Plant Biodiversity Survey



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Plant Biodiversity Survey

Common Native and Non-Native Desert Plant Search List, Tucson, AZ

(From “Plants of the Desert: Running Plant list. By Dick Barber, University of Arizona)
Names: _________________________________________________ Period_______
Location:_________________________________________________ Date _______
Note: Let the treasure hunt begin! Below you will find a list of native desert plants, as well as some NON-native plants that might be found in your school or backyard in Tucson. Some of these plants CHECK THE BOX if you find them in your search – see how many you can find, and make a note as to where you found them.
TREES COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME HABITAT


  • Arizona (Velvet) Ash Fraxinus velutina Riparian

  • Arizona Black Walnut Juglans major Riparian

  • Cottonwood Populus fremontii Riparian

  • Desert Willow Chilopsis linearis Riparian

  • Feather tree Lysoloma microphylla Riparian, endemic

  • Ironwood Olneya tesota Desert

  • Mesquite, Velvet Prosopis velutina Desert

  • Netleaf Hackberry Celtis reticulate Riparian

  • Palo Verde, Blue Cercidium floridum Desert

  • Palo Verde, Foothills Cercidium microphyllum Desert

  • Palo Verde, Mexican Parkinsonia aculeata Desert, introduced

  • Sycamore Platanus wrightii Riparian

  • Western Black Willow Salix gooddingii Riparian

SHRUBS


  • Agave Agave sp. Desert




  • Beargrass Nolina microcarpa Desert/upland

  • Brickellia Brickellia sp. Desert

  • Brittlebush Encina farinose Desert

  • Burrowweed Isocoma tenuisecta Desert

  • Burrobrush Ambrosia (Hymenoclea) salsola Desert




  • Canyon Ragweed Ambrosia ambrosiadies Desert/Riparian

  • Catclaw Acacia Acacia greggii Desert

  • Condolia Condalia warnockii Desert

  • Creosote Larrea tridentate Desert




  • Desert Broom Baccaharis sarathodies Desert

  • Desert Hackberry Celtis pallida Riparian

  • Desert Lavender Hyptis emoryi Desert/Riparian

  • Desert Mistletoe Phoradendron californicum Parasite

SHRUBS COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME HABITAT

  • Ephedra Ephedra trifurca Desert

  • Fairyduster Calliandra eriophylla Desert




  • Graythorn Zizphus obtusifolia Desert




  • Hopbush Dodonaea viscosa Desert




  • Jojoba Simmondsia chinensi Desert




  • Koeberlinia Koeberlinia spinosa Desert

  • Krameria, White Ratany Krameria grayi Desert




  • Limberbush Jatropha cardiophylla Desert

  • Lippia/Beebush Aloysia wrightii Desert



  • Mariola Parthenium confertu (incanum) Desert




  • Ocotillo Foqueria splendans Desert







  • Saltbush Atriplex canescens Desert



  • Seepwillow Baccahris glutinosa Riparian

  • Sotol Dasylirion wheeleri Desert

  • Stephanomeria Stephanomeria exigua Desert

  • Sweetbush Bebbia juncia Desert




  • Tecoma stans Tecoma stans Riparian

  • Texas Ranger Leucophyllum spp Desert, Chihuahuan

  • Trixis Trixis californica Desert

  • Tree Tobacco Nicotania glauca Desert

  • Triangle-leaf Bursage Ambrosia deltoidia Desert




  • Whitethorn Acacia Acacia constricta Desert

  • Wolfberry Lycium spp (need flowers to key out)




  • Yellow Bird of Paradise Caesalpinia gilliesii Desert

Yucca

  • Banana Yucca Yucca baccata Desert

  • Soaptree Yucca Yucca elata Desert

  • Schotts’s Yucca Yucca Schotii Desert

LOW SHRUBS AND BUSHES


COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME HABITAT

  • Cassia Senna covesii Australia, cultivar

  • Datura Datura metelodies Riparian

  • Desert Marigold Baileya multiradiata Desert

  • Desert Tobacco Nicotina trigonophylla Desert

  • Desert Zinnia Zinnia acerosa Desert

  • Dyssodia Dyssodia acerosa Desert


Mallows Sphaeralcea spp. Desert



  • Globe Mallow Sphaeralcea ambigua Desert

  • Herissanthia Herissanthia crispa Desert

  • Indian Mallow Abutilon sp. Desert

  • Rose Mallow Hibiscus sp. Desert




  • Penstemon Penstemon spp. Desert




  • Snakeweed Gutierrezia sarothrae Desert

  • Siphonoglossa Siphonoglossa longiflora Desert

Verbena


  • Gooding’s (Desert) Glandularia goodingi Desert, washes

  • Sand Abronia villosa Desert, washes

  • Wright’s Glandularia wrightii Desert




  • Yellow Paperflower Psilostrophe cooperi Desert

SOME SUMMER ANNUAL FLOWERS/WEEDS


COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME HABITAT

  • Bahia Bahia absinthifolia Desert



  • Caltrop Kalistroemia grandiflora Desert

  • Clammyweed Polanisia dodecandra Desert

  • Crownbeard Verbesina enceliodes Desert




  • Devil’s Claw Proboscidea parviflora Desert




  • Euphorbs Euphorbia spp. Desert

SOME SUMMER ANNUAL FLOWERS/WEEDS, cont’d
COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME HABITAT

  • Five-fingered Gourd Curcurbita digitata Desert







  • Senecia Senecio spp. Desert

  • Sunflower Helicanthus annus Desert

CACTI (Family Cactacea)



  • Barrel Cactus Ferocactus fulgida Desert

Cholla

  • Jumping Cholla Cylindraopuntia (opuntia) fulgida

  • Cane/Staghorn Cholla Cylindraopuntia acanthocarpa/versicolor

  • Christmas Cholla Cylindraopuntia leptocactus Desert

  • Pencil Cholla Cylindraopuntia arbuscula Desert

  • Teddy Bear Cholla Cylindraopuntia bigellovii Desert

  • Hedgehog, Strawberry Echinocerus engelmanii Desert, upland

  • Hedgehog, Pinkflower Echinocerus fasciculatus Desert, upland

  • Night-blooming cereus Peniocereus spp. Desert

  • Organpipe Cereus thurberii Desert

  • Pincushion Mammillaria microcarpa Desert

  • Prickly Pear Opuntia spp Desert

  • Saguaro Carnegia gigantean Desert

INVASIVE DESERT SPECIES

COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME ORIGIN

GRASSES


  • Buffelgrass Pennisetum ciliare Africa, Asia, M. East

  • Burmuda grass Cynodon dactylon Middle East

  • Cheatgrass Bromus tectorum Eurasia

  • Fountain grass Pennisetum seteceum Africa, Asia

  • Nutgrass Cyperus rotundus Eurasia, Africa

  • Red Brome Bromus rubens Eurasia

FORBS


  • African (Sahara) mustard Brassica tournefortii Africa

  • Diffuse Knapweed Centaurea diffusa Eurasia

  • London Rocket Sisymbrium irio Eurasia

  • Malta starthistle Centaurea meletensis Mediterranean

  • Puncture Vine (Goat Head) Tribulus terristris Invasive, Eurasia

  • Tumbleweed Salsola iberica Russia

  • Velvetweed Guara mollis Asia

INVASIVE DESERT SPECIES, cont’d



COMMON NAME SCIENTIFIC NAME ORIGIN
TREES/SHRUBS

  • African sumac Rhus lancea South Africa

  • Athel Tamarisk Tamarix aphylla Eurasia, Africa

  • Saltcedar Tamarix parviflora Eurasia, Africa


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