Common names: English:
Water-berry tree Luganda:
Anigo, kuzu Lugishu:
sizanzass, wandiviri Lugwe: Mutuli Luo: Kano Rukiga: Mufumba,
mugote, mukondo Runyankore: Munyabarika, musimangwa
Sebei: Lemaiyua, reberwo.
Ecology: A tree found beside fresh water and in swamps in East and
Central Africa and south to Natal. Occurs in lowland forests as
well as at medium to higher altitudes, always near water, along
water courses, in riverine thickets and forests.
Firewood, charcoal, timber (construction, furniture), beams,
rafters, food (fruit), bee forage, medicine (leaves, bark, roots), dye
Description: A medium-sized evergreen tree 8-15 m high, sometimes a flower-
ing shrub, the crown compact and rounded from a short thick
trunk, sometimes buttressed. BARK: dark brown, rough and
fissured, breaking into small squares; branchlets square, edges
LEAVES: very many near the ends or branches, clasping
in opposite pairs, the next leaf pair at right angles,
blue-green, oblong to circular to 8 cm, leaf base heart
FLOWERS: dense, branched clusters to 10 cm
across, pink-white with conspicuous stamens,
FRUIT: fleshy oval to 1.5 cm long, purple when ripe, edible but
acid, 1 seed.
Propagation Seedlings (sow seed in pots), wildings, direct sowing at site.
Seed: No. of seeds per kg: 400-450. Germination is very good and
uniform, 90% after 25 days.
can retain viability only for a day. The seed should not be dried
in the sun.
Fairly fast growing, pollarding.
The wood, which is not well known in Uganda, is medium hard
and heavy and works well but should be water seasoned. Has been
used almost exclusively for firewood and charcoal in Kabale and