Price and Wagner-American Journal of Botany 98(2): 449-459. 2011. Data Supplement S1 page



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  • Endemic Melicope species in each of the three archipelagoes likely comprise related clades, however the M. bracteata of the Society Islands is more distantly related (Hartley 2000).

  • Zanthoxylem kauaense, Z. hawaiiense, and Z. oahuense of the Hawaiian Islands presumably derive from a colonist related to Z. nadeaudii of the Society Islands; Z. dipetalum is presumably more distantly related.

  • Hawaiian endemic Santalum species comprise two colonist lineages: one which includes S. paniculatum and S. ellipticum, which is closely related to S. insulare of the Marquesas and Society Islands, and another which includes S. freycinetianum and S. haleakalae (Harbaugh and Baldwin 2007).

  • We consider the highly distinct Hawaiian endemic species Sapindus oahuensis to be a separate colonization from the widespread S. saponaria (Wagner et al., 1999).

  • Despite being placed in different genera due to taxonomic difference of recent authors, the Hawaiian endemic Pouteria sandwicesis and the Societies endemic Planchonella tahitiensis are in sister clades (Swenson et al. 2008).

  • We consider the three Hawaiian endemic species of Solanum to be a separate colonization from the non-endemic S. americanum; these are not considered to be closely related to the non-endemic S. repandum of the South Pacific.

  • We recognize three groups of lineages in the genus Boehmeria. B. nivea is a non-endmic species in the Society Islands, B. virgata is a non-endemic shared by the Societies and Marquesas Islands, and B. grandis is a more distantly related species in the Hawaiian Islands.

  • We recognize two groups of lineages in the genus Pipturus: one includes the widespread non-endemic P. argenteus in the South Pacific, and the other includes endemic taxa in each of the three archipelagoes.

  • Despite being placed in different genera, the Urera glabra and Touchardia latifolia presumably share a colonist ancestor. U. kaalae probably derives from a separate colonization event (Wagner et al. 1999).

  • Hawaiian species of Viola form a single clade with no relatives in the south Pacific (Ballard and Sytsma 2000).

  • While it is apparent the Hawaiian species of Korthalsella are a monophyletic group (Molvray et al. 1999) their relationship to other Pacific species is unclear, we tentatively recognize species in each archipelago as comprising separate related clades.

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