



Design a Puddling Station



Birdbath

  • Shallow with mildly sloping sides

  • Rough surface

  • Keep clean

  • Rinse off any soap residue



Managing for Wildlife

  • Vertical layers of vegetation.

  • Plant natives if possible.

  • Introduced plants also useful.

  • No pesticides!

  • Plant wild flowers or reduce mowing in certain areas of your property if possible.

  • Manage pets.



Plant Wildflowers for Wildlife



Tolerance of Nuisance Animals

  • Diggers (moles, squirrels, armadillos, tortoises)

    • Bring nutrient to surface
    • Loosen & aerate soil
    • Feed on turf and landscape pests
    • Trapping and deterrents




Poisonous Snakes



IF YOU ARE BITTEN BY A SNAKE, SEEK MEDICAL ATTENTION!

  • A snake controls how much venom is injected.

  • 50% of all snake bites are dry.

  • 25% are warning bites with enough venom to cause pain, swelling, tissue loss and possible limb loss.

  • 25% are potentially lethal.



More Information

  • LSU AgCenter www.lsuagcenter.com

  • Louisiana Dept of Ag. and Forestry

  • Louisiana Dept. of Wildlife and Fisheries

  • United States Fish and Wildlife Service

  • Local Audubon Society



Further Reading





Louisiana Yards and Neighborhoods

  • Landscapes for Wildlife





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