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RAP
Bulletin
of
Biological
Assessment
43
Rapid Assessment Program
A Rapid Biological Assessment 
of the Lely and Nassau Plateaus, 
Suriname (with additional 
information on the Brownsberg 
Plateau)
Leeanne E. Alonso and Jan H. Mol (Editors)
Center for Applied Biodiversity Science 
(CABS)
Conservation International Suriname
Stichting Natuurbehoud Suriname 
(Stinasu)
Anton de Kom University of Suriname/
CELOS
BHP Billiton Maatschappij Suriname 
Suriname Aluminum Company LLC 
(Suralco)

Cover photos
Top:
 The Lely Mountains.  
Trond Larsen
Center:
 Hyla crepitans, a forest stream frog species found at 
Nassau. 
James I. Watling 
Botton:
 Daceton armigerum, documented on the Lely Plateau. 
Jeffrey Sosa-Calvo

RAP
43
of
Bulletin
Biological
Assessment
Rapid Assessment Program
A Rapid Biological Assessment 
of the Lely and Nassau Plateaus, 
Suriname (with additional 
information on the Brownsberg 
Plateau)
Leeanne E. Alonso and Jan H. Mol (Editors)
Center for Applied Biodiversity Science (CABS)
Conservation International Suriname
Stichting Natuurbehoud Suriname (Stinasu)
Anton de Kom University of Suriname/CELOS
BHP Billiton Maatschappij Suriname 
Suriname Aluminum Company LLC (Suralco)

The RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment is published by:
Conservation International
Center for Applied Biodiversity Science
2011 Crystal Drive, Suite 500
Arlington, VA USA 22202
Tel : 703-341-2400  
www.conservation.org
www.biodiversityscience.org
Editors:
 Leeanne E. Alonso and Jan H. Mol
Design:
 Glenda Fabregas
Map: 
Mark Denil
Translations: 
Haydi J. Berrenstein
ISBN # 1-881173-98-4
© 2007 Conservation International
10.1896/ci.cabs.2007.rap43
All rights reserved.
Library of Congress Card Catalog Number 2007923853
Conservation International is a private, non-profit organization exempt from federal income tax under section 
501c(3) of the Internal Revenue Code.
The designations of geographical entities in this publication, and the presentation of the material, do not 
imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of Conservation International or its supporting 
organizations concerning the legal status of any country, territory, or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the 
delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.
Any opinions expressed in the RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment series are those of the writers and do not 
necessarily reflect those of Conservation International or its co-publishers.
RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment was formerly RAP Working Papers.  Numbers 1-13 of this series were 
published under the previous series title.
Suggested citation:
Alonso, L.E. and J.H. Mol (eds.). 2007. A rapid biological assessment of the Lely and Nassau plateaus, 
Suriname (with additional information on the Brownsberg Plateau). RAP Bulletin of Biological Assessment 43. 
Conservation International, Arlington, VA, USA.


A Rapid Biological Assessment of the Lely and Nassau Plateaus, Suriname (with additional information on the Brownsberg Plateau)
Table of Contents
Participants and Authors .................................................5
Organizational Profiles .....................................................8
Acknowledgements ........................................................11
Report at a Glance ...........................................................13
Executive Summary.........................................................17
Rapportage in Vogelvlucht ............................................33
Sjatu Skrifi ........................................................................37
Uitgebreide Samenvatting .............................................41
Map ....................................................................................59
Images of the RAP Survey ..............................................60
Chapters
Chapter 1.  The conservation context of the Lely, Nassau 
and Brownsberg plateaus within Suriname. ........................63
Greg Love, Eddy Niesten, and Karl Morrison
Chapter 2.  Socio-Economic Assessment of Brownsberg, 
Lely and Nassau plateaus, and the Biodiversity Action 
Plan Workshop Summary. .........................................................68
Greg Love, Eduard Niesten, Karl Morrison, Marielle Canter, 
and Maureen Silos
Chapter 3.  Plant diversity of the bauxite plateaus of North 
East Suriname .............................................................................76
Hans ter Steege, Olaf Bánki and Paddy Haripersaud
Chapter 4.  Orchids and orchid bees of the Brownsberg, 
Nassau and Lely ranges ............................................................86
Iwan Molgo and Bart P.E. de Dijn
Chapter 5.  Ants of the leaf litter of two plateaus in Eastern 
Suriname. .....................................................................................92
Jeffrey Sosa-Calvo
Chapter 6.  Dung beetles of the Lely and Nassau plateaus, 
Eastern Suriname .......................................................................99
Trond Larsen
Chapter 7.  A rapid assessment of the birds of the Lely 
and Nassau plateaus, Suriname. ...........................................102
Iwan Derveld and Greg Love
Chapter 8.  Birds of Lely Gebergte, Suriname .....................104
Brian J. O’Shea
Chapter 9. Fishes of Lely and Nassau Mountains, 
Suriname ....................................................................................107
Jan Mol, Kenneth Wan Tong You, Ingrid Vrede, 
Adrian Flynn, Paul Ouboter and Frank van der Lugt
Chapter 10.  A preliminary survey of amphibians and 
reptiles on the Nassau and Lely plateaus, Eastern 
Suriname ....................................................................................119
James I. Watling and Lucille F. Ngadino
Chapter 11.  Additional records of amphibians and
reptiles from Nassau Mountain, Suriname .........................126
Paul E. Ouboter, Rawien Jairam and Kenneth Wan Tong You
Chapter 12.  A rapid assessment of mammals of the 
Nassau and Lely plateaus, Eastern Suriname ....................130
Sergio Solari and Miguel Pinto
Chapter 13.  Biodiversity of the Brownsberg ......................135
Bart P.E. De Dijn, Iwan E. Molgo, Marilyn A. Norconk, 
L. Tremaine Gregory, Brian O’Shea, Christian Marty, 
Martina Luger, Max Ringler, Samuel Crothers IV, Brice Noonan, 
Kelly Fitzgerald, Sutrisno Mitro, Arioene Vreedzaam, and 
Dharma Satyawan
Appendices
Appendix 1  
Plant collection data used in the current study. .................156 
Hans ter Steege, Olaf Bánki and Paddy Haripersaud


Rapid Assessment Program
Appendix 2
List of tree species and number of individuals/species 
recorded in 23 plots in the Nassau, Brownsberg, and Lely 
Mountains. .................................................................................158
Hans ter Steege, Olaf Bánki and Paddy Haripersaud
Appendix 3 
Plant species collected on the three bauxite plateaus, 
Brownsberg, Nassau and Lely. ..............................................173
Hans ter Steege, Olaf Bánki and Paddy Haripersaud
Appendix 4   
Preliminary checklist of the orchids (Orchidaceae) of the 
Brownsberg, Nassau, and Lely ranges in Suriname. ........219
Iwan E. Molgo and Bart P.E. De Dijn
Appendix 5   
Preliminary checklist of the orchid bees (Euglossinae) 
of the Brownsberg, Lely and Nassau ranges in 
Suriname ....................................................................................225
Iwan E. Molgo and Bart P.E. De Dijn
Appendix 6 
List of ant species and number of individuals collected 
on three transects during the RAP survey ...........................227
Jeffrey Sosa-Calvo
Appendix 7
Species list and abundance of dung beetles from the 
Nassau and Lely plateaus. ......................................................232
Trond Larsen
Appendix 8
Bird species recorded on the Lely and Nassau plateaus 
during the RAP survey .............................................................234
Iwan Derveld and Greg Love
Appendix 9 
List of bird species observed on Lely Mountain, 
1-15 June 2003 ...........................................................................238
Brian O’Shea
Appendix 10
Fishes collected in the Nassau Mountains in 1949 by D.C. 
Geijskens and P.H. Creutzberg (Boeseman 1953) ...............242
Jan H. Mol, Kenneth Wan Tong You, Ingrid Vrede, 
Adrian Flynn, Paul Ouboter and Frank van der Lugt
Appendix 11 
Fishes collected during the November 2005 RAP expedition 
to the Lely and Nassau plateaus, Suriname.  ......................244
Jan H. Mol, Kenneth Wan Tong You, and Ingrid Vrede
Appendix 12 
Phytoplankton and periphyton of Paramaka Creek 
headwaters (IJskreek; altitude 300-530 m.amsl) ................246
Jan H. Mol and Asha Haripersad-Makhanlal
Appendix 13 
Fishes collected in high-altitude (plateau) streams of the 
Nassau Mountains from March 29 – April 4, 2006. .............247
Jan Mol, Kenneth Wan Tong You, and Ingrid Vrede
Appendix 14
Habitat structure of a high-altitude reach of Paramaka 
Creek (IJskreek, 460 m.amsl; site N1), Nassau Mountains, 
where Harttiella crassicauda was collected. ....................248
Jan H. Mol, Kenneth Wan Tong You, and Ingrid Vrede
Appendix 15 
Observations on the behavior of Harttiella crassicauda 
and Guyanancistrus n.sp. (‘big mouth’) of Nassau 
Mountains in the aquarium. ...................................................249
Kenneth Wan Tong You
Appendix 16
List of Reptiles and Amphibians recorded on the Nassau 
and Lely plateaus......................................................................250
James I. Watling and Lucille F. Ngadino
Appendix 17 
Mammal species recorded on the Nassau and Lely 
plateaus during the RAP survey ............................................253
Sergio Solari and Miguel Pinto
Appendix 18     
Mammals recorded from Brownsberg. ................................255 
Iwan E. Molgo, Kelly Fitzgerald, Sutrisno Mitro, Marilyn A. 
Norconk, L. Tremaine Gregory,  Arioene Vreedzaam, and 
Dharma Satyawan
Appendix 19      
Birds recorded from Brownsberg..........................................259
Brian O’Shea (based on Brownsberg bird list at webserv.
nhl/~ribot)  
Appendix 20    
Reptiles and Amphibians recorded from Brownsberg. .....270
Bart P.E. De Dijn, Iwan E. Molgo, Christian Marty, Martina Luger, 
Max Ringler, Samuel Crothers IV, Brice Noonan, Kelly Fitzgerald 


A Rapid Biological Assessment of the Lely and Nassau Plateaus, Suriname (with additional information on the Brownsberg Plateau)
RAP Survey Participants
Ryan Badal
 (ants)
Instituut voor de Opleiding van Leraren (J. O. L)
Paramaribo, Suriname
Iwan Derveld
 (birds)
Conservation International-TEAM
Kromme Elleboogstraat 20
Paramaribo, Suriname
iwan_derveld@yahoo.com
Trond Larsen
 (dung beetles)
Princeton University, Princeton, NJ, USA
tlarsen@princeton.edu
Jan H. Mol
 (fishes)
Anton de Kom University of Suriname / CELOS
University campus, Leysweg
Paramaribo, Suriname 
fisheco@celos.sr.org
Lucille F. Ngadino
 (reptiles and amphibians)
Anton de Kom University of Suriname
Paramaribo, Suriname
Miguel Pinto
 (mammals)
Department of Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University 
Lubbock, TX 79409-3131, USA
miguel.pinto@ttu.edu
Anand Rajaran
 (mammals)
Anton de Kom University of Suriname
Paramaribo, Suriname
Serano Ramcharan
 (mammals)
Anton de Kom University of Suriname
Paramaribo, Suriname
Participants and Authors
Sergio Solari
 (mammals)
Department of Biological Sciences
Texas Tech University 
Lubbock, TX 79409-3131, USA
sergio.solari@ttu.edu
Jeffrey Sosa- Calvo
 (ants)
Department of Entomology
4112 Plant Sciences Building
University of Maryland 
College Park, MD 20742 USA
Sossa.Jeffrey@nmnh.si.edu
Ingrid Vrede
 (fishes)
Anton de Kom University of Suriname / CELOS
University campus, Leysweg
Paramaribo, Suriname
Kenneth Wan Tong You
 (fishes)
Molenpad 58a,
Paramaribo, Suriname
James I. Watling
 (reptiles and amphibians)
Florida International University
Department of Biological Sciences
OE 167, University Park
Miami, FL 33199, USA
james.watling@fiu.edu
RAP Survey Logistical Support
Haydi J. Berrenstein
Conservation International-Suriname
Kromme Elleboogstraat 20
Paramaribo, Suriname
h.berrenstein@conservation.org
Greg Love
*
Consultant
Washington, DC USA
grenandjeg@verizon.net


Rapid Assessment Program
Kenneth Tjon
Senior Forester 
Center for Agricultural Research in Suriname (CELOS)
Paramaribo, Suriname
kenneth_tjon@yahoo.com
Jan Wirjosentono*
Chief Field Operations
Center for Agricultural Research in Suriname (CELOS)
Paramaribo, Suriname
Rosita Moeljosoewito
Team Cook
Paramaribo, Suriname
Kemisem Martowitono
Team Cook
Paramaribo, Suriname
*Contributed to the bird team’s survey and identification 
efforts
Additional Authors and Editors
Leeanne E. Alonso
 (editor)
Rapid Assessment Program 
Conservation International 
2011 Crystal Drive, Suite 500
Arlington, VA 22201 USA
l.alonso@conservation.org
Olaf Bánki 
(plants)
Faculty of Sciences, Department of Biology
Section Ecology and Biodiversity
National Herbarium of the Netherlands
Utrecht University
O.S.Banki@Bio.uu.nl
Samuel Crothers IV
 (Brownsberg)
1121 W. Turner St. 
Allentown, PA 18102 USA  
SSamfrog@aol.com
 
Bart P.E. De Dijn
 (orchids and bees, Brownsberg)
Bart De Dyn environmental consultancy
Koffielaan 30 
Paramaribo, Suriname 
dedijn@sr.net and dedijn@yahoo.com
Kelly Fitzgerald 
(Brownsberg)
Research Department STINASU 
Cornelis Jongbawstr. 14 
Paramaribo, Suriname
present address: 
US Fish and Wildlife Service, 
Sacramento, CA USA 
keba5@hotmail.com and Kelly_Fitzgerald@fws.gov 
Adrian Flynn
 (fishes)
Hydrobiology Pty Ltd,
47 Park Rd,
Milton, QLD 4064, Australia
Adrian.flynn@hydrobiology.biz
L. Tremaine Gregory 
(Brownsberg)
Department of Anthropology 
University of California, 
Davis, CA 95616 USA 
ltgregor@kent.edu
Paddy Haripersaud 
(plants)
Institute of Environmental Biology 
Section Plant Ecology and Biodiversity 
and the National Herbarium of the Netherlands NHN 
Utrecht University branch 
Sorbonnelaan 14–16, 3584 CA 
Utrecht, The Netherlands
Rawien Jairam
 (reptiles and amphibians)
National Zoological Collection Suriname (NZCS)
Anton de Kom University of Suriname 
University campus, Leysweg,
Paramaribo, Suriname
nzcs@uvs.edu
Martina Luger
 (Brownsberg)
Department of Evolutionary Biology 
University of Vienna 
Althanstrasse 14, 1090 
Vienna, Austria 
martinamaweg@gmx.at
Christian Marty
 (Brownsberg)
Impasse Jean Galot 
97354 Montjoly 
French Guiana
victoirechristian.marty@wanadoo.fr
Sutrisno Mitro 
(Brownsberg)
Research Department STINASU 
Cornelis Jongbawstr. 14 
Paramaribo, Suriname
Iwan E. Molgo
 (orchids and orchid bees, Brownsberg)
Nationaal Herbarium Suriname (BBS) 
University Complex, Leysweg 
Paramaribo, Suriname 
bbs@uvs.edu
Brice Noonan
 (Brownsberg)
Duke University 
Box 90338 
Durham, NC 27708, USA 
brice.noonan@duke.edu
Paticipants and Authors


A Rapid Biological Assessment of the Lely and Nassau Plateaus, Suriname (with additional information on the Brownsberg Plateau)
Marilyn A. Norconk
 (Brownsberg)
Department of Anthropology and School of Biomedical 
Sciences 
Kent State University 
Kent, OH 44242-0001 USA 
mnorconk@kent.edu
Brian O’Shea
 (birds, Brownsberg)
Dept. Biological Sciences and Museum of Natural Sciences
119 Foster Hall, Louisiana State University 
Baton Rouge, LA 70803 USA 
boshea2@lsu.edu
Paul Ouboter
 (fishes, reptiles/amphibians)
National Zoological Collection Suriname (NZCS)
Anton de Kom University of Suriname, 
University campus, Leysweg,
Paramaribo, Suriname
nzcs@uvs.edu
Max Ringler
 (Brownsberg)
Department of Evolutionary Biology 
University of Vienna 
Althanstrasse 14 
1090 Vienna, Austria
m@xolotl.info
Dharma Satyawan 
(Brownsberg)
Research Department STINASU 
Cornelis Jongbawstr. 14 
Paramaribo, Suriname
dhar24wan2003@yahoo.co.hk
Hans ter Steege
 (plants)
Plant Ecology and Biodiversity
and Nationaal Herbarium Nederland – Utrecht Branch
Wentgebouw, Room Z437
Sorbonnelaan 14-16, 3584 CA 
Utrecht, Netherlands
h.tersteege@bio.uu.nl and h.tersteege@hccnet.nl
Frank van der Lugt
 (fishes)
Department of Environmental Sciences
Anton de Kom University of Suriname
University campus, Leysweg
Paramaribo, Suriname
framau2001@yahoo.com
Arioene Vreedzaam 
(Brownsberg)
Research Department STINASU 
Cornelis Jongbawstr. 14 
Paramaribo, Suriname
auvreedzaam@yahoo.com
Paticipants and Authors


Organizational Profiles
CONSERVATION INTERNATIONAL SURINAME
Conservation International Suriname (CI-Suriname) is a non-Profit, non-Governmental 
Organization established in 1992 in Suriname. Our goal is to promote biodiversity 
conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity through education, awareness and capacity 
building science projects, and by stimulating eco-tourism in tribal communities.
Our mission is to conserve Suriname’s biodiversity, while demonstrating that humans can live 
harmoniously with nature.
Conservation International Suriname
Kromme Elleboogstraat no. 20
Paramaribo
Suriname
Tel: 597-421305
Fax: 597-421172
Email: wudenhout@conservation.org
Web: www.cisuriname.org
CONSERVATION INTERNATIONAL
Conservation International (CI) is an international, nonprofit organization based in 
Washington, DC. CI believes that the Earth’s natural heritage must be maintained if future 
generations are to thrive spiritually, culturally and economically. Our mission is to conserve the 
Earth’s living heritage, our global biodiversity, and to demonstrate that human societies are able 
to live harmoniously with nature.
Conservation International
1919 M Street NW, Suite 600
Washington, DC 20036
USA
Tel: 800-406-2306
Fax: 202-912-0772
Web:  www.conservation.org
STICHTING NATUURBEHOUD SURINAME (STINASU),  
 
 
 
FOUNDATION FOR NATURE CONSERVATION IN SURINAME 
Founded on June 17th 1969, Stinasu is the leading and authoritative nature protection 
organization in Suriname, contribution significantly to the protection of Suriname’s existing 
nature (monuments) by supporting local and international partnerships in the fields of 
scientific research, nature education and nature tourism. Stinasu was founded by Dr. 


A Rapid Biological Assessment of the Lely and Nassau Plateaus, Suriname (with additional information on the Brownsberg Plateau)
 
Organizational Profiles
Johan Schulz, the former Head Forester of the Forestry 
Department, as an effective way to conduct research and 
provide nature education without strict financial support 
from the government. Since it is a semi-governmental 
organization, funding is drawn from its nature tourism 
activities in the nature reserves and nature park in Suriname. 
Stichting Natuurbehoud Suriname (Stinasu)
Cornelis Jongbaw straat no. 14
Paramaribo
Suriname
Tel: 597- 427102; 597-427103; 597- 421850; 597-421683
Fax: 597- 421850
Email: stinasu@sr.net
Web: http://www.stinasu.sr
ANTON DE KOM UNIVERSITy OF SURINAME 
Anton de Kom University of Suriname was founded on 
1 November 1968 and offers studies in the field of social, 
technological and medical sciences. There are five research 
centers conducting research and rendering services to 
the community. The Center for Agricultural Research 
(CELOS)is promoting agricultural scientific education at 
the faculty of Technological Sciences. Institute for Applied 
Technology (INTEC), Biomedical Research Institute, 
Institute for Development Planning and Management 
(IDPM), Institute for Research in Social Sciences (IMWO), 
The Library of ADEK, University Computer Center (UCC), 
National Zoological Collection (NZCS) and National 
Herbarium of Suriname (BBS).
 
The primary goal of the NZCS and BBS are to develop 
an overview of respectively the fauna and flora of Suriname 
and build a reference collection for scientific and educational 
purposes. The NZCS also conducts research on the biology, 
ecology and/or distribution of certain animal species or on 
the composition and status of certain ecosystems.
Addresses of Anton de Kom University of Suriname NZCS 
and BBS:
Anton de Kom University of Suriname
Universiteitscomplex/ Leysweg 86
Building # IV
P.O. Box 9212
Suriname
Phone: 597 – 465558 ext. 241 or 597- 465497
Fax: 597- 462291
e-mail: adek.bestuur@sr.net or board@uvs.edu
Administration:
Tel: (597) 465558 # 228
Email: adek.buro@sr.net
National Zoological Collection of Suriname (NZCS)
Universiteitscomplex/ Leysweg 9
Building # 17
P.O. Box 9212
Suriname
Tel: 597 - 494756
Fax: 597 – 494756
Email: nzcs@uvs.edu
National Herbarium of Suriname (BBS)
Universiteitscomplex / Leysweg
Suriname
Tel:  597 - 465558 / 597 - 464151
Fax: 597 – 464151
Email:  bbs@uvs.edu


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